Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine

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Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine uses

Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine consists of Chlorpheniramine Maleate, Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide, Guaifenesin, Phenylephrine Hydrochloride.

Chlorpheniramine Maleate:



Drug Facts

Active Ingredients (in each 1 mL dropperful) Purpose
Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Chlorpheniramine Maleate) Maleate 2 mg Antihistamine
Phenylephrine HCl 5 mg Nasal Decongestant

Uses

temporarily relieves these symptoms due to the common cold, hay fever (allergic rhinitis) or other upper respiratory allergies

  • runny nose
  • sneezing
  • itching of the nose or throat
  • itchy, watery eyes
  • nasal congestion
  • reduces swelling of nasal passages

Warnings

Do not exceed recommended dosage.

Do not use this product in a child who is

  • now taking a prescription monoamine oxidase inhibitor (certain drugs for depression, psychiatric, or emotional conditions, or Parkinson's disease), or for 2 weeks after stopping the MAOI drug. If you do not know if your child's prescription drug contains an MAOI, ask a doctor or pharmacist before giving this product.

Ask a doctor before use if a child has

  • a breathing problem such as chronic bronchitis
  • glaucoma
  • heart disease
  • high blood pressure
  • thyroid disease
  • diabetes mellitus

Ask a doctor before use if a child is taking sedatives or tranquilizers

When using this product

  • excitability may occur, especially in children
  • may cause drowsiness
  • sedatives and tranquilizers may increase drowsiness effect

Stop use and ask a doctor if

  • nervousness, dizziness, or sleeplessness occur
  • new symptoms occur

Keep out of reach of children. In case of accidental overdose, seek professional help or contact a Poison Control Center immediately.

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Directions

Do not exceed recommended dosage.

Children 6 to under 12 years of age: 1 mL (1 dropperful) every 4 hours, not to exceed 6 mL in 24 hours or as directed by a doctor
Children 2 to under 6 years of age: 0.5 mL (1/2 dropperful) every 4 hours, not to exceed 3 mL in 24 hours, or as directed by a doctor
Children under 2 years of age: Consult a doctor

Other information

Store at 59°-86°F (15°-30°C)

Inactive ingredients

Applesauce Flavor, Citric Acid, FD&C Blue #1, FD&C Yellow #6, Glycerin, Methyl Paraben, Potassium Citrate, Potassium Sorbate, Propyl Paraben, Propylene Glycol, Purified Water, Sucralose

Questions? Comments?

Call 1-800-543-9560

Rev. 05/11

E

NEW

FORMULA

NDC 00485-0096-02

Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Chlorpheniramine Maleate)

Pediatric Drops

Antihistamine ▪ Nasal Decongestant

Sugar Free ▪ Alcohol Free ▪ Gluten Free

FOR PROFESSIONAL USE ONLY

Each 1 mL for oral administration

contains:

Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Chlorpheniramine Maleate) Maleate

2 mg

Phenylephrine HCl

5 mg

APPLESAUCE FLAVOR

Tamper evident by foil seal under cap.

Do not use if foil seal is broken or missing.

Manufactured for:

EDWARDS

Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Ripley, MS 38663

2 fl. oz. (60 mL)

Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide:


Pharmacological action

Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine is an antitussive medication. Inhibiting the excitability of the cough center this medicine suppresses the cough of any origin. Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) has not addiction effects and it has no analgesic and hypnotic action. Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) starts to act after 10-30 minutes after oral administration, the duration of therapeutic action: 5-6 hours for adults and 6-9 hours for children. Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) is an optical isomer of levomethorphan which is similar to morphine. Due to optical isomerism this drug has no opioid effects. Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) used mainly for replacement of codeine as a cough suppressant. In addition to the cough suppressant this medication is used in medicine for diagnostic purposes and may be useful in various cases - from seizures to heroin addiction treatment, some chronic neurodegenerative diseases. These include amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) (Charcot's disease), disease of "mad cow and other prion diseases. Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) has also been used for the treatment of mental retardation, Parkinson's disease, in the treatment of lung and other cancers and to prevent tissue rejection in transplantation because of the (poorly known) effects of sigma ligands on tumor cells and immune system.

Pharmacokinetics

After oral administration Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) is completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Cmax of Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) in plasma is reached after 2 h. This medication biotransformes in the liver. Up to 45% of this drug is excreted by kidneys and there was considerable individual variation in rates of excretion of individual metabolites.

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Why is Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine prescribed?

Dry cough of different etiology.

Dosage and administration

For adults and children over 12 years Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine prescribed on 15 mg 4 times / day, children aged 6 years - 7.5 mg 4 times / day.

Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) side effects, adverse reactions

Drowsiness, nausea, dizziness.

Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine contraindications

Bronchial asthma, bronchitis, simultaneous reception of mucolytic.

Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

During pregnancy and lactation (breastfeeding) Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) prescribed with caution, only in cases where the expected therapeutic effect for the mother outweighs the potential risk to the fetus or child.

Special instructions

With carefully administered Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) with impaired liver function.

Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine drug interactions

MAO inhibitors (including furazolidone, procarbazine, selegiline) when administered simultaneous with Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) may cause adrenergic crisis, collapse, coma, dizziness, agitation, increased blood pressure, hyperpyrexia, intracranial hemorrhage, lethargy, nausea, cramps, tremor. In combination with tricyclic antidepressants (amitriptyline, etc.) Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide) may appeal serotonin syndrome and possible subsequent death. Amiodarone, fluoxetine, quinidine, inhibiting system cytochrome P450, may increase the drug concentration in the blood. Tobacco smoke can lead to increased secretion of glands in the background of inhibition of cough reflex. Some inhibitors of CYP450 (such as quinidine) increase and extended effects of this medicine.

Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine in case of emergency / overdose

Symptoms: excitement, dizziness, respiratory depression, impaired consciousness, decreased blood pressure, tachycardia, muscle hypertonicity, ataxia.

Treatment: mechanical ventilation, symptomatic agents.

Guaifenesin:


An expectorant that also has some muscle relaxing action. It is used in many cough preparations.

Indication: Used to assist the expectoration of phlegm from the airways in acute respiratory tract infections.

Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Guaifenesin) is an expectorant which increases the output of phlegm (sputum) and bronchial secretions by reducing adhesiveness and surface tension. The increased flow of less viscous secretions promotes ciliary action and changes a dry, unproductive cough to one that is more productive and less frequent. By reducing the viscosity and adhesiveness of secretions, Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Guaifenesin) increases the efficacy of the mucociliary mechanism in removing accumulated secretions from the upper and lower airway.

Phenylephrine Hydrochloride:


Drug Facts

Active ingredients

(in each tablet)

Dexbrompheniramine Maleate 2 mg

Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Phenylephrine Hydrochloride) Hydrochloride 10 mg

Purpose

Antihistamine

Nasal Decongestant

Uses

Temporarily relieves these symptoms due to the common cold, hay fever (allergic rhinitis) or other upper respiratory allergies:

  • runny nose
  • sneezing
  • itching of the nose or throat
  • itchy, watery eyes
  • nasal congestion
  • reduces swelling of nasal passages

Warnings

Do not exceed recommended dosage.

Do not use this product

  • if you are now taking a prescription monoamine oxidase inhibitor (certain drugs for depression, psychiatric, or emotional conditions, or Parkinson's disease), or for 2 weeks after stopping the MAOI drug. If you do not know if your prescription drug contains an MAOI, ask a doctor or pharmacist before taking this product.

Ask a doctor before use if you have

  • a breathing problem such as emphysema or chronic bronchitis
  • glaucoma
  • trouble urinating due to enlargement of the prostate gland
  • heart disease
  • high blood pressure
  • thyroid disease
  • diabetes


Ask a doctor or pharmacist before use if you are taking sedatives or tranquilizers.

When using this product

  • excitability may occur, especially in children
  • may cause drowsiness
  • avoid alcoholic drinks
  • alcohol, sedatives, and tranquilizers may increase the drowsiness effect
  • use caution when driving a motor vehicle or operating machinery

Stop use and ask a doctor if

  • nervousness, dizziness, or sleeplessness occur
  • symptoms do not improve within 7 days or are accompanied by fever


If pregnant or breast-feeding, ask a health professional before use.

Keep out of reach of children.

In case of overdose, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center right away.

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Directions

Adults and children 12

years of age and over:

1 tablet every 4 to 6

hours, not to exceed

6 tablets in 24 hours

Children 6 to under 12

years of age:

1/2 tablet every 4 to

6 hours, not to

exceed 3 tablets in

24 hours

Children under 6 years

of age:

Consult a doctor


Other information

Store at 15° - 30°C (59° - 86°F). Supplied in a tight, light-resistant container with a child-resistant cap. Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Phenylephrine Hydrochloride) Tablets are dark purple, caplet-shaped, scored tablets, debossed "Poly" bisect "782" on one side and plain on the other.

Inactive ingredients

colloidal silicon dioxide, croscarmellose sodium, D&C Red #27 aluminum lake, dibasic calcium phosphate dihydrate, FD &C Blue #1 aluminum lake, magnesium stearate, and silicified microcrystalline cellulose.

Questions? Comments?

Call1-800-882-1041

Manufactured for:

Poly Pharmaceuticals

Quitman, MS 39355 Rev. 02/12

Product Packaging

The packaging below represents the labeling currently used.

Principal display panel and side panel for 60 tablets label:

NDC 50991-782-60

Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Phenylephrine Hydrochloride)

Tablets

Antihistamine - Nasal Decongestant

Each tablet contains:

Dexbrompheniramine Maleate......................2 mg

Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Phenylephrine Hydrochloride) Hydrochloride......................10 mg

60 Tablets

Usual

Dosage: See product foldout for full prescribing information.

Tamper evident by foil seal under cap. Do not use if foil seal is

broken or missing.

KEEP THIS AND ALL DRUGS OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.

Store at controlled room temperature between 15°-30°C (59°-86°F).

Manufactured for:

Poly Pharmaceuticals

Quitman, MS 39355

Rev. 02/12

Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Phenylephrine Hydrochloride) Tablets Packaging Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine (Phenylephrine Hydrochloride) Tablets Packaging

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Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:

Active ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug.


Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine available forms, composition, doses:

Form of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease.


Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine destination | category:

Destination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so.


Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:

A medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code.


Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine pharmaceutical companies:

Pharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug.


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References

  1. Dailymed."MEDIQUE MEDI-PHENYL (PHENYLEPHRINE HYDROCHLORIDE) TABLET, FILM COATED DOVER SUDANYL PE (PHENYLEPHRINE HYDROCHLORIDE) TABLET, FILM COATED [UNIFIRST FIRS". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  2. Dailymed."PREFERRED PLUS TABTUSSIN (GUAIFENESIN) TABLET [KINRAY]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  3. Dailymed."ADULT WAL TUSSIN COUGH LONG ACTING (DEXTROMETHORPHAN HYDROBROMIDE) SOLUTION [WALGREEN COMPANY]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).

Frequently asked Questions

Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine?

Depending on the reaction of the Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

Is Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine addictive or habit forming?

Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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Review

sdrugs.com conducted a study on Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Dristan Decongestant Cough Medicine consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

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The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology

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