Positivum

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Positivum uses


Pharmacological action

Positivum is an antidepressant, propylamine derivative. The mechanism of action is associated with selective blockade of the inverse of neuronal serotonin reuptake in the CNS. Positivum is a weak antagonist of choline, adrenergic and histamine receptors. Unlike most antidepressants Positivum apparently does not cause reduction of functional activity of postsynaptic beta-adrenergic receptors. This medication improves mood, reduces anxiety and stress, eliminates dysphoria. Positivum does not cause sedation. When you receive a medium therapeutic doses of this drug it does not affect the function of cardiovascular and other systems.

Pharmacokinetics

Positivum absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. This medication is poorly metabolized in the "first pass" through the liver. The ingestion did not affect the extent of absorption, although it may slow its speed. Cmax in plasma is reached after 6-8 hours. Css in plasma is reached only after a continuous reception in a few weeks. The protein binding is 94.5%. Positivum easily penetrates through the BBB.

Positivum metabolized in the liver by demethylation to form the main active metabolite norfluoxetine.

T1/2 of Positivum is 2-3 days, norfluoxetine - 7-9 days.

Why is Positivum prescribed?

Depressions of various origins, obsessive-compulsive disorders, bulimic neurosis.

Dosage and administration

The initial dose of Positivum is 20 mg 1 time / day in the morning, if necessary, the dose may be increased in 3-4 weeks. The frequency of reception is 2-3 times / day.

The maximum oral daily dose for adults is 80 mg.

Positivum side effects, adverse reactions

CNS: anxiety, tremors, nervousness, drowsiness, headache, sleep disturbances.

Digestive system: diarrhea, nausea.

Metabolism: increased sweating, hypoglycemia, hyponatremia.

Reproductive system: decreased libido.

Allergic reactions: skin rash, itching.

Other: pain in joints and muscles, shortness of breath, increased body temperature.

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Positivum contraindications

Glaucoma, bladder atony, severe renal dysfunction, benign prostatic hyperplasia, co-administration of MAO inhibitors, convulsions of various origins, epilepsy, pregnancy, lactation, hypersensitivity to Positivum.

Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

Positivum is contraindicated during pregnancy and lactation.

Special instructions

Positivum should be used with caution in patients with impaired liver and kidney, with a history of epileptic seizures, cardio-vascular diseases.

Patients with diabetes may change in blood glucose levels that require correction dosing regimen of hypoglycemic drugs. When applied in debilitated patients with Positivum increases the risk of epileptic seizures.

With the simultaneous application of Positivum and electroconvulsive therapy may develop prolonged seizures.

Positivum can be applied not earlier than 14 days after discontinuation of MAO inhibitors. The period after the abolition of Positivum before therapy MAO inhibitors should not be less than 5 weeks.

Elderly patients need correction of dosing regimen.

Safety of Positivum in children has not been established.

During the period of treatment it needed to avoid use alcohol.

During the period of treatment should refrain from potentially hazardous activities requiring increased attention and rapid psychomotor reactions.

Positivum drug interactions

Simultaneous administration of Positivum with:

  • drugs providing a depressing effect on the central nervous system and with ethanol it is possibly significantly increased inhibitory action on the CNS, as well as increasing the likelihood of developing seizures;
  • MAO inhibitors, furazolidone, procarbazine, tryptophan may develop serotonin syndrome ;
  • Positivum inhibits the metabolism of tricyclic and tetracyclic antidepressants, trazodone, carbamazepine, diazepam, metoprolol, terfenadine, phenytoin, thereby increasing their concentration in serum, increase their therapeutic and side effects;
  • it is possible inhibition of the biotransformation of drugs metabolized with the participation of isoenzyme CYP2D6;
  • hypoglycemic agents may increase their activities;
  • haloperidol, fluphenazine, maprotiline, metoclopramide, perphenazine, pyrathiazine, pimozide, risperidone, sulpiride, trifluoperazine there were describes cases of extrapyramidal symptoms and dystonia; with dextromethorphan - described a case of hallucinations; with digoxin - the case of increasing the concentration of digoxin in plasma;
  • with lithium salts may increase or decrease the concentration of lithium in blood plasma;
  • may increase the concentration of imipramine and desipramine in plasma is 2-10 times (and may persist for 3 weeks after discontinuation of Positivum Sanis Health);
  • propofol there was described a case in which spontaneous movements were observed; with phenylpropanolamine - described a case in which were observed dizziness, weight loss, hyperactivity;
  • may increase the effects of flecainide, mexiletine, propafenone, thioridazine, zuclopenthixol. There are reports on the strengthening effects of warfarin in its simultaneous application with Positivum.

