Egg Shell Improver

How long you have been taking the medicine?
advertisement

Egg Shell Improver uses

Egg Shell Improver consists of Calcium Gluconate, Cetrimonium Bromide, Citric Acid, Dextrose, Vitamin C (Sodium Ascorbate).

Calcium Gluconate:


1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate is a phosphate binder indicated to reduce serum phosphorus in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD).

- Calcium acetate is a phosphate binder indicated for the reduction of serum phosphorus in patients with end stage renal disease. (1)

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

The recommended initial dose of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate for the adult dialysis patient is 2 capsules with each meal. Increase the dose gradually to lower serum phosphorus levels to the target range, as long as hypercalcemia does not develop. Most patients require 3 to 4 capsules with each meal.

- Starting dose is 2 capsules with each meal. (2)

- Titrate the dose every 2 to 3 weeks until acceptable serum phosphorus level is reached. Most patients require 3 to 4 capsules with each meal. (2)

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Capsule: 667 mg Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate capsule.

- Capsule: 667 mg Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate capsule. (3)

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

Patients with hypercalcemia.

- Hypercalcemia. (4)

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

- Treat mild hypercalcemia by reducing or interrupting Egg Shell Improver acetate and Vitamin D. Severe hypercalcemia may require hemodialysis and discontinuation of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate. (5.1)

- Hypercalcemia may aggravate digitalis toxicity. (5.2)

5.1 Hypercalcemia

Patients with end stage renal disease may develop hypercalcemia when treated with Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate), including Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate. Avoid the use of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) supplements, including Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) based nonprescription antacids, concurrently with Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate.

An overdose of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate may lead to progressive hypercalcemia, which may require emergency measures. Therefore, early in the treatment phase during the dosage adjustment period, monitor serum Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) levels twice weekly. Should hypercalcemia develop, reduce the Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate dosage, or discontinue the treatment, depending on the severity of hypercalcemia

More severe hypercalcemia (Ca >12 mg/dL) is associated with confusion, delirium, stupor and coma. Severe hypercalcemia can be treated by acute hemodialysis and discontinuing Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate therapy.

Mild hypercalcemia (10.5 to 11.9 mg/dL) may be asymptomatic or manifest as constipation, anorexia, nausea, and vomiting. Mild hypercalcemia is usually controlled by reducing the Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate dose or temporarily discontinuing therapy. Decreasing or discontinuing Vitamin D therapy is recommended as well.

Chronic hypercalcemia may lead to vascular calcification and other soft-tissue calcification. Radiographic evaluation of suspected anatomical regions may be helpful in early detection of soft tissue calcification. The long term effect of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate on the progression of vascular or soft tissue calcification has not been determined.

Hypercalcemia (>11 mg/dL) was reported in 16% of patients in a 3 month study of solid dose formulation of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate; all cases resolved upon lowering the dose or discontinuing treatment.

Maintain the serum calcium-phosphorus (Ca x P) product below 55 mg2/dL2.

5.2 Concomitant Use with Medications

Hypercalcemia may aggravate digitalis toxicity.

advertisement

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

Hypercalcemia is discussed elsewhere [see Warnings and Precautions ].

- The most common (>10%) adverse reactions are hypercalcemia, nausea and vomiting. (6.1)

- In clinical studies, patients have occasionally experienced nausea during Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate therapy. (6)

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact West-Ward Pharmaceuticals Corp. at 1-800-962-8364 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch

6.1 Clinical Trial Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

In clinical studies, Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate has been generally well tolerated.

Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate was studied in a 3 month, open-label, non-randomized study of 98 enrolled ESRD hemodialysis patients and an alternate liquid formulation of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate was studied in a two week double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study with 69 enrolled ESRD hemodialysis patients. Adverse reactions (>2% on treatment) from these trials are presented in Table 1.


Preferred Term


Total adverse reactions reported for Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate

N=167

N (%)


3 month, open label study of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate

N=98

N (%)


Double blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study of liquid Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate

N=69


Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate

N (%)


Placebo

N (%)


Nausea


6 (3.6)


6 (6.1)


0 (0)


0 (0)


Vomiting


4 (2.4)


4 (4.1)


0 (0)


0 (0)


Hypercalcemia


21 (12.6)


16 (16.3)


5 (7.2)


0 (0)


Mild hypercalcemia may be asymptomatic or manifest itself as constipation, anorexia, nausea, and vomiting. More severe hypercalcemia is associated with confusion, delirium, stupor, and coma. Decreasing dialysate Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) concentration could reduce the incidence and severity of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate-induced hypercalcemia. Isolated cases pruritus have been reported, which may represent allergic reactions.

