DRUGS & SUPPLEMENTS
How old is patient?
Locoid® (hydrocortisone probutate) Cream, 0.1% is indicated for the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses in patients 18 years of age or older.
PANDEL® (hydrocortisone probutate) Cream, 0.1% is a corticosteroid indicated for the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses in patients 18 years of age or older.
Apply a thin film of Locoid to the affected area once or twice a day depending on the severity of the condition. Massage gently until the medication disappears.
Occlusive dressings may be used for the management of refractory lesions of psoriasis and other deep-seated dermatoses, such as localized neurodermatitis (lichen simplex chronicus).
Discontinue Locoid when control is achieved. If no improvement is seen within 2 weeks, reassessment of the diagnosis may be necessary.
Do not use Locoid with occlusive dressings unless directed by the physician. Do not apply Locoid in the diaper area, as diapers or plastic pants may constitute occlusive dressings.
- For topical use.
- Apply a thin film to the affected skin areas once daily or twice a day.
- Discontinue therapy when control is achieved.
- If no improvement is seen within 2 weeks, reassess diagnosis.
- Do not use with occlusive dressings unless directed by a physician.
Cream, 0.1%. Each gram of Locoid contains 1 mg of Locoid probutate in a cream base.
- Locoid can produce reversible HPA axis suppression with the potential for glucocorticosteroid insufficiency during or after treatment.
- Cushing’s syndrome, hyperglycemia, and unmasking of latent diabetes mellitus can result from systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids. (5.1)
- Use of topical corticosteroids may require periodic evaluation for HPA axis suppression. (5.1)
- High potency corticosteroids, large treatment surface area, prolong use, use of occlusion dressings, altered skin barrier, liver failure and young age may predispose patients to HPA axis suppression. (5.1)
- Modify use if HPA axis suppression develops. (5.1)
- Pediatric patients may be more susceptible to systemic toxicity. (5.1, 8.4)
Locoid can produce reversible hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression with the potential for glucocorticosteroid insufficiency. This may occur during or after withdrawal of treatment. Factors that predispose to HPA axis suppression include the use of high-potency corticosteroids, large treatment surface areas, prolonged use, use of occlusive dressings, altered skin barrier, liver failure, and young age.
Use of topical corticosteroids may require periodic evaluation for HPA axis suppression. Evaluation for HPA axis suppression may be done by using the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulation test.
If HPA axis suppression is documented, gradually withdraw the drug, reduce the frequency of application, or substitute with a less potent corticosteroid. If signs and symptoms of steroid withdrawal occur, supplemental systemic corticosteroids may be required. Recovery of HPA axis function is generally prompt and complete upon discontinuation of the drug.
In a trial including 15 evaluable subjects 18 years of age or older with psoriasis or atopic dermatitis affecting more than 20% of body surface area, 1 subject (6.7%) had ACTH stimulation test results suggestive of adrenal suppression after treatment with Locoid twice daily for 21 days. Recovery of HPA axis suppression for this subject is unknown [see Clinical Pharmacology ( 12.2 )].
Systemic effects of topical corticosteroids may also manifest as Cushing’s syndrome, hyperglycemia, and unmasking latent diabetes mellitus.
Patients applying a topical steroid to a large surface area or to areas under occlusion should be evaluated periodically for evidence of HPA-axis suppression.
Pediatric patients may be more susceptible to systemic toxicity due to their larger skin surface to body mass ratios [see Use in Specific Populations ( 8.4 )].
Allergic contact dermatitis with corticosteroids is usually diagnosed by observing a failure to heal rather than noting a clinical exacerbation, as observed with most topical products not containing corticosteroids. If irritation develops, discontinue Locoid and institute appropriate therapy.
- Most frequent adverse reactions include burning, stinging, rash, papulovesicular rash, redness, itching, moderate paresthesia, and contact dermatitis.
To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact PharmaDerm®, A division of Fougera Pharmaceuticals Inc. at 1-800-645-9833 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.
The most frequent adverse reactions reported for Locoid during clinical trials were application site reactions, including burning in 4, stinging in 2, and moderate paresthesia in 1 out of 226 subjects.
The following adverse reactions have been identified during postapproval use of Locoid because these reactions were reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
These adverse reactions are as follows:
Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders: rash, papulovesicular rash
Application Site Reactions: dryness, erythema, pruritus, allergic contact dermatitis.
The following local adverse reactions are reported with topical corticosteroids, and they may occur more frequently with the use of occlusive dressings. These reactions are listed in an approximate decreasing order of occurrence: itching, irritation, dryness, folliculitis, hypertrichosis, acneiform eruptions, hypopigmentation, perioral dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, secondary infections, skin atrophy, striae, and miliaria.
There is no clinical information on Locoid use in pregnant women to inform any drug-associated risk for major birth defects and miscarriage. In animal reproduction studies, Locoid probutate given by the subcutaneous route during the period of organogenesis was teratogenic at doses equal to or greater than 1 mg/kg/day in rats or 0.1 mg/kg/day in rabbits .
The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.
Effects on embryo-fetal development were evaluated in rats and rabbits following subcutaneous administration of Locoid probutate during the period of organogenesis. Locoid probutate was teratogenic in rats when given during the period of organogenesis at subcutaneous doses equal to or greater than 1 mg/kg/day (12 times the human average topical dose of Locoid assuming 3% absorption and an application of 30 g/day on a 70 kg individual). Abnormalities included delayed ossification of the caudal vertebrae and other skeletal variations, cleft palate, umbilical hernia, edema, and exencephalia.
In rabbits, Locoid probutate given by the subcutaneous route was teratogenic at doses equal to or greater than 0.1 mg/kg/day (2 times the human average topical dose of Locoid assuming 3% absorption and an application of 30 g/day on a 70 kg individual). Fetal weight and survival were affected. Delayed ossification and increased incidences of malformations (skeletal abnormalities and cleft palate) were also noted.
No adverse effects were seen in rats following subcutaneous administration of up to 1 mg/kg/day of Locoid probutate during the perinatal and postnatal period (12 times the human average topical dose of Locoid assuming 3% absorption and an application of 30 g/day on a 70 kg individual).
There is no information on the presence of Locoid probutate in breast milk, or on its effects on the breastfed infant or on milk production. It is not known whether topical administration of Locoid could result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable quantities in human milk. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for Locoid and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from Locoid or from the underlying maternal condition.
To minimize potential exposure to the breastfed infant via breast milk, use Locoid on the smallest area of skin and for the shortest duration possible while breastfeeding.
Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established. Because of a higher ratio of skin surface area to body mass, pediatric patients are at a greater risk than adults of HPA axis suppression and Cushing’s syndrome when they are treated with topical corticosteroids. They are therefore also at a greater risk of adrenal insufficiency during and/or after withdrawal of treatment. Adverse effects including striae have been reported with inappropriate use of topical corticosteroids in infants and children.
Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression, Cushing’s syndrome, linear growth retardation, delayed weight gain, and intracranial hypertension have been reported in children receiving topical corticosteroids. Manifestations of adrenal suppression in children include low plasma cortisol levels and an absence of response to ACTH stimulation. Manifestations of intracranial hypertension include bulging fontanelles, headaches, and bilateral papilledema.
Locoid(hydrocortisone probutate) Cream, 0.1% contains Locoid probutate, a synthetic corticosteroid. The topical corticosteroids constitute a class of primarily synthetic steroids used as anti-inflammatory and anti-pruritic agents.
Locoid probutate is a tasteless and odorless white crystalline powder practically insoluble in hexane or water, slightly soluble in ether, and very soluble in dichloromethane, methanol and acetone. Chemically, it is 11β,17,21-trihydroxypregn-4-ene-3,20-dione 17-butyrate 21-propionate. The structural formula is:
Molecular Formula: C28H40O7
Molecular Weight: 488.62
Each gram of Locoid (hydrocortisone probutate) Cream, 0.1% contains: 1 mg of Locoid probutate in a cream base of propylene glycol, white petrolatum, light mineral oil, stearyl alcohol, polysorbate 60, sorbitan monostearate, glyceryl monostearate, PEG-20 stearate, glyceryl stearate SE, methylparaben, butylparaben, citric acid, sodium citrate anhydrous, and purified water.
Corticosteroids play a role in cellular signaling, immune function, inflammation, and protein regulation; however, the precise mechanism of action in corticosteroid responsive dermatoses is unknown
Studies performed with Locoid indicate that it is in the medium range of potency as demonstrated in vasoconstrictor trials in healthy subjects when compared with other topical corticosteroids. However, similar blanching scores do not necessarily imply therapeutic equivalence.
Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Suppression
In an open label HPA axis suppression trial, 19 adult subjects (ages 23 to 82 years) with atopic dermatitis or plaque psoriasis covering greater than 20% Body Surface Area (BSA) were treated with Locoid twice daily for 21 days and were assessed for HPA axis suppression. At baseline, the mean disease BSA involvement was 36%. The criterion for HPA axis suppression was a serum cortisol level of less than or equal to 18 micrograms per deciliter at 30-minutes after cosyntropin stimulation. Of these subjects, 15 were considered evaluable with respect to their adrenal axis function post-treatment. One of the evaluable subjects (6.7%) showed laboratory evidence of suppression on Day 22. This subject had psoriasis covering 48% of BSA at baseline and was reported to have received 98% of the twice-daily applications of Locoid over the 21 day treatment period. It is not known if this subject had recovery of adrenal function because follow-up testing was not performed.
The extent of percutaneous absorption of topical corticosteroids is determined by many factors, including the vehicle and the integrity of the epidermal barrier. Use of occlusive dressings with Locoid for up to 24 hours has not been shown to increase penetration; however, occlusion of Locoid for 96 hours does markedly enhance penetration. Topical corticosteroids can be absorbed from normal intact skin. Inflammation and/or other disease processes in the skin increase percutaneous absorption.
No long-term studies in animals have been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of Locoid probutate.
Locoid probutate revealed no evidence of mutagenic or clastogenic potential based on the results of an in vitro genotoxicity test (Ames assay) and an in vivo genotoxicity test (mouse micronucleus assay).
Effects on fertility and early embryonic development were evaluated in rats following subcutaneous administration of up to 0.4 mg/kg/day Locoid probutate (5 times the human average topical dose of Locoid assuming 3% absorption and an application of 30 g/day on a 70 kg individual) prior to and during mating and through early pregnancy. No treatment related effects on fertility or mating parameters were noted in this study.
Locoid, a white to off-white opaque cream is supplied as follows:
45 g tubes NDC 10337-153-46
80 g tubes NDC 10337-153-80
Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F).
Advise the patient and/or caregiver to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Patient Information).
Inform patients and/or caregivers of the following:
A division of Fougera
Melville, New York 11747 www.pharmaderm.com
Important: Locoid is for use on skin only (topical). Avoid using Locoid near or around your eyes.
What is Locoid?
Locoid is a prescription corticosteroid medicine used on the skin (topical) for the relief of inflammation and itching caused by certain skin conditions in people 18 years of age or older.
It is not known if Locoid is safe and effective in children.
Before using Locoid tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:
- have adrenal gland problems
- have liver problems
- have diabetes
- have thinning skin (atrophy) at the site to be treated.
- are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if Locoid will harm your unborn baby.
- are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if Locoid can pass into your breast milk and harm your baby.
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
How should I use Locoid?
- Use Locoid exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to use it.
- Apply a thin film to the affected skin area. Gently rub Locoid into your skin until it disappears.
- Tell your healthcare provider if your symptoms do not improve after 2 weeks of treatment.
- Do not bandage, cover, or wrap the treated area unless your healthcare provider tells you to.
- Do not apply Locoid in the diaper area or use with plastic pants.
- Do not use Locoid on your face, underarms (armpits) or groin areas unless your healthcare provider tells you to.
- Wash your hands after applying Locoid, unless your hands are being treated.
What are possible side effects with Locoid?
Locoid may cause serious side effects, including:
- Locoid can pass through your skin and may cause adrenal gland problems. This is more likely to happen if you use Locoid for too long, use it over a large treatment area, use it with other topical medicines that contain corticosteroids, cover the treated area, or have liver failure. Your healthcare provider may do blood tests to check your adrenal gland function during and after treatment with Locoid.
- Skin problems, including skin reactions or thinning of your skin (atrophy), skin infections, and allergic reactions (allergic contact dermatitis) at the treatment site. Tell your healthcare provider if you get any skinreactions such as pain, tenderness, swelling, or healing problems.
The most common side effects of Locoid include burning and stinging and moderate tingling or prickling feeling.
These are not all the possible side effects with Locoid. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
How should I store Locoid?
- Store Locoid between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C).
Keep Locoid and all medicines out of the reach of children.
General information about the safe and effective use of Locoid.
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use Locoid for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give Locoid to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about Locoid that is written for health professionals.
What are the ingredients in Locoid?
Active ingredient: Locoid probutate
Inactive ingredients: propylene glycol, white petrolatum, light mineral oil, stearyl alcohol, polysorbate 60, sorbitan monostearate, glyceryl monostearate, PEG-20 stearate, glyceryl stearate SE, methylparaben, butylparaben, citric acid, sodium citrate anhydrous, and purified water.
Manufactured by:PharmaDerm® A division of Fougera PHARMACEUTICALS INC. Melville, New York 11747
For more information, go to www.pharmaderm.com or call 1-800-645-9833.
(hydrocortisone probutate) Cream, 0.1%
FOR DERMATOLOGIC USE ONLY.
NOT FOR OPHTHALMIC USE.
Depending on the reaction of the Locoid after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Locoid not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.Is Locoid addictive or habit forming?
Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.
Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.
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The information was verified by Dr. Rachana Salvi, MD Pharmacology