DRUGS & SUPPLEMENTS
Optryl usesOptryl consists of Boric Acid, Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride, Naphazoline Hydrochloride.
Optryl Xepa-Soul Pattinson is a blocker of histamine H1-receptors. It has antiallergic activity, has a local anesthetic, antispasmodic and mild ganglion blocking action.
When Optryl (Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride) Xepa-Soul Pattinson administered orally Optryl (Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride) has a sedative and hypnotic effects, has a moderate antiemetic effect and has a central holinoliticheskoy activity.
When applied externally it has antiallergic effect.
Optryl (Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride) Xepa-Soul Pattinson is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Bioavailability is 50%. Cmax is achieved after 20-40 min (in the greatest concentration is determined in the lungs, spleen, kidneys, liver, brain and muscles). Binding to plasma proteins - 98-99%. Penetrates through the BBB. Metabolised mainly in the liver, partly - in the lungs and kidneys. T1/2 is 4-10 hours. Within one day completely removed kidneys as metabolites conjugated to glucuronic acid. Significant quantities are derived from milk and can cause sedation in infants (may be a paradoxical reaction characterized by hyperexcitability).
Why is Optryl Xepa-Soul Pattinson prescribed?
Allergic reactions (urticaria, hay fever, angioedema), allergic conjunctivitis, vasomotor rhinitis, Henoch-Schonlein purpura, serum sickness, itchy dermatitis, sleep disorders (monotherapy or in combination with drugs), chorea, sea and air sickness, vomiting in pregnancy, Meniere's syndrome, premedication.
Dosage and administration
Oral, IV, IM, rectal, topical, intranasal, in the conjunctival sac. Oral dose of Optryl Xepa-Soul Pattinson for adults is 30-50 mg 1-3 times / day. The treatment course is 10-15 days. As soporific - 50 mg at bedtime. IM in doses of 50-250 mg; IV in drip - 20-50 mg. When oral administered single dose for children under 1 year - 2-5 mg; from 2 to 5 years - 5-15 mg; of 6 to 12 years - 15-30 mg. Externally applied 1-2 times / day.
Optryl (Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride) Xepa-Soul Pattinson side effects, adverse reactions
Possible: a short-term numbness in the oral mucosa, drowsiness, weakness, decrease in psychomotor speed of reaction in children may be a paradoxical development of insomnia, irritability, and euphoria.
Rarely: dizziness, headache, dry mouth, nausea, photosensitivity, paresis of accommodation, poor coordination of movements, tremor.
Optryl Xepa-Soul Pattinson contraindications
Closure glaucoma, prostatic hypertrophy, stenosing peptic ulcer, stenosis of the bladder neck, bronchial asthma, epilepsy, hypersensitivity to Optryl (Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride).
Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding
During pregnancy and lactation, Optryl (Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride) used with caution, according to strict indications, when the expected therapeutic effect for the mother outweighs the potential risk to the fetus or infant.
With careful use Optryl (Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride) during pregnancy and lactation.
During the period of treatment with Optryl (Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride) Xepa-Soul Pattinson should not be exposed to solar radiation should be avoided alcohol.
Used with caution in patients involved in potentially dangerous activities requiring attention and rapid psychomotor reactions.
Optryl Xepa-Soul Pattinson is not recommended for SC injection. Since Optryl (Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride) has atropinopodobnym action should be cautious in its use: patients with recent respiratory infection in history (including asthma), increased intraocular pressure in hyperthyroidism, cardiovascular system, hypotension. Antihistamines drugs can reduce mental alertness as well as in adults and children and also cause agitation and hallucinations, convulsions and death in infants and children, especially in overdose. Precautions apply at age 60 and older because more likely to develop dizziness, sedation and hypotension. During treatment with Optryl (Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride) should avoid sun exposure. Should not be used during the drivers of vehicles and people, trade is connected with increased concentration. In the period of treatment should avoid drinking alcoholic beverages.
Optryl (Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride) Xepa-Soul Pattinson drug interactions
When Optryl (Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride) Xepa-Soul Pattinson applied simultaneously increases the effects of ethanol and drugs that depress the central nervous system.
With simultaneous use of Optryl (Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride) Xepa-Soul Pattinson and MAO inhibitors increase the anticholinergic activity of Optryl (Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride).
The antagonistic interaction observed with a joint appointment with psychostimulants.
Reduces the effectiveness of apomorphine as an emetic in the treatment of poisoning. Intensifies anticholinergic effects of drugs with anticholinergic activity.
