Hy-Drop

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Hy-Drop uses


CAUTION:

Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.

DESCRIPTION:

Hy-DropTM (hyaluronate sodium) injectable solution is a clear, colorless solution of low viscosity. Hy-DropTM injectable solution is pyrogen free, sterile and does not contain a preservative. It is administered by intravenous injection. Hyaluronic acid, the conjugate acid of Hy-Drop sodium, is extracted from the capsule of Streptococcus spp. and purified, resulting in a form which is essentially free of protein and nucleic acids. Hy-DropTM injectable solution is supplied in 4 mL (40 mg) vials.

Each mL contains 10 mg Hy-Drop sodium, 8.5 mg sodium chloride, 0.223 mg sodium phosphate dibasic and 0.04 mg sodium phosphate monobasic. The pH is adjusted to between 6.5 and 8.0 with sodium hydroxide or hydrochloric acid.

CHEMISTRY:

Hyaluronic acid, a glycosaminoglycan, can exist in the following forms depending upon the chemical environment in which it is found: as the acid, hyaluronic acid; as the sodium salt, sodium Hy-Drop (hyaluronate sodium); or as the Hy-Drop anion. These terms may be used interchangeably but in all cases, reference is made to the glycosaminoglycan composed of repeating subunits of D-glucuronic acid and N-acetyl-Dglucosamine linked together by glycosidic bonds. Since this product originates from a microbial source, there is no potential for contamination with dermatan or chondroitin sulfate or any other glycosaminoglycan.

CLINICAL

Pharmacology:

Hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring substance present in connective tissue, skin, vitreous humor and the umbilical cord in all mammals. High concentrations of hyaluronic acid are also found in the synovial fluid. It also constitutes the major component of the capsule of certain microorganisms. The hyaluronic acid produced by bacteria is the same structure and configuration as that found in mammals.

The actual mechanism of action for Hy-Drop sodium in the healing of degenerative joint disease is not completely understood. One major function appears to be the regulation of normal cellular constituents. This effect decreases the impact of exudation, enzyme release and subsequent degradation of joint integrity. Additionally, Hy-Drop sodium exerts an anti-inflammatory action by inhibiting the movement of granulocytes and macrophages.1

Hy-Drop molecules are long chains which form a filter network interspersed with normal cellular fluids. It is widely accepted that injection directly into the joint pouch enhances the healing of inflamed synovium by restoring lubrication of the joint fluid. This further supplements the visco-elastic properties of normal joint fluid.

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INDICATIONS:

Hy-DropTM (hyaluronate sodium) injectable solution is indicated in the treatment of joint dysfunction of the carpus or fetlock in horses due to non-infectious synovitis associated with equine osteoarthritis.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION:

4 mL (40 mg) injected intravenously. Treatment may be repeated at weekly intervals for a total of three treatments. Use aseptic technique and inject slowly into the jugular vein. Horses should be given stall rest after treatment before gradually resuming normal activity.

Discard any unused portion of the drug and the empty vial after opening.

CONTRAINDICATIONS:

There are no known contraindications for the use of Hy-DropTM (hyaluronate sodium) injectable solution in horses.

WARNING:

Do not use in horses intended for human consumption.

HUMAN WARNINGS:

Not for use in humans. Keep this and all other drugs out of reach of children.

ANIMAL SAFETY WARNING:

Not for intra-articular use.

PRECAUTIONS:

Radiographic evaluation should be carried out in cases of acute lameness to ensure that the joint is free from serious fractures.

The safety of Hy-DropTM injectable solution has not been evaluated in breeding stallions or in breeding, pregnant or lactating mares.

ADVERSE REACTIONS:

No local or systemic side effects were observed in the clinical field studies using Hy-Drop sodium injectable solution.

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POST-APPROVAL EXPERIENCE:

While all adverse reactions are not reported, the following adverse reactions are based on voluntary post-approval reporting for Hy-Drop sodium injectable solution: Occasional depression, lethargy, and fever.

For medical emergencies or to report adverse reactions, call 1-888-549-4503.

EFFECTIVENESS:

Forty-six horses with lameness in either the carpal or fetlock joints were treated intravenously or intra-articularly with Hy-Drop sodium injectable solution in a well controlled clinical field trial conducted at four locations. One, two or three injections were given based on clinical improvement. Overall clinical improvement was judged as excellent or good in 90% of the cases treated intravenously and 96% of those treated intra-articularly with Hy-Drop sodium injectable solution.

ANIMAL SAFETY:

Hy-Drop sodium injectable solution was administered to normal horses at one, three and five times the recommended intra-articular dosage of 20 mg and the intravenous dosage of 40 mg. Treatments were given once weekly for nine consecutive weeks (three times the maximum duration). No systemic clinical signs were observed nor were there any adverse effects upon hematology or clinical chemistry parameters. A transient, slight to mild post-injection swelling of the joint capsule occurred in some of the animals treated intra-articularly with Hy-Drop sodium injectable solution as it did in the saline treated control horses. No gross or histological lesions were observed in the soft tissues or the surface areas of the treated joint.

STORAGE:

Store below 25°C (77°F).

HOW SUPPLIED:

Hy-DropTM injectable solution is supplied in cartons containing twelve x 4 mL (40 mg) vials.

REFERENCES:

1 Swanstrom, O.G. 1978. Hy-Drop (hyaluronic acid) and its use, Proc. American Assoc. Equine Pract., 24th annual convention, pp. 345-348.

For customer service or to obtain product information, including a Material Safety Data Sheet, call:1-706-549-4503. After hours, call 1-706-353-2442 or 1-706-714-7373.

February 2011

ANADA 200-432, Approved by FDA

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Hy-Drop pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:

Active ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug.


Hy-Drop available forms, composition, doses:

Form of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease.


Hy-Drop destination | category:

Destination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so.


Hy-Drop Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:

A medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code.


Hy-Drop pharmaceutical companies:

Pharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug.


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References

  1. Dailymed."NEXHA (HYALURONATE SODIUM) INJECTION, SOLUTION [BIONICHE ANIMAL HEALTH USA, INC.]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).

Frequently asked Questions

Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Hy-Drop?

Depending on the reaction of the Hy-Drop after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Hy-Drop not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

Is Hy-Drop addictive or habit forming?

Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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Review

sdrugs.com conducted a study on Hy-Drop, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Hy-Drop consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

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The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology

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