DRUGS & SUPPLEMENTS

Tiki Tiki Star

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Tiki Tiki Star uses

Tiki Tiki Star consists of Beta-Carotene, Lysine, Taurine, Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3 (Nicotinamide), Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E.

Lysine:


BOXED WARNING

Pharmacy Bulk Package

Not For Direct Infusion

DESCRIPTION

Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15% Amino Acids Injection in a Pharmacy Bulk Package is a sterile, clear, nonpyrogenic solution of essential and nonessential amino acids for intravenous infusion in parenteral nutrition following appropriate dilution.

Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15% in a Pharmacy Bulk Package is not for direct infusion. It is a sterile dosage from which contains several single doses for use in a pharmacy admixture program in the preparation of intravenous parenteral fluids.

Each 100 mL contains:


Essential Amino Acids


Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine) (from Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine) Acetate, USP)……………………………………................1.18


g


Leucine, USP……………………………………………………………..............1.04


g


Phenylalanine, USP……………………………………........................................1.04


g


Valine, USP……………………………………………………………..................960


mg


Isoleucine, USP………………………………………............................................749


mg


Methionine, USP………………………………………..........................................749


mg


Threonine, USP………………………………………............................................749


mg


Tryptophan, USP………………………………………..........................................250


mg


Nonessential Amino Acids


Alanine, USP…………………………………………..........................................2.17


g


Arginine, USP………………………………………….........................................1.47


g


Glycine, USP…………………………………………..........................................1.04


g


Histidine, USP………………………………………….........................................894


mg


Proline, USP…………………………………………………………….................894


mg


Glutamic Acid…………………………………………..........................................749


mg


Serine, USP……………………………………………..........................................592


mg


Aspartic Acid, USP……………………………………..........................................434


mg


Tyrosine, USP…………………………………………............................................39


mg


Sodium Metabisulfite, NF added……………………………………………...............30


mg


Water for Injection, USP……………………………………………………...................


qs


Essential Amino Acids……………………………………………………….............6.7


g


Nonessential Amino Acids………………………………………………….................8.3


g


Total Amino Acids…………………………………………………………...............15.0


g


Total Nitrogen………………………………………………………………..............2.37


g


Acetate*…………………………………………………….........................................151


mEq/L


Osmolarity (calculated)…………………………………….......................................1388


mOsmol/L


pH……………………………………………………………………………....................5.6(5.2-6.0)


*Acetate from Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine) Acetate, USP and acetic acid used for pH adjustment.


The formulas for the individual amino acids are as follows:

Formulas for individual amino acids

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CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15% Amino Acids Injection providesseventeen crystalline amino acids. This completely utilizable substrate promotesprotein synthesis and wound healing and reduces the rate of protein catabolism.

A.Total Parenteral Nutrition (Central Infusion)

When enteralfeeding is inadvisable, Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15% given by central venousinfusion in combination with energy sources, vitamins, trace elements andelectrolytes, will completely satisfy the requirements for weight maintenanceor weight gain, depending upon the dose selected. The energy component inparenteral nutrition by central infusion may be derived solely from dextroseor may be provided by a combination of dextrose and intravenous fat emulsion. The addition of intravenous fat emulsion provides essential fatty acids andpermits a dietary balance of fat and carbohydrate, at the same time offeringthe option of reducing the dextrose load and/or increasing the total caloricinput. An adequate energy supply is essential for optimal utilization of aminoacids.

B. Total Parenteral Nutrition (Peripheral Infusion)

Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15%can also be administered as part of a total parenteral nutrition program byperipheral vein when the enteral route is inadvisable and use of the centralvenous catheter is contraindicated.

Reduction of proteinloss can be achieved by use of diluted Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15% in combinationwith dextrose or with dextrose and intravenous fat emulsion by peripheralinfusion. Complete peripheral intravenous nutrition can be achieved in patientswith low caloric requirements by a Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)®15%-dextrose-fatregimen.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15% is indicated as an amino acid(nitrogen) source in parenteral nutrition regimens. This use is appropriatewhen the enteral route is inadvisable, inadequate or not possible, as when:

-Gastrointestinal absorption is impaired by obstruction, inflammatory diseaseor its complications, or antineoplastic therapy;

-Bowel rest is needed because of gastrointestinal surgery or its complicationssuch as ileus, fistulae or anastomotic leaks;

-Tube feeding methods alone cannot provide adequate nutrition.

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CONTRAINDICATIONS

This solution should not be used in patients in hepatic coma,severe renal failure, metabolic disorders involving impaired nitrogen utilizationor hypersensitivity to one or more amino acids.

WARNINGS

Administration of amino acids solutions at excessive ratesor to patients with hepatic insufficiency may result in plasma amino acidimbalances, hyperammonemia, prerenal azotemia, stupor and coma. Conservativedoses of amino acids should be given to these patients, dictated by the nutritionalstatus of the patient. Should symptoms of hyperammonemia develop, amino acidadministration should be discontinued and the patient’s clinical statusre-evaluated.

Contains sodium metabisulfite, a sulfitethat may cause allergic-type reactions including anaphylactic symptoms andlife-threatening or less severe asthmatic episodes in certain susceptiblepeople. The overall prevalence of sulfite sensitivity in the general populationis unknown and probably low.

Sulfite sensitivity isseen more frequently in asthmatic than in nonasthmatic people.

WARNING: This product contains aluminum that maybe toxic. Aluminum may reach toxic levels with prolonged parenteral administrationif kidney function is impaired. Premature neonates are particularly at riskbecause their kidneys are immature, and they require large amounts of calciumand phosphate solutions, which contain aluminum.

Researchindicates that patients with impaired kidney function, including prematureneonates, who receive parenteral levels of aluminum at greater than 4 to 5mcg/kg/day accumulate aluminum at levels associated with central nervous systemand bone toxicity. Tissue loading may occur at even lower rates of administration.

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PRECAUTIONS

A. GENERAL

It is essential to provide adequate calories concurrently if parenterally administered amino acids are to be retained by the body and utilized for protein synthesis.

The administration of Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15% Amino Acids Injection as part of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) with large volumes of hyperosmotic fluids requires periodic monitoring of the patient for signs of hyperosmolarity, hyperglycemia, glycosuria and hypertriglyceridemia.

During parenteral nutrition with concentrated dextrose and amino acids solutions, essential fatty acid deficiency syndrome may develop but may not be clinically apparent. Early demonstration of this condition can only be accomplished by gas liquid chromatographic analysis of plasma lipids. The syndrome may be prevented or corrected by appropriate treatment with intravenous fat emulsions.

For complete nutritional support, TPN regimens must also include multiple vitamins and trace elements. Potentially incompatible ions such as calcium and phosphate may be added to alternate infusate bottles to avoid precipitation. Although the metabolizable acetate ion in Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15% diminishes the risk of acidosis, the physician must be alert to the potential appearance of this disorder.

Initiation and termination of infusions of TPN fluids must be gradual to permit adjustment of endogenous insulin release.

Undiluted Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15% should not be administered peripherally. When administered centrally, it should be diluted with appropriate diluents, e.g., dextrose, electrolytes and other nutrient components, to at least half strength. See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION.

Caution against volume overload should be exercised.

Drug product contains no more than 25 mcg/L of aluminum.

B. Laboratory Tests

Infusion of Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15% without concomitant infusion of an adequate number of non-protein calories may result in elevated BUN. Monitoring of BUN is required and the balance between Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15% and the calorie source may require adjustment. Frequent clinical evaluations and laboratory determinations are required to prevent the complications which may occur during the administration of solutions used in TPN. Laboratory tests should include blood glucose, serum electrolytes, liver and kidney function, serum osmolarity, blood ammonia, serum protein, pH, hematocrit, WBC and urinary glucose. When Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15% is combined with electrolytes, care should be used in administering this solution to patients with congestive heart failure, renal failure, edema, adrenal hyperactivity, acid-base imbalance and those receiving diuretics or antihypertensive therapy. Total volume infused should be closely monitored. Serum electrolytes should be monitored daily in these patients.

C. Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Studies with Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15% have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential, mutagenic potential, or effects on fertility.

D. Pregnancy Category C

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15%. It is also not known whether Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15% can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15% should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

E. Nursing Mothers

Caution should be exercised when Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15% is administered to a nursing woman.

F. Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness of Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15% Amino Acids Injection in pediatric patients have not been established by adequate and well-controlled studies. However, the use of amino acids injections in pediatric patients as an adjunct in the offsetting of nitrogen loss or in the treatment of negative nitrogen balance is referenced in the medical literature.

G. Special Precautions for Central Infusion

TPN delivered by indwelling catheter through a central or large peripheral vein is a special technique requiring a team effort by physician, nurse and pharmacist. The responsibility for administering this therapy should be confined to those trained in the procedures and alert to signs of complications. Complications known to occur from the placement of central venous catheter are pneumothorax, hemothorax, hydrothorax, artery puncture and transection, injury to the brachial plexus, malposition of the catheter, formation of arteriovenous fistula, phlebitis, thrombosis, and air/catheter emboli. The risk of sepsis is present during intravenous therapy, especially when using central venous catheters for prolonged periods. It is imperative that the preparation of admixtures and the placement and care of the catheters be accomplished under controlled aseptic conditions.

H. Admixtures

Admixtures should be prepared under a laminar flow hood using aseptic technique.

Admixtures should be stored under refrigeration and must be administered within 24 hours after removal from refrigerator.

Filters of less than 1.2 micron pore size must not be used with admixtures containing fat emulsion.

I. Do not administer unless solution is clear and the seal is intact.

IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT A CAREFULLY PREPARED PROTOCOL, BASED ON CURRENT MEDICAL PRACTICES, BE FOLLOWED, PREFERABLY BY AN EXPERIENCED TEAM.

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ADVERSE REACTIONS

OVERDOSAGE

In the event of overhydration or solute overload, re-evaluatethe patient and institute appropriate corrective measures. See WARNINGS andPRECAUTIONS.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

The appropriate daily dose of amino acids to be used withdextrose or with dextrose and intravenous fat emulsion will depend upon themetabolic status and clinical response of the patient as therapy proceeds. Doses which achieve nitrogen equilibrium or positive balance are the mostdesirable. The dosage on the first day should be approximately half the anticipatedoptimal dosage and should be increased gradually to minimize glycosuria; similarly,withdrawal should be accomplished gradually to avoid rebound hypoglycemia.

Fatemulsion coadministration should be considered when prolonged (more than 5days) parenteral nutrition is required in order to prevent essential fattyacid deficiency (EFAD). Serum lipids should be monitored for evidence of EFADin patients maintained on fat free TPN.

The amount administeredis dosed on the basis of amino acids/kg of body weight/day. In general, twoto three g/kg of body weight for neonates and infants with adequate caloriesare sufficient to satisfy protein needs and promote positive nitrogen balance. In pediatric patients, the final solution should not exceed twice normal serumosmolarity (718 mOsmol/L).

DIRECTIONSFOR PROPER USE OF PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE

Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15%in a Pharmacy Bulk Package is not intended for direct infusion. The containerclosure may be penetrated only once using a suitable sterile transfer deviceor dispensing set which allows measured dispensing of the contents. The PharmacyBulk Package is to be used only in a suitable work area such as a laminarflow hood (or an equivalent clean air compounding area). Once the closureis penetrated, the contents should be dispensed as soon as possible; the transferof contents must be completed within 4 hours of closure entry. The bottlemay be stored at room temperature (25°C) after the closure has been entered. Date and time of container entry should be noted in the area designated onthe container label.

When using Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15%in patients with a need for fluid volume restriction, it can be diluted asfollows:


Volume


Amount


FinalConcentration


Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15%


500 mL


75 g


7.5%


Dextrose 70%


250 mL


175 g


17.5%


Intralipid® 20%


250 mL


50 g


5.0%


This will provide 1395 kilocalories (kcal) per 1000 mLof admixture with a ratio of 118 non-protein calories per gram of nitrogenand an osmolarity of 1561 mOsmol/L.