6.2 Postmarketing Experience

Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to estimate their frequency or to establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

The following additional adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate: dizziness, edema, and weakness.

advertisement

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

The drug interaction of Egg Shell Improver acetate is characterized by the potential of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) to bind to drugs with anionic functions (e.g., carboxyl, and hydroxyl groups). Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate may decrease the bioavailability of tetracyclines or fluoroquinolones via this mechanism.

There are no empirical data on avoiding drug interactions between Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate and most concomitant drugs. When administering an oral medication with Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate where a reduction in the bioavailability of that medication would have a clinically significant effect on its safety or efficacy, administer the drug one hour before or three hours after Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate. Monitor blood levels of the concomitant drugs that have a narrow therapeutic range. Patients taking anti-arrhythmic medications for the control of arrhythmias and anti-seizure medications for the control of seizure disorders were excluded from the clinical trials with all forms of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate.

- Calcium acetate may decrease the bioavailability of tetracyclines or fluoroquinolones. (7)

- When clinically significant drug interactions are expected, administer the drug at least one hour before or at least three hours after Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate or consider monitoring blood levels of the drug. (7)

7.1 Ciprofloxacin

In a study of 15 healthy subjects, a co-administered single dose of 4 Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate tablets, approximately 2.7g, decreased the bioavailability of ciprofloxacin by approximately 50%.

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category C:

Egg Shell Improver acetate capsules contains Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate, and there are no adequate and well controlled studies of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate use in pregnant women. Patients with end stage renal disease may develop hypercalcemia with Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate treatment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1 ) ]. Maintenance of normal serum Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) levels is important for maternal and fetal well being. Hypercalcemia during pregnancy may increase the risk for maternal and neonatal complications such as stillbirth, preterm delivery, and neonatal hypocalcemia and hypoparathyroidism. Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate treatment, as recommended, is not expected to harm a fetus if maternal Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) levels are properly monitored during and following treatment.

8.2 Labor and Delivery

The effects of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate on labor and delivery are unknown.

8.3 Nursing Mothers

Egg Shell Improver Acetate Capsules contains Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate and is excreted in human milk. Human milk feeding by a mother receiving Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate is not expected to harm an infant, provided maternal serum Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) levels are appropriately monitored.

8.4 Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.

8.5 Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

advertisement

10 OVERDOSAGE

Administration of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate in excess of the appropriate daily dosage may result in hypercalcemia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

11 DESCRIPTION

Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate acts as a phosphate binder. Its chemical name is Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate. Its molecular formula is C4H6CaO4, and its molecular weight is 158.17. Its structural formula is:


Each white opaque/blue opaque capsule contains 667 mg of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate USP (anhydrous; Ca(CH3COO)2; MW=158.17 grams) equal to 169 mg (8.45 mEq) Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate), polyethylene glycol 8000 and magnesium stearate. Each capsule shell contains: black monogramming ink, FD&C Blue #1, FD&C Red #3, gelatin and titanium dioxide. The black monogramming ink contains: ammonium hydroxide, iron oxide black, isopropyl alcohol, n-butyl alcohol, propylene glycol and shellac glaze.

Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) Acetate Capsules are administered orally for the control of hyperphosphatemia in end-stage renal failure.

Chemical Structure

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Patients with ESRD retain phosphorus and can develop hyperphosphatemia. High serum phosphorus can precipitate serum Egg Shell Improver resulting in ectopic calcification. Hyperphosphatemia also plays a role in the development of secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients with ESRD.

12.1 Mechanism of Action

Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate, when taken with meals, combines with dietary phosphate to form an insoluble Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) phosphate complex, which is excreted in the feces, resulting in decreased serum phosphorus concentration.

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

Orally administered Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate from pharmaceutical dosage forms is systemically absorbed up to approximately 40% under fasting conditions and up to approximately 30% under nonfasting conditions. This range represents data from both healthy subjects and renal dialysis patients under various conditions.

advertisement

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

No carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, or fertility studies have been conducted with Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate.

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

Effectiveness of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate in decreasing serum phosphorus has been demonstrated in two studies of the Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate solid oral dosage form.

Ninety-one patients with end-stage renal disease who were undergoing hemodialysis and were hyperphosphatemic (serum phosphorus >5.5 mg/dL) following a 1 week phosphate binder washout period contributed efficacy data to an open-label, non-randomized study.

The patients received Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate 667 mg tablets at each meal for a period of 12 weeks. The initial starting dose was 2 tablets per meal for 3 meals a day, and the dose was adjusted as necessary to control serum phosphorus levels. The average final dose after 12 weeks of treatment was 3.4 tablets per meal. Although there was a decrease in serum phosphorus, in the absence of a control group the true magnitude of effect is uncertain.

The data presented in Table 2 demonstrate the efficacy of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate in the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in end-stage renal disease patients. The effects on serum Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) levels are also presented.


* Ninety-one patients completed at least 6 weeks of the study.

ANOVA of difference in values at pre-study and study completion.

‡ Values expressed as mean ± SE.


Parameter


Pre-Study


Week 4*


Week 8


Week 12


p-value†


Phosphorus (mg/dL)‡


7.4 ± 0.17


5.9 ± 0.16


5.6 ± 0.17


5.2 ± 0.17


≤0.01


Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) (mg/dL)‡


8.9 ± 0.09


9.5 ± 0.10


9.7 ± 0.10


9.7 ± 0.10


≤0.01


There was a 30% decrease in serum phosphorus levels during the 12 week study period (p<0.01). Two-thirds of the decline occurred in the first month of the study. Serum Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) increased 9% during the study mostly in the first month of the study.

Treatment with the phosphate binder was discontinued for patients from the open-label study, and those patients whose serum phosphorus exceeded 5.5 mg/dL were eligible for entry into a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study. Patients were randomized to receive Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate or placebo, and each continued to receive the same number of tablets as had been individually established during the previous study. Following 2 weeks of treatment, patients switched to the alternative therapy for an additional 2 weeks.

The phosphate binding effect of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate is shown in the Table 3.


* ANOVA of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate vs. placebo after 2 weeks of treatment.

Values expressed as mean ± SEM.


Parameter


Pre-Study


Post-Treatment


p-value*


Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) Acetate


Placebo


Phosphorus (mg/dL)


7.3 ± 0.18


5.9 ± 0.24


7.8 ± 0.22


<0.01


Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) (mg/dL)


8.9 ± 0.11


9.5 ± 0.13


8.8 ± 0.12


<0.01


Overall, 2 weeks of treatment with Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate statistically significantly (p<0.01) decreased serum phosphorus by a mean of 19% and increased serum Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) by a statistically significant (p<0.01) but clinically unimportant mean of 7%.

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) Acetate Capsules

667 mg capsule is supplied as a white opaque/blue opaque capsule, imprinted with “54 215” on the cap and body.

NDC 0615-2303-39: Blistercards of 30 Capsules

NDC 0615-2303-30: Unit-dose Boxes of 30 Capsules

STORAGE

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F).

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

Inform patients to take Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate capsules with meals, adhere to their prescribed diets, and avoid the use of Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) supplements including nonprescription antacids. Inform the patients about the symptoms of hypercalcemia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) and Adverse Reactions (6.1) ].

Advise patients who are taking an oral medication where reduction in the bioavailability of that medication would have clinically significant effect on its safety or efficacy to take the drug one hour before or three hours after Egg Shell Improver (Calcium Gluconate) acetate capsules.

Distr. by: West-Ward

Pharmaceuticals Corp.

Eatontown, NJ 07724

10003705/05

Revised April 2016

Citric Acid:



Rx Only

DESCRIPTION

The product is a clear, colorless solution containing Egg Shell Improver (Citric Acid) Acid USP 640 mg/5 mL, and Hydrous Sodium Citrate USP 490 mg/5 mL. It also contains Methylparaben NF and Propylparaben NF as preservatives. These concentrations yield 1 mEq of sodium, equivalent to 1 mEq of bicarbonate per mL of solution.

ACTION

Oral citrate solution is used as a systemic and urinary alkalinizer. Less than 5% of the citrate is excreted in the urine unchanged, since citrate oxidation is to a great extent complete.

INDICATIONS

Egg Shell Improver (Citric Acid)® is indicated for the treatment of metabolic acidosis. This solution is also useful in conditions where long term maintenance of alkaline urine is needed (e.g. uric acid and cystine calculi of the urinary tract). Egg Shell Improver (Citric Acid)® is also effective in treatment for acidosis of certain renal tubular disorders.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Egg Shell Improver (Citric Acid)® is contraindicated in patients with severe renal impairment, oliguria or azotemia, untreated Addison's disease, adynamia episodica hereditaria, acute dehydration, heat cramp, anuria, severe myocardial damage, and hyperkalemia.

PRECAUTIONS

The citrate solution should be used with caution in patients with impaired renal function to avoid hypernatremia or alkalosis in the presence of hypocalcemia. Periodic determinations of serum electrolyte levels (especially bicarbonate levels) should be done in patients with renal disease to avoid cardiac failure, hypertension, peripheral and pulmonary edema, and toxemia of pregnancy. The solution should be diluted with water and preferably taken after meals to avoid saline laxative effects.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Citrate solution is generally well tolerated when given in recommended doses when the patient has normal renal functions.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

The dose of Egg Shell Improver (Citric Acid)® is 10 to 30 mL, diluted with water, after meals and at bedtime. The dose should be titrated to achieve desired effects.

HOW SUPPLIED

Egg Shell Improver ® is supplied in 500 mL bottles (NDC 46287-014-01), 30 mL unit dose bottles, 10 bottles per carton (NDC 46287-014-30), and 15 mL unit dose bottles, 10 bottles per carton (NDC 46287-014-15).

PHARMACIST

Dispense in well-closed containers.

Store at 20°-25°C (68°-77°F); excursions permitted to 15°-30°C (59°-86°F)..

CMP Pharma, Inc.

Post Office Box 147

Farmville, North Carolina 27828

Revised July 2015

Copyright © CMP Pharma, Inc. 2015

NDC 46287-014-01

500 mL

Egg Shell Improver (Citric Acid)®

ORAL CITRATE (SHOHL'S) SOLUTION

CONTAINS: Hydrous Sodium Citrate USP 490 mg/5 mL;

Egg Shell Improver (Citric Acid) Acid USP 640 mg/5 mL; Methylparaben NF;

Propylparaben NF; Alcohol USP 0.25%.

USUAL

Dosage: See package insert.

Dispense in a well-closed container.

Store at 20°-25°C (68°-77°F); excursions permitted

to 15°-30°C (59°-86°F). [See USP Controlled Room

Temperature].

Rx Only

LOT:

EXP:

CMP

PHARMA

Farmville, NC 27828

Dextrose:


INDICATIONS AND USAGE

70% Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) Injection USP is indicated as a caloric component in a parenteral nutrition regimen. 70% Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) Injection USP is used with an appropriate protein (nitrogen) source in the prevention of nitrogen loss or in the treatment of negative nitrogen balance in patients where: (1) the alimentary tract cannot or should not be used, (2) gastrointestinal absorption of protein is impaired, or (3) metabolic requirements for protein are substantially increased, as with extensive burns.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

The infusion of 70% Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) Injection USP is contraindicated in patients having intracranial or intraspinal hemorrhage, in patients who are severely dehydrated, in patients who are anuric, and in patients in hepatic coma.

Solutions containing Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) may be contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to corn products.

WARNINGS

This injection is for compounding only, not for direct infusion.

Dilute before use to a concentration which will, when administered with an amino acid (nitrogen) source, result in an appropriate calorie to gram of nitrogen ratio and which has an osmolarity consistent with the route of administration.

Unless appropriately diluted, the infusion of hypertonic Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) injection into a peripheral vein may result in vein irritation, vein damage, and thrombosis. Strongly hypertonic nutrient solutions should only be administered through an indwelling intravenous catheter with the tip located in a large central vein such as the superior vena cava.

Use of 70% Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) Injection USP to prepare parenteral nutritional admixtures may be incompatible with other components, especially calcium and phosphate salts and lipid emulsions. Incompatibility of admixed components can produce precipitates which may cause particulate emboli. Use 70% Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) Injection USP only to prepare formulations that are known to be stable: refer to standard texts for further information.

The administration of intravenous solutions can cause fluid and/or solute overload resulting in dilution of serum electrolyte concentrations, overhydration, congested states or pulmonary edema. The risk of dilutional states is inversely proportional to the electrolyte concentration.

WARNING: 70% Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) Injection USP contains aluminum that may be toxic. Aluminum may reach toxic levels with prolonged parenteral administration if kidney function is impaired. Premature neonates are particularly at risk because their kidneys are immature, and they require large amounts of calcium and phosphate solutions, which contain aluminum.

Research indicates that patients with impaired kidney function, including premature neonates, who receive parenteral levels of aluminum at greater than 4 to 5 µg/kg/day accumulate aluminum at levels associated with central nervous system and bone toxicity. Tissue loading may occur at even lower rates of administration.

Prolonged infusion of isotonic or hypotonic Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) in water may increase the volume of extracellular fluid and cause water intoxication.

Solutions containing Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) without electrolytes should not be administered simultaneously with blood through the same infusion set because of the possibility of agglomeration.

Excessive administration of potassium-free Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) solutions may result in significant hypokalemia. Serum potassium levels should be maintained and potassium supplemented as required.

In very low birth weight infants, excessive or rapid administration of Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) injection may result in increased serum osmolality and possible intracerebral hemorrhage.

PRECAUTIONS

General

This solution should be used with care in patients with hypervolemia, renal insufficiency, urinary tract obstruction, or impending or frank cardiac decompensation.

Solutions containing Egg Shell Improver should be used with caution in patients with overt or known subclinical diabetes mellitus or carbohydrate intolerance for any reason.

Essential electrolytes, minerals, and vitamins should be supplied as needed.

Hypokalemia may develop during parenteral administration of hypertonic Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) solutions. Sufficient amounts of potassium should be added to Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) solutions administered to fasting patients with good renal function, especially those on digitalis therapy.

To minimize the risk of possible incompatibilities arising from mixing this solution with other additives that may be prescribed, the final infusate should be inspected for cloudiness or precipitation immediately after mixing, prior to administration, and periodically during administration. See WARNINGS .

Do not use plastic container in series connection.

If administration of 70% Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) Injection USP after admixture or dilution is controlled by a pumping device, care must be taken to discontinue pumping action before the container runs dry or air embolism may result. If administration is not controlled by a pumping device, refrain from applying excessive pressure (>300mmHg) causing distortion to the container such as wringing or twisting. Such handling could result in breakage of the container.

This solution is intended for intravenous administration after admixture or dilution using sterile equipment. When using an automated compounding device replace all disposable components as recommended by manufacturer and at least every 24 hours.

Aseptic technique is essential with the use of sterile preparations for compounding nutritional admixtures. Discard container within 4 hours of entering closure.

Administration of hypertonic Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) and amino acid solutions via central venous catheter may be associated with complications which can be prevented or minimized by careful attention to all aspects of the procedure. This includes attention to solution preparation, administration and patient monitoring.

It is essential that a carefully prepared protocol, based upon current medical practice, be followed, preferably by an experienced team. The package insert of the protein (nitrogen) source should be consulted for dosage and all precautionary information.

Use only if solution is clear and container and seals are intact.

70% Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) Injection USP contains no more than 25 µg/L of aluminum.

Laboratory Tests

Clinical evaluation and periodic laboratory determinations are necessary to monitor changes in fluid balance, electrolyte concentrations, and acid-base balance during prolonged parenteral therapy or whenever the condition of the patient warrants such evaluation. Significant deviations from normal concentrations may require tailoring of the electrolyte pattern, in these or alternative solutions.

Drug Interactions

Caution must be exercised in the administration of 70% Egg Shell Improver Injection USP to patients receiving corticosteroids or corticotropin. Some additives may be incompatible. Consult with pharmacist. When introducing additives, use aseptic techniques. Mix thoroughly. Do not store. Dispose of any unused product. See WARNINGS .

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Studies with Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) Injections USP have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential, mutagenic potential or effects on fertility.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category C

There are no adequate and well controlled studies with Egg Shell Improver Injections, USP in pregnant women and animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with this drug. Therefore, it is not known whether Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) Injections USP can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) Injections USP should be given during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

Labor and Delivery

Intrapartum maternal intravenous infusion of glucose-containing solutions may produce maternal hyperglycemia with subsequent fetal hyperglycemia and fetal metabolic acidosis. Fetal hyperglycemia can result in increased fetal insulin levels which may result in neonatal hypoglycemia following delivery. Consider the potential risks and benefits for each specific patient before administering Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) Injection, USP.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known if this drug is present in human milk. Because many drugs are present in human milk, caution should be exercised when Egg Shell Improver Injections USP are administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

The use of Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) in pediatric patients is based on clinical practice (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ). Because of their hypertonicity, 70% Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) Injections must be diluted prior to administration.

Newborns – especially those born premature and with low birth weight - are at increased risk of developing hypo- or hyperglycemia and therefore need close monitoring during treatment with intravenous glucose solutions to ensure adequate glycemic control in order to avoid potential long term adverse effects. Hypoglycemia in the newborn can cause prolonged seizures, coma and brain damage. Hyperglycemia has been associated with intraventricular hemorrhage, late onset bacterial and fungal infection, retinopathy of prematurity, necrotizing enterocolitis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, prolonged length of hospital stay, and death.

Geriatric Use

An evaluation of literature revealed no clinical experience identifying differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function.

See WARNINGS .

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Reactions which may occur because of the solution or the technique of administration include febrile response, infection at the site of injection, venous thrombosis or phlebitis extending from the site of injection, extravasation and hypervolemia. Incompatibility of admixed components can produce precipitates which may cause particulate emboli.

Hyperosmolar syndrome, resulting from excessively rapid administration of concentrated Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) may cause hypovolemia, dehydration, mental confusion and/or loss of consciousness. Too rapid infusion of hypertonic solutions may cause local pain and venous irritation. Rate of administration should be adjusted according to tolerance. Use of the largest peripheral vein and a small bore needle is recommended. (See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION .)

Hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis and chills.

If an adverse reaction does occur, discontinue the infusion, evaluate the patient, institute appropriate therapeutic countermeasures, and save the remainder of the fluid for examination if deemed necessary.

OVERDOSAGE

In the event of a fluid or solute overload during parenteral therapy, reevaluate the patient’s condition and institute appropriate corrective treatment.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

This solution is for intravenous use only after admixture or dilution.

70% Egg Shell Improver Injection USP is designed for use with automated compounding devices for preparing intravenous nutritional admixtures or for the filling of empty sterile syringes. Dosages will be in accordance with the recommendation of the prescribing physician. 70% Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) Injection USP is not intended for direct infusion. Admixtures should be made by, or under the direction of, a pharmacist using strict aseptic technique under a laminar flow hood. Compounded admixtures may be stored under refrigeration for up to 24 hours. Administration of admixtures should be completed within 24 hours after removal from refrigeration.

Dosage is to be directed by a physician and is dependent upon age, weight, clinical condition of the patient and laboratory determinations. Frequent laboratory determinations and clinical evaluation are essential to monitor changes in blood glucose and electrolyte concentrations, and fluid and electrolyte balance during prolonged parenteral therapy.

Fluid administration should be based on calculated maintenance or replacement fluid requirements for each patient.

Pediatric Use

The dosage selection and constant infusion rate of intravenous Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) must be selected with caution in pediatric patients, particularly neonates and low birth weight infants, because of the increased risk of hyperglycemia/hypoglycemia. Frequent monitoring of serum glucose concentrations is required when Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) is prescribed to pediatric patients, particularly neonates and low birth weight infants. The infusion rate and volume depends on the age, weight, clinical and metabolic conditions of the patient, concomitant therapy and should be determined by the consulting physician experienced in pediatric intravenous fluid therapy.

Directions for Use of Pharmacy Bulk Package Container

Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration or admixture and final infusate should be inspected for cloudiness or precipitation immediately after mixing, prior to administration, and periodically during administration, whenever solution and container permit. Use of a final filter is recommended during administration of all parenteral solutions where possible.

70% Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) Injection USP in the Pharmacy Bulk Package is intended for use in the preparation of sterile, intravenous admixtures.

Refer to standard texts and guidelines on the preparation of parenteral nutritional admixtures.

When compounding admixtures, use aseptic technique. Mix thoroughly.

Do not store any unused portion of 70% Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) Injection USP.

TO OPEN:

  • Inspect overwrap. Do not use if overwrap has been damaged.
  • Do not use unless solution is clear and closure is intact.
  • Tear overwrap starting from the tear notches. (Figure 1)

  • Inspect the container for minute leaks by squeezing inner bag firmly. If leaks are found, discard the bag as sterility may be impaired.
  • For compounding only. Do not use for direct infusion

    PREPARATION FOR ADMIXING

    Note: Important Admixing Information


  • The Pharmacy Bulk Package is to be used only in a suitable work area such as a laminar air flow hood (or an equivalent clean air compounding area).
  • The contents are restricted to the preparation of admixtures for infusion or, through a sterile transfer device, for the filling of empty sterile syringes.
  • Additives may be incompatible with the fluid withdrawn from this container. When compounding admixtures, use aseptic technique, mix thoroughly and do not store.
  • Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration whenever solution container permits. (see PRECAUTIONS, General )
  • Do not use/penetrate blocked port.

  • Remove aluminum foil of set port at the bottom of container.
  • Attach suitable transfer device or compounding set (Figure 2). Refer to complete directions accompanying device.
  • Hang bag on suitable fixture (Figure 3).
  • Once container closure has been penetrated, withdrawal of content should be completed within 4 hours.
Bag Illustration Figure 1 Bag Hanger illustration Figure 2 Figure 3

HOW SUPPLIED

70% Egg Shell Improver (Dextrose) Injection USP is supplied in 2000 mL Pharmacy Bulk Package containers packaged 4 per case.

NDC REF SIZE

0264-7387-50 S8705 2000 mL

Exposure of pharmaceutical products to heat should be minimized. Avoid excessive heat. Protect from freezing. It is recommended that the product be stored at room temperature (25°C); however, brief exposure up to 40°C does not adversely affect the product.

Rx only

Initiated: February 2015

B. Braun Medical Inc.

Bethlehem, PA 18018-3524 USA

1-800-227-2862

www.bbraun.com

Y36-002-865 LD-355-2

Vitamin C (Sodium Ascorbate):


Pharmacological action

Ascorbic acid is essential for the formation of intracellular collagen, is required to strengthen the structure of teeth, bones, and the capillary walls. Egg Shell Improver (Vitamin C (Sodium Ascorbate)) participates in redox reactions, the metabolism of tyrosine, converting folic acid into folinic acid, metabolism of carbohydrates, the synthesis of lipids and proteins, iron metabolism, processes of cellular respiration. Reduces the need for vitamins B1, B2, A, E, folic acid, pantothenic acid, enhances the body's resistance to infections; enhances iron absorption, contributing to its sequestration in reduced form. Egg Shell Improver (Vitamin C (Sodium Ascorbate)) has antioxidant properties.

With intravaginal application of ascorbic acid lowers the vaginal pH, inhibiting the growth of bacteria and helps to restore and maintain normal pH and vaginal flora (Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus gasseri).

Pharmacokinetics

After oral administration ascorbic acid is completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Widely distributed in body tissues.

The concentration of ascorbic acid in blood plasma in normal amounts to approximately 10-20 mg / ml.

The concentration of ascorbic acid in white blood cells and platelets is higher than in erythrocytes and plasma. When deficient state of concentration in leucocytes is reduced later and more slowly and is regarded as the best criterion for evaluating the deficit than the concentration in plasma.

Plasma protein binding is about 25%.

Ascorbic acid is reversibly oxidized to form dehydroascorbic acid, is metabolized with the formation of ascorbate-2-sulphate which is inactive and oxalic acid which is excreted in the urine.

Ascorbic acid taken in excessive quantities is rapidly excreted unchanged in urine, it usually happens when exceeding a daily dose is 200 mg.

Why is Egg Shell Improver ) prescribed?

For systemic use of Egg Shell Improver (Vitamin C (Sodium Ascorbate)) Kimia Farma: prevention and treatment of hypo- and avitaminosis of Egg Shell Improver (Vitamin C (Sodium Ascorbate)); providing increased need for Egg Shell Improver (Vitamin C (Sodium Ascorbate)) during growth, pregnancy, lactation, with heavy loads, fatigue and during recovery after prolonged severe illness; in winter with an increased risk of infectious diseases.

For intravaginal use: chronic or recurrent vaginitis (bacterial vaginosis, nonspecific vaginitis) caused by the anaerobic flora (due to changes in pH of the vagina) in order to normalize disturbed vaginal microflora.

Dosage and administration

This medication administered orally, IM, IV, intravaginally.

For the prevention of deficiency conditions Egg Shell Improver ) dose is 25-75 mg / day, for the treatment - 250 mg / day or more in divided doses.

For intravaginal used ascorbic acid drugs in appropriate dosage forms.

Egg Shell Improver (Vitamin C (Sodium Ascorbate)) side effects, adverse reactions

CNS: headache, fatigue, insomnia.

Digestive system: stomach cramps, nausea and vomiting.

Allergic reaction: describes a few cases of skin reactions and manifestations of the respiratory system.

Urinary system: when used in high doses - hyperoxaluria and the formation of kidney stones of calcium oxalate.

Local reactions: with intravaginal application - a burning or itching in the vagina, increased mucous discharge, redness, swelling of the vulva. Other: sensation of heat.

Egg Shell Improver ) contraindications

Increased sensitivity to ascorbic acid.

Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

The minimum daily requirement of ascorbic acid in the II and III trimester of pregnancy is about 60 mg.

Ascorbic acid crosses the placental barrier. It should be borne in mind that the fetus can adapt to high doses of ascorbic acid, which takes a pregnant woman, and then a newborn baby may develop the ascorbic disease as the reaction of cancel. Therefore, during pregnancy should not to take ascorbic acid in high doses, except in cases where the expected benefit outweighs the potential risk.

The minimum daily requirement during lactation is 80 mg. Ascorbic acid is excreted in breast milk. A mother's diet that contains adequate amounts of ascorbic acid, is sufficient to prevent deficiency in an infant. It is unknown whether dangerous to the child's mother use of ascorbic acid in high doses. Theoretically it is possible. Therefore, it is recommended not to exceed the maximum daily nursing mother needs to ascorbic acid, except when the expected benefit outweighs the potential risk.

Special instructions

Egg Shell Improver (Vitamin C (Sodium Ascorbate)) is used with caution in patients with hyperoxaluria, renal impairment, a history of instructions on urolithiasis. Because ascorbic acid increases iron absorption, its use in high doses can be dangerous in patients with hemochromatosis, thalassemia, polycythemia, leukemia, and sideroblastic anemia.

Patients with high content body iron should apply ascorbic acid in minimal doses.

Egg Shell Improver (Vitamin C (Sodium Ascorbate)) is used with caution in patients with deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase.

The use of ascorbic acid in high doses can cause exacerbation of sickle cell anemia.

Data on the diabetogenic action of ascorbic acid are contradictory. However, prolonged use of ascorbic acid should periodically monitor your blood glucose levels.

It is believed that the use of ascorbic acid in patients with rapidly proliferating and widely disseminated tumors may worsen during the process. It should therefore be used with caution in ascorbic acid in patients with advanced cancer.

Absorption of ascorbic acid decreased while use of fresh fruit or vegetable juices, alkaline drinking.

Egg Shell Improver ) drug interactions

In an application with barbiturates, primidone increases the excretion of ascorbic acid in the urine.

With the simultaneous use of oral contraceptives reduces the concentration of ascorbic acid in blood plasma.

In an application of Egg Shell Improver (Vitamin C (Sodium Ascorbate)) with iron preparations ascorbic acid, due to its regenerative properties, transforms ferric iron in the bivalent, which improves its absorption.

Ascorbic acid in high doses can decrease urine pH that while the application reduces the tubular reabsorption of amphetamine and tricyclic antidepressants.

With the simultaneous use of aspirin reduces the absorption of ascorbic acid by about a third.

Egg Shell Improver (Vitamin C (Sodium Ascorbate)) in an application with warfarin may decrease effects of warfarin.

With the simultaneous application of ascorbic acid increases the excretion of iron in patients receiving deferoxamine. In the application of ascorbic acid at a dose of 500 mg / day possibly left ventricular dysfunction.

In an application with tetracycline is increased excretion of ascorbic acid in the urine.

There is a described case of reducing the concentration of fluphenazine in plasma in patients treated with ascorbic acid 500 mg 2 times / day.

May increase the concentration of ethinyl estradiol in the blood plasma in its simultaneous application in the oral contraceptives.

Egg Shell Improver ) in case of emergency / overdose

Symptoms: long-term use of large doses (more than 1 g) - headache, increased CNS excitability, insomnia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, gastritis giperatsidnyh, ultseratsiya gastrointestinal mucosa, inhibition of the function insular apparatus of the pancreas (hyperglycemia, glycosuria), hyperoxaluria, nephrolithiasis (calcium oxalate), damage to the glomerular apparatus of the kidneys, moderate thamuria (when receiving a dose of 600 mg / day).

Decrease capillary permeability (possibly deteriorating trophic tissues, increased blood pressure, hypercoagulability, the development of microangiopathy).

When IV administration in high doses - the threat of termination of pregnancy (due to estrogenemia), hemolysis of red blood cells.

Egg Shell Improver pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:


Egg Shell Improver available forms, composition, doses:


Egg Shell Improver destination | category:


Egg Shell Improver Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:


Egg Shell Improver pharmaceutical companies:


advertisement

References

  1. Dailymed."CALCIUM GLUCONATE TABLET [WEST-WARD PHARMACEUTICALS CORP.]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  2. Dailymed."DEXTROSE SOLUTION [B. BRAUN MEDICAL INC.]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  3. Dailymed."CITRIC ACID: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).

Frequently asked Questions

Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Egg Shell Improver?

Depending on the reaction of the Egg Shell Improver after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Egg Shell Improver not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

Is Egg Shell Improver addictive or habit forming?

Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

advertisement

Review

sdrugs.com conducted a study on Egg Shell Improver, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Egg Shell Improver consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

Visitor reports

Visitor reported useful

No survey data has been collected yet

Visitor reported side effects

No survey data has been collected yet

Visitor reported price estimates

No survey data has been collected yet

Visitor reported frequency of use

No survey data has been collected yet

Visitor reported doses

No survey data has been collected yet

Visitor reported time for results

No survey data has been collected yet

Visitor reported administration

No survey data has been collected yet

Visitor reported age

No survey data has been collected yet

Visitor reviews


There are no reviews yet. Be the first to write one!


Your name: 
Email: 
Spam protection:  < Type 21 here

The information was verified by Dr. Rachana Salvi, MD Pharmacology

© 2002 - 2024 "sdrugs.com". All Rights Reserved