Active ingredient: Omeprazole Sodium

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When are you taking this medicine?

Omeprazole Sodium uses


Pharmacological action

Omeprazole Sodium is an inhibitor of H+ K+ ATPase. This medication inhibits the activity of H+-K+-ATPase in gastric parietal cells and thus blocks the final stage of hydrochloric acid secretion. This leads to a reduction in basal and stimulated secretion, regardless of the nature of the stimulus. Due to the reduction of acid secretion Omeprazole Sodium reduces or normalizes the effects of acid in the esophagus in patients with reflux esophagitis.

Omeprazole Sodium has a bactericidal effect on Helicobacter pylori. Eradication of H. pylori when Omeprazole Sodium used with antibiotics allows to quickly arrest the symptoms, to take a high degree of healing of damaged mucosa and persistent long-term remission and reduce the likelihood of bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract.

Pharmacokinetics

After oral administration Omeprazole Sodium is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. This drug penetrates the parietal cells of gastric mucosa. Plasma protein binding is about 95%. Omeprazole Sodium is biotransformed in the liver. Excreted by the kidneys - 72-80%, in the faeces - about 20%. T1/2 is 0.5-1 h. In patients with chronic liver diseases T1/2 increases up to 3 hours.

Why is Omeprazole Sodium prescribed?

Gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer in acute phase (including associated with Helicobacter pylori), reflux esophagitis, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, erosive and ulcerative lesions of gastric and duodenal ulcers associated with taking NSAIDs.

Dosage and administration

The dosing regimen of Omeprazole Sodium is individual. When this medication is administered orally of the single dose is 20-40 mg. The daily dose is 20-80 mg, the frequency of use is 1-2 times / day. The duration of treatment is 2-8 weeks.

Omeprazole Sodium side effects, adverse reactions

Digestive system: rarely - nausea, diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain, flatulence.

CNS: rarely - headache, dizziness, weakness.

Hemopoietic system: in some cases - anemia, eosinopenia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia.

Urinary system: in some cases - hematuria, proteinuria.

Musculoskeletal system: in some cases - arthralgia, muscle weakness, myalgia.

Allergic reactions: rarely - skin rash.

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Omeprazole Sodium contraindications

Chronic liver disease, hypersensitivity to Omeprazole Sodium.

Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

In the absence of clinical experience with Omeprazole Sodium it is not recommended to use this drug during pregnancy. If necessary to use during Omeprazole Sodium lactation it should been solve the issue of termination of breastfeeding.

Category effects on the fetus by FDA - C.

Special instructions

Before the treatment with Omeprazole Sodium it is necessary to exclude the possibility of a malignant process because Omeprazole Sodium treatment can mask symptoms and delay the correct diagnosis.

Therapy with Omeprazole Sodium may affects results of laboratory studies of liver and gastrin concentrations in blood plasma.

Due to lack of experience in clinical application of Omeprazole Sodium this medicine is not recommended for children.

Omeprazole Sodium drug interactions

This medication alters the bioavailability of any drug, absorption depends on pH (ketoconazole, iron salts, etc.). Omeprazole Sodium slows down the elimination of drugs metabolized in the liver by microsomal oxidation (warfarin, diazepam, phenytoin, etc.).

Omeprazole Sodium enhances the action of coumarin and diphenine, does not change - NSAIDs. This drug increases (relative) the concentration of clarithromycin in the blood; may increases the leukopenic and thrombocytopenic effects of depressants hematopoiesis drugs. Substance for intravenous infusion is compatible only with saline and dextrose (using other solvents may decrease the stability of Omeprazole Sodium due to changes in pH of infusion medium).

Omeprazole Sodium in case of emergency / overdose

Symptoms: dry mouth, nausea, blurred vision, headache, increased sweating, flushing, tachycardia, drowsiness, confusion.

Treatment: symptomatic, dialysis is ineffective.

Omeprazole Sodium available forms, composition, doses:


Indications and Usages:

ATC codes:


ICD-10 codes:


Omeprazole Sodium destination | category:


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Drugs with same active ingredients (Pharmaceutical companies):


References

  1. Dailymed."OMEPRAZOLE MAGNESIUM: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  2. "omeprazole". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/co... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  3. "omeprazole". http://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB0033... (accessed August 28, 2018).

Frequently asked Questions

Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Omeprazole Sodium?

Depending on the reaction of the Omeprazole Sodium after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Omeprazole Sodium not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

Is Omeprazole Sodium addictive or habit forming?

Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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Review

sdrugs.com conducted a study on Omeprazole Sodium, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Omeprazole Sodium consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

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The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology

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