Active ingredient: Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride

Rating: 1 - 1 review(s)
What are the side effects you encounter while taking this medicine?
advertisement

Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride uses


Pharmacological action

Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial drug of fluoroquinolone group with bactericidal action. Inhibits DNA gyrase and inhibits the synthesis of bacterial DNA. Highly active against most gram-negative bacteria: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Haemophilus influenzae, Escherichia coli, Shigella spp., Salmonella spp., Neisseria meningitidis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride is active against Staphylococcus spp., some strains of Enterococcus spp., Campylobacter spp., Legionella spp., Mycoplasma spp., Chlamydia spp., Mycobacterium spp.

Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride is active against bacteria producing beta-lactamases.

Ureaplasma urealyticum, Clostridium difficile, Nocardia asteroides resistant to Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride. The effect on Treponema pallidum is studied not enough.

Pharmacokinetics

Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Bioavailability after oral administration of 70%. Eating has a little effect on the absorption of Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride. Plasma protein binding is 20-40%. Distributed in tissues and body fluids. It penetrates the cerebrospinal fluid: the concentration of Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride for not inflamed meninges reach 10% with inflammation - up to 37%. High concentrations are achieved in bile. Excreted in the urine and bile.

Why is Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride prescribed?

Infectious-inflammatory diseases caused by microorganisms susceptible to Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride, including respiratory diseases, diseases of abdominal and pelvic organs, bones, joints, skin, septicemia; severe infections of ENT organs. Treatment of postoperative infections. Prevention and treatment of infections in patients with reduced immunity.

For Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride local use: acute and subacute conjunctivitis, blepharoconjunctivitis, blepharitis, bacterial corneal ulcers, keratitis, keratoconjunctivitis, chronic dacryocystitis, meybomity. Infectious lesions in the eyes from injury or contact with foreign bodies. Preoperative prophylaxis in ophthalmic surgery.

advertisement

Dosage and administration

Individual. For oral administration dose of Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride is 250-750 mg 2 times / day. Treatment duration is from 7-10 days to 4 weeks.

For IV administration a single dose is 200-400 mg, the multiplicity of the introduction is 2 times / day, duration of treatment - 1-2 weeks and more if necessary. May be IV injected as jet but more preferably a drip for 30 minutes.

When Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride applied topically instilled 1-2 drops into the lower conjunctival sac of the affected eye every 1-4 hours. After improving the intervals between instillation can be increased. The maximum oral daily dose for adults is 1.5 g.

Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride side effects, adverse reactions

Digestive system: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, increase in liver transaminases, alkaline phosphatase, LDH, bilirubin, pseudomembranous colitis.

CNS: headache, dizziness, fatigue, insomnia, nightmares, hallucinations, fainting, disorders of vision.

Urinary system: crystalluria, glomerulonephritis, dysuria, polyuria, albuminuria, hematuria, transient increase of serum creatinine.

Hemopoietic system: eosinophilia, leukopenia, neutropenia, changes in the number of platelets.

Cardiovascular system: tachycardia, cardiac arrhythmias, hypotension.

Allergic reactions: itching, urticaria, Quincke's edema, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, arthralgia.

Adverse reactions associated with the chemotherapeutic effect: candidiasis.

Local reactions: pain, phlebitis. When applying eye drops in some cases may be mild pain and conjunctival hyperemia.

Other: vasculitis.

Contraindications

Pregnancy, lactation (breastfeeding), childhood and adolescence to 15 years, increased sensitivity to Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride and other drugs hinolonovogo series; deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase; in ophthalmology: viral keratitis.

Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride Cipla: restrictions to using

Pronounced cerebral arteriosclerosis, cerebral circulatory disorder, mental illness, epilepsy, epileptic syndrome, marked renal and / or hepatic insufficiency.

advertisement

Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

Contraindicated in pregnancy ; Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride crosses the placenta, excreted in breast milk.

In experimental studies found that it causes arthropathy. In experiments on rats and mice treated with Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride in doses exceeding the usual daily dose for a person 6 times, adverse effects on the fetus is not revealed. In experiments on rabbits treated with oral dose of Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride 30 and 100 mg / kg, it is shown that the drug causes disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, leading to loss of body weight in females and increase the number of miscarriages but teratogenicity not found. When IV introduction to the doses of 20 mg / kg Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride did not exert toxic effects on the mother and embryo, showed no teratogenicity. The use of local forms of Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride in pregnancy is possible if the anticipated benefits exceed the potential risk to the fetus.

Category of the fetus by FDA - C.

Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride is excreted in breast milk, so the period of lactation should decide, stop taking Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride or breastfeeding based on the degree of importance of the use of drugs for the mother.

With careful use of local forms of Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride in breast-feeding (not known whether Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride is excreted in breast milk when applied topically).

Special instructions

Patients with impaired renal function requires correction dosing regimen. With caution used in elderly patients, with cerebral arteriosclerosis, cerebral circulatory disorders, epilepsy, convulsive syndrome of unknown etiology.

During treatment patients with Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride should receive enough amounts of liquids.

In the case of persistent diarrhea Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride should not be taken.

At the same time of Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride IV introduction and barbiturates is necessary to monitor heart rate, blood pressure, ECG. In the course of treatment is necessary to monitor blood concentrations of urea, creatinine, hepatic transaminases.

In the period of treatment may decrease the reactivity (especially when used with alcohol).

Not allowed the introduction of Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride subconjunctival or directly into the anterior chamber of the eye.

advertisement

Precautionary measures

Due to the threat of adverse reactions from the CNS Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride should be used only according to the life in the pathology of the CNS in history: organic brain lesions, epilepsy, lowering the convulsive threshold, severe atherosclerosis of the brain, the elderly, with severely impaired renal function and liver (requires monitoring concentrations in blood plasma).

Patients with allergic reactions to fluoroquinolone derivatives in history may develop reactions to Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride. During the period of treatment should avoid sunlight and UV radiation, intense physical exercise, control of drinking mode, pH of urine.

Reported cases of crystalluria, particularly in patients with alkaline reaction of urine (pH 7 or more). In order to avoid the development of crystalluria unacceptable excess of the recommended daily dose, should also be adequate fluid intake and maintaining acidic urine.

If you have pain in the tendons or the first signs tendovaginitah treatment should be discontinued (described isolated cases of inflammation or tendon rupture during fluoroquinolone treatment).

It can reduce the speed of psychomotor reactions, especially against the backdrop of alcohol, that should be considered for patients who work with potentially dangerous machinery or drive vehicles.

If you have severe diarrhea, pseudomembranous colitis should be excluded (for which Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride is contraindicated). At the same time of barbiturates IV injections requires monitoring function of the cardiovascular system (heart rate, BP, ECG). Teenagers under 18 years shall be appointed only if the pathogen resistance to other chemotherapeutic drugs. The solution in the form of eye drops are not designed for intraocular injections. The use of other ophthalmic means the interval between injections should be at least 5 minutes.

Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride drug interactions

Activity increases when combined with beta-lactam antibiotics, aminoglycosides, vancomycin, clindamycin, metronidazole. Sukralfat, bismuth preparations, antacids containing aluminum ions, magnesium or calcium, cimetidine, ranitidine, vitamin and mineral supplement, iron sulfate, zinc, didanosine (recommended for 2 hours before or 4 hours after these drugs) reduce the suction. Probenecid, azlocillin increase the concentration in the blood. Decreases clearance and increases in plasma caffeine, aminophylline and theophylline (increased likelihood of side effects). Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride enhances the effect of warfarin and other oral anticoagulants (prolongs bleeding time). Increases nephrotoxicity of cyclosporine, increase the risk of CNS excitability and convulsive reactions against the background of NSAIDs. Medicines alkalinizing the urine (citrates, sodium bicarbonate, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors) reduce the solubility (increases the probability of crystalluria). Infusion solutions of Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride ready to use can be combined with infusion solutions: 0.9% sodium chloride solution, Ringer's solution, Ringer lactate, 5 and 10% dextrose, 10% solution of fructose, and a solution containing 5% dextrose with 0,225 or 0.45% sodium chloride. Incompatible with solutions having a pH > 7.

Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride in case of emergency / overdose

May occur after receiving a single large dose or prolonged use. If a single dose of less than 150 mg / kg, acute poisoning feel light, 150-300 mg / kg - moderate, when using higher doses - heavy.

Symptoms: No specific symptoms.

Treatment: gastric lavage, the use of emetic drugs, the introduction of large quantities of liquid, the creation of acidic urine, in addition - hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis (can be derived only 10% of the drug), all events are held on the background to maintain vital functions. The specific antidote is unknown.

Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride available forms, composition, doses:


Indications and Usages:

ATC codes:


ICD-10 codes:


Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride destination | category:


advertisement

Drugs with same active ingredients (Pharmaceutical companies):


References

  1. Dailymed."CIPROFLOXACIN (CIPROFLOXACIN HYDROCHLORIDE) TABLET, FILM COATED [LAKE ERIE MEDICAL DBA QUALITY CARE PRODUCTS LLC]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  2. Dailymed."CIPROFLOXACIN; DEXAMETHASONE: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  3. "ciprofloxacin". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/co... (accessed August 28, 2018).

Frequently asked Questions

Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride?

Depending on the reaction of the Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

Is Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride addictive or habit forming?

Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

advertisement

Review

sdrugs.com conducted a study on Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

Visitor reports

Visitor reported useful

No survey data has been collected yet

One visitor reported side effects

Did you get side effects while taking the Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride drug, or were there no side effects?
According to the survey conducted by website sdrugs.com users, the below-mentioned percentages indicate the number of people experiencing the side effects and the number of people not experiencing the side effects when taking Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride medicine. Every drug produces minimal side effects, and they are negligible most times, when compared to the desired effect [use] of the medicine. Side effects depend on the dose you are taking, any drug interactions that happen when you are on other medications, if the patient is sensitive, and other associated conditions. If you cannot tolerate the side effects, consult your doctor immediately, so he can either adjust the dose or change the medication.
Visitors%
It has side effects1
100.0%

Visitor reported price estimates

No survey data has been collected yet

Visitor reported frequency of use

No survey data has been collected yet

Visitor reported doses

No survey data has been collected yet

Visitor reported time for results

No survey data has been collected yet

Visitor reported administration

No survey data has been collected yet

One visitor reported age

Visitors%
6-151
100.0%

Visitor reviews


There are no reviews yet. Be the first to write one!


Your name: 
Email: 
Spam protection:  < Type 30 here

The information was verified by Dr. Rachana Salvi, MD Pharmacology

© 2002 - 2022 "sdrugs.com". All Rights Reserved