In patients wherethe need for fluid restriction is not so marked, either of the following regimensmay be used dependent upon the energy needs of the patient.


Volume


Amount


FinalConcentration


Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15%


500 mL


75 g


3.75%


Dextrose 50%


1000 mL


500 g


25%


Intralipid® 20%


500 mL


100 g


5%


This will provide 1500 kcal per 1000 mL of admixture witha ratio of 228 non-protein calories per gram of nitrogen and an osmolarityof 1633 mOsmol/L.


Volume


Amount


FinalConcentration


Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15%


500 mL


75 g


3.75%


Dextrose 30%


1000 mL


300 g


15%


Intralipid® 10%


500 mL


50 g


2.5%


This will provide 935 kcal per 1000 mL of admixture witha ratio of 158 non-protein calories per gram of nitrogen and an osmolarityof 1128.5 mOsmol/L.

A. Total Parenteral Nutrition (CentralInfusion)

In unstressed adult patients with no unusualnitrogen losses, a minimum dosage of 0.1 gram nitrogen (4.2 mL of Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15%)plus 4.4 grams (15 calories) of dextrose per kilogram of body weight per dayare required to achieve nitrogen balance and weight stability. Intravenousfat emulsion may be used as a partial substitute for dextrose. This regimenprovides a ratio of 150 non-protein calories per gram of nitrogen.

Forpatients stressed by surgery, trauma or sepsis, and those with unusual nitrogenlosses, the dosage required for maintenance may be as high as 0.3 to 0.4 gramsof nitrogen (13 to 17 mL Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15%) per kilogram of bodyweight per day, with proportionate increases in non-protein calories. Periodicassessment of nitrogen balance of the individual patient is the best indicatorof proper dosage. Volume overload and glycosuria may be encountered at highdosage, and nitrogen balance may not be achieved in extremely hypermetabolicpatients under these constraints. Concomitant insulin administration may berequired to minimize glycosuria. Daily laboratory monitoring is essential.

Useof an infusion pump is advisable to maintain a steady infusion rate duringcentral venous infusion.

B. Peripheral Nutrition

Inpatients for whom central venous catheterization is not advisable, proteincatabolism can be reduced by peripheral use of diluted Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15%plus non-protein calorie sources. Dilution of 250 mL Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15%in 750 mL of 10% dextrose will reduce the osmolarity to a level (724 mOsmol/L)which is more favorable to the maintenance of the integrity of the walls ofthe veins. Intravenous fat emulsion can be infused separately or simultaneously;if infused simultaneously the fat emulsion will provide a dilution effectupon the osmolarity while increasing the energy supply.

Parenteraldrug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discolorationprior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.

Toreduce the risk of bacterial contamination, all intravenous administrationsets should be replaced at least every 24 hours. Usage of admixtures mustbe initiated within 24 hours after mixing. If storage is necessary duringthis 24 hour period, admixtures must be refrigerated and completely used within24 hours of beginning administration.

HOW SUPPLIED

Tiki Tiki Star (Lysine)® 15% Amino Acids Injection is suppliedas a Pharmacy Bulk Package in 500 mL containers.

500mL NDC 0409-0468-05

STORAGE

Store inthe closed carton; do not expose solution to light until ready for use. Exposureof pharmaceutical products to heat should be minimized. Avoid excessive heat. It is recommended that the product be stored at 20 to 25°C (68 to 77°F). Brief exposure to temperatures above25°C during transport and storage will not adversely affect the product. Solution that has been frozen must not be used.


©Hospira 2005


EN-1010


Hospira, Inc., Lake Forest, IL 60045 USA

RL-1450

Vitamin A:


DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

One tablet daily or as directed by a physician.

Supplement Facts
Serving Size 1 Tablet

Servings Per Container 100

Amount Per Serving % Daily Value
Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin A) 2500 IU 50%
Vitamin C 60 mg 100%
Vitamin D 400 IU 100%
Vitamin E 15 IU 50%
Thiamine 1.05 mg 70%
Riboflavin 1.2 mg 70%
Niacinamide 13.5 mg 68%
Vitamin B6 1.05 mg 53%
Folic Acid 0.3 mg 75%
Vitamin B12 4.5 mcg 75%
Fluoride 0.25 mg Daily Value not established

WARNING

KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.

In case of accidental overdose, seek professional assistance or contact a Poison Control Center immediately.

Other Ingredients: Artificial cherry flavor, artificial grape flavor, ascorbic acid, cholecalciferol, compressible sugar, D&C Red #7 calcium lake, FD&C Blue #1 aluminum lake, FD&C Yellow #6 aluminum lake, folic acid, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, natural and artificial orange flavor, niacinamide, polyethylene glycol, pyridoxine HCl, riboflavin, sodium ascorbate, sodium fluoride, stearic acid, sucralose, thiamine HCl, Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin A) acetate, vitamin B12 and vitamin E acetate.

Active ingredient for caries prophylaxis: Fluoride as sodium fluoride.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Significant decrease in the incidence of dental caries can be linked to the fluoridation of the water supply (1ppm fluoride) during the period of tooth development.

Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin A) Tablets provide sodium fluoride and ten essential vitamins in a chewable tablet. Because the tablets are chewable, they provide a topical as well as systemic source of fluoride. Hydroxyapatite is the principal crystal for all calcified tissue in the human body. The fluoride ion reacts with the Hydroxyapatite in the tooth as it is formed to produce the more caries-resistant crystal, fluorapatite.

The reaction may be expressed by the equation:

Ca10(PO4)6(OH2) + 2F- Ca10 (PO4)6F2 + 2OH-
(Hydroxyapatite) (Fluorapatite)

Three stages of fluoride deposition in tooth enamel can be distinguished:

  • Small amounts (reflecting the low levels of fluoride in tissue fluids) are incorporated into the enamel crystals while they are being formed.
  • After enamel has been laid down, fluoride deposition continues in the surface enamel. Diffusion of fluoride from the surface inward is apparently restricted.
  • After eruption, the surface enamel acquires fluoride from the water, food, supplementary fluoride and smaller amounts of saliva.

DIETARY SUPPLEMENTATION

Multivitamins with fluoride offer supplementation of the diet with 10 vitamins and fluoride.

WARNINGS

AS IN THE CASE OF ALL MEDICATIONS, KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN. This tablet should be chewed. This product, as with all chewable tablets are not recommended for children under the age of 4 due to risk of choking.

PRECAUTIONS

The suggested dose of Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin A) Tablets should not be exceeded, since dental fluorosis may result from continued ingestion of large amounts of fluoride.

Before recommending Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin A) Tablets

  • Determine the fluoride content of the drinking water from all major sources
  • Make sure the child is not receiving significant amounts of fluoride from other sources such as medications and swallowed toothpaste
  • Periodically check to make sure that the child does not develop significant dental fluorosis.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Allergic rash and other idiosyncrasies have been rarely reported.

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact H2-Pharma, LLC at 1 (866) 592-6438 or FDA at 1 (800) 332-1088 or via the web at www.fda.gov/medwatch/index.html for voluntary reporting of adverse reactions.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

One tablet daily or as directed by a physician.

HOW SUPPLIED

Tiki Tiki Star Tablets 0.25 mg are available as orange, red and purple chewable tablets imprinted with "151" in 100 tablet bottles.

Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin A) Tablets 0.5 mg are available as orange, red and purple chewable tablets imprinted with "152" in 100 tablet bottles.

Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin A) Tablets 1.0 mg are available as orange, red and purple chewable tablets imprinted with "153" in 100 tablet bottles.

STORAGE

Store at controlled room temperature 20ºC-25ºC (68º-77ºF), excursions permitted between 15º-30ºC (59º-86ºF).

Distributed by:

H2-Pharma, LLC

2010 Berry Chase Place

Montgomery, AL 36117

www.h2-pharma.com

1067084

61269-151-01

MultiVitamin

with Fluoride

Chewable Tablets

Rx

0.25 mg

MultiVitamin and Fluoride Supplement

Dietary Supplement

100 Tablets

H2pharma

Vitamin C:


Pharmacological action

Ascorbic acid is essential for the formation of intracellular collagen, is required to strengthen the structure of teeth, bones, and the capillary walls. Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin C) participates in redox reactions, the metabolism of tyrosine, converting folic acid into folinic acid, metabolism of carbohydrates, the synthesis of lipids and proteins, iron metabolism, processes of cellular respiration. Reduces the need for vitamins B1, B2, A, E, folic acid, pantothenic acid, enhances the body's resistance to infections; enhances iron absorption, contributing to its sequestration in reduced form. Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin C) has antioxidant properties.

With intravaginal application of ascorbic acid lowers the vaginal pH, inhibiting the growth of bacteria and helps to restore and maintain normal pH and vaginal flora (Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus gasseri).

Pharmacokinetics

After oral administration ascorbic acid is completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Widely distributed in body tissues.

The concentration of ascorbic acid in blood plasma in normal amounts to approximately 10-20 mg / ml.

The concentration of ascorbic acid in white blood cells and platelets is higher than in erythrocytes and plasma. When deficient state of concentration in leucocytes is reduced later and more slowly and is regarded as the best criterion for evaluating the deficit than the concentration in plasma.

Plasma protein binding is about 25%.

Ascorbic acid is reversibly oxidized to form dehydroascorbic acid, is metabolized with the formation of ascorbate-2-sulphate which is inactive and oxalic acid which is excreted in the urine.

Ascorbic acid taken in excessive quantities is rapidly excreted unchanged in urine, it usually happens when exceeding a daily dose is 200 mg.

Why is Tiki Tiki Star prescribed?

For systemic use of Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin C) Kimia Farma: prevention and treatment of hypo- and avitaminosis of Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin C); providing increased need for Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin C) during growth, pregnancy, lactation, with heavy loads, fatigue and during recovery after prolonged severe illness; in winter with an increased risk of infectious diseases.

For intravaginal use: chronic or recurrent vaginitis (bacterial vaginosis, nonspecific vaginitis) caused by the anaerobic flora (due to changes in pH of the vagina) in order to normalize disturbed vaginal microflora.

Dosage and administration

This medication administered orally, IM, IV, intravaginally.

For the prevention of deficiency conditions Tiki Tiki Star dose is 25-75 mg / day, for the treatment - 250 mg / day or more in divided doses.

For intravaginal used ascorbic acid drugs in appropriate dosage forms.

Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin C) side effects, adverse reactions

CNS: headache, fatigue, insomnia.

Digestive system: stomach cramps, nausea and vomiting.

Allergic reaction: describes a few cases of skin reactions and manifestations of the respiratory system.

Urinary system: when used in high doses - hyperoxaluria and the formation of kidney stones of calcium oxalate.

Local reactions: with intravaginal application - a burning or itching in the vagina, increased mucous discharge, redness, swelling of the vulva. Other: sensation of heat.

Tiki Tiki Star contraindications

Increased sensitivity to ascorbic acid.

Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

The minimum daily requirement of ascorbic acid in the II and III trimester of pregnancy is about 60 mg.

Ascorbic acid crosses the placental barrier. It should be borne in mind that the fetus can adapt to high doses of ascorbic acid, which takes a pregnant woman, and then a newborn baby may develop the ascorbic disease as the reaction of cancel. Therefore, during pregnancy should not to take ascorbic acid in high doses, except in cases where the expected benefit outweighs the potential risk.

The minimum daily requirement during lactation is 80 mg. Ascorbic acid is excreted in breast milk. A mother's diet that contains adequate amounts of ascorbic acid, is sufficient to prevent deficiency in an infant. It is unknown whether dangerous to the child's mother use of ascorbic acid in high doses. Theoretically it is possible. Therefore, it is recommended not to exceed the maximum daily nursing mother needs to ascorbic acid, except when the expected benefit outweighs the potential risk.

