DRUGS & SUPPLEMENTS

Ibuprofene

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Ibuprofene uses


Pharmacological action

NSAIDs, a derivative of phenylpropionic acid, Ibuprofene has anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic effect.

The mechanism of action is associated with inhibition of COX activity - the main enzyme metabolism of arachidonic acid, which is a precursor of prostaglandins, which play a major role in the pathogenesis of inflammation, pain and fever. Analgesic effect is due to both peripheral, and a central mechanism (due to inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis in the central and peripheral nervous system). Inhibits platelet aggregation.

For topical use anti-inflammatory and analgesic action. Reduces morning stiffness, increased the amount of motion in joints.

Pharmacokinetics

When oral administered Ibuprofene almost completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Simultaneous food intake slows the rate of absorption. Metabolised in the liver (90%). T1 / 2 is 2-3 hours.

80% of the dose excreted in urine mainly as metabolites (70%), 10% - unchanged, 20% eliminated through the intestine in the form of metabolites.

Why is Ibuprofene prescribed?

Inflammatory, degenerative diseases of joints and spine, articular syndrome in patients with acute gout, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, tendonitis, bursitis, sciatica, traumatic inflammation of soft tissue and musculoskeletal apparatus. Neuralgia, myalgia, pain in infectious and inflammatory diseases of ENT organs, bursitis, algomenorrhea, headache and toothache. Fever in infectious and inflammatory diseases.

Dosage and administration

Setting individually, depending on etiology of disease, severity of clinical manifestations. When administered rectally or adult single dose of 200-800 mg, the frequency of reception - 3-4; for children - 20-40 mg / kg in divided doses.

Topical applied within 2-3 weeks.

The maximum daily dose for adults when administered oral or rectally or is 2.4 g.

Oral, after a meal. Rheumatoid arthritis - by 0.8 g 3 times a day in osteoarthrosis and ankylosing spondylitis - by 0.4-0.6 g 3-4 times a day, in juvenile rheumatoid arthritis - at 30-40 mg / kg / day in several stages.

When soft tissue injuries, sprains - 1.6-2.4 g / day in divided doses.

At moderate pain syndrome - 1.2 g per day.

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Ibuprofene side effects

Digestive system: frequently - nausea, anorexia, vomiting, epigastric discomfort, diarrhea, possibly the development of erosive and ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract; rare - bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract, long-term use possible liver problems.

Central nervous system and peripheral nervous systems: frequently - headache, dizziness, sleep disturbances, agitation, visual impairment.

Hemopoietic system: long-term use may be anemia, thrombocytopenia, agranulocytosis.

Urinary tract: long-term use possible renal dysfunction.

Allergic reactions: often - skin rash, Quincke's edema, rarely - aseptic meningitis, bronchospasm syndrome.

Local reactions: when topical used may be hyperemia of the skin, burning or tingling.

Contraindications

Erosive-ulcerative lesions in the gastrointestinal tract exacerbation, diseases of the optic nerve, "aspirin triad", hemodyscrasia, pronounced renal dysfunction and / or liver, children age (to 6 years), hypersensitivity to Ibuprofene.

Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

Do not use Ibuprofene in the III trimester of pregnancy. Application I and II trimesters of pregnancy is justified only in cases where the expected benefit to the mother than the possible harm to the fetus.

This medication Ibuprofene in small amounts excreted in breast milk. Possible using in lactation for pain and fever. If necessary, prolonged use or use in high doses, should decide on the termination of breastfeeding.

Special instructions

Precautions are used with the attendant liver and kidney diseases, chronic heart failure, with dyspeptic symptoms before treatment, immediately after surgery, with indications of a history of gastrointestinal bleeding in diseases of the digestive tract, allergic reactions associated with NSAID intake.

In the course of treatment requires systematic monitoring of the liver and kidneys, peripheral blood picture.

It should not be applied externally to the damaged skin.

Ibuprofene drug interactions

With simultaneous use of Ibuprofene reduces the effect of antihypertensive agents, diuretics (furosemide, hypothiazide).

With the simultaneous use of anticoagulants may enhance their action.

With simultaneous application of SCS increases the risk of side effects from the gastrointestinal tract.

With the simultaneous application of Ibuprofene may displace from compounds with plasma proteins indirect anticoagulants (acenocoumarol), derivatives of hydantoin (phenytoin), oral hypoglycemic drugs sulfonylurea derivatives.

With the simultaneous use of amlodipine may be a slight reduction of antihypertensive action of amlodipine, with acetylsalicylic acid - decreased concentration of Ibuprofene in blood plasma, with baclofen - described a case of toxic gain of baclofen.

When applied simultaneously with warfarin may increase bleeding time, were also observed microhematuria, bruises with hydrochlorothiazide - perhaps a slight reduction of antihypertensive action of hydrochlorothiazide, captopril - may reduce antihypertensive effect of captopril, with cholestyramine - moderately decrease absorption of Ibuprofene.

With simultaneous application of lithium carbonate increased the concentration of lithium in blood plasma.

With simultaneous application of magnesium hydroxide increases the initial absorption of Ibuprofene, with methotrexate - increases the toxicity of methotrexate.

Ibuprofene in case of emergency / overdose

In case of overdose, call your local poison control center or emergency services.

Symptoms of overdose may include: dizziness; fast eye movements that you cannot control; slow breathing or short periods of time without breathing; blue color around the lips, mouth, and nose.

Storage conditions

In a dry, protected from light place, at temperatures below 25°C.Common expiration date for Ibuprofene tablets: 3 years.

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Ibuprofene pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:

infoActive ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug.


Ibuprofene available forms, composition, doses:

infoForm of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease.


Ibuprofene destination | category:

infoDestination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so.


Ibuprofene Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:

infoA medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code.


Ibuprofene pharmaceutical companies:

infoPharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug.


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References

  1. Dailymed."IBUPROFEN TABLET [LAKE ERIE MEDICAL & SURGICAL SUPPLY DBA QUALITY CARE PRODUCTS LLC]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  2. Dailymed."IBUPROFEN: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  3. "ibuprofen". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/co... (accessed August 28, 2018).

Frequently asked Questions

Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Ibuprofene?

Depending on the reaction of the Ibuprofene after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Ibuprofene not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

Is Ibuprofene addictive or habit forming?

Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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Review

sDrugs.com conducted a study on Ibuprofene, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Ibuprofene consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

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The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology

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