DRUGS & SUPPLEMENTS

Fluconazol

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Fluconazol uses


Pharmacological action

Fluconazol is an antifungal drug from the group of triazole derivatives. Inhibits the synthesis of ergosterol disrupting the permeability of the cell wall. This medication is active against Candida, Microsporum, Cryptococcus neoformans, Trichophyton.

Pharmacokinetics

Fluconazol is well absorbed after oral administration. Simultaneous ingestion does not affect absorption. The bioavailability is 90%. Fluconazol is widely distributed in tissues and organs of the body. Its concentration in breast milk, joint fluid, saliva, sputum, vaginal secretions and peritoneal fluid are similar to those in blood plasma. The concentration in the cerebrospinal fluid is 50-90% of the level in blood plasma, regardless of the presence of inflammation of the meninges. In the stratum corneum, epidermis, dermis and sweat fluid concentrations reach values exceeding the concentration in blood plasma. T1/2 is 30 h. Fluconazol is excreted by the kidneys, 80% of the administered dose in an unmodified form.

Why is Fluconazol prescribed?

Cryptococcosis, systemic candidiasis, candidiasis of the mucous membranes, vaginal candidiasis, prevention of fungal infections in patients with lowered immunity (including AIDS patients). Fungal infections of skin, including athlete's foot, body, groin, pityriasis versicolor, onychomycosis. Deep endemic mycoses, including coccidioidomycosis, paracoccidioidomycosis, sporotrichosis and histoplasmosis in patients with normal immunity.

Dosage and administration

Dosing regimen of Fluconazol is individual. This medication is prescribed for oral and IV administration. Depending on the testimony of the daily dose is 50-400 mg, the multiplicity of application is 1 times / day. If impaired renal function the dose of Fluconazol should be reduced.

Fluconazol side effects, adverse reactions

Digestive system: nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, flatulence.

CNS: headache, dizziness.

Allergic reactions: skin rash, anaphylactic reactions.

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Fluconazol contraindications

Pregnancy, children up to age 1 year, increased sensitivity to Fluconazol and triazole compounds.

Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

Fluconazol is contraindicated during pregnancy and lactation.

If necessary using this medication during lactation it should solve the issue of termination of breastfeeding. Category effects on the fetus by FDA - C.

Special instructions

Fluconazol should be used with caution in patients with severe impaired liver or kidney diseases.

Therapy can be started before the results of seeding and other laboratory tests. However, an anti-infective therapy should be corrected accordingly when the results of these studies will be known.

Fluconazol drug interactions

Simultaneous administration of Fluconazol with:

  • coumarin anticoagulants marked increase in prothrombin time.
  • rifampicin observed shortening of the half-life of Fluconazol. Fluconazol Sorres Pharma increases the half-life of oral hypoglycemic agents - sulfonylureas in healthy people. Simultaneous use of Fluconazol and oral hypoglycemic agents in diabetic patients is allowed, however, the physician should bear in mind the possibility of hypoglycemia.

    Fluconazol in case of emergency / overdose

    Symptoms: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and seizures in severe cases.

    Treatment: gastric lavage, forced diuresis, hemodialysis (three-hour dialysis reduces the plasma concentrations of approximately 50%), symptomatic therapy.

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    Fluconazol pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:

    infoActive ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug.


    Fluconazol available forms, composition, doses:

    infoForm of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
    Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
    Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease.


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    Fluconazol destination | category:

    infoDestination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
    Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so.


    Fluconazol Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:

    infoA medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code.


    Fluconazol pharmaceutical companies:

    infoPharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
    Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug.


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    References

    1. Dailymed."FLUCONAZOLE TABLET [BRYANT RANCH PREPACK]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
    2. Dailymed."FLUCONAZOLE: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
    3. "fluconazole". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/co... (accessed August 28, 2018).

    Frequently asked Questions

    Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Fluconazol?

    Depending on the reaction of the Fluconazol after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Fluconazol not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

    Is Fluconazol addictive or habit forming?

    Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

    Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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    Review

    sDrugs.com conducted a study on Fluconazol, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Fluconazol consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

    Visitor reports

    One visitor reported doses

    What is the dose of Fluconazol drug you are taking?
    According to the survey conducted among sDrugs.com website users, the maximum number of people are using the following dose 51-100mg. Few medications come in only one or two doses. Few are specific for adult dose and child dose. The dose of the medicine given to the patient depends on the severity of the symptom/disease. There can be dose adjustments made by the doctor, based on the progression of the disease. Follow-up is important.
    Visitors%
    51-100mg1
    100.0%

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    The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology

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