Diflucan

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Diflucan uses


Pharmacological action

Diflucan is an antifungal drug from the group of triazole derivatives. Inhibits the synthesis of ergosterol disrupting the permeability of the cell wall. This medication is active against Candida, Microsporum, Cryptococcus neoformans, Trichophyton.

Pharmacokinetics

Diflucan is well absorbed after oral administration. Simultaneous ingestion does not affect absorption. The bioavailability is 90%. Diflucan is widely distributed in tissues and organs of the body. Its concentration in breast milk, joint fluid, saliva, sputum, vaginal secretions and peritoneal fluid are similar to those in blood plasma. The concentration in the cerebrospinal fluid is 50-90% of the level in blood plasma, regardless of the presence of inflammation of the meninges. In the stratum corneum, epidermis, dermis and sweat fluid concentrations reach values exceeding the concentration in blood plasma. T1/2 is 30 h. Diflucan is excreted by the kidneys, 80% of the administered dose in an unmodified form.

Why is Diflucan prescribed?

Cryptococcosis, systemic candidiasis, candidiasis of the mucous membranes, vaginal candidiasis, prevention of fungal infections in patients with lowered immunity (including AIDS patients). Fungal infections of skin, including athlete's foot, body, groin, pityriasis versicolor, onychomycosis. Deep endemic mycoses, including coccidioidomycosis, paracoccidioidomycosis, sporotrichosis and histoplasmosis in patients with normal immunity.

Dosage and administration

Dosing regimen of Diflucan is individual. This medication is prescribed for oral and IV administration. Depending on the testimony of the daily dose is 50-400 mg, the multiplicity of application is 1 times / day. If impaired renal function the dose of Diflucan should be reduced.

Diflucan side effects, adverse reactions

Digestive system: nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, flatulence.

CNS: headache, dizziness.

Allergic reactions: skin rash, anaphylactic reactions.

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Diflucan contraindications

Pregnancy, children up to age 1 year, increased sensitivity to Diflucan and triazole compounds.

Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

Diflucan is contraindicated during pregnancy and lactation.

If necessary using this medication during lactation it should solve the issue of termination of breastfeeding. Category effects on the fetus by FDA - C.

Special instructions

Diflucan should be used with caution in patients with severe impaired liver or kidney diseases.

Therapy can be started before the results of seeding and other laboratory tests. However, an anti-infective therapy should be corrected accordingly when the results of these studies will be known.

Diflucan drug interactions

Simultaneous administration of Diflucan with:

  • coumarin anticoagulants marked increase in prothrombin time.
  • rifampicin observed shortening of the half-life of Diflucan. Diflucan Sorres Pharma increases the half-life of oral hypoglycemic agents - sulfonylureas in healthy people. Simultaneous use of Diflucan and oral hypoglycemic agents in diabetic patients is allowed, however, the physician should bear in mind the possibility of hypoglycemia.

    Diflucan in case of emergency / overdose

    Symptoms: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and seizures in severe cases.

    Treatment: gastric lavage, forced diuresis, hemodialysis (three-hour dialysis reduces the plasma concentrations of approximately 50%), symptomatic therapy.

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    Diflucan pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:

    Active ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug.


    Diflucan available forms, composition, doses:

    Form of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
    Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
    Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease.


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    Diflucan destination | category:

    Destination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
    Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so.


    Diflucan Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:

    A medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code.


    Diflucan pharmaceutical companies:

    Pharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
    Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug.


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    References

    1. Dailymed."FLUCONAZOLE TABLET [BRYANT RANCH PREPACK]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
    2. Dailymed."FLUCONAZOLE: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
    3. "fluconazole". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/co... (accessed August 28, 2018).

    Frequently asked Questions

    Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Diflucan?

    Depending on the reaction of the Diflucan after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Diflucan not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

    Is Diflucan addictive or habit forming?

    Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

    Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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    Review

    sdrugs.com conducted a study on Diflucan, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Diflucan consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

    Visitor reports

    One visitor reported useful

    How is the drug Diflucan useful in reducing or relieving the symptoms? How useful is it?
    According to the survey conducted by the website sdrugs.com, there are variable results and below are the percentages of the users that say the medicine is useful to them and that say it is not helping them much. It is not ideal to continue taking the medication if you feel it is not helping you much. Contact your healthcare provider to check if there is a need to change the medicine or if there is a need to re-evaluate your condition. The usefulness of the medicine may vary from patient to patient, depending on the other diseases he is suffering from and slightly depends on the brand name.
    Visitors%
    Not useful1
    100.0%

    Visitor reported side effects

    No survey data has been collected yet

    Visitor reported price estimates

    No survey data has been collected yet

    Visitor reported frequency of use

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    Visitor reported doses

    No survey data has been collected yet

    Visitor reported time for results

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    Visitor reported administration

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    The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology

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