DRUGS & SUPPLEMENTS
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Torisel is indicated for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma.
Torisel ® is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma. (1)
The recommended dose of Torisel for advanced renal cell carcinoma is 25 mg infused over a 30 – 60 minute period once a week.
Treatment should continue until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity occurs.
Patients should receive prophylactic intravenous diphenhydramine 25 to 50 mg approximately 30 minutes before the start of each dose of Torisel .
Torisel should be held for absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <1,000/mm3, platelet count <75,000/mm3, or NCI CTCAE grade 3 or greater adverse reactions. Once toxicities have resolved to grade 2 or less, Torisel may be restarted with the dose reduced by 5 mg/week to a dose no lower than 15 mg/week.
Hepatic Impairment: Use caution when treating patients with hepatic impairment. If Torisel must be given in patients with mild hepatic impairment, reduce the dose of Torisel to 15 mg/week. Torisel is contraindicated in patients with bilirubin >1.5×ULN .
Concomitant Strong CYP3A4 Inhibitors: The concomitant use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors should be avoided (e.g. ketoconazole, itraconazole, clarithromycin, atazanavir, indinavir, nefazodone, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, telithromycin, and voriconazole). Grapefruit juice may also increase plasma concentrations of sirolimus (a major metabolite of Torisel) and should be avoided. If patients must be co-administered a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor, based on pharmacokinetic studies, a Torisel dose reduction to 12.5 mg/week should be considered. This dose of Torisel is predicted to adjust the AUC to the range observed without inhibitors. However, there are no clinical data with this dose adjustment in patients receiving strong CYP3A4 inhibitors. If the strong inhibitor is discontinued, a washout period of approximately 1 week should be allowed before the Torisel dose is adjusted back to the dose used prior to initiation of the strong CYP3A4 inhibitor .
Concomitant Strong CYP3A4 Inducers: The use of concomitant strong CYP3A4 inducers should be avoided (e.g. dexamethasone, phenytoin, carbamazepine, rifampin, rifabutin, rifampacin, phenobarbital). If patients must be co-administered a strong CYP3A4 inducer, based on pharmacokinetic studies, a Torisel dose increase from 25 mg/week up to 50 mg/week should be considered. This dose of Torisel is predicted to adjust the AUC to the range observed without inducers. However, there are no clinical data with this dose adjustment in patients receiving strong CYP3A4 inducers. If the strong inducer is discontinued the Torisel dose should be returned to the dose used prior to initiation of the strong CYP3A4 inducer .
Torisel must be stored under refrigeration at 2°–8°C (36°–46°F) and protected from light. During handling and preparation of admixtures, Torisel should be protected from excessive room light and sunlight. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.
In order to minimize the patient exposure to the plasticizer DEHP (di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate), which may be leached from PVC infusion bags or sets, the final Torisel dilution for infusion should be stored in bottles (glass, polypropylene) or plastic bags (polypropylene, polyolefin) and administered through polyethylene-lined administration sets.
Torisel 25 mg/mL injection must be diluted with the supplied diluent before further dilution in 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP.
Please note that both the Torisel injection and diluent vials contain an overfill to ensure the recommended volume can be withdrawn.
Follow this two-step dilution process in an aseptic manner.
DILUTION OF Torisel INJECTION 25 MG/ML WITH SUPPLIED DILUENT
The concentrate-diluent mixture is stable below 25ºC for up to 24 hours.
DILUTION OF CONCENTRATE-DILUENT MIXTURE WITH 0.9% SODIUM CHLORIDE INJECTION, USP
The resulting solution should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration. The admixture of Torisel in 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP should be protected from excessive room light and sunlight.
Compatibilities and Incompatibilities
Undiluted Torisel injection should not be added directly to aqueous infusion solutions. Direct addition of Torisel injection to aqueous solutions will result in precipitation of drug. Always combine Torisel injection with DILUENT for Torisel before adding to infusion solutions. It is recommended that Torisel be administered in 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection after combining with diluent. The stability of Torisel in other infusion solutions has not been evaluated. Addition of other drugs or nutritional agents to admixtures of Torisel in 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection has not been evaluated and should be avoided. Torisel is degraded by both acids and bases, and thus combinations of Torisel with agents capable of modifying solution pH should be avoided.
Torisel (temsirolimus) is supplied as a kit consisting of the following:
Torisel (temsirolimus) injection (25 mg/mL). The Torisel vial contains Torisel at a concentration of 25 mg/mL. The vial contains an overfill of 0.2 mL to ensure the ability to withdraw the recommended dose.
DILUENT for Torisel. The DILUENT vial includes a deliverable volume of 1.8 mL. This vial contains an overfill in order to ensure that the appropriate volume can be withdrawn.
Torisel injection, 25 mg/mL supplied with DILUENT for Torisel. (3)
Torisel is contraindicated in patients with bilirubin >1.5×ULN .
Torisel is contraindicated in patients with bilirubin > 1.5×ULN. (4)
Hypersensitivity/infusion reactions, including but not limited to flushing, chest pain, dyspnea, hypotension, apnea, loss of consciousness, hypersensitivity and anaphylaxis, have been associated with the administration of Torisel. These reactions can occur very early in the first infusion, but may also occur with subsequent infusions. Patients should be monitored throughout the infusion and appropriate supportive care should be available. Torisel infusion should be interrupted in all patients with severe infusion reactions and appropriate medical therapy administered.
Torisel should be used with caution in persons with known hypersensitivity to Torisel or its metabolites (including sirolimus), polysorbate 80, or to any other component (including the excipients) of Torisel.
An H1 antihistamine should be administered to patients before the start of the intravenous Torisel infusion. Torisel should be used with caution in patients with known hypersensitivity to an antihistamine, or patients who cannot receive an antihistamine for other medical reasons.
If a patient develops a hypersensitivity reaction during the Torisel infusion, the infusion should be stopped and the patient should be observed for at least 30 to 60 minutes (depending on the severity of the reaction). At the discretion of the physician, treatment may be resumed with the administration of an H1-receptor antagonist (such as diphenhydramine), if not previously administered , and/or an H2-receptor antagonist (such as intravenous famotidine 20 mg or intravenous ranitidine 50 mg) approximately 30 minutes before restarting the Torisel infusion. The infusion may then be resumed at a slower rate (up to 60 minutes).
A benefit-risk assessment should be done prior to the continuation of Torisel therapy in patients with severe or life-threatening reactions.
The safety and pharmacokinetics of Torisel were evaluated in a dose escalation phase 1 study in 110 patients with normal or varying degrees of hepatic impairment. Patients with baseline bilirubin >1.5×ULN experienced greater toxicity than patients with baseline bilirubin ≤1.5×ULN when treated with Torisel. The overall frequency of ≥ grade 3 adverse reactions and deaths, including deaths due to progressive disease, were greater in patients with baseline bilirubin >1.5×ULN due to increased risk of death .
Use caution when treating patients with mild hepatic impairment. Concentrations of Torisel and its metabolite sirolimus were increased in patients with elevated AST or bilirubin levels. If Torisel must be given in patients with mild hepatic impairment (bilirubin >1 – 1.5×ULN or AST >ULN but bilirubin ≤ULN), reduce the dose of Torisel to 15 mg/week .
The use of Torisel is likely to result in increases in serum glucose. In the phase 3 trial, 89% of patients receiving Torisel had at least one elevated serum glucose while on treatment, and 26% of patients reported hyperglycemia as an adverse event. This may result in the need for an increase in the dose of, or initiation of, insulin and/or oral hypoglycemic agent therapy. Serum glucose should be tested before and during treatment with Torisel. Patients should be advised to report excessive thirst or any increase in the volume or frequency of urination.
