Active ingredient: Erythromycin Stearate

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Erythromycin Stearate uses


Pharmacological action

Erythromycin Stearate is a macrolide antibiotic. Has bacteriostatic action. However at higher doses against susceptible organisms has a bactericidal effect. Erythromycin Stearate is reversibly bound to the ribosome of bacteria, thereby inhibiting protein synthesis. Erythromycin Stearate is active against gram-positive bacteria: Staphylococcus spp., Streptococcus spp. (including Streptococcus pneumoniae); gram-negative bacteria: Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Haemophilus influenzae, Bordetella pertussis, Brucella spp., Legionella spp., Bacillus anthracis, Corynebacterium diphtheriae; anaerobic bacteria: Clostridium spp. Erythromycin Stearate is also active against Mycoplasma spp., Chlamydia spp., Spirochaetaceae, Rickettsia spp. To Erythromycin Stearate resistant gram-negative bacilli, including Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Shigella spp., Salmonella spp.

Pharmacokinetics

Erythromycin Stearate bioavailability is 30-65%. Distributed in most tissues and body fluids. Plasma protein binding is 70-90%. Metabolised in the liver, partly with the formation of inactive metabolites. T1/2 is 1.4-2 hours. It is derived from bile and urine.

Why is Erythromycin Stearate prescribed?

Infectious-inflammatory diseases caused by microorganisms sensitive to Erythromycin Stearate, including diphtheria, pertussis, trachoma, brucellosis, a disease Legionnaires, sore throat, scarlet fever, otitis media, sinusitis, cholecystitis, pneumonia, gonorrhea, syphilis. Also Erythromycin Stearate used for the treatment of infectious-inflammatory diseases caused by pathogens are resistant to penicillin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, streptomycin.

For external use: acne vulgaris.

For local use: the infectious-inflammatory diseases of eyes.

Dosage and administration

Erythromycin Stearate prescribed individually depending on the location and severity of infection, the sensitivity of the parasite. In adults use a daily dose of 1-4 g. Children under the age of 3 months - 20-40 mg / kg / day, aged from 4 months to 18 years - 30-50 mg / kg / day. Multiplicity is 4 times / day. The treatment course - 5-14 days after the disappearance of symptoms treatment should be continued for a further 2 days. Accepts up to 1 hour before eating or 2-3 hours after eating.

Solution for external applications lubricate the affected skin.

The ointment is applied to the affected area and in diseases of the eye lay behind the lower eyelid. The dose, frequency and duration of application is determined individually.

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Erythromycin Stearate side effects, adverse reactions

Digestive system: nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, cholestatic jaundice, tenesmus, diarrhea, dysbacteriosis; rarely - pseudomembranous enterocolitis, abnormal liver function, increase in liver transaminases, pancreatitis.

Allergic reactions: skin rash, urticaria, eosinophilia, rarely - anaphylactic shock.

Effects due to the influence of chemotherapy: oral candidiasis, vaginal candidiasis.

From the senses: the reversible ototoxicity - hearing loss and / or tinnitus.

Since the cardiovascular system: rarely - tachycardia, prolongation of the QT interval on ECG, flickering and / or atrial flutter (patients with long QT interval on the ECG).

Local reactions: phlebitis at the site of / in the introduction.

Erythromycin Stearate contraindications

Jaundice in history, marked disturbances of liver function, hypersensitivity to macrolides.

Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

Erythromycin Stearate crosses the placental barrier, excreted in breast milk.

In the application of Erythromycin Stearate in pregnancy should assess the intended benefits to the mother and the potential risk to the fetus. If necessary, use during lactation should decide on the termination of breastfeeding.

Special instructions

With careful use Erythromycin Stearate when disorders of liver function and / or kidneys. Medications that increase the acidity of gastric juice and acidic drinks inactivate Erythromycin Stearate. Erythromycin Stearate can not drink milk and dairy products.

Precautionary measures

The use of Erythromycin Stearate containing benzene for IV injection sometimes accompanied by the development of a fatal syndrome Gaspinga in children, as well as acute hepatitis drug in adults and children.

Erythromycin Stearate drug interactions

With simultaneous use of Erythromycin Stearate with theophylline, aminophylline, caffeine, there is an increase in their concentration in blood plasma and thus increases the risk of toxic effects.

Erythromycin Stearate increases the concentrations of cyclosporine in the blood plasma and may increase the risk of nephrotoxicity.

Drugs that block tubular secretion prolongs T1/2 of Erythromycin Stearate.

Incompatible with lincomycin, clindamycin and chloramphenicol.

Erythromycin Stearate reduces the bactericidal action of beta-lactam antibiotics (penicillins, cephalosporins, carbapenems).

With simultaneous use of Erythromycin Stearate increases the concentration of theophylline.

At the same time receiving chemotherapy, which is carried metabolism in the liver (carbamazepine, valproic acid, hexobarbital, phenytoin, alfentanil, dizopiramid, lovastatin, bromocriptine), may increase the concentration of these drugs in plasma (an inhibitor of microsomal liver enzymes).

IV injection of Erythromycin Stearate increases the effects of ethanol (accelerating gastric emptying and decrease the duration of alcohol dehydrogenase in the gastric mucosa).

Erythromycin Stearate reduces the clearance of triazolam and midazolam and therefore may increase the pharmacological effects of benzodiazepines.

At the same time taking with terfenadine or astemizole may develop arrhythmias (fibrillation and ventricular flutter, ventricular tachycardia, until death); with dihydroergotamine or non hydrated ergot alkaloids may vasoconstriction to spasm, dysesthesia.

With simultaneous application Erythromycin Stearate slows elimination (increases the effect) of methylprednisolone, felodipine and anticoagulants of cumarine series.

In a joint appointment with lovastatin increased rhabdomyolysis.

Erythromycin Stearate increases the bioavailability of digoxin.

Erythromycin Stearate reduces the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives.

Erythromycin Stearate in case of emergency / overdose

Symptoms: disruption of the liver until the acute liver failure, and hearing loss.

Treatment: gastric lavage, forced diuresis, hemo-and peritoneal dialysis. Produced a constant monitoring of vital functions (ECG, electrolyte composition of blood).

Erythromycin Stearate available forms, composition, doses:


Indications and Usages:

ATC codes:


ICD-10 codes:


Erythromycin Stearate destination | category:


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Drugs with same active ingredients (Pharmaceutical companies):


References

  1. Dailymed."ERYTHROCIN STEARATE (ERYTHROMYCIN STEARATE) TABLET, FILM COATED [BRYANT RANCH PREPACK]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  2. Dailymed."ERYTHROMYCIN: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  3. "erythromycin". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/co... (accessed August 28, 2018).

Frequently asked Questions

Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Erythromycin Stearate?

Depending on the reaction of the Erythromycin Stearate after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Erythromycin Stearate not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

Is Erythromycin Stearate addictive or habit forming?

Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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sdrugs.com conducted a study on Erythromycin Stearate, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Erythromycin Stearate consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

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The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology

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