DRUGS & SUPPLEMENTS
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Metrogyl is an anti protozoal agent. It is believed that the mechanism of action is associated with DNA damage-sensitive microorganisms. Active against Trichomonas vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis, Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica, and obligate anaerobic bacteria.
Aerobic bacteria are resistant to Metrogyl.
In combination with amoxicillin Metrogyl is active against Helicobacter pylori. It is believed that amoxicillin inhibits the development of resistance of Helicobacter pylori to Metrogyl.
Metrogyl well absorbed after oral administration. The bioavailability is 80%. Metrogyl is distributed in tissues and body fluids. This medication crosses the placental barrier and the BBB. Binding to plasma proteins is 20%. Metrogyl is metabolized in the liver by oxidation and binding to glucuronic acid. T1/2 is 8 hours. This drug is excreted in the urine (60-80%) and feces (6-15%).
Trichomonazice vaginitis and urethritis in women, trichomonazice urethritis in men, giardiasis, amoebic dysentery, anaerobic infections caused by metronidazole-sensitive organisms, combination therapy of severe mixed aerobic-anaerobic infections. Preventing anaerobic infection in surgery. Chronic alcoholism.
Metrogyl in combination with amoxicillin: chronic gastritis in acute phase, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer in acute phase, associated with Helicobacter pylori.
For external and topical use: treatment of acne vulgaris and pink, bacterial vaginosis, treatment of long-term healing of wounds and trophic ulcers.
Metrogyl is administered for oral use for adults and children over 12 years in 7.5 mg / kg every 6 h or 250-750 mg 3-4 times / day. For children up to 12 years the dose is 5-16.7 mg / kg 3 times / day. For IV injections for adults and children over 12 years starting dose is 15 mg / kg, followed by 7.5 mg / kg every 6 hours or depending on the etiology of the disease - by 500-750 mg every 8 hours. The duration of treatment and frequency of tests is determined individually.
Intravaginally - 500 mg 1 time a night.
In combination with amoxicillin (2.25 g / day) daily dose of Metrogyl is 1.5 g; multiplicity of admission - 3 times / day. For patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance less than 30 ml / min) and / or liver daily dose of Metrogyl is 1 g (amoxicillin - 1.5 g / day), the multiplicity of the reception is 2 times / day. This medication takes for external and local use 2 times / day, doses are determined individually.
The maximum daily dose for adults when taken orally and IV is 4 g.
Digestive system: nausea, vomiting, anorexia, metallic taste in the mouth.
CNS and peripheral nervous system: headache, nervousness, irritability, insomnia, dizziness, ataxia, weakness, confusion, depression, peripheral neuropathy, seizures, hallucinations.
Allergic reactions: skin rash, itching, hives.
Hemopoietic system: leucopenia.
Local reactions: irritation.
Other: arthralgia, burning sensation in the urethra.
Organic CNS lesions, blood diseases, liver problems, I trimester of pregnancy, hypersensitivity to Metrogyl.
Metrogyl is rapidly crosses the placental barrier. In II and III trimester of pregnancy Metrogyl is used only for health reasons.
Metrogyl is excreted in breast milk. If necessary, use during lactation should solve the issue of termination of breastfeeding.
Patients should with careful use of Metrogyl in liver diseases.
In combination with amoxicillin this medication is not recommended for patients younger than 18 years. During the treatment period it is necessary the regular control of pattern of peripheral blood.
During the treatment of Trichomonas vaginitis in women and Trichomonas urethritis in men patients should refrain from sexual activity, simultaneous treatment of both partners is mandatory.
During the taking of Metrogyl there is a more dark staining of urine.
During treatment with Metrogyl should avoid alcohol because to violations of the oxidation of alcohol can accumulate acetaldehyde. As a result may develop reactions similar to those characteristic of disulfiram.
Simultaneous administration of Metrogyl with:
Symptoms: nausea, vomiting, ataxia, in severe cases - peripheral neuropathy and seizures.
Treatment: symptomatic, there is no specific antidote.
Depending on the reaction of the Metrogyl after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Metrogyl not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.Is Metrogyl addictive or habit forming?
Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.
Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.
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The information was verified by Dr. Rachana Salvi, MD Pharmacology