The use of Torisel may result in immunosuppression. Patients should be carefully observed for the occurrence of infections, including opportunistic infections .
Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP), including fatalities, has been reported in patients who received Torisel. This may be associated with concomitant use of corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive agents. Prophylaxis of PJP should be considered when concomitant use of corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive agents are required.
Cases of interstitial lung disease, some resulting in death, occurred in patients who received Torisel. Some patients were asymptomatic, or had minimal symptoms, with infiltrates detected on computed tomography scan or chest radiograph. Others presented with symptoms such as dyspnea, cough, hypoxia, and fever. Some patients required discontinuation of Torisel and/or treatment with corticosteroids and/or antibiotics, while some patients continued treatment without additional intervention. Patients should be advised to report promptly any new or worsening respiratory symptoms.
It is recommended that patients undergo baseline radiographic assessment by lung computed tomography scan or chest radiograph prior to the initiation of Torisel therapy. Follow such assessments periodically, even in the absence of clinical respiratory symptoms.
It is recommended that patients be followed closely for occurrence of clinical respiratory symptoms. If clinically significant respiratory symptoms develop, consider withholding Torisel administration until after recovery of symptoms and improvement of radiographic findings related to pneumonitis. Empiric treatment with corticosteroids and/or antibiotics may be considered. Opportunistic infections such as PJP should be considered in the differential diagnosis. For patients who require use of corticosteroids, prophylaxis of PJP may be considered.
The use of Torisel is likely to result in increases in serum triglycerides and cholesterol. In the phase 3 trial, 87% of patients receiving Torisel had at least one elevated serum cholesterol value and 83% had at least one elevated serum triglyceride value. This may require initiation, or increase in the dose, of lipid-lowering agents. Serum cholesterol and triglycerides should be tested before and during treatment with Torisel.
Cases of fatal bowel perforation occurred in patients who received Torisel. These patients presented with fever, abdominal pain, metabolic acidosis, bloody stools, diarrhea, and/or acute abdomen. Patients should be advised to report promptly any new or worsening abdominal pain or blood in their stools.
Cases of rapidly progressive and sometimes fatal acute renal failure not clearly related to disease progression occurred in patients who received Torisel. Some of these cases were not responsive to dialysis.
Use of Torisel has been associated with abnormal wound healing. Therefore, caution should be exercised with the use of Torisel in the perioperative period.
Patients with central nervous system tumors and/or receiving anticoagulation therapy may be at an increased risk of developing intracerebral bleeding (including fatal outcomes) while receiving Torisel.
Agents Inducing CYP3A Metabolism:
Strong inducers of CYP3A4/5 such as dexamethasone, carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, rifampin, rifabutin, and rifampacin may decrease exposure of the active metabolite, sirolimus. If alternative treatment cannot be administered, a dose adjustment should be considered. St. John's Wort may decrease Torisel plasma concentrations unpredictably. Patients receiving Torisel should not take St. John's Wort concomitantly .
Agents Inhibiting CYP3A Metabolism:
Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors such as atazanavir, clarithromycin, indinavir, itraconazole, ketoconazole, nefazodone, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, and telithromycin may increase blood concentrations of the active metabolite sirolimus. If alternative treatments cannot be administered, a dose adjustment should be considered .
The combination of Torisel and sunitinib resulted in dose-limiting toxicity. Dose-limiting toxicities were observed in two out of three patients treated in the first cohort of a phase 1 study at doses of Torisel 15 mg IV per week and sunitinib 25 mg oral per day (Days 1–28 followed by a 2-week rest).
The use of live vaccines and close contact with those who have received live vaccines should be avoided during treatment with Torisel. Examples of live vaccines are: intranasal influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, oral polio, BCG, yellow fever, varicella, and TY21a typhoid vaccines.
There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of Torisel in pregnant women. However, based on its mechanism of action, Torisel may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Torisel administered daily as an oral formulation caused embryo-fetal and intrauterine toxicities in rats and rabbits at human sub-therapeutic exposures. If this drug is used during pregnancy or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking the drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus. Women of childbearing potential should be advised to avoid becoming pregnant throughout treatment and for 3 months after Torisel therapy has stopped .
Men should be counseled regarding the effects of Torisel on the fetus and sperm prior to starting treatment . Men with partners of childbearing potential should use reliable contraception throughout treatment and are recommended to continue this for 3 months after the last dose of Torisel.
Based on the results of a phase 3 study, elderly patients may be more likely to experience certain adverse reactions including diarrhea, edema, and pneumonia .
In the randomized, phase 3 trial, complete blood counts (CBCs) were checked weekly, and chemistry panels were checked every two weeks. Laboratory monitoring for patients receiving Torisel may need to be performed more or less frequently at the physician's discretion.
The following serious adverse reactions have been associated with Torisel in clinical trials and are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the label .
The most common (≥30%) adverse reactions observed with Torisel are rash, asthenia, mucositis, nausea, edema, and anorexia. The most common (≥30%) laboratory abnormalities observed with Torisel are anemia, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia, lymphopenia, elevated alkaline phosphatase, elevated serum creatinine, hypophosphatemia, thrombocytopenia, elevated AST, and leukopenia.
The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥30%) are rash, asthenia, mucositis, nausea, edema, and anorexia. The most common laboratory abnormalities (incidence ≥30%) are anemia, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia, elevated alkaline phosphatase, elevated serum creatinine, lymphopenia, hypophosphatemia, thrombocytopenia, elevated AST, and leukopenia. (6)
To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Inc. at 1-800-934-5556 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, the adverse reaction rates observed cannot be directly compared to rates in other trials and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.
In the phase 3 randomized, open-label study of interferon alfa (IFN-α) alone, Torisel alone, and Torisel and IFN-α, a total of 616 patients were treated. Two hundred patients received IFN-α weekly, 208 received Torisel 25 mg weekly, and 208 patients received a combination of Torisel and IFN-α weekly .
Treatment with the combination of Torisel 15 mg and IFN-α was associated with an increased incidence of multiple adverse reactions and did not result in a significant increase in overall survival when compared with IFN-α alone.
Table 1 shows the percentage of patients experiencing treatment emergent adverse reactions. Reactions reported in at least 10% of patients who received Torisel 25 mg alone or IFN-α alone are listed. Table 2 shows the percentage of patients experiencing selected laboratory abnormalities. Data for the same adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities in the IFN-α alone arm are shown for comparison:
|Adverse Reaction||Torisel |
n = 208
n = 200
|All Grades |
|Grades 3&4 |
|All Grades |
|Grades 3&4 |
|Asthenia||106 (51)||23 (11)||127 (64)||52 (26)|
| Edema ||73 (35)||7 (3)||21 (11)||1 (1)|
|Pain||59 (28)||10 (5)||31 (16)||4 (2)|
|Pyrexia||50 (24)||1 (1)||99 (50)||7 (4)|
|Weight Loss||39 (19)||3 (1)||50 (25)||4 (2)|
