DRUGS & SUPPLEMENTS

Tolfen

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Tolfen uses

Tolfen consists of Acetaminophen, Ibuprofen.

Acetaminophen:


Pharmacological action

Tolfen is an analgesic-antipyretic. It has analgesic, antipyretic and weak anti-inflammatory action. The mechanism of action is associated with inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis, the predominant influence on the thermoregulation center in the hypothalamus, enhances heat transfer.

Why is Tolfen (Acetaminophen) prescribed?

Pain weak and moderate intensity of different genesis (including headache, migraine, toothache, neuralgia, myalgia, algomenorrhea; pain in trauma, burns). Fever in infectious and inflammatory diseases.

Tolfen dosage and administration

Oral or rectally adults and adolescents with a body weight over 60 kg is used in a single dose of 500 mg, the multiplicity of admission - up to 4 times / Maximum duration of treatment - 5-7 days.

Maximum dose: single - 1 g, daily - 4 g.

Single dose for oral administration for children aged 6-12 years - 250-500 mg, 1-5 years - 120-250 mg, from 3 months to 1 year - 60-120 mg, up to 3 months - 10 mg / kg. Single dose rectal in children aged 6-12 years - 250-500 mg, 1-5 years - 125-250 mg.

Multiplicity - 4 at intervals of not less than 4 h. The maximum duration of treatment - 3 days.

Maximum dose: 4 single dose per day.

Tolfen side effects, adverse reactions

Digestive system: rarely - dyspepsia; long-term use at high doses - hepatotoxic effects, methemoglobinemia, renal dysfunction and liver, hypochromic anemia. Hemopoietic system: rarely - thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, pancytopenia, neutropenia, agranulocytosis. Allergic reactions: rarely - skin rash, itching, hives.

Contraindications

Chronic active alcoholism, increased sensitivity to Tolfen, marked disturbances of liver function and / or kidney disease, anemia, pregnancy (I term).

Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

Tolfen (Acetaminophen) crosses the placental barrier. So far, no observed adverse effects of Tolfen (Acetaminophen) on the fetus in humans.

Tolfen (Acetaminophen) is excreted in breast milk: the content in milk was 0.04-0.23% of the dose adopted mother.

If necessary, use of Tolfen (Acetaminophen) during pregnancy and lactation (breastfeeding) should carefully weigh the potential benefits of therapy for the mother and the potential risk to the fetus or child.

In experimental studies found no embryotoxic, teratogenic and mutagenic action of Tolfen (Acetaminophen).

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Special Instructions

Tolfen is used with caution in patients with disorders of the liver and kidneys, with benign hyperbilirubinemia, as well as in elderly patients.

With prolonged use of Tolfen (Acetaminophen) is necessary to monitor patterns of peripheral blood and functional state of the liver.

Used for treatment of premenstrual tension syndrome in combination with pamabrom (diuretic, a derivative of xanthine) and mepyramine (Histamine H1-receptors blocker).

Tolfen (Acetaminophen) Drug Interactions

With the simultaneous use with inducers of microsomal liver enzymes, means having hepatotoxic effect, increasing the risk of hepatotoxic action of Tolfen (Acetaminophen).

With the simultaneous use of anticoagulants may be slight to moderate increase in prothrombin time.

With the simultaneous use of anticholinergics may decrease absorption of Tolfen (Acetaminophen).

With the simultaneous use of oral contraceptives accelerated excretion of Tolfen (Acetaminophen) from the body and may reduce its analgesic action.

With the simultaneous use with urological means reduced their effectiveness.

With the simultaneous use of activated charcoal reduced bioavailability of Tolfen (Acetaminophen).

When Tolfen (Acetaminophen) applied simultaneously with diazepam may decrease excretion of diazepam.

There have been reports about the possibility of enhancing mielodepression effect of zidovudine while applying with Tolfen (Acetaminophen). A case of severe toxic liver injury.

Described cases of toxic effects of Tolfen (Acetaminophen), while the use of isoniazid.

When applied simultaneously with carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, primidonom decreases the effectiveness of Tolfen (Acetaminophen), which is caused by an increase in its metabolism and excretion from the body. Cases of hepatotoxicity, while the use of Tolfen (Acetaminophen) and phenobarbital.

In applying cholestyramine a period of less than 1 h after administration of Tolfen (Acetaminophen) may decrease of its absorption.

At simultaneous application with lamotrigine moderately increased excretion of lamotrigine from the body.

With the simultaneous use of metoclopramide may increase absorption of Tolfen (Acetaminophen) and its increased concentration in blood plasma.

When applied simultaneously with probenecid may decrease clearance of Tolfen (Acetaminophen), with rifampicin, sulfinpyrazone - may increase clearance of Tolfen (Acetaminophen) due to increasing its metabolism in the liver.

At simultaneous application of Tolfen (Acetaminophen) with ethinylestradiol increases absorption of Tolfen (Acetaminophen) from the gut.

Enhances the effect of indirect anticoagulants (coumarin derivatives and indandione). Antipyretic and analgesic activity of caffeine increases, reduce - rifampicin, phenobarbital and alcohol (accelerated biotransformation, inducing microsomal liver enzymes).

Tolfen in case of emergency / overdose

At a reception in toxic doses (10-15 g in adults) may develop liver necrosis.

Symptoms of overdose may include: nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, sweating, extreme tiredness, unusual bleeding or bruising, pain in the upper right part of the stomach, yellowing of the skin or eyes, flu-like symptoms

Ibuprofen:


Pharmacological action

NSAIDs, a derivative of phenylpropionic acid, Tolfen has anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic effect.

The mechanism of action is associated with inhibition of COX activity - the main enzyme metabolism of arachidonic acid, which is a precursor of prostaglandins, which play a major role in the pathogenesis of inflammation, pain and fever. Analgesic effect is due to both peripheral (indirectly, through suppression of prostaglandin synthesis), and a central mechanism (due to inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis in the central and peripheral nervous system). Inhibits platelet aggregation.

For topical use anti-inflammatory and analgesic action. Reduces morning stiffness, increased the amount of motion in joints.

Pharmacokinetics

When oral administered Tolfen (Ibuprofen) almost completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Simultaneous food intake slows the rate of absorption. Metabolised in the liver (90%). T1 / 2 is 2-3 hours.

80% of the dose excreted in urine mainly as metabolites (70%), 10% - unchanged, 20% eliminated through the intestine in the form of metabolites.

Why is Tolfen prescribed?

Inflammatory, degenerative diseases of joints and spine (including rheumatic and rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, osteoarthritis), articular syndrome in patients with acute gout, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, tendonitis, bursitis, sciatica, traumatic inflammation of soft tissue and musculoskeletal apparatus. Neuralgia, myalgia, pain in infectious and inflammatory diseases of ENT organs, bursitis, algomenorrhea, headache and toothache. Fever in infectious and inflammatory diseases.

Dosage and administration

Setting individually, depending on etiology of disease, severity of clinical manifestations. When administered rectally or adult single dose of 200-800 mg, the frequency of reception - 3-4; for children - 20-40 mg / kg in divided doses.

Topical applied within 2-3 weeks.

The maximum daily dose for adults when administered oral or rectally or is 2.4 g.

Oral, after a meal. Rheumatoid arthritis - by 0.8 g 3 times a day in osteoarthrosis and ankylosing spondylitis - by 0.4-0.6 g 3-4 times a day, in juvenile rheumatoid arthritis - at 30-40 mg / kg / day in several stages.

When soft tissue injuries, sprains - 1.6-2.4 g / day in divided doses.

At moderate pain syndrome - 1.2 g per day.

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Tolfen side effects

Digestive system: frequently - nausea, anorexia, vomiting, epigastric discomfort, diarrhea, possibly the development of erosive and ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract; rare - bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract, long-term use possible liver problems.

Central nervous system and peripheral nervous systems: frequently - headache, dizziness, sleep disturbances, agitation, visual impairment.

Hemopoietic system: long-term use may be anemia, thrombocytopenia, agranulocytosis.