Special instructions

Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin C) is used with caution in patients with hyperoxaluria, renal impairment, a history of instructions on urolithiasis. Because ascorbic acid increases iron absorption, its use in high doses can be dangerous in patients with hemochromatosis, thalassemia, polycythemia, leukemia, and sideroblastic anemia.

Patients with high content body iron should apply ascorbic acid in minimal doses.

Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin C) is used with caution in patients with deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase.

The use of ascorbic acid in high doses can cause exacerbation of sickle cell anemia.

Data on the diabetogenic action of ascorbic acid are contradictory. However, prolonged use of ascorbic acid should periodically monitor your blood glucose levels.

It is believed that the use of ascorbic acid in patients with rapidly proliferating and widely disseminated tumors may worsen during the process. It should therefore be used with caution in ascorbic acid in patients with advanced cancer.

Absorption of ascorbic acid decreased while use of fresh fruit or vegetable juices, alkaline drinking.

Tiki Tiki Star drug interactions

In an application with barbiturates, primidone increases the excretion of ascorbic acid in the urine.

With the simultaneous use of oral contraceptives reduces the concentration of ascorbic acid in blood plasma.

In an application of Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin C) with iron preparations ascorbic acid, due to its regenerative properties, transforms ferric iron in the bivalent, which improves its absorption.

Ascorbic acid in high doses can decrease urine pH that while the application reduces the tubular reabsorption of amphetamine and tricyclic antidepressants.

With the simultaneous use of aspirin reduces the absorption of ascorbic acid by about a third.

Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin C) in an application with warfarin may decrease effects of warfarin.

With the simultaneous application of ascorbic acid increases the excretion of iron in patients receiving deferoxamine. In the application of ascorbic acid at a dose of 500 mg / day possibly left ventricular dysfunction.

In an application with tetracycline is increased excretion of ascorbic acid in the urine.

There is a described case of reducing the concentration of fluphenazine in plasma in patients treated with ascorbic acid 500 mg 2 times / day.

May increase the concentration of ethinyl estradiol in the blood plasma in its simultaneous application in the oral contraceptives.

Tiki Tiki Star in case of emergency / overdose

Symptoms: long-term use of large doses (more than 1 g) - headache, increased CNS excitability, insomnia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, gastritis giperatsidnyh, ultseratsiya gastrointestinal mucosa, inhibition of the function insular apparatus of the pancreas (hyperglycemia, glycosuria), hyperoxaluria, nephrolithiasis (calcium oxalate), damage to the glomerular apparatus of the kidneys, moderate thamuria (when receiving a dose of 600 mg / day).

Decrease capillary permeability (possibly deteriorating trophic tissues, increased blood pressure, hypercoagulability, the development of microangiopathy).

When IV administration in high doses - the threat of termination of pregnancy (due to estrogenemia), hemolysis of red blood cells.

Vitamin E:


A generic descriptor for all tocopherols and tocotrienols that exhibit alpha-tocopherol activity. By virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus, these compounds exhibit varying degree of antioxidant activity, depending on the site and number of methyl groups and the type of isoprenoids.

Indication: Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin E), known for its antioxidant activities, is protective against cardiovascular disease and some forms of cancer and has also demonstrated immune-enhancing effects. It may be of limited benefit in some with asthma and rheumatoid arthritis. It may be helpful in some neurological diseases including Alzheimer's, some eye disorders including cataracts, and diabetes and premenstrual syndrome. It may also help protect skin from ultraviolet irradiation although claims that it reverses skin aging, enhances male fertility and exercise performance are poorly supported. It may help relieve some muscle cramps.

Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin E) has antioxidant activity. It may also have anti-atherogenic, antithrombotic, anticoagulant, neuroprotective, antiviral, immunomodulatory, cell membrane-stabilizing and antiproliferative actions. Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin E) is a collective term used to describe eight separate forms, the best-known form being alpha-tocopherol. Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin E) is a fat-soluble vitamin and is an important antioxidant. It acts to protect cells against the effects of free radicals, which are potentially damaging by-products of the body's metabolism. Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin E) is often used in skin creams and lotions because it is believed to play a role in encouraging skin healing and reducing scarring after injuries such as burns. There are three specific situations when a Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin E) deficiency is likely to occur. It is seen in persons who cannot absorb dietary fat, has been found in premature, very low birth weight infants (birth weights less than 1500 grams, or 3½ pounds), and is seen in individuals with rare disorders of fat metabolism. A Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin E) deficiency is usually characterized by neurological problems due to poor nerve conduction. Symptoms may include infertility, neuromuscular impairment, menstrual problems, miscarriage and uterine degradation. Preliminary research has led to a widely held belief that Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin E) may help prevent or delay coronary heart disease. Antioxidants such as Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin E) help protect against the damaging effects of free radicals, which may contribute to the development of chronic diseases such as cancer. It also protects other fat-soluble vitamins (A and B group vitamins) from destruction by oxygen. Low levels of Tiki Tiki Star (Vitamin E) have been linked to increased incidence of breast and colon cancer.

Tiki Tiki Star pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:

infoActive ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug.


Tiki Tiki Star available forms, composition, doses:

infoForm of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease.


Tiki Tiki Star destination | category:

infoDestination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so.


Tiki Tiki Star Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:

infoA medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code.


Tiki Tiki Star pharmaceutical companies:

infoPharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug.


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References

  1. Dailymed."VITAL E - 500 (VITAMIN E) INJECTION, EMULSION [STUART PRODUCTS, INC.]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  2. Dailymed."BETA CAROTENE: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  3. "beta-carotene". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/su... (accessed August 28, 2018).

Frequently asked Questions

Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Tiki Tiki Star?

Depending on the reaction of the Tiki Tiki Star after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Tiki Tiki Star not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

Is Tiki Tiki Star addictive or habit forming?

Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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Review

sDrugs.com conducted a study on Tiki Tiki Star, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Tiki Tiki Star consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

Visitor reports

One visitor reported side effects

Did you get side effects while taking the Tiki Tiki Star drug, or were there no side effects?
According to the survey conducted by website sDrugs.com users, the below-mentioned percentages indicate the number of people experiencing the side effects and the number of people not experiencing the side effects when taking Tiki Tiki Star medicine. Every drug produces minimal side effects, and they are negligible most times, when compared to the desired effect [use] of the medicine. Side effects depend on the dose you are taking, any drug interactions that happen when you are on other medications, if the patient is sensitive, and other associated conditions. If you cannot tolerate the side effects, consult your doctor immediately, so he can either adjust the dose or change the medication.
Visitors%
It has side effects1
100.0%

One visitor reported price estimates

What is your opinion about drug cost? Did you feel the cost is apt, or did you feel it is expensive?
The report given by the sDrugs.com website users shows the following figures about several people who felt the medicine Tiki Tiki Star is expensive, and the medicine is not expensive. The results are mixed. The perception of the cost of the medicine to be expensive or not depends on the brand name of the medicine, country, and place where it is sold, and the affordability of the patient. You can choose a generic drug in the place of the branded drug to save the cost. The efficiency of the medicine will not vary if it is generic or a branded one.
Visitors%
Not expensive1
100.0%

One visitor reported frequency of use

How often in a day do you take the medicine?
Are you taking the Tiki Tiki Star drug as prescribed by the doctor?

Few medications can be taken Once in a day more than prescribed when the doctor's advice mentions the medicine can be taken according to frequency or severity of symptoms. Most times, be very careful and clear about the number of times you are taking the medication. The report of sDrugs.com website users about the frequency of taking the drug Tiki Tiki Star is mentioned below.
Visitors%
Once in a day1
100.0%

One visitor reported administration

The drugs are administered in various routes, like oral or injection form. They are administered before food or after food. How are you taking Tiki Tiki Star drug, before food or after food?
Click here to find out how other users of our website are taking it. For any doubts or queries on how and when the medicine is administered, contact your health care provider immediately.
Visitors%
After food1
100.0%

One visitor reported age

Visitors%
1-51
100.0%

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The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology

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