Ibuprofene

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Ibuprofene uses


Pharmacological action

NSAIDs, a derivative of phenylpropionic acid, Ibuprofene has anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic effect.

The mechanism of action is associated with inhibition of COX activity - the main enzyme metabolism of arachidonic acid, which is a precursor of prostaglandins, which play a major role in the pathogenesis of inflammation, pain and fever. Analgesic effect is due to both peripheral, and a central mechanism (due to inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis in the central and peripheral nervous system). Inhibits platelet aggregation.

For topical use anti-inflammatory and analgesic action. Reduces morning stiffness, increased the amount of motion in joints.

Pharmacokinetics

When oral administered Ibuprofene almost completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Simultaneous food intake slows the rate of absorption. Metabolised in the liver (90%). T1 / 2 is 2-3 hours.

80% of the dose excreted in urine mainly as metabolites (70%), 10% - unchanged, 20% eliminated through the intestine in the form of metabolites.

Why is Ibuprofene prescribed?

Inflammatory, degenerative diseases of joints and spine, articular syndrome in patients with acute gout, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, tendonitis, bursitis, sciatica, traumatic inflammation of soft tissue and musculoskeletal apparatus. Neuralgia, myalgia, pain in infectious and inflammatory diseases of ENT organs, bursitis, algomenorrhea, headache and toothache. Fever in infectious and inflammatory diseases.

Dosage and administration

Setting individually, depending on etiology of disease, severity of clinical manifestations. When administered rectally or adult single dose of 200-800 mg, the frequency of reception - 3-4; for children - 20-40 mg / kg in divided doses.

Topical applied within 2-3 weeks.

The maximum daily dose for adults when administered oral or rectally or is 2.4 g.

Oral, after a meal. Rheumatoid arthritis - by 0.8 g 3 times a day in osteoarthrosis and ankylosing spondylitis - by 0.4-0.6 g 3-4 times a day, in juvenile rheumatoid arthritis - at 30-40 mg / kg / day in several stages.

When soft tissue injuries, sprains - 1.6-2.4 g / day in divided doses.

At moderate pain syndrome - 1.2 g per day.

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Ibuprofene side effects

Digestive system: frequently - nausea, anorexia, vomiting, epigastric discomfort, diarrhea, possibly the development of erosive and ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract; rare - bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract, long-term use possible liver problems.

Central nervous system and peripheral nervous systems: frequently - headache, dizziness, sleep disturbances, agitation, visual impairment.

Hemopoietic system: long-term use may be anemia, thrombocytopenia, agranulocytosis.

Urinary tract: long-term use possible renal dysfunction.

Allergic reactions: often - skin rash, Quincke's edema, rarely - aseptic meningitis, bronchospasm syndrome.

Local reactions: when topical used may be hyperemia of the skin, burning or tingling.

Contraindications

Erosive-ulcerative lesions in the gastrointestinal tract exacerbation, diseases of the optic nerve, "aspirin triad", hemodyscrasia, pronounced renal dysfunction and / or liver, children age (to 6 years), hypersensitivity to Ibuprofene.

Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

Do not use Ibuprofene in the III trimester of pregnancy. Application I and II trimesters of pregnancy is justified only in cases where the expected benefit to the mother than the possible harm to the fetus.

This medication Ibuprofene in small amounts excreted in breast milk. Possible using in lactation for pain and fever. If necessary, prolonged use or use in high doses, should decide on the termination of breastfeeding.

Special instructions

Precautions are used with the attendant liver and kidney diseases, chronic heart failure, with dyspeptic symptoms before treatment, immediately after surgery, with indications of a history of gastrointestinal bleeding in diseases of the digestive tract, allergic reactions associated with NSAID intake.

In the course of treatment requires systematic monitoring of the liver and kidneys, peripheral blood picture.

It should not be applied externally to the damaged skin.

Ibuprofene drug interactions

With simultaneous use of Ibuprofene reduces the effect of antihypertensive agents, diuretics (furosemide, hypothiazide).

With the simultaneous use of anticoagulants may enhance their action.

With simultaneous application of SCS increases the risk of side effects from the gastrointestinal tract.

With the simultaneous application of Ibuprofene may displace from compounds with plasma proteins indirect anticoagulants (acenocoumarol), derivatives of hydantoin (phenytoin), oral hypoglycemic drugs sulfonylurea derivatives.

With the simultaneous use of amlodipine may be a slight reduction of antihypertensive action of amlodipine, with acetylsalicylic acid - decreased concentration of Ibuprofene in blood plasma, with baclofen - described a case of toxic gain of baclofen.

When applied simultaneously with warfarin may increase bleeding time, were also observed microhematuria, bruises with hydrochlorothiazide - perhaps a slight reduction of antihypertensive action of hydrochlorothiazide, captopril - may reduce antihypertensive effect of captopril, with cholestyramine - moderately decrease absorption of Ibuprofene.

With simultaneous application of lithium carbonate increased the concentration of lithium in blood plasma.

With simultaneous application of magnesium hydroxide increases the initial absorption of Ibuprofene, with methotrexate - increases the toxicity of methotrexate.

Ibuprofene in case of emergency / overdose

In case of overdose, call your local poison control center or emergency services.

Symptoms of overdose may include: dizziness; fast eye movements that you cannot control; slow breathing or short periods of time without breathing; blue color around the lips, mouth, and nose.

Storage conditions

In a dry, protected from light place, at temperatures below 25°C.Common expiration date for Ibuprofene tablets: 3 years.

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Ibuprofene pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:


Ibuprofene available forms, composition, doses:


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References

  1. Dailymed."IBUPROFEN TABLET [LAKE ERIE MEDICAL & SURGICAL SUPPLY DBA QUALITY CARE PRODUCTS LLC]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  2. Dailymed."IBUPROFEN: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  3. "ibuprofen". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/co... (accessed August 28, 2018).

Frequently asked Questions

Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Ibuprofene?

Depending on the reaction of the Ibuprofene after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Ibuprofene not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

Is Ibuprofene addictive or habit forming?

Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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Review

sdrugs.com conducted a study on Ibuprofene, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Ibuprofene consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

Visitor reports

Visitor reported useful

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Visitor reported price estimates

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One visitor reported frequency of use

How often in a day do you take the medicine?
Are you taking the Ibuprofene drug as prescribed by the doctor?

Few medications can be taken Once in a day more than prescribed when the doctor's advice mentions the medicine can be taken according to frequency or severity of symptoms. Most times, be very careful and clear about the number of times you are taking the medication. The report of sdrugs.com website users about the frequency of taking the drug Ibuprofene is mentioned below.
Visitors%
Once in a day1
100.0%

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The information was verified by Dr. Rachana Salvi, MD Pharmacology

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