Urinary tract: long-term use possible renal dysfunction.

Allergic reactions: often - skin rash, Quincke's edema, rarely - aseptic meningitis (usually in patients with autoimmune diseases), bronchospasm syndrome.

Local reactions: when topical used may be hyperemia of the skin, burning or tingling.

Contraindications

Erosive-ulcerative lesions in the gastrointestinal tract exacerbation, diseases of the optic nerve, "aspirin triad", hemodyscrasia, pronounced renal dysfunction and / or liver, children age, hypersensitivity to Tolfen (Ibuprofen).

Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

Do not use Tolfen (Ibuprofen) in the III trimester of pregnancy. Application I and II trimesters of pregnancy is justified only in cases where the expected benefit to the mother than the possible harm to the fetus.

This medication Tolfen (Ibuprofen) in small amounts excreted in breast milk. Possible using in lactation for pain and fever. If necessary, prolonged use or use in high doses (800 mg / 24 h), should decide on the termination of breastfeeding.

Special instructions

Precautions are used with the attendant liver and kidney diseases, chronic heart failure, with dyspeptic symptoms before treatment, immediately after surgery, with indications of a history of gastrointestinal bleeding in diseases of the digestive tract, allergic reactions associated with NSAID intake.

In the course of treatment requires systematic monitoring of the liver and kidneys, peripheral blood picture.

It should not be applied externally to the damaged skin.

Tolfen drug interactions

With simultaneous use of Tolfen (Ibuprofen) reduces the effect of antihypertensive agents (ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers), diuretics (furosemide, hypothiazide).

With the simultaneous use of anticoagulants may enhance their action.

With simultaneous application of SCS increases the risk of side effects from the gastrointestinal tract.

With the simultaneous application of Tolfen (Ibuprofen) may displace from compounds with plasma proteins indirect anticoagulants (acenocoumarol), derivatives of hydantoin (phenytoin), oral hypoglycemic drugs sulfonylurea derivatives.

With the simultaneous use of amlodipine may be a slight reduction of antihypertensive action of amlodipine, with acetylsalicylic acid - decreased concentration of Tolfen (Ibuprofen) in blood plasma, with baclofen - described a case of toxic gain of baclofen.

When applied simultaneously with warfarin may increase bleeding time, were also observed microhematuria, bruises with hydrochlorothiazide - perhaps a slight reduction of antihypertensive action of hydrochlorothiazide, captopril - may reduce antihypertensive effect of captopril, with cholestyramine - moderately decrease absorption of Tolfen (Ibuprofen).

With simultaneous application of lithium carbonate increased the concentration of lithium in blood plasma.

With simultaneous application of magnesium hydroxide increases the initial absorption of Tolfen (Ibuprofen), with methotrexate - increases the toxicity of methotrexate.

Tolfen in case of emergency / overdose

In case of overdose, call your local poison control center or emergency services.

Symptoms of overdose may include: dizziness; fast eye movements that you cannot control; slow breathing or short periods of time without breathing; blue color around the lips, mouth, and nose.

Storage conditions

In a dry, protected from light place, at temperatures below 25°C.Common expiration date for Tolfen (Ibuprofen) tablets: 3 years.

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Tolfen pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:

infoActive ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug.


Tolfen available forms, composition, doses:

infoForm of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease.


Tolfen destination | category:

infoDestination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so.


Tolfen Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:

infoA medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code.


Tolfen pharmaceutical companies:

infoPharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug.


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References

  1. Dailymed."FEVERALL INFANTS (ACETAMINOPHEN) SUPPOSITORY [ACTAVIS MID ATLANTIC LLC]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  2. Dailymed."IBUPROFEN TABLET [LAKE ERIE MEDICAL & SURGICAL SUPPLY DBA QUALITY CARE PRODUCTS LLC]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  3. Dailymed."IBUPROFEN: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).

Frequently asked Questions

Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Tolfen?

Depending on the reaction of the Tolfen after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Tolfen not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

Is Tolfen addictive or habit forming?

Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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Review

sDrugs.com conducted a study on Tolfen, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Tolfen consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

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The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology

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