DRUGS & SUPPLEMENTS

Efasol

Rating: 5 - 1 review(s)
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Efasol uses

Efasol consists of Erythromycin, Tretinoin.

Erythromycin:


Pharmacological action

Efasol is a macrolide antibiotic. Has bacteriostatic action. However at higher doses against susceptible organisms has a bactericidal effect. Efasol (Erythromycin) is reversibly bound to the ribosome of bacteria, thereby inhibiting protein synthesis. Efasol (Erythromycin) is active against gram-positive bacteria: Staphylococcus spp. (strains producing and not producing penicillinase), Streptococcus spp. (including Streptococcus pneumoniae); gram-negative bacteria: Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Haemophilus influenzae, Bordetella pertussis, Brucella spp., Legionella spp., Bacillus anthracis, Corynebacterium diphtheriae; anaerobic bacteria: Clostridium spp. Efasol (Erythromycin) is also active against Mycoplasma spp., Chlamydia spp., Spirochaetaceae, Rickettsia spp. To Efasol (Erythromycin) resistant gram-negative bacilli, including Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Shigella spp., Salmonella spp.

Pharmacokinetics

Efasol (Erythromycin) bioavailability is 30-65%. Distributed in most tissues and body fluids. Plasma protein binding is 70-90%. Metabolised in the liver, partly with the formation of inactive metabolites. T1/2 is 1.4-2 hours. It is derived from bile and urine.

Why is Efasol prescribed?

Infectious-inflammatory diseases caused by microorganisms sensitive to Efasol (Erythromycin), including diphtheria, pertussis, trachoma, brucellosis, a disease Legionnaires, sore throat, scarlet fever, otitis media, sinusitis, cholecystitis, pneumonia, gonorrhea, syphilis. Also Efasol (Erythromycin) used for the treatment of infectious-inflammatory diseases caused by pathogens (eg staphylococci) are resistant to penicillin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, streptomycin.

For external use: acne vulgaris.

For local use: the infectious-inflammatory diseases of eyes.

Dosage and administration

Efasol prescribed individually depending on the location and severity of infection, the sensitivity of the parasite. In adults use a daily dose of 1-4 g. Children under the age of 3 months - 20-40 mg / kg / day, aged from 4 months to 18 years - 30-50 mg / kg / day. Multiplicity is 4 times / day. The treatment course - 5-14 days after the disappearance of symptoms treatment should be continued for a further 2 days. Accepts up to 1 hour before eating or 2-3 hours after eating.

Solution for external applications lubricate the affected skin.

The ointment is applied to the affected area and in diseases of the eye lay behind the lower eyelid. The dose, frequency and duration of application is determined individually.

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Efasol (Erythromycin) side effects, adverse reactions

Digestive system: nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, cholestatic jaundice, tenesmus, diarrhea, dysbacteriosis; rarely - pseudomembranous enterocolitis, abnormal liver function, increase in liver transaminases, pancreatitis.

Allergic reactions: skin rash, urticaria, eosinophilia, rarely - anaphylactic shock.

Effects due to the influence of chemotherapy: oral candidiasis, vaginal candidiasis.

From the senses: the reversible ototoxicity - hearing loss and / or tinnitus (in the application of high doses - more than 4 g / day).

Since the cardiovascular system: rarely - tachycardia, prolongation of the QT interval on ECG, flickering and / or atrial flutter (patients with long QT interval on the ECG).

Local reactions: phlebitis at the site of / in the introduction.

Efasol contraindications

Jaundice in history, marked disturbances of liver function, hypersensitivity to macrolides.

Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

Efasol crosses the placental barrier, excreted in breast milk.

In the application of Efasol (Erythromycin) in pregnancy should assess the intended benefits to the mother and the potential risk to the fetus. If necessary, use during lactation should decide on the termination of breastfeeding.

Special instructions

With careful use Efasol (Erythromycin) when disorders of liver function and / or kidneys. Medications that increase the acidity of gastric juice and acidic drinks inactivate Efasol (Erythromycin). Efasol (Erythromycin) can not drink milk and dairy products.

Precautionary measures

The use of Efasol containing benzene for IV injection sometimes accompanied by the development of a fatal syndrome Gaspinga in children, as well as acute hepatitis drug in adults and children.

Efasol (Erythromycin) drug interactions

With simultaneous use of Efasol (Erythromycin) with theophylline, aminophylline, caffeine, there is an increase in their concentration in blood plasma and thus increases the risk of toxic effects.

Efasol (Erythromycin) increases the concentrations of cyclosporine in the blood plasma and may increase the risk of nephrotoxicity.

Drugs that block tubular secretion prolongs T1/2 of Efasol (Erythromycin).

Incompatible with lincomycin, clindamycin and chloramphenicol (antagonism).

Efasol (Erythromycin) reduces the bactericidal action of beta-lactam antibiotics (penicillins, cephalosporins, carbapenems).

With simultaneous use of Efasol (Erythromycin) increases the concentration of theophylline.

At the same time receiving chemotherapy, which is carried metabolism in the liver (carbamazepine, valproic acid, hexobarbital, phenytoin, alfentanil, dizopiramid, lovastatin, bromocriptine), may increase the concentration of these drugs in plasma (an inhibitor of microsomal liver enzymes).

IV injection of Efasol (Erythromycin) increases the effects of ethanol (accelerating gastric emptying and decrease the duration of alcohol dehydrogenase in the gastric mucosa).

Efasol (Erythromycin) reduces the clearance of triazolam and midazolam and therefore may increase the pharmacological effects of benzodiazepines.

At the same time taking with terfenadine or astemizole may develop arrhythmias (fibrillation and ventricular flutter, ventricular tachycardia, until death); with dihydroergotamine or non hydrated ergot alkaloids may vasoconstriction to spasm, dysesthesia.

With simultaneous application Efasol (Erythromycin) slows elimination (increases the effect) of methylprednisolone, felodipine and anticoagulants of cumarine series.

In a joint appointment with lovastatin increased rhabdomyolysis.

Efasol (Erythromycin) increases the bioavailability of digoxin.

Efasol (Erythromycin) reduces the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives.

Efasol in case of emergency / overdose

Symptoms: disruption of the liver until the acute liver failure, and hearing loss.

Treatment: gastric lavage, forced diuresis, hemo-and peritoneal dialysis. Produced a constant monitoring of vital functions (ECG, electrolyte composition of blood).

Tretinoin:


Efasol information

Efasol (Tretinoin) is a topical form of vitamin A. This vitamin is known for its ability to help the skin gradually renew itself. This medicine is mostly used in the treatment of acne, but it is sometimes prescribed to reduce the appearance of mottled skin discoloration and fine wrinkles (to make the patient's facial skin from rough to smooth and silky).

Efasol indications

Efasol (Tretinoin) is a popular topical form of vitamin A that has proven itself to be highly effective in the treatment of acne. However, this medicine might also be used to treat or to prevent the appearance of some other medical disorders that have not been listed here.

Efasol warnings

Efasol (Tretinoin) is a category C FDA pregnancy drug. Therefore, using this medicine during pregnancy could harm a growing fetus. Before you start a treatment with this medicine, you must inform your personal physician if you are pregnant or if you are planning to be so soon. It has been determined that this medicine's main ingredients are able to pass into breastmilk. Ask your personal physician if it is safe to start using Efasol (Tretinoin) if you are currently nursing an infant.

During your treatment with Efasol (Tretinoin) you should avoid prolonged and unprotected exposure to artificial UV rays (tanning beds or sunlamps) or to direct sunlight. A treatment with this medicine is known to increase the patient's skin's sensitivity to direct sunlight, thus leading to severe sunburn. However, if you cannot avoid exposure to sunlight, sunlamps or tanning beds, you must use an effective sunscreen (at least SPF 15). It is recommended that you should wear protective clothing. Avoid letting this medication get in direct contact with your eyes, nose, mouth or with your lips. However, if a small amount of this medicine somehow gets into contact with any of the areas that have been listed here, you should wash it with plenty of water.

You must avoid using Efasol (Tretinoin) on windburned, sunburned, irritated, chapped, or broken skin or on skin areas that are suffering from any forms of Eczema. If you do have any of these medical conditions you should first wait for them to heal before you consider using this medicine. Do not stop your treatment with Efasol (Tretinoin) without your physician's approval even if you start to feel better after a few days of treatment (in some cases, the symptoms improve even if the infection has not completely healed). Some patients have to use this medicine for several months before they can finally see the results of their treatment. If you have been prescribed this drug to treat acne, your skin condition might worsen for a short period of time at the beginning of the treatment. If this persists for more than 12 weeks or if your medical condition has not improved after 3 months of treatment you must alert your personal physician.

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Efasol intake guidelines

You ought to use this drug exactly how your personal doctor has prescribed you to. You can consult the medicine's label if you want to get further information. If you fail to understand some of the physician's instructions, you should contact a pharmacist, a nurse or a doctor and ask them to explain them to you. Using a higher dose of this medicine or applying the drug more often than your personal physician has prescribed you to, will not make the results appear faster (it might increase this Acta's unpleasant side effects). You must wash both your hands after and before you apply Efasol (Tretinoin). Before you apply the medicine you should make sure that the skin area that you are about to treat is both clean and dry. Applying this medicine on a wet skin area can sometimes cause skin irritation.

You must not wash the skin area that you have treated with Efasol (Tretinoin) for at least 60 minutes after applying the medicine. Avoid using any other type of skin products on the skin area that you have treated with this drug for at least 1 hour after using this drug topical. This medicine should be stored in a cool and dry place, away from heat, moisture and direct sunlight. Keep it in a place that is far from the reach of pets and children in order to avoid unwanted accidents such as poisoning. This medicine is highly flammable. Keep the drug container away from any open flame.

Efasol dosage

Ask your personal physician to calculate the dose of this medicine that works best for your condition. Do not make any alterations to the dose of Efasol (Tretinoin) that you have been prescribed without your physician's approval.

Efasol overdose

If you suspect that you are suffering from an overdose with this medicine, you are probably in need of emergency medical care. Contact your local poison control center and your personal physician as soon as you can. An overdose with this medicine should not trigger any unpleasant symptoms.

Efasol missed dose

In order to get the most benefits from your treatment with Efasol (Tretinoin) you should take it on a regular basis. If you miss one of your prescribed doses of this medicine you should take it as soon as you remember. If it is already time for another prescribed dose, skip the one that you have missed and proceed with your regular treatment. Avoid using extra doses of this medicine without first consulting it with your personal physician.

Efasol side effects

Alert your doctor if you experience anything bothersome during your treatment with Efasol (Tretinoin).

Efasol drug reactions

Ask your personal physician if it is safe to take any other medicines while using Efasol (Tretinoin).

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Efasol pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:

infoActive ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug.


Efasol available forms, composition, doses:

infoForm of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease.


Efasol destination | category:

infoDestination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so.


Efasol Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:

infoA medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code.


Efasol pharmaceutical companies:

infoPharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug.


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References

  1. Dailymed."TRETINOIN CAPSULE [PAR PHARMACEUTICAL, INC.]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  2. Dailymed."ERYTHROMYCIN BASE (ERYTHROMYCIN) TABLET, FILM COATED [PD-RX PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  3. Dailymed."ERYTHROMYCIN: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).

Frequently asked Questions

Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Efasol?

Depending on the reaction of the Efasol after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Efasol not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

Is Efasol addictive or habit forming?

Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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Review

sDrugs.com conducted a study on Efasol, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Efasol consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

Visitor reports

One visitor reported side effects

Did you get side effects while taking the Efasol drug, or were there no side effects?
According to the survey conducted by website sDrugs.com users, the below-mentioned percentages indicate the number of people experiencing the side effects and the number of people not experiencing the side effects when taking Efasol medicine. Every drug produces minimal side effects, and they are negligible most times, when compared to the desired effect [use] of the medicine. Side effects depend on the dose you are taking, any drug interactions that happen when you are on other medications, if the patient is sensitive, and other associated conditions. If you cannot tolerate the side effects, consult your doctor immediately, so he can either adjust the dose or change the medication.
Visitors%
No side effects1
100.0%

One visitor reported doses

What is the dose of Efasol drug you are taking?
According to the survey conducted among sDrugs.com website users, the maximum number of people are using the following dose 6-10mg. Few medications come in only one or two doses. Few are specific for adult dose and child dose. The dose of the medicine given to the patient depends on the severity of the symptom/disease. There can be dose adjustments made by the doctor, based on the progression of the disease. Follow-up is important.
Visitors%
6-10mg1
100.0%

One visitor reported age

Visitors%
16-291
100.0%

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The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology

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