DRUGS & SUPPLEMENTS
An imidazole derivative with a broad spectrum of antimycotic activity. It inhibits biosynthesis of the sterol ergostol, an important component of fungal cell membranes. Its action leads to increased membrane permeability and apparent disruption of enzyme systems bound to the membrane.
Indication: For the local treatment of oropharyngeal candidiasis and vaginal yeast infections, also used in fungal infections of the skin such as ringworm, athlete's foot, and jock itch.
Clotrimazole, an imidazole derivative with a broad spectrum of antimycotic activity, inhibits biosynthesis of the sterol ergostol, an important component of fungal cell membranes. Its action leads to increased membrane permeability and apparent disruption of enzyme systems bound to the membrane. Betamethasone and Clotrimazole are used together to treat cutaneous tinea infections. In studies in fungal cultures, the minimum fungicidal concentration of Clotrimazole caused leakage of intracellular phosphorous compounds into the ambient medium with concomitant breakdown of cellular nucleic acids, and accelerated potassium etflux. Both of these events began rapidly and extensively after addition of the drug to the cultures. The primary action of Clotrimazole is against dividing and growing organisms.
Clotrimazole is an antifungal agent of imidazole derivatives group for topical use. This medication has an effect at the expense of the synthesis of ergosterol, which is part of the cell membrane of fungi. Clotrimazole has a broad spectrum of action.
Clotrimazole is active against dermatophytes, molds, fungi of the genus Candida, Malassezia furfur.
This drug is also active against Corynebacterium minutissimum, Streptococcus spp., Staphylococcus spp., Trichomonas vaginalis.
For external use Clotrimazole is well into the various layers of the skin reaching therapeutic concentrations. When this medication applied topically a small amount of it absorbed into the bloodstream.
Why is Clotrimazole prescribed?
Fungal skin and mucous membranes: ringworm, tinea, trichophytosis, athlete, mikrosporiya, candidiasis, a fungal interdigital erosion, fungal paronychia; fungal infections complicated by a secondary pyoderma; colorful lichen, erythrasma; thrush; Candida vulvitis, vulvovaginitis, balanitis, trichomoniasis; for the renovation of the birth canal before delivery.
Dosage and administration
When Clotrimazole used externally it applied to affected skin 2-3 times / day in 2-4 weeks.
For local orally this medicine used 1-2 times / day, no more than 7 days.
Intravaginal - on 100-500 mg for 1-6 days.
Clotrimazole side effects, adverse reactions
Local reactions: contact allergic dermatitis, redness, burning sensation.
When applied topically to the skin: erythema, blisters, swelling, burning and tingling, irritation and flaking skin.
When applied topically for the treatment of urogenital infections: itching, burning, redness and swelling of the mucous membrane, vaginal discharge, frequent urination, intercurrent cystitis, burning sensation in the penis with a partner, pain during sexual intercourse.
When applied topically in the oral cavity: redness of the oral mucosa, burning sensation and tingling at the site of application, irritation.
Hypersensitivity to Clotrimazole, I trimester of pregnancy.
Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding
In experimental studies there have been found that Clotrimazole used in high doses exerts embryotoxic effect.
It is not known whether Clotrimazole released in breast milk. Although Clotrimazole is not contraindicated during pregnancy and lactation, it should be considered a potential risk when selecting antifungal therapy.
Prescribed intravaginal Dosage forms of Clotrimazole is not used during menstruation.
To prevent reinfection it should be simultaneous treatment of sexual partners.
Clotrimazole is not recommended for use in ophthalmology.
Clotrimazole drug interactions
Simultaneous administration of Clotrimazole with amphotericin B, nystatin, natamycin activity of Clotrimazole decreases.
Clotrimazole in case of emergency / overdose
Symptoms: anorexia, nausea, vomiting, stomachodynia, abnormal liver function, rarely - drowsiness, hallucinations, thamuria, allergic skin reactions.
Treatment: taking activated charcoal, symptomatic therapy.
Clotrimazole pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:
Active ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug.
Clotrimazole available forms, composition, doses:
Form of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease.
Clotrimazole destination | category:
Destination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so.
Clotrimazole Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:
A medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code.
Clotrimazole pharmaceutical companies:
Pharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug.
Frequently asked QuestionsCan i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Clotrimazole?
Depending on the reaction of the Clotrimazole after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Clotrimazole not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.Is Clotrimazole addictive or habit forming?
Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.
Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.
ReviewsDrugs.com conducted a study on Clotrimazole, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Clotrimazole consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.
One visitor reported frequency of useHow often in a day do you take the medicine?
Are you taking the Clotrimazole drug as prescribed by the doctor?
Few medications can be taken Twice in a day more than prescribed when the doctor's advice mentions the medicine can be taken according to frequency or severity of symptoms. Most times, be very careful and clear about the number of times you are taking the medication. The report of sDrugs.com website users about the frequency of taking the drug Clotrimazole is mentioned below.
Five visitors reported dosesWhat is the dose of Clotrimazole drug you are taking?
According to the survey conducted among sDrugs.com website users, the maximum number of people are using the following dose 1-5mg. Few medications come in only one or two doses. Few are specific for adult dose and child dose. The dose of the medicine given to the patient depends on the severity of the symptom/disease. There can be dose adjustments made by the doctor, based on the progression of the disease. Follow-up is important.
Two visitors reported time for resultsWhat is the time duration Clotrimazole drug must be taken for it to be effective or for it to reduce the symptoms?
Most chronic conditions need at least some time so the dose and the drug action gets adjusted to the body to get the desired effect. The stastistics say sDrugs.com website users needed 2 days to notice the result from using Clotrimazole drug. The time needed to show improvement in health condition after using the medicine Clotrimazole need not be same for all the users. It varies based on other factors.
Two visitors reported age
The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology