DRUGS & SUPPLEMENTS
Ciprofloxacine is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial drug of fluoroquinolone group with bactericidal action. Inhibits DNA gyrase and inhibits the synthesis of bacterial DNA. Highly active against most gram-negative bacteria: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Haemophilus influenzae, Escherichia coli, Shigella spp., Salmonella spp., Neisseria meningitidis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
Ciprofloxacine is active against Staphylococcus spp., some strains of Enterococcus spp., Campylobacter spp., Legionella spp., Mycoplasma spp., Chlamydia spp., Mycobacterium spp.
Ciprofloxacine is active against bacteria producing beta-lactamases.
Ureaplasma urealyticum, Clostridium difficile, Nocardia asteroides resistant to Ciprofloxacine. The effect on Treponema pallidum is studied not enough.
Ciprofloxacine rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Bioavailability after oral administration of 70%. Eating has a little effect on the absorption of Ciprofloxacine. Plasma protein binding is 20-40%. Distributed in tissues and body fluids. It penetrates the cerebrospinal fluid: the concentration of Ciprofloxacine for not inflamed meninges reach 10% with inflammation - up to 37%. High concentrations are achieved in bile. Excreted in the urine and bile.
Why is Ciprofloxacine prescribed?
Infectious-inflammatory diseases caused by microorganisms susceptible to Ciprofloxacine, including respiratory diseases, diseases of abdominal and pelvic organs, bones, joints, skin, septicemia; severe infections of ENT organs. Treatment of postoperative infections. Prevention and treatment of infections in patients with reduced immunity.
For Ciprofloxacine local use: acute and subacute conjunctivitis, blepharoconjunctivitis, blepharitis, bacterial corneal ulcers, keratitis, keratoconjunctivitis, chronic dacryocystitis, meybomity. Infectious lesions in the eyes from injury or contact with foreign bodies. Preoperative prophylaxis in ophthalmic surgery.
Dosage and administration
Individual. For oral administration dose of Ciprofloxacine is 250-750 mg 2 times / day. Treatment duration is from 7-10 days to 4 weeks.
For IV administration a single dose is 200-400 mg, the multiplicity of the introduction is 2 times / day, duration of treatment - 1-2 weeks and more if necessary. May be IV injected as jet but more preferably a drip for 30 minutes.
When Ciprofloxacine applied topically instilled 1-2 drops into the lower conjunctival sac of the affected eye every 1-4 hours. After improving the intervals between instillation can be increased. The maximum oral daily dose for adults is 1.5 g.
Ciprofloxacine side effects, adverse reactions
Digestive system: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, increase in liver transaminases, alkaline phosphatase, LDH, bilirubin, pseudomembranous colitis.
CNS: headache, dizziness, fatigue, insomnia, nightmares, hallucinations, fainting, disorders of vision.
Urinary system: crystalluria, glomerulonephritis, dysuria, polyuria, albuminuria, hematuria, transient increase of serum creatinine.
Hemopoietic system: eosinophilia, leukopenia, neutropenia, changes in the number of platelets.
Cardiovascular system: tachycardia, cardiac arrhythmias, hypotension.
Allergic reactions: itching, urticaria, Quincke's edema, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, arthralgia.
Adverse reactions associated with the chemotherapeutic effect: candidiasis.
Local reactions: pain, phlebitis. When applying eye drops in some cases may be mild pain and conjunctival hyperemia.
Pregnancy, lactation (breastfeeding), childhood and adolescence to 15 years, increased sensitivity to Ciprofloxacine and other drugs hinolonovogo series; deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase; in ophthalmology: viral keratitis.
Ciprofloxacine Cipla: restrictions to using
Pronounced cerebral arteriosclerosis, cerebral circulatory disorder, mental illness, epilepsy, epileptic syndrome, marked renal and / or hepatic insufficiency.
Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding
Contraindicated in pregnancy ; Ciprofloxacine crosses the placenta, excreted in breast milk.
In experimental studies found that it causes arthropathy. In experiments on rats and mice treated with Ciprofloxacine in doses exceeding the usual daily dose for a person 6 times, adverse effects on the fetus is not revealed. In experiments on rabbits treated with oral dose of Ciprofloxacine 30 and 100 mg / kg, it is shown that the drug causes disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, leading to loss of body weight in females and increase the number of miscarriages but teratogenicity not found. When IV introduction to the doses of 20 mg / kg Ciprofloxacine did not exert toxic effects on the mother and embryo, showed no teratogenicity. The use of local forms of Ciprofloxacine in pregnancy is possible if the anticipated benefits exceed the potential risk to the fetus.
Category of the fetus by FDA - C.
Ciprofloxacine is excreted in breast milk, so the period of lactation should decide, stop taking Ciprofloxacine or breastfeeding based on the degree of importance of the use of drugs for the mother.
With careful use of local forms of Ciprofloxacine in breast-feeding (not known whether Ciprofloxacine is excreted in breast milk when applied topically).
Patients with impaired renal function requires correction dosing regimen. With caution used in elderly patients, with cerebral arteriosclerosis, cerebral circulatory disorders, epilepsy, convulsive syndrome of unknown etiology.
During treatment patients with Ciprofloxacine should receive enough amounts of liquids.
