Pilexal

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Pilexal uses

Pilexal consists of Acetaminophen, Chlorpheniramine Maleate, Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide, Phenylpropanolamine Hydrochloride.

Acetaminophen:


Pharmacological action

Pilexal is an analgesic-antipyretic. It has analgesic, antipyretic and weak anti-inflammatory action. The mechanism of action is associated with inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis, the predominant influence on the thermoregulation center in the hypothalamus, enhances heat transfer.

Why is Pilexal (Acetaminophen) prescribed?

Pain weak and moderate intensity of different genesis (including headache, migraine, toothache, neuralgia, myalgia, algomenorrhea; pain in trauma, burns). Fever in infectious and inflammatory diseases.

Pilexal dosage and administration

Oral or rectally adults and adolescents with a body weight over 60 kg is used in a single dose of 500 mg, the multiplicity of admission - up to 4 times / Maximum duration of treatment - 5-7 days.

Maximum dose: single - 1 g, daily - 4 g.

Single dose for oral administration for children aged 6-12 years - 250-500 mg, 1-5 years - 120-250 mg, from 3 months to 1 year - 60-120 mg, up to 3 months - 10 mg / kg. Single dose rectal in children aged 6-12 years - 250-500 mg, 1-5 years - 125-250 mg.

Multiplicity - 4 at intervals of not less than 4 h. The maximum duration of treatment - 3 days.

Maximum dose: 4 single dose per day.

Pilexal side effects, adverse reactions

Digestive system: rarely - dyspepsia; long-term use at high doses - hepatotoxic effects, methemoglobinemia, renal dysfunction and liver, hypochromic anemia. Hemopoietic system: rarely - thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, pancytopenia, neutropenia, agranulocytosis. Allergic reactions: rarely - skin rash, itching, hives.

Contraindications

Chronic active alcoholism, increased sensitivity to Pilexal, marked disturbances of liver function and / or kidney disease, anemia, pregnancy (I term).

Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

Pilexal (Acetaminophen) crosses the placental barrier. So far, no observed adverse effects of Pilexal (Acetaminophen) on the fetus in humans.

Pilexal (Acetaminophen) is excreted in breast milk: the content in milk was 0.04-0.23% of the dose adopted mother.

If necessary, use of Pilexal (Acetaminophen) during pregnancy and lactation (breastfeeding) should carefully weigh the potential benefits of therapy for the mother and the potential risk to the fetus or child.

In experimental studies found no embryotoxic, teratogenic and mutagenic action of Pilexal (Acetaminophen).

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Special Instructions

Pilexal is used with caution in patients with disorders of the liver and kidneys, with benign hyperbilirubinemia, as well as in elderly patients.

With prolonged use of Pilexal (Acetaminophen) is necessary to monitor patterns of peripheral blood and functional state of the liver.

Used for treatment of premenstrual tension syndrome in combination with pamabrom (diuretic, a derivative of xanthine) and mepyramine (Histamine H1-receptors blocker).

Pilexal (Acetaminophen) Drug Interactions

With the simultaneous use with inducers of microsomal liver enzymes, means having hepatotoxic effect, increasing the risk of hepatotoxic action of Pilexal (Acetaminophen).

With the simultaneous use of anticoagulants may be slight to moderate increase in prothrombin time.

With the simultaneous use of anticholinergics may decrease absorption of Pilexal (Acetaminophen).

With the simultaneous use of oral contraceptives accelerated excretion of Pilexal (Acetaminophen) from the body and may reduce its analgesic action.

With the simultaneous use with urological means reduced their effectiveness.

With the simultaneous use of activated charcoal reduced bioavailability of Pilexal (Acetaminophen).

When Pilexal (Acetaminophen) applied simultaneously with diazepam may decrease excretion of diazepam.

There have been reports about the possibility of enhancing mielodepression effect of zidovudine while applying with Pilexal (Acetaminophen). A case of severe toxic liver injury.

Described cases of toxic effects of Pilexal (Acetaminophen), while the use of isoniazid.

When applied simultaneously with carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, primidonom decreases the effectiveness of Pilexal (Acetaminophen), which is caused by an increase in its metabolism and excretion from the body. Cases of hepatotoxicity, while the use of Pilexal (Acetaminophen) and phenobarbital.

In applying cholestyramine a period of less than 1 h after administration of Pilexal (Acetaminophen) may decrease of its absorption.

At simultaneous application with lamotrigine moderately increased excretion of lamotrigine from the body.

With the simultaneous use of metoclopramide may increase absorption of Pilexal (Acetaminophen) and its increased concentration in blood plasma.

When applied simultaneously with probenecid may decrease clearance of Pilexal (Acetaminophen), with rifampicin, sulfinpyrazone - may increase clearance of Pilexal (Acetaminophen) due to increasing its metabolism in the liver.

At simultaneous application of Pilexal (Acetaminophen) with ethinylestradiol increases absorption of Pilexal (Acetaminophen) from the gut.

Enhances the effect of indirect anticoagulants (coumarin derivatives and indandione). Antipyretic and analgesic activity of caffeine increases, reduce - rifampicin, phenobarbital and alcohol (accelerated biotransformation, inducing microsomal liver enzymes).

Pilexal in case of emergency / overdose

At a reception in toxic doses (10-15 g in adults) may develop liver necrosis.

Symptoms of overdose may include: nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, sweating, extreme tiredness, unusual bleeding or bruising, pain in the upper right part of the stomach, yellowing of the skin or eyes, flu-like symptoms

Chlorpheniramine Maleate:



Drug Facts

Active Ingredients (in each 1 mL dropperful) Purpose
Pilexal (Chlorpheniramine Maleate) Maleate 2 mg Antihistamine
Phenylephrine HCl 5 mg Nasal Decongestant

Uses

temporarily relieves these symptoms due to the common cold, hay fever (allergic rhinitis) or other upper respiratory allergies

  • runny nose
  • sneezing
  • itching of the nose or throat
  • itchy, watery eyes
  • nasal congestion
  • reduces swelling of nasal passages

Warnings

Do not exceed recommended dosage.

Do not use this product in a child who is

  • now taking a prescription monoamine oxidase inhibitor (certain drugs for depression, psychiatric, or emotional conditions, or Parkinson's disease), or for 2 weeks after stopping the MAOI drug. If you do not know if your child's prescription drug contains an MAOI, ask a doctor or pharmacist before giving this product.

Ask a doctor before use if a child has

  • a breathing problem such as chronic bronchitis
  • glaucoma
  • heart disease
  • high blood pressure
  • thyroid disease
  • diabetes mellitus

Ask a doctor before use if a child is taking sedatives or tranquilizers

When using this product

  • excitability may occur, especially in children
  • may cause drowsiness
  • sedatives and tranquilizers may increase drowsiness effect

Stop use and ask a doctor if

  • nervousness, dizziness, or sleeplessness occur
  • new symptoms occur

Keep out of reach of children. In case of accidental overdose, seek professional help or contact a Poison Control Center immediately.

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Directions

Do not exceed recommended dosage.

Children 6 to under 12 years of age: 1 mL (1 dropperful) every 4 hours, not to exceed 6 mL in 24 hours or as directed by a doctor
Children 2 to under 6 years of age: 0.5 mL (1/2 dropperful) every 4 hours, not to exceed 3 mL in 24 hours, or as directed by a doctor
Children under 2 years of age: Consult a doctor

Other information

Store at 59°-86°F (15°-30°C)

Inactive ingredients

Applesauce Flavor, Citric Acid, FD&C Blue #1, FD&C Yellow #6, Glycerin, Methyl Paraben, Potassium Citrate, Potassium Sorbate, Propyl Paraben, Propylene Glycol, Purified Water, Sucralose

Questions? Comments?

Call 1-800-543-9560

Rev. 05/11

E

NEW

FORMULA

NDC 00485-0096-02

Pilexal (Chlorpheniramine Maleate)

Pediatric Drops

Antihistamine ▪ Nasal Decongestant

Sugar Free ▪ Alcohol Free ▪ Gluten Free

FOR PROFESSIONAL USE ONLY

Each 1 mL for oral administration

contains:

Pilexal (Chlorpheniramine Maleate) Maleate

2 mg

Phenylephrine HCl

5 mg

APPLESAUCE FLAVOR

Tamper evident by foil seal under cap.

Do not use if foil seal is broken or missing.

Manufactured for:

EDWARDS

Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Ripley, MS 38663

2 fl. oz. (60 mL)

Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide:


Pharmacological action

Pilexal is an antitussive medication. Inhibiting the excitability of the cough center this medicine suppresses the cough of any origin. Pilexal (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) has not addiction effects and it has no analgesic and hypnotic action. Pilexal (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) starts to act after 10-30 minutes after oral administration, the duration of therapeutic action: 5-6 hours for adults and 6-9 hours for children. Pilexal (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) is an optical isomer of levomethorphan which is similar to morphine. Due to optical isomerism this drug has no opioid effects. Pilexal (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) used mainly for replacement of codeine as a cough suppressant. In addition to the cough suppressant this medication is used in medicine for diagnostic purposes and may be useful in various cases - from seizures to heroin addiction treatment, some chronic neurodegenerative diseases. These include amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) (Charcot's disease), disease of "mad cow and other prion diseases. Pilexal (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) has also been used for the treatment of mental retardation, Parkinson's disease, in the treatment of lung and other cancers and to prevent tissue rejection in transplantation because of the (poorly known) effects of sigma ligands on tumor cells and immune system.

Pharmacokinetics

After oral administration Pilexal (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) is completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Cmax of Pilexal (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) in plasma is reached after 2 h. This medication biotransformes in the liver. Up to 45% of this drug is excreted by kidneys and there was considerable individual variation in rates of excretion of individual metabolites.

Why is Pilexal prescribed?

Dry cough of different etiology.

Dosage and administration

For adults and children over 12 years Pilexal prescribed on 15 mg 4 times / day, children aged 6 years - 7.5 mg 4 times / day.

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Pilexal (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) side effects, adverse reactions

Drowsiness, nausea, dizziness.

Pilexal contraindications

Bronchial asthma, bronchitis, simultaneous reception of mucolytic.

Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

During pregnancy and lactation (breastfeeding) Pilexal (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) prescribed with caution, only in cases where the expected therapeutic effect for the mother outweighs the potential risk to the fetus or child.

Special instructions

With carefully administered Pilexal (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) with impaired liver function.

Pilexal drug interactions

MAO inhibitors (including furazolidone, procarbazine, selegiline) when administered simultaneous with Pilexal (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) may cause adrenergic crisis, collapse, coma, dizziness, agitation, increased blood pressure, hyperpyrexia, intracranial hemorrhage, lethargy, nausea, cramps, tremor. In combination with tricyclic antidepressants (amitriptyline, etc.) Pilexal (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) may appeal serotonin syndrome and possible subsequent death. Amiodarone, fluoxetine, quinidine, inhibiting system cytochrome P450, may increase the drug concentration in the blood. Tobacco smoke can lead to increased secretion of glands in the background of inhibition of cough reflex. Some inhibitors of CYP450 (such as quinidine) increase and extended effects of this medicine.

Pilexal in case of emergency / overdose

Symptoms: excitement, dizziness, respiratory depression, impaired consciousness, decreased blood pressure, tachycardia, muscle hypertonicity, ataxia.

Treatment: mechanical ventilation, symptomatic agents.

Phenylpropanolamine Hydrochloride:


Pilexal (Phenylpropanolamine Hydrochloride) has been withdrawn in Canada. In November 2000, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a public health advisory against the use of the drug.

Indication: For the treatment of nasal congestion, control of urinary incontinence, priapism and obesity.

Pilexal (Phenylpropanolamine Hydrochloride) (PPA), a sympathomimetic agent structurally similar to pseudoephedrine, is used to treat nasal congestion. Pilexal (Phenylpropanolamine Hydrochloride) is found in appetite suppressant formulations and with guaifenesinin in cough-cold formulations. In 2000, the FDA requested that all drug companies discontinue marketing products containing Pilexal (Phenylpropanolamine Hydrochloride), due to an increased risk of hemorrhagic stroke in women who used Pilexal (Phenylpropanolamine Hydrochloride).

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Pilexal pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:

Active ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug.


Pilexal available forms, composition, doses:

Form of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease.


Pilexal destination | category:

Destination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so.


Pilexal Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:

A medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code.


Pilexal pharmaceutical companies:

Pharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug.


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References

  1. Dailymed."ADULT WAL TUSSIN COUGH LONG ACTING (DEXTROMETHORPHAN HYDROBROMIDE) SOLUTION [WALGREEN COMPANY]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  2. Dailymed."FEVERALL INFANTS (ACETAMINOPHEN) SUPPOSITORY [ACTAVIS MID ATLANTIC LLC]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  3. Dailymed."WAL-FINATE (CHLORPHENIRAMINE MALEATE) TABLET [WALGREEN COMPANY]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).

Frequently asked Questions

Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Pilexal?

Depending on the reaction of the Pilexal after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Pilexal not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

Is Pilexal addictive or habit forming?

Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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Review

sdrugs.com conducted a study on Pilexal, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Pilexal consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

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The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology

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