|Headache||31 (15)||1 (1)||30 (15)||0 (0)|
|Chest Pain||34 (16)||2 (1)||18 (9)||2 (1)|
|Chills||17 (8)||1 (1)||59 (30)||3 (2)|
| Mucositis ||86 (41)||6 (3)||19 (10)||0 (0)|
|Anorexia||66 (32)||6 (3)||87 (44)||8 (4)|
|Nausea||77 (37)||5 (2)||82 (41)||9 (5)|
|Diarrhea||56 (27)||3 (1)||40 (20)||4 (2)|
|Abdominal Pain||44 (21)||9 (4)||34 (17)||3 (2)|
|Constipation||42 (20)||0 (0)||36 (18)||1 (1)|
|Vomiting||40 (19)||4 (2)||57 (29)||5 (3)|
| Infections ||42 (20)||6 (3)||19 (10)||4 (2)|
| Urinary tract infection ||31 (15)||3 (1)||24 (12)||3 (2)|
|Pharyngitis||25 (12)||0 (0)||3 (2)||0 (0)|
|Rhinitis||20 (10)||0 (0)||4 (2)||0 (0)|
|Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders|
|Back Pain||41 (20)||6 (3)||28 (14)||7 (4)|
|Arthralgia||37 (18)||2 (1)||29 (15)||2 (1)|
|Myalgia||16 (8)||1 (1)||29 (15)||2 (1)|
|Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders|
|Dyspnea||58 (28)||18 (9)||48 (24)||11 (6)|
|Cough||53 (26)||2 (1)||29 (15)||0 (0)|
|Epistaxis||25 (12)||0 (0)||7 (4)||0 (0)|
|Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders|
| Rash ||97 (47)||10 (5)||14 (7)||0 (0)|
|Pruritus||40 (19)||1 (1)||16 (8)||0 (0)|
|Nail Disorder||28 (14)||0 (0)||1 (1)||0 (0)|
|Dry Skin||22 (11)||1 (1)||14 (7)||0 (0)|
|Acne||21 (10)||0 (0)||2 (1)||0 (0)|
|Nervous system disorders|
| Dysgeusia ||41 (20)||0 (0)||17 (9)||0 (0)|
|Insomnia||24 (12)||1 (1)||30 (15)||0 (0)|
|Depression||9 (4)||0 (0)||27 (14)||4 (2)|
The following selected adverse reactions were reported less frequently (<10%).
Gastrointestinal Disorders – Gastrointestinal hemorrhage (1%), rectal hemorrhage (1%).
Eye Disorders – Conjunctivitis (including lacrimation disorder) (8%).
Immune System – Angioneurotic edema-type reactions (including delayed reactions occurring two months following initiation of therapy) have been observed in some patients who received Torisel and ACE inhibitors concomitantly.
Infections – Pneumonia (8%), upper respiratory tract infection (7%), wound infection/post-operative wound infection (1%), sepsis (1%).
General Disorders and Administration Site Conditions - Diabetes mellitus (5%).
Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders – Pleural effusion (4%).
Vascular – Hypertension (7%), venous thromboembolism (including deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolus [including fatal outcomes]) (2%), thrombophlebitis (1%), pericardial effusion (1%).
Nervous System Disorders – Convulsion (1%).
|Laboratory Abnormality||Torisel |
n = 208
n = 200
|All Grades |
|Grades 3&4 |
|All Grades |
|Grades 3&4 |
|Any||208 (100)||162 (78)||195 (98)||144 (72)|
|Hemoglobin Decreased||195 (94)||41 (20)||180 (90)||43 (22)|
| Lymphocytes Decreased ||110 (53)||33 (16)||106 (53)||48 (24)|
| Neutrophils Decreased ||39 (19)||10 (5)||58 (29)||19 (10)|
|Platelets Decreased||84 (40)||3 (1)||51 (26)||0 (0)|
|Leukocytes Decreased||67 (32)||1 (1)||93 (47)||11 (6)|
|Alkaline Phosphatase Increased||141 (68)||7 (3)||111 (56)||13 (7)|
|AST Increased||79 (38)||5 (2)||103 (52)||14 (7)|
|Creatinine Increased||119 (57)||7 (3)||97 (49)||2 (1)|
|Glucose Increased||186 (89)||33 (16)||128 (64)||6 (3)|
|Phosphorus Decreased||102 (49)||38 (18)||61 (31)||17 (9)|
|Total Bilirubin Increased||16 (8)||2 (1)||25 (13)||4 (2)|
|Total Cholesterol Increased||181 (87)||5 (2)||95 (48)||2 (1)|
|Triglycerides Increased||173 (83)||92 (44)||144 (72)||69 (35)|
|Potassium Decreased||43 (21)||11 (5)||15 (8)||0 (0)|
The following adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of Torisel. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to readily estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
The following adverse reactions have been observed in patients receiving Torisel: angioedema, rhabdomyolysis, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, complex regional pain syndrome (reflex sympathetic dystrophy), pancreatitis, cholecystitis, and cholelithiasis.
There are also post-marketing reports of Torisel extravasations resulting in swelling, pain, warmth, and erythema.
Strong inducers of CYP3A4/5 and inhibitors of CYP3A4 may affect concentrations of the primary metabolite of Torisel. If alternatives cannot be used, dose modifications of Torisel are recommended.
Co-administration of Torisel with rifampin, a potent CYP3A4/5 inducer, had no significant effect on Torisel Cmax (maximum concentration) and AUC (area under the concentration versus the time curve) after intravenous administration, but decreased sirolimus Cmax by 65% and AUC by 56% compared to Torisel treatment alone. If alternative treatment cannot be administered, a dose adjustment should be considered .
Co-administration of Torisel with ketoconazole, a potent CYP3A4 inhibitor, had no significant effect on Torisel Cmax or AUC; however, sirolimus AUC increased 3.1-fold, and Cmax increased 2.2-fold compared to Torisel alone. If alternative treatment cannot be administered, a dose adjustment should be considered .
Angioedema has been reported in patients taking mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors in combination with ramipril and/or amlodipine. Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of angioedema when Torisel is given concomitantly with angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (e.g., ramipril) or calcium channel blockers (CCB) (e.g., amlodipine).
Pregnancy Category D .
Women of childbearing potential should be advised to avoid becoming pregnant throughout treatment and for 3 months after Torisel therapy has stopped. Torisel can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus.
Torisel administered daily as an oral formulation caused embryo-fetal and intrauterine toxicities in rats and rabbits at human sub-therapeutic exposures. Embryo-fetal adverse effects in rats consisted of reduced fetal weight and reduced ossifications, and in rabbits included reduced fetal weight, omphalocele, bifurcated sternabrae, notched ribs, and incomplete ossifications.
In rats, the intrauterine and embryo-fetal adverse effects were observed at the oral dose of 2.7 mg/m2/day (approximately 0.04-fold the AUC in patients with cancer at the human recommended dose). In rabbits, the intrauterine and embryo-fetal adverse effects were observed at the oral dose of ≥7.2 mg/m2/day (approximately 0.12-fold the AUC in patients with cancer at the recommended human dose).
It is not known whether Torisel is excreted into human milk, and due to the potential for tumorigenicity shown for sirolimus (active metabolite of Torisel) in animal studies, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or discontinue Torisel, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.
Limited data are available on the use of Torisel in pediatric patients. The effectiveness of Torisel in pediatric patients with advanced recurrent/refractory solid tumors has not been established.
Torisel was studied in 71 patients with relapsed/refractory solid tumors in a phase 1–2 safety and exploratory pharmacodynamic study.
In phase 1, 19 pediatric patients with advanced recurrent/refractory solid tumors received Torisel at doses ranging from 10 mg/m2 to 150 mg/m2 as a 60-minute intravenous infusion once weekly in three-week cycles.
In phase 2, 52 pediatric patients with recurrent/relapsed neuroblastoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, or high grade glioma received Torisel at a weekly dose of 75 mg/m2. One of 19 patients with neuroblastoma achieved a partial response. There were no objective responses in pediatric patients with recurrent/relapsed rhabdomyosarcoma or high grade glioma.
Adverse reactions associated with Torisel were similar to those observed in adults. The most common adverse reactions (≥20%) in pediatric patients receiving the 75 mg/m2 dose included thrombocytopenia, infections, asthenia/fatigue, fever, pain, leukopenia, rash, anemia, hyperlipidemia, increased cough, stomatitis, anorexia, increased plasma levels of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase, hypercholesterolemia, hyperglycemia, abdominal pain, headache, arthralgia, upper respiratory infection, nausea and vomiting, neutropenia, hypokalemia, and hypophosphatemia.
In phase 1 of the above mentioned pediatric trial, the single dose and multiple dose total systemic exposure (AUC) of Torisel and sirolimus were less than dose-proportional over the dose range of 10 to 150 mg/m2.
In the phase 2 portion, the multiple dose (Day 1, Cycle 2) pharmacokinetics of Torisel 75 mg/m2 were characterized in an additional 35 patients ages 28 days to 21 years (median age of 8 years). The geometric mean body surface adjusted clearance of Torisel and sirolimus was 9.45 L/h/m2 and 9.26 L/h/m2, respectively. The mean elimination half-life of Torisel and sirolimus was 31 hours and 44 hours, respectively.
The exposure (AUCss) to Torisel and sirolimus was approximately 6-fold and 2-fold higher, respectively than the exposure in adult patients receiving a 25 mg intravenous infusion.
Clinical studies of Torisel did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and older to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Based on the results of a phase 3 study, elderly patients may be more likely to experience certain adverse reactions including diarrhea, edema, and pneumonia .
No clinical studies were conducted with Torisel in patients with decreased renal function. Less than 5% of total radioactivity was excreted in the urine following a 25 mg intravenous dose of [14C]-labeled Torisel in healthy subjects. Renal impairment is not expected to markedly influence drug exposure, and no dosage adjustment of Torisel is recommended in patients with renal impairment.
Torisel has not been studied in patients undergoing hemodialysis.
Torisel was evaluated in a dose escalation phase 1 study in 110 patients with normal or varying degrees of hepatic impairment as defined by AST and bilirubin levels and patients with liver transplant (Table 3). Patients with moderate and severe hepatic impairment had increased rates of adverse reactions and deaths, including deaths due to progressive disease, during the study (Table 3).
|Hepatic Function ||Torisel Dose Range||Adverse Reactions |
Grade ≥ 3
|Normal (n = 25)||25 – 175||20 (80.0)||2 (8.0)|
|Mild (n = 39)||10 – 25||32 (82.1)||5 (12.8)|
|Moderate (n = 20)||10 – 25||19 (95.0)||8 (40.0)|
|Severe (n = 24)||7.5 – 15||23 (95.8)||13 (54.2)|
|Liver Transplant (n = 2)||10||1 (50.0)||0 (0)|
Torisel is contraindicated in patients with bilirubin >1.5×ULN . Use caution when treating patients with mild hepatic impairment. If Torisel must be given in patients with mild hepatic impairment (bilirubin >1–1.5×ULN or AST >ULN but bilirubin ≤ULN), reduce the dose of Torisel to 15 mg/week . Because there is a need for dosage adjustment based upon hepatic function, assessment of AST and bilirubin levels is recommended before initiation of Torisel and periodically thereafter.
There is no specific treatment for Torisel intravenous overdose. Torisel has been administered to patients with cancer in phase 1 and 2 trials with repeated intravenous doses as high as 220 mg/m2. The risk of several serious adverse events, including thrombosis, bowel perforation, interstitial lung disease (ILD), seizure, and psychosis, is increased with doses of Torisel greater than 25 mg.
Torisel, an inhibitor of mTOR, is an antineoplastic agent.
Torisel is a white to off-white powder with a molecular formula of C56H87NO16 and a molecular weight of 1030.30. It is non-hygroscopic. Torisel is practically insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol. It has no ionizable functional groups, and its solubility is independent of pH.
The chemical name of Torisel is (3S,6R,7E,9R,10R,12R,14S,15E,17E,19E,21S,23S,26R,27R,34aS)-9,10,12,13,14,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,32,33,34,34a-Hexadecahydro-9,27-dihydroxy-3-[(1R)-2-[(1S,3R,4R)-4-hydroxy-3-methoxycyclohexyl]-1-methylethyl]-10,21-dimethoxy-6,8,12,14,20,26-hexamethyl-23, 27-epoxy-3H-pyrido[2,1-c][1,4]oxaazacyclohentriacontine-1,5,11,28,29(4H,6H,31H)-pentone 4'-[2,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)propionate]; or Rapamycin, 42-[3-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropanoate].