In the case of persistent diarrhea Ciprofloxacine should not be taken.
At the same time of Ciprofloxacine IV introduction and barbiturates is necessary to monitor heart rate, blood pressure, ECG. In the course of treatment is necessary to monitor blood concentrations of urea, creatinine, hepatic transaminases.
In the period of treatment may decrease the reactivity (especially when used with alcohol).
Not allowed the introduction of Ciprofloxacine subconjunctival or directly into the anterior chamber of the eye.
Due to the threat of adverse reactions from the CNS Ciprofloxacine should be used only according to the life in the pathology of the CNS in history: organic brain lesions, epilepsy, lowering the convulsive threshold, severe atherosclerosis of the brain, the elderly, with severely impaired renal function and liver (requires monitoring concentrations in blood plasma).
Patients with allergic reactions to fluoroquinolone derivatives in history may develop reactions to Ciprofloxacine. During the period of treatment should avoid sunlight and UV radiation, intense physical exercise, control of drinking mode, pH of urine.
Reported cases of crystalluria, particularly in patients with alkaline reaction of urine (pH 7 or more). In order to avoid the development of crystalluria unacceptable excess of the recommended daily dose, should also be adequate fluid intake and maintaining acidic urine.
If you have pain in the tendons or the first signs tendovaginitah treatment should be discontinued (described isolated cases of inflammation or tendon rupture during fluoroquinolone treatment).
It can reduce the speed of psychomotor reactions, especially against the backdrop of alcohol, that should be considered for patients who work with potentially dangerous machinery or drive vehicles.
If you have severe diarrhea, pseudomembranous colitis should be excluded (for which Ciprofloxacine is contraindicated). At the same time of barbiturates IV injections requires monitoring function of the cardiovascular system (heart rate, BP, ECG). Teenagers under 18 years shall be appointed only if the pathogen resistance to other chemotherapeutic drugs. The solution in the form of eye drops are not designed for intraocular injections. The use of other ophthalmic means the interval between injections should be at least 5 minutes.
Ciprofloxacine drug interactions
Activity increases when combined with beta-lactam antibiotics, aminoglycosides, vancomycin, clindamycin, metronidazole. Sukralfat, bismuth preparations, antacids containing aluminum ions, magnesium or calcium, cimetidine, ranitidine, vitamin and mineral supplement, iron sulfate, zinc, didanosine (recommended for 2 hours before or 4 hours after these drugs) reduce the suction. Probenecid, azlocillin increase the concentration in the blood. Decreases clearance and increases in plasma caffeine, aminophylline and theophylline (increased likelihood of side effects). Ciprofloxacine enhances the effect of warfarin and other oral anticoagulants (prolongs bleeding time). Increases nephrotoxicity of cyclosporine, increase the risk of CNS excitability and convulsive reactions against the background of NSAIDs. Medicines alkalinizing the urine (citrates, sodium bicarbonate, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors) reduce the solubility (increases the probability of crystalluria). Infusion solutions of Ciprofloxacine ready to use can be combined with infusion solutions: 0.9% sodium chloride solution, Ringer's solution, Ringer lactate, 5 and 10% dextrose, 10% solution of fructose, and a solution containing 5% dextrose with 0,225 or 0.45% sodium chloride. Incompatible with solutions having a pH > 7.
Ciprofloxacine in case of emergency / overdose
May occur after receiving a single large dose or prolonged use. If a single dose of less than 150 mg / kg, acute poisoning feel light, 150-300 mg / kg - moderate, when using higher doses - heavy.
Symptoms: No specific symptoms.
Treatment: gastric lavage, the use of emetic drugs, the introduction of large quantities of liquid, the creation of acidic urine, in addition - hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis (can be derived only 10% of the drug), all events are held on the background to maintain vital functions. The specific antidote is unknown.
Ciprofloxacine pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:
Active ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug.
Ciprofloxacine available forms, composition, doses:
Form of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease.
Ciprofloxacine destination | category:
Destination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so.
Ciprofloxacine Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:
A medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code.
Ciprofloxacine pharmaceutical companies:
Pharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug.
Frequently asked QuestionsCan i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Ciprofloxacine?
Depending on the reaction of the Ciprofloxacine after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Ciprofloxacine not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.Is Ciprofloxacine addictive or habit forming?
Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.
Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.
Reviewsdrugs.com conducted a study on Ciprofloxacine, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Ciprofloxacine consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.
Visitor reported usefulNo survey data has been collected yet
Visitor reported side effectsNo survey data has been collected yet
Visitor reported price estimatesNo survey data has been collected yet
Visitor reported frequency of useNo survey data has been collected yet
Visitor reported dosesNo survey data has been collected yet
One visitor reported time for resultsWhat is the time duration Ciprofloxacine drug must be taken for it to be effective or for it to reduce the symptoms?
Most chronic conditions need at least some time so the dose and the drug action gets adjusted to the body to get the desired effect. The stastistics say sdrugs.com website users needed > 3 month to notice the result from using Ciprofloxacine drug. The time needed to show improvement in health condition after using the medicine Ciprofloxacine need not be same for all the users. It varies based on other factors.
Visitor reported administrationNo survey data has been collected yet
Visitor reported ageNo survey data has been collected yet
The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology