DRUGS & SUPPLEMENTS
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KDol-P is an analgesic-antipyretic. It has analgesic, antipyretic and weak anti-inflammatory action. The mechanism of action is associated with inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis, the predominant influence on the thermoregulation center in the hypothalamus, enhances heat transfer.
Pain weak and moderate intensity of different genesis (including headache, migraine, toothache, neuralgia, myalgia, algomenorrhea; pain in trauma, burns). Fever in infectious and inflammatory diseases.
Oral or rectally adults and adolescents with a body weight over 60 kg is used in a single dose of 500 mg, the multiplicity of admission - up to 4 times / Maximum duration of treatment - 5-7 days.
Maximum dose: single - 1 g, daily - 4 g.
Single dose for oral administration for children aged 6-12 years - 250-500 mg, 1-5 years - 120-250 mg, from 3 months to 1 year - 60-120 mg, up to 3 months - 10 mg / kg. Single dose rectal in children aged 6-12 years - 250-500 mg, 1-5 years - 125-250 mg.
Multiplicity - 4 at intervals of not less than 4 h. The maximum duration of treatment - 3 days.
Maximum dose: 4 single dose per day.
Digestive system: rarely - dyspepsia; long-term use at high doses - hepatotoxic effects, methemoglobinemia, renal dysfunction and liver, hypochromic anemia. Hemopoietic system: rarely - thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, pancytopenia, neutropenia, agranulocytosis. Allergic reactions: rarely - skin rash, itching, hives.
Chronic active alcoholism, increased sensitivity to KDol-P, marked disturbances of liver function and / or kidney disease, anemia, pregnancy (I term).
KDol-P (Acetaminophen) crosses the placental barrier. So far, no observed adverse effects of KDol-P (Acetaminophen) on the fetus in humans.
KDol-P (Acetaminophen) is excreted in breast milk: the content in milk was 0.04-0.23% of the dose adopted mother.
If necessary, use of KDol-P (Acetaminophen) during pregnancy and lactation (breastfeeding) should carefully weigh the potential benefits of therapy for the mother and the potential risk to the fetus or child.
In experimental studies found no embryotoxic, teratogenic and mutagenic action of KDol-P (Acetaminophen).
KDol-P is used with caution in patients with disorders of the liver and kidneys, with benign hyperbilirubinemia, as well as in elderly patients.
With prolonged use of KDol-P (Acetaminophen) is necessary to monitor patterns of peripheral blood and functional state of the liver.
Used for treatment of premenstrual tension syndrome in combination with pamabrom (diuretic, a derivative of xanthine) and mepyramine (Histamine H1-receptors blocker).
With the simultaneous use with inducers of microsomal liver enzymes, means having hepatotoxic effect, increasing the risk of hepatotoxic action of KDol-P (Acetaminophen).
With the simultaneous use of anticoagulants may be slight to moderate increase in prothrombin time.
With the simultaneous use of anticholinergics may decrease absorption of KDol-P (Acetaminophen).
With the simultaneous use of oral contraceptives accelerated excretion of KDol-P (Acetaminophen) from the body and may reduce its analgesic action.
With the simultaneous use with urological means reduced their effectiveness.
With the simultaneous use of activated charcoal reduced bioavailability of KDol-P (Acetaminophen).
When KDol-P (Acetaminophen) applied simultaneously with diazepam may decrease excretion of diazepam.
There have been reports about the possibility of enhancing mielodepression effect of zidovudine while applying with KDol-P (Acetaminophen). A case of severe toxic liver injury.
Described cases of toxic effects of KDol-P (Acetaminophen), while the use of isoniazid.
When applied simultaneously with carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, primidonom decreases the effectiveness of KDol-P (Acetaminophen), which is caused by an increase in its metabolism and excretion from the body. Cases of hepatotoxicity, while the use of KDol-P (Acetaminophen) and phenobarbital.
In applying cholestyramine a period of less than 1 h after administration of KDol-P (Acetaminophen) may decrease of its absorption.
At simultaneous application with lamotrigine moderately increased excretion of lamotrigine from the body.
With the simultaneous use of metoclopramide may increase absorption of KDol-P (Acetaminophen) and its increased concentration in blood plasma.
When applied simultaneously with probenecid may decrease clearance of KDol-P (Acetaminophen), with rifampicin, sulfinpyrazone - may increase clearance of KDol-P (Acetaminophen) due to increasing its metabolism in the liver.
At simultaneous application of KDol-P (Acetaminophen) with ethinylestradiol increases absorption of KDol-P (Acetaminophen) from the gut.
Enhances the effect of indirect anticoagulants (coumarin derivatives and indandione). Antipyretic and analgesic activity of caffeine increases, reduce - rifampicin, phenobarbital and alcohol (accelerated biotransformation, inducing microsomal liver enzymes).
At a reception in toxic doses (10-15 g in adults) may develop liver necrosis.
Symptoms of overdose may include: nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, sweating, extreme tiredness, unusual bleeding or bruising, pain in the upper right part of the stomach, yellowing of the skin or eyes, flu-like symptoms
KDol-P Karnataka Antibiotics & Pharmaceuticals is an opioid analgesic, a derivative of cyclohexanol. It is non-selective agonist of mu-, delta- and kappa-receptors in the CNS. KDol-P (Tramadol) is a racemate (+) and (-) of isomers (50% / 50%) which in various ways are involved in analgesic effects. The isomer (+) is a pure agonist opioid receptors, it has low tropism and has a pronounced selectivity for different subtypes of receptors. The isomer (-) inhibiting neuronal capture of noradrenaline activates the descending noradrenergic influence. Thats why it is broken transmission of pain impulses in the gelatinous substance of spinal cord.
KDol-P (Tramadol) Karnataka Antibiotics & Pharmaceuticals causes sedation. At therapeutic doses this medication almost not get respiratory depression. KDol-P (Tramadol) has also an antitussive effect.
After oral administration KDol-P (Tramadol) Karnataka Antibiotics & Pharmaceuticals quickly and almost completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract (90%). Cmax in plasma obtained in 2 h after taking this medication. Bioavailability in single dose is 68% and increases with repeated use.
Plasma protein binding is 20%. KDol-P (Tramadol) is widely distributed in tissues. Vd after oral administration and intravenous injection is 306 l and 203 l respectively. This drug crosses the placental barrier in a concentration equal to the concentration of the active substance in the plasma. 0.1% is excreted in breast milk.
KDol-P (Tramadol) metabolised by demethylation and conjugation to 11 metabolites, of which only 1 is active.
This medicine excreted by the kidneys - 90% and through the intestines - 10%.
Moderate and severe pain of various origins (including malignant tumors, acute myocardial infarction, disease, trauma). Conducting painful diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.
A single oral dose for adults and children over 14 years is 50 mg, rectally - 100 mg, IV slowly or IM - 50-100 mg. If for parenteral injection efficiency is not enough, it is possible oral taking in a dose of 50 mg after 20-30 minutes.
For children aged 1 to 14 years set the dose rate of 1-2 mg / kg.
The duration of treatment is determined individually.
The maximum dose for adults and children over 14 years regardless of method of administration is 400 mg / day.
CNS: dizziness, weakness, drowsiness, confusion, and in some cases - seizures and convulsions of cerebral origin (for IV uses in high doses or with concomitant administration of neuroleptics).
Cardio-vascular system: tachycardia, orthostatic hypotension, collapse.
Digestive system: dry mouth, nausea, vomiting.
Metabolism: increased sweating.
Musculoskeletal system: miosis.
During pregnancy patients should avoid prolonged use of KDol-P Karnataka Antibiotics & Pharmaceuticals because the risk of addiction in the fetus and the occurrence of withdrawal in the neonatal period.
If necessary using in lactation (breastfeeding) should be aware that KDol-P (Tramadol) in small amounts excreted in breast milk. In the case of long-term treatment can not been excluded the possibility of drug dependence.
KDol-P (Tramadol) Karnataka Antibiotics & Pharmaceuticals is not recommended for treatment of withdrawal syndrome drugs.
Patients need to avoid combination with MAO inhibitors.
During the period of treatment with KDol-P (Tramadol) Karnataka Antibiotics & Pharmaceuticals you should avoid to take alcohol.
KDol-P (Tramadol) in the form of long-acting formulations should not be used in children under the age of 14 years.
During the period of KDol-P (Tramadol) using is not recommended to engage in activities that require special attention, speed of psychomotor reactions.
With caution KDol-P (Tramadol) Karnataka Antibiotics & Pharmaceuticals should be used in convulsions of central genesis of drug dependence, confusion, patients with impaired renal function and liver, as well as increased sensitivity to other opioid receptor agonists.
KDol-P (Tramadol) should not be used beyond the period justified from a therapeutic point of view.
Simultaneous administration of KDol-P (Tramadol) Karnataka Antibiotics & Pharmaceuticals with:
Symptoms: respiratory depression, until apnea, seizures, Pupillary, anuria, coma.
Treatment: IV injection of naloxone (a specific antagonist), gastric lavage, maintenance of vital functions.
Depending on the reaction of the KDol-P after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider KDol-P not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.Is KDol-P addictive or habit forming?
Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.
Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.
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The information was verified by Dr. Rachana Salvi, MD Pharmacology