NDC 0008-1179-01 Torisel (temsirolimus) injection, 25 mg/mL.
Each kit is supplied in a single carton containing one single-use vial of 25 mg/mL of Torisel and one DILUENT vial which includes a deliverable volume of 1.8 mL, and must be stored at 2º–8º C (36º–46º F). Protect from light.
- Allergic (Hypersensitivity/Infusion) Reactions
Patients should be informed of the possibility of serious allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis (including life threatening and fatal reactions), despite premedication with antihistamines, and to immediately report any facial swelling or difficulty breathing .
- Increased Blood Glucose Levels
Patients are likely to experience increased blood glucose levels while taking Torisel. This may result in the need for initiation of, or increase in the dose of, insulin and/or hypoglycemic agents. Patients should be directed to report any excessive thirst or frequency of urination to their physician .
Patients should be informed that they may be more susceptible to infections while being treated with Torisel .
- Interstitial Lung Disease
Patients should be warned of the possibility of developing interstitial lung disease, a chronic inflammation of the lungs, which may rarely result in death . Patients, including those who are taking or have taken corticosteroids or immunosuppressive agents, should be directed to report promptly any new or worsening respiratory symptoms to their physician.
- Increased Blood Triglycerides and/or Cholesterol
Patients are likely to experience elevated triglycerides and/or cholesterol during Torisel treatment. This may require initiation of, or increase in the dose of, lipid-lowering agents .
- Bowel Perforation
Patients should be warned of the possibility of bowel perforation. Patients should be directed to report promptly any new or worsening abdominal pain or blood in their stools .
- Renal Failure
Patients should be informed of the risk of renal failure .
- Wound Healing Complications
Patients should be advised of the possibility of abnormal wound healing if they have surgery within a few weeks of initiating therapy or during therapy .
- Intracerebral Bleeding
Patients with CNS tumors and/or receiving anticoagulants should be informed of the increased risk of developing intracerebral bleeding (including fatal outcomes) while on Torisel .
- Medications that can interfere with Torisel
Some medicines can interfere with the breakdown or metabolism of Torisel. In particular, patients should be directed to inform their physician if they are taking any of the following: Protease inhibitors, anti-epileptic medicines including carbamazepine, phenytoin, and barbiturates, St. John's Wort, rifampicin, rifabutin, nefazodone or selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors used to treat depression, antibiotics or antifungal medicines used to treat infections .
Patients should be advised that vaccinations may be less effective while being treated with Torisel. In addition, the use of live vaccines, and close contact with those who have received live vaccines, while on Torisel should be avoided .
Torisel can cause fetal harm. Women of childbearing potential should be advised to avoid becoming pregnant throughout treatment and for 3 months after Torisel therapy has stopped. Men with partners of childbearing potential should use reliable contraception throughout treatment and are recommended to continue this for 3 months after the last dose of Torisel .
- Elderly Patients
Elderly patients should be advised that they may be more likely to experience certain adverse reactions including diarrhea, edema, and pneumonia .
This product's label may have been updated. For full prescribing information, please visit www.pfizer.com.
*each vial contains 0.2 mL overfill
MUST BE DILUTED
10 mg/mL after initial dilution
Single Use - Refrigerate
LOT / EXP.:
for Torisel ®
Not for direct administration
Only for dilution of Torisel
(temsirolimus) injection vial
Single Use - Refrigerate
LOT / EXP.:
Depending on the reaction of the Torisel after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Torisel not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.Is Torisel addictive or habit forming?
Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.
Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.
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The information was verified by Dr. Rachana Salvi, MD Pharmacology