    Positivum in case of emergency / overdose

    Symptoms: nausea, vomiting, agitation, restlessness, hypomania, seizures, large seizures. There were describes two deaths from acute overdose of Positivum (in combination with maprotiline, codeine, temazepam).

    Treatment: gastric lavage, taking activated charcoal, sorbitol, ECG monitoring, symptomatic and supportive therapy, when convulsions - diazepam. There is no specific antidote. Forced diuresis, peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, blood transfusions are ineffective.

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    Positivum pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:

    Active ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug.


    Positivum available forms, composition, doses:

    Form of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
    Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
    Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease.


    Positivum destination | category:

    Destination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
    Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so.


    Positivum Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:

    A medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code.


    Positivum pharmaceutical companies:

    Pharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
    Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug.


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    References

    1. Dailymed."SARAFEM (FLUOXETINE HYDROCHLORIDE) TABLET [ALLERGAN, INC.]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
    2. "fluoxetine". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/co... (accessed August 28, 2018).
    3. "fluoxetine". http://www.drugbank.ca/drugs/DB0047... (accessed August 28, 2018).

    Frequently asked Questions

    Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Positivum?

    Depending on the reaction of the Positivum after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Positivum not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

    Is Positivum addictive or habit forming?

    Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

    Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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    Review

    sdrugs.com conducted a study on Positivum, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Positivum consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

    Visitor reports

    Visitor reported useful

    No survey data has been collected yet

    Visitor reported side effects

    No survey data has been collected yet

    One visitor reported price estimates

    What is your opinion about drug cost? Did you feel the cost is apt, or did you feel it is expensive?
    The report given by the sdrugs.com website users shows the following figures about several people who felt the medicine Positivum is expensive, and the medicine is not expensive. The results are mixed. The perception of the cost of the medicine to be expensive or not depends on the brand name of the medicine, country, and place where it is sold, and the affordability of the patient. You can choose a generic drug in the place of the branded drug to save the cost. The efficiency of the medicine will not vary if it is generic or a branded one.
    Visitors%
    Not expensive1
    100.0%

    One visitor reported frequency of use

    How often in a day do you take the medicine?
    Are you taking the Positivum drug as prescribed by the doctor?

    Few medications can be taken Once in a day more than prescribed when the doctor's advice mentions the medicine can be taken according to frequency or severity of symptoms. Most times, be very careful and clear about the number of times you are taking the medication. The report of sdrugs.com website users about the frequency of taking the drug Positivum is mentioned below.
    Visitors%
    Once in a day1
    100.0%

    Two visitors reported doses

    What is the dose of Positivum drug you are taking?
    According to the survey conducted among sdrugs.com website users, the maximum number of people are using the following dose 201-500mg. Few medications come in only one or two doses. Few are specific for adult dose and child dose. The dose of the medicine given to the patient depends on the severity of the symptom/disease. There can be dose adjustments made by the doctor, based on the progression of the disease. Follow-up is important.
    Visitors%
    201-500mg1
    50.0%
    501mg-1g1
    50.0%

    Visitor reported time for results

    No survey data has been collected yet

    Visitor reported administration

    No survey data has been collected yet

    Visitor reported age

    No survey data has been collected yet

    Visitor reviews


    There are no reviews yet. Be the first to write one!


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    The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology

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