Active ingredient: Chlorhexidine

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Chlorhexidine uses


Pharmacological action

chlorhexidine is an antiseptic agent. chlorhexidine is active against vegetative forms of gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria and yeasts, dermatophytes and lipophilic viruses. This medicine has effect for bacterial spores only at elevated temperatures. It cleans and disinfects the skin without causing damage.

Why is chlorhexidine prescribed?

For local use of chlorhexidine Pharmaniaga: trichomonas coleitis, cervical erosion, itching of the vulva, prevention of sexually transmitted diseases ; gingivitis, stomatitis, aphthae, paradont, alveolitis, disinfection of removable dentures, sore throat; postoperative care for patients in ENT and dentistry.

Treatment of wounds, burn wounds and surfaces, disinfection of the patient's skin.

Treatment of surgeons', nurses' hands and operating field before diagnostic manipulation operation.

Disinfection of work surfaces of devices (including thermometers) and equipment which heat treatment is not desirable.

Dosage and administration

The dose and method of chlorhexidine application depend on the testimony and dosage form of chlorhexidine.

Use only locally. 0,5% alcohol or 1% aqueous solution for 2-5 min is applied to the corresponding surface. In dentistry solution for mouthwash and gel are prescribed 2-3 times a day.

chlorhexidine side effects, adverse reactions

Perhaps allergic reaction. Dry and itchy skin, dermatitis, stickiness of hands for 3-5 min, stained teeth, the deposition of tartar, breach of taste.

chlorhexidine contraindications

Hypersensitivity to chlorhexidine, dermatitis, allergic reactions.

Special instructions

Remains active in the presence of impurities of blood and organic matter. Should not enter the chlorhexidine in the eye, as well as contact with the meninges and the auditory nerve.

Avoid using chlorhexidine with iodine preparations.

chlorhexidine drug interactions

chlorhexidine is incompatible with the soap, and detergents containing anionic group (saponins, sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium carboxymethyl cellulose).

chlorhexidine is compatible with any medication containing cationic group (cetrimonium bromide, benzalkonium chloride).

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Chlorhexidine available forms, composition, doses:

Price
Biopatch dressing4.21 USD
Chlorhexidine 0.12% rinse0.02 USD
Chlorhexidine 2% scrub0.03 USD
Chlorhexidine Gluconate 0.12% Solution 473ml Bottle14.0 USD
Chlorhexidine gluc 20% soln0.16 USD
Cloth; Topical; Chlorhexidine Gluconate 2%
Cream; Topical; Chlorhexidine Gluconate 1%
Dynahex 2% liquid0.01 USD
Dynahex 4% liquid0.02 USD
Hibiclens 4% liquid0.04 USD
Hibistat towelette0.43 USD
Liquid; Topical; Chlorhexidine Gluconate 0.05%
Liquid; Topical; Chlorhexidine Gluconate 2%
Mouthwash; Local Oral; Chlorhexidine Gluconate
Peridex 0.12% Solution 473ml Bottle23.99 USD
Peridex 0.12% liquid0.04 USD
Periogard 0.12% Solution 473ml Bottle15.99 USD
Periogard 0.12% oral rinse0.01 USD
Scrub; Topical; Chlorhexidine Gluconate 4%
Solution; Dental; Chlorhexidine Gluconate 0.12%
Solution; Irrigation; Chlorhexidine Acetate 0.02%
Solution; Irrigation; Chlorhexidine Gluconate 0.1%
Solution; Irrigation; Chlorhexidine Gluconate 0.2%
Solution; Local Oral; Chlorhexidine Gluconate 0.15%
Solution; Local, Topical; Chlorhexidine Digluconate 0.05%
Solution; Local, Topical; Chlorhexidine Digluconate 0.2%
Solution; Local, Topical; Chlorhexidine Digluconate 0.5%
Solution; Local, Topical; Chlorhexidine Digluconate 1%
Solution; Local, Topical; Chlorhexidine Digluconate 5%
Solution; Topical; Chlorhexidine Gluconate 0.05%
Solution; Topical; Chlorhexidine Gluconate 1%
Solution; Topical; Chlorhexidine Gluconate 2%
Solution; Topical; Chlorhexidine Gluconate 20%
Solution; Topical; Chlorhexidine Gluconate 5%
Sponge; Topical; Chlorhexidine Gluconate 4%
Spray; Topical; Chlorhexidine Digluconate 0.5%

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Indications and Usages:

ATC codes:


ICD-10 codes:


Chlorhexidine destination | category:


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Drugs with same active ingredients (Pharmaceutical companies):


References

  1. Dailymed."CHLORHEX 2X (CHLORHEXIDINE) SPRAY [VEDCO, INC]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  2. Dailymed."CHLORHEXIDINE GLUCONATE; ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  3. "chlorhexidine". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/co... (accessed August 28, 2018).

Frequently asked Questions

Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Chlorhexidine?

Depending on the reaction of the Chlorhexidine after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Chlorhexidine not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

Is Chlorhexidine addictive or habit forming?

Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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Review

sdrugs.com conducted a study on Chlorhexidine, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Chlorhexidine consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

Visitor reports

Visitor reported useful

No survey data has been collected yet

Visitor reported side effects

No survey data has been collected yet

Two visitors reported price estimates

What is your opinion about drug cost? Did you feel the cost is apt, or did you feel it is expensive?
The report given by the sdrugs.com website users shows the following figures about several people who felt the medicine Chlorhexidine is expensive, and the medicine is not expensive. The results are mixed. The perception of the cost of the medicine to be expensive or not depends on the brand name of the medicine, country, and place where it is sold, and the affordability of the patient. You can choose a generic drug in the place of the branded drug to save the cost. The efficiency of the medicine will not vary if it is generic or a branded one.
Visitors%
Expensive2
100.0%

Visitor reported frequency of use

No survey data has been collected yet

One visitor reported doses

What is the dose of Chlorhexidine drug you are taking?
According to the survey conducted among sdrugs.com website users, the maximum number of people are using the following dose 501mg-1g. Few medications come in only one or two doses. Few are specific for adult dose and child dose. The dose of the medicine given to the patient depends on the severity of the symptom/disease. There can be dose adjustments made by the doctor, based on the progression of the disease. Follow-up is important.
Visitors%
501mg-1g1
100.0%

Visitor reported time for results

No survey data has been collected yet

Visitor reported administration

No survey data has been collected yet

One visitor reported age

Visitors%
30-451
100.0%

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The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology

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