Optryl Xepa-Soul Pattinson in case of emergency / overdose
Symptoms: dry mouth, difficulty breathing, persistent mydriasis, flushing, depression or excitement (more common in children), CNS confusion; children - the development of convulsions and death.
Treatment: induction of vomiting, gastric lavage, the prescription of activated charcoal, symptomatic and supportive therapy on a background of careful monitoring of respiration and blood pressure levels.
Optryl (Naphazoline Hydrochloride) OPHTHALMIC SOLUTION USP, 0.1%
Naphazoline HCl, an ocular vasoconstrictor, is an imidazoline derivative sympathomimetic amine. The active ingredient is represented by the structural formula:
Chemical Name:2-(1-naphthylmethyl)-2-imidazoline monohydrochlorideVASOCON REGULAR ophthalmic solution is a sterile solution containing 1 mg/mL Optryl (Naphazoline Hydrochloride) in an isotonic solution containing polyethylene glycol 8000, sodium chloride, polyvinyl alcohol, edetate disodium and purified water; preserved with benzalkonium chloride. Hydrochloric acid and/or sodium hydroxide added to adjust pH. It has a pH of 5.5 to 7.0.CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY
Naphazoline constricts the vascular system of the conjunctiva. It is presumed that this effect is due to direct stimulation action of the drug upon the alpha adrenergic receptors in the arterioles of the conjunctiva resulting in decreased conjunctival congestion. Naphalozine belongs to the imidazoline class of sympathomimetics.
INDICATIONS AND USAGE
Optryl (Naphazoline Hydrochloride) REGULAR is indicated for use as a topical ocular vasoconstrictor.
Contraindicated in the presence of an anatomically narrow angle or in narrow angle glaucoma or in persons who have shown hypersensitivity to any component of this preparation.
Patients under therapy with MAO inhibitors may experience a severe hypertensive crisis if given a sympathomimetic drug. Use in children, especially infants, may result in CNS depression leading to coma and marked reduction in body temperature.
Use with caution in the presence of hypertension, cardiovascular abnormalities, hyperglycemia (diabetes), hyperthyroidism, ocular infection or injury and when other medications are being used.
Patients should be advised to discontinue the drug and consult a physician if relief is not obtained within 48 hours of therapy, if irritation, blurring, or redness persists or increases, or if symptoms of systemic absorption occur, i.e., dizziness, headache, nausea, decrease in body temperature, or drowsiness.
To prevent contaminating the dropper tip and solution, do not touch the eyelids or the surrounding area with the dropper tip of the bottle. If solution changes color or becomes cloudy, do not use.Drug Interactions
Concurrent use of maprotiline or tricyclic antidepressants and naphazoline may potentiate the pressor effect of naphazoline. Patients under therapy with MAO inhibitors may experience a severe hypertensive crisis if given a sympathomimetic drug..
Pregnancy Category C
Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with naphazoline. It is also not known whether naphazoline can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Naphazoline should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.
If is not known whether naphazoline is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when naphazoline is administered to a nursing woman.
Safety and effectiveness in children have not been established. See “WARNINGS” and “CONTRAINDICATIONS”.
Mydriasis, increased redness, irritation, discomfort, blurring, punctate keratitis, lacrimation, increased intraocular pressure.
Dizziness, headache, nausea, sweating, nervousness drowsiness, weakness, hypertension, cardiac irregularities, and hyperglycemia.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Instill one or two drops in the conjunctival sac(s) every three to four hours as needed.
Optryl (Naphazoline Hydrochloride) REGULAR (naphazoline hydrochloride ophthalmic solution USP, 0.1%): 15 mL plastic squeeze bottle with dropper tip. NDC 58768-844-15 To be dispensed only in original, unopened container. Store at controlled room temperature 15°-30°C (59°-86°F).
CAUTION: Federal law prohibits dispensing without prescription. Mfd. by OMJ Pharmaceuticals, Inc.,San Germán, P.R., 00683 for:CIBA VisionOphthalmics®___________________Atlanta, Georgia 301556072-A
Optryl pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:
Active ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug.
Optryl available forms, composition, doses:
Form of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease.
Optryl destination | category:
Destination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so.
Optryl Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:
A medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code.
Optryl pharmaceutical companies:
Pharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug.
Frequently asked QuestionsCan i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Optryl?
Depending on the reaction of the Optryl after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Optryl not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.Is Optryl addictive or habit forming?
Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.
Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.
ReviewsDrugs.com conducted a study on Optryl, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Optryl consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.
The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology