How to Apply the Clonidine Transdermal System PATCH

1) Apply the peach colored, rectangular PATCH with rounded corners, once a week, preferably at a convenient time on the same day of the week (i.e., prior to bedtime on Tuesday of week one; prior to bedtime on Tuesday of week two, etc.).

Each box of Clonidine Transdermal System contains two types of pouches:


2) Select a hairless area such as on the upper, outer arm or upper chest. The area chosen should be free of cuts, abrasions, irritation, scars or calluses and should not be shaved before applying the Clonidine Transdermal System PATCH. Do not place the Clonidine Transdermal System PATCH on skin folds or under tight undergarments, since premature loosening may occur.

3) Wash hands with soap and water and thoroughly dry them.

4) Clean the area chosen with soap and water. Rinse and wipe dry with a clean, dry tissue.

5) Select the pouch labeled Clonidine Transdermal System, USP and open it as illustrated in Figure 3. Remove the contents of the pouch and discard the additional pieces of clear protective film above and below the PATCH.


6) Remove the clear plastic protective backing from the peach colored, rectangular PATCH by gently peeling off one half of the backing at a time as shown in Figure 4. Avoid touching the sticky side of the Clonidine Transdermal System PATCH.


7) Place the Clonidine Transdermal System PATCH on the prepared skin site (sticky side down) by applying firm pressure over the PATCH to ensure good contact with the skin, especially around the edges (Figure 5). Discard the clear plastic protective backing and wash your hands with soap and water to remove any drug from your hands.


8) After one week, remove the old PATCH and discard it (refer to Instructions for Disposal ). After choosing a different skin site, repeat instructions 2 through 7 for the application of your next Clonidine Transdermal System PATCH.

What to do if your Clonidine Transdermal System PATCH becomes loose while wearing:

How to Apply the ADHESIVE COVER

NOTE: The ivory ADHESIVE COVER does not contain any drug and should not be used alone. The COVER should be applied directly over the Clonidine Transdermal System PATCH only if the PATCH begins to separate from the skin, thereby ensuring that it sticks to the skin for 7 full days.

1) Wash hands with soap and water and thoroughly dry them.

2) Using a clean, dry tissue, make sure that the area around the rectangular, peach Clonidine Transdermal System PATCH is clean and dry. Press gently on the Clonidine Transdermal System PATCH to ensure that the edges are in good contact with the skin.

3) Take the ivory ADHESIVE COVER (Figure 6) from the plain white pouch and remove the paper liner backing from the COVER.


4) Carefully center the ivory ADHESIVE COVER over the rectangular, peach Clonidine Transdermal System PATCH and apply firm pressure, especially around the edges in contact with the skin.

SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

Instructions for Disposal

KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN

During or even after use, a PATCH contains active medication which may be harmful to infants and children if accidentally applied or ingested. After use, fold in half with the sticky sides together. Dispose of carefully out of reach of children.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

For more information, call Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc. at 1-877-446-3679 (1-877-4-INFO-RX).

Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Morgantown, WV 26505 U.S.A.

REVISED JANUARY 2013

PL:CTS:R11

Patient Instructions Figure 1 Patient Instructions Figure 2 Patient Instructions Figure 3 Patient Instructions Figure 4 Patient Instructions Figure 5 Patient Instructions Figure 6

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 0.1 mg/day

Contents:

4 Systems and

4 Adhesive Covers

NDC 0378-0871-99

Rx only

Clonidine

Transdermal System, USP

0.1 mg/day

Programmed delivery in vivo of 0.1 mg

Clonidine per day for one week.

Each system contains 2.52 mg of

Clonidine. The inactive components

are mineral oil, polyisobutylene,

colloidal silicon dioxide, pigmented

polyethylene/polyester film, and

silicone/polyester film.

FOR TRANSDERMAL USE ONLY.

Keep this and all drugs

out of the reach of children.

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See

USP Controlled Room Temperature.]

Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Morgantown, WV 26505 U.S.A.

Mylan.com

M0871-99-4C:R10

Clonidine Transdermal System 0.1 mg/day Carton Labels

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 0.2 mg/day

Contents:

4 Systems and

4 Adhesive Covers

NDC 0378-0872-99

Rx only

Clonidine

Transdermal System, USP

0.2 mg/day

Programmed delivery in vivo of 0.2 mg

Clonidine per day for one week.

Each system contains 5.04 mg of

Clonidine. The inactive components

are mineral oil, polyisobutylene,

colloidal silicon dioxide, pigmented

polyethylene/polyester film, and

silicone/polyester film.

FOR TRANSDERMAL USE ONLY.

Keep this and all drugs

out of the reach of children.

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See

USP Controlled Room Temperature.]

Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Morgantown, WV 26505 U.S.A.

Mylan.com

M0872-99-4C:R10

Clonidine Transdermal System 0.2 mg/day Carton Labels

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 0.3 mg/day

Contents:

4 Systems and

4 Adhesive Covers

NDC 0378-0873-99

Rx only

Clonidine

Transdermal System, USP

0.3 mg/day

Programmed delivery in vivo of 0.3 mg

Clonidine per day for one week.

Each system contains 7.56 mg of

Clonidine. The inactive components

are mineral oil, polyisobutylene,

colloidal silicon dioxide, pigmented

polyethylene/polyester film, and

silicone/polyester film.

FOR TRANSDERMAL USE ONLY.

Keep this and all drugs

out of the reach of children.

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See

USP Controlled Room Temperature.]

Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Morgantown, WV 26505 U.S.A.

Mylan.com

M0873-99-4C:R10

Clonidine Transdermal System 0.3 mg/day Carton Labels

Clonidine pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:

infoActive ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug.


Clonidine available forms, composition, doses:

infoForm of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease.

 DRUGS & SUPPLEMENTS

Clonidine

Rating: 5 - 1 review(s)
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Clonidine uses


SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

Programmed delivery in vivo of 0.1 mg, 0.2 mg, or 0.3 mg Clonidine per day, for one week.

Prescribing Information

DESCRIPTION

Clonidine Transdermal System is a transdermal system providing continuous systemic delivery of Clonidine for 7 days at an approximately constant rate. Clonidine is a centrally acting alpha-agonist hypotensive agent. It is an imidazoline derivative with the chemical name 2, 6-dichloro-N-2-imidazolidinylidenebenzenamine and has the following chemical structure:


Meets USP Drug Release Test 3.

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System Structure and Components

Clonidine Transdermal System is a multi-layered film, 0.25 mm thick, containing Clonidine as the active agent. The system areas are 3.33 cm2, 6.67 cm2 (0.2 mg/day), and 10.0 cm2 (0.3 mg/day) and the amount of drug released is directly proportional to the area (see DESCRIPTION: Release Rate Concept). The composition per unit area is the same for all three doses.

Proceeding from the visible surface towards the surface attached to the skin, there are three consecutive layers: (1) a backing layer of pigmented polyethylene and polyester film, (2) a solid matrix reservoir of Clonidine, mineral oil, polyisobutylene, and colloidal silicon dioxide, (3) an adhesive formulation of Clonidine, mineral oil, polyisobutylene, and colloidal silicon dioxide. Prior to use, a protective slit release liner of polyester that covers the adhesive formulation layer is removed.

Clonidine Transdermal Systems are packaged with additional pieces of protective film above and below the system within each pouch. These pieces of protective film are removed and discarded at the time of use.

Cross Section of the System:

Clonidine Cross Section

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Release Rate Concept

Clonidine Transdermal System is programmed to release Clonidine at an approximately constant rate for 7 days. The energy for drug release is derived from the concentration gradient existing between the patch and the much lower concentration prevailing in the skin. Clonidine flows in the direction of the lower concentration at a constant rate.

Following system application to intact skin, Clonidine in the adhesive formulation layer saturates the skin site below the system. Clonidine from the patch then begins to flow into the systemic circulation via the capillaries beneath the skin. Therapeutic plasma Clonidine levels are achieved 2 to 3 days after initial application of Clonidine Transdermal System.

The 3.33 cm2, 6.67 cm2, and 10.0 cm2 systems deliver 0.1 mg, 0.2 mg, and 0.3 mg of Clonidine per day, respectively. To ensure constant release of drug for 7 days, the total drug content of the system is higher than the total amount of drug delivered. Application of a new system to a fresh skin site at weekly intervals continuously maintains therapeutic plasma concentrations of Clonidine. If the Clonidine Transdermal System is removed and not replaced with a new system, therapeutic plasma Clonidine levels will persist for about 8 hours and then decline slowly over several days. Over this time period, blood pressure returns gradually to pretreatment levels.

Clonidine Transdermal Structural Formula

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Clonidine stimulates alpha-adrenoreceptors in the brain stem. This action results in reduced sympathetic outflow from the central nervous system and in decreases in peripheral resistance, renal vascular resistance, heart rate, and blood pressure. Renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate remain essentially unchanged. Normal postural reflexes are intact; therefore, orthostatic symptoms are mild and infrequent.

Acute studies with Clonidine hydrochloride in humans have demonstrated a moderate reduction of cardiac output in the supine position with no change in the peripheral resistance; at a 45° tilt there is a smaller reduction in cardiac output and a decrease of peripheral resistance.

During long-term therapy, cardiac output tends to return to control values, while peripheral resistance remains decreased. Slowing of the pulse rate has been observed in most patients given Clonidine, but the drug does not alter normal hemodynamic responses to exercise.

Tolerance to the antihypertensive effect may develop in some patients, necessitating a reevaluation of therapy.

Other studies in patients have provided evidence of a reduction in plasma renin activity and in the excretion of aldosterone and catecholamines. The exact relationship of these pharmacologic actions to the antihypertensive effect of Clonidine has not been fully elucidated.

Clonidine acutely stimulates the release of growth hormone in children as well as adults but does not produce a chronic elevation of growth hormone with long-term use.

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Pharmacokinetics

Clonidine Transdermal System delivers Clonidine at an approximately constant rate for 7 days. The absolute bioavailability of Clonidine from the Clonidine Transdermal System dosage form is approximately 60%. Steady-state Clonidine plasma levels are obtained within 3 days after transdermal application to the upper outer arm and increase linearly with increasing size of the transdermal patch. Mean steady-state plasma concentrations with the 3.33 cm2, 6.67 cm2, and 10.0 cm2 systems are approximately 0.4 ng/mL, 0.8 ng/mL, and 1.1 ng/mL, respectively. Similar Clonidine steady-state concentrations are reached after application to the chest. Steady-state Clonidine plasma levels remain constant after removal of one system and application of a new system of the same size.

Following intravenous administration Clonidine displays biphasic disposition with a distribution half-life of about 20 minutes and an elimination half-life ranging from 12 to 16 hours. The half-life increases up to 41 hours in patients with severe impairment of renal function. Clonidine has a total clearance of 177 mL/min and a renal clearance of 102 mL/min. The apparent volume of distribution (Vz) of Clonidine is 197 L (2.9 L/kg). Clonidine crosses the placental barrier. It has been shown to cross the blood brain barrier in rats.

Following oral administration, about 40% to 60% of the absorbed dose is recovered in the urine as unchanged drug within 24 hours. About 50% of the absorbed dose is metabolized in the liver.

After removal of the Clonidine Transdermal System, Clonidine plasma concentrations decline slowly with a half-life of approximately 20 hours.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Clonidine Transdermal System, USP is indicated in the treatment of hypertension. It may be employed alone or concomitantly with other antihypertensive agents.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Clonidine Transdermal System should not be used in patients with known hypersensitivity to Clonidine or to any other component of the therapeutic system.

WARNINGS

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SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

Withdrawal

Patients should be instructed not to discontinue therapy without consulting their physician. Sudden cessation of Clonidine treatment has, in some cases, resulted in symptoms such as nervousness, agitation, headache, tremor, and confusion accompanied or followed by a rapid rise in blood pressure and elevated catecholamine concentrations in the plasma. The likelihood of such reactions to discontinuation of Clonidine therapy appears to be greater after administration of higher doses or continuation of concomitant beta-blocker treatment and special caution is therefore advised in these situations. Rare instances of hypertensive encephalopathy, cerebrovascular accidents and death have been reported after Clonidine withdrawal. When discontinuing therapy with Clonidine Transdermal System, the physician should reduce the dose gradually over 2 to 4 days to avoid withdrawal symptomatology.

An excessive rise in blood pressure following discontinuation of Clonidine Transdermal System therapy can be reversed by administration of oral Clonidine hydrochloride or by intravenous phentolamine. If therapy is to be discontinued in patients receiving a beta-blocker and Clonidine concurrently, the beta-blocker should be withdrawn several days before the gradual discontinuation of Clonidine Transdermal System.

PRECAUTIONS

General

In patients who have developed localized contact sensitization to Clonidine Transdermal System continuation of Clonidine Transdermal System or substitution of oral Clonidine hydrochloride therapy may be associated with development of a generalized skin rash.

In patients who develop an allergic reaction to Clonidine Transdermal System, substitution of oral Clonidine hydrochloride may also elicit an allergic reaction.

The sympatholytic action of Clonidine may worsen sinus node dysfunction and atrioventricular (AV) block, especially in patients taking other sympatholytic drugs. There are post-marketing reports of patients with conduction abnormalities and/or taking other sympatholytic drugs who developed severe bradycardia requiring IV atropine, IV isoproterenol and temporary cardiac pacing while taking Clonidine.

In hypertension caused by pheochromocytoma, no therapeutic effect of Clonidine Transdermal System can be expected.

In rare instances, loss of blood pressure control has been reported in patients using Clonidine Transdermal System according to the instructions for use.

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SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

Perioperative Use

Clonidine Transdermal System therapy should not be interrupted during the surgical period. Blood pressure should be carefully monitored during surgery and additional measures to control blood pressure should be available if required. Physicians considering starting Clonidine Transdermal System therapy during the perioperative period must be aware that therapeutic plasma Clonidine levels are not achieved until 2 to 3 days after initial application of Clonidine Transdermal System.

SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

Defibrillation or Cardioversion

The transdermal Clonidine systems should be removed before attempting defibrillation or cardioversion because of the potential for altered electrical conductivity which may increase the risk of arcing, a phenomenon associated with the use of defibrillators.

SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

Information for Patients

Patients should be cautioned against interruption of Clonidine Transdermal System therapy without their physician’s advice.

Since patients may experience a possible sedative effect, dizziness, or accommodation disorder with use of Clonidine, caution patients about engaging in activities such as driving a vehicle or operating appliances or machinery. Also, inform patients that this sedative effect may be increased by concomitant use of alcohol, barbiturates, or other sedating drugs.

Patients who wear contact lenses should be cautioned that treatment with Clonidine Transdermal System may cause dryness of eyes.

Patients should be instructed to consult their physicians promptly about the possible need to remove the patch if they observe moderate to severe localized erythema and/or vesicle formation at the site of application or generalized skin rash.

If a patient experiences isolated, mild localized skin irritation before completing 7 days of use, the system may be removed and replaced with a new system applied to a fresh skin site.

If the system should begin to loosen from the skin after application, the patient should be instructed to place the adhesive cover directly over the system to ensure adhesion during its 7-day use.

Used Clonidine Transdermal System patches contain a substantial amount of their initial drug content which may be harmful to infants and children if accidentally applied or ingested. THEREFORE, PATIENTS SHOULD BE CAUTIONED TO KEEP BOTH USED AND UNUSED Clonidine TRANSDERMAL SYSTEM PATCHES OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN. After use, Clonidine Transdermal System should be folded in half with the adhesive sides together and discarded away from children’s reach.

Instructions for use, storage and disposal of the system are provided at the end of this monograph. These instructions are also included in each box of Clonidine Transdermal System.

SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

Drug Interactions

Clonidine may potentiate the CNS-depressive effects of alcohol, barbiturates or other sedating drugs. If a patient receiving Clonidine is also taking tricyclic antidepressants, the hypotensive effect of Clonidine may be reduced, necessitating an increase in the Clonidine dose. If a patient receiving Clonidine is also taking neuroleptics, orthostatic regulation disturbances may be induced or exacerbated.

Monitor heart rate in patients receiving Clonidine concomitantly with agents known to affect sinus node function or AV nodal conduction, e.g., digitalis, calcium channel blockers and beta-blockers. Sinus bradycardia resulting in hospitalization and pacemaker insertion has been reported in association with the use of Clonidine concomitantly with diltiazem or verapamil.

Amitriptyline in combination with Clonidine enhances the manifestation of corneal lesions in rats (see PRECAUTIONS: Toxicology).

SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

Toxicology

In several studies with oral Clonidine hydrochloride, a dose-dependent increase in the incidence and severity of spontaneous retinal degeneration was seen in albino rats treated for 6 months or longer. Tissue distribution studies in dogs and monkeys showed a concentration of Clonidine in the choroid.

In view of the retinal degeneration seen in rats, eye examinations were performed during clinical trials in 908 patients before, and periodically after, the start of Clonidine therapy. In 353 of these 908 patients, the eye examinations were carried out over periods of 24 months or longer. Except for some dryness of the eyes, no drug-related abnormal ophthalmological findings were recorded and, according to specialized tests such as electroretinography and macular dazzle, retinal function was unchanged.

In combination with amitriptyline, Clonidine hydrochloride administration led to the development of corneal lesions in rats within 5 days.

SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Chronic dietary administration of Clonidine was not carcinogenic to rats or mice (78 weeks) dosed, respectively, at up to 46 to 70 times the maximum recommended daily human dose as mg/kg (9 or 6 times the MRDHD on a mg/m2 basis). There was no evidence of genotoxicity in the Ames test for mutagenicity or mouse micronucleus test for clastogenicity.

Fertility of male and female rats was unaffected by Clonidine doses as high as 150 mcg/kg (approximately 3 times the MRDHD). In a separate experiment, fertility of female rats appeared to be affected at dose levels of 500 to 2000 mcg/kg (10 to 40 times the oral MRDHD on a mg/kg basis; 2 to 8 times the MRDHD on a mg/m2 basis).

SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

Pregnancy

SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

Teratogenic Effects

SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION
Pregnancy Category C

Reproduction studies performed in rabbits at doses up to approximately 3 times the oral maximum recommended daily human dose of Clonidine hydrochloride produced no evidence of a teratogenic or embryotoxic potential in rabbits. In rats, however, doses as low as 1/3 the oral MRDHD (1/15 the MRDHD on a mg/m2 basis) of Clonidine were associated with increased resorptions in a study in which dams were treated continuously from 2 months prior to mating. Increased resorptions were not associated with treatment at the same or at higher dose levels (up to 3 times the oral MRDHD) when the dams were treated on gestation days 6 to 15. Increases in resorption were observed at much higher dose levels (40 times the oral MRDHD on a mg/kg basis; 4 to 8 times the MRDHD on a mg/m2 basis) in mice and rats treated on gestation days 1 to 14 (lowest dose employed in the study was 500 mcg/kg).

No adequate well controlled studies have been conducted in pregnant women. Clonidine crosses the placental barrier (See CLINICAL

Pharmacology:Pharmacokinetics). Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

Nursing Mothers

As Clonidine is excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Clonidine Transdermal System is administered to a nursing woman.

SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established in adequate and well controlled trials.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

Clinical trial experience with Clonidine Transdermal System

Most systemic adverse effects during Clonidine Transdermal System therapy have been mild and have tended to diminish with continued therapy. In a 3-month multiclinic trial of Clonidine Transdermal System in 101 hypertensive patients, the systemic adverse reactions were, dry mouth and drowsiness (12), fatigue (6), headache (5), lethargy and sedation (3 each), insomnia, dizziness, impotence/sexual dysfunction, dry throat (2 each) and constipation, nausea, change in taste and nervousness (1 each).

In the above mentioned 3-month controlled clinical trial, as well as other uncontrolled clinical trials, the most frequent adverse reactions were dermatological and are described below.

In the 3-month trial, 51 of the 101 patients had localized skin reactions such as erythema (26 patients) and/or pruritus, particularly after using an adhesive cover throughout the 7-day dosage interval. Allergic contact sensitization to Clonidine Transdermal System was observed in 5 patients. Other skin reactions were localized vesiculation (7 patients), hyperpigmentation (5), edema (3), excoriation (3), burning (3), papules (1), throbbing (1), blanching (1), and a generalized macular rash (1).

In additional clinical experience, contact dermatitis resulting in treatment discontinuation was observed in 128 of 673 patients (about 19 in 100) after a mean duration of treatment of 37 weeks. The incidence of contact dermatitis was about 34 in 100 among white women, about 18 in 100 in white men, about 14 in 100 in black women, and approximately 8 in 100 in black men. Analysis of skin reaction data showed that the risk of having to discontinue Clonidine Transdermal System treatment because of contact dermatitis was greatest between treatment weeks 6 and 26, although sensitivity may develop either earlier or later in treatment.

In a large-scale clinical acceptability and safety study by 451 physicians in a total of 3,539 patients, other allergic reactions were recorded for which a causal relationship to Clonidine Transdermal System was not established: maculopapular rash (10 cases); urticaria (2 cases); and angioedema of the face (2 cases), which also affected the tongue in one of the patients.

SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

Marketing Experience with Clonidine Transdermal System

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of Clonidine Transdermal System. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to estimate reliably their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Decisions to include these reactions in labeling are typically based on one or more of the following factors: seriousness of the reaction, (2) frequency of reporting, or (3) strength of causal connection to Clonidine Transdermal System.

Body as a Whole: Fever; malaise; weakness; pallor; and withdrawal syndrome.

Cardiovascular: Congestive heart failure; cerebrovascular accident; electrocardiographic abnormalities (i.e., bradycardia, sick sinus syndrome disturbances and arrhythmias); chest pain; orthostatic symptoms; syncope; increases in blood pressure; sinus bradycardia and atrioventricular (AV) block with and without the use of concomitant digitalis; Raynaud’s phenomenon; tachycardia; bradycardia; and palpitations.

Central and Peripheral Nervous System/Psychiatric: Delirium; mental depression; hallucinations (including visual and auditory); localized numbness; vivid dreams or nightmares; restlessness; anxiety; agitation; irritability; other behavioral changes; and drowsiness.

Dermatological: Angioneurotic edema; localized or generalized rash; hives; urticaria; contact dermatitis; pruritus; alopecia; and localized hypo or hyper pigmentation.

Gastrointestinal: Anorexia and vomiting.

Genitourinary: Difficult micturition; loss of libido; and decreased sexual activity.

Metabolic: Gynecomastia or breast enlargement and weight gain.

Musculoskeletal: Muscle or joint pain; and leg cramps.

Ophthalmological: Blurred vision; burning of the eyes and dryness of the eyes.

SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

Adverse Events Associated with Oral Clonidine Therapy

Most adverse effects are mild and tend to diminish with continued therapy. The most frequent are dry mouth, occurring in about 40 of 100 patients; drowsiness, about 33 in 100; dizziness, about 16 in 100; constipation and sedation, each about 10 in 100. The following less frequent adverse experiences have also been reported in patients receiving Clonidine hydrochloride, USP tablets, but in many cases patients were receiving concomitant medication and a causal relationship has not been established.

Body as a Whole: Fatigue, fever, headache, pallor, weakness, and withdrawal syndrome. Also reported were a weakly positive Coombs’ test and increased sensitivity to alcohol.

Cardiovascular: Bradycardia, congestive heart failure, electrocardiographic abnormalities (i.e., sinus node arrest, junctional bradycardia, high degree AV block and arrhythmias), orthostatic symptoms, palpitations, Raynaud’s phenomenon, syncope, and tachycardia. Cases of sinus bradycardia and AV block have been reported, both with and without the use of concomitant digitalis.

Central Nervous System: Agitation, anxiety, delirium, delusional perception, hallucinations (including visual and auditory), insomnia, mental depression, nervousness, other behavioral changes, paresthesia, restlessness, sleep disorder, and vivid dreams or nightmares.

Dermatological: Alopecia, angioneurotic edema, hives, pruritus, rash, and urticaria.

Gastrointestinal: Abdominal pain, anorexia, constipation, hepatitis, malaise, mild transient abnormalities in liver function tests, nausea, parotitis, pseudo-obstruction (including colonic pseudo-obstruction), salivary gland pain, and vomiting.

Genitourinary: Decreased sexual activity, difficulty in micturition, erectile dysfunction, loss of libido, nocturia, and urinary retention.

Hematologic: Thrombocytopenia.

Metabolic: Gynecomastia, transient elevation of blood glucose or serum creatine phosphokinase, and weight gain.

Musculoskeletal: Leg cramps and muscle or joint pain.

Oro-otolaryngeal: Dryness of the nasal mucosa.

Ophthalmological: Accommodation disorder, blurred vision, burning of the eyes, decreased lacrimation, and dryness of the eyes.

OVERDOSAGE

Hypertension may develop early and may be followed by hypotension, bradycardia, respiratory depression, hypothermia, drowsiness, decreased or absent reflexes, weakness, irritability and miosis. The frequency of CNS depression may be higher in children than adults. Large overdoses may result in reversible cardiac conduction defects or dysrhythmias, apnea, coma and seizures. Signs and symptoms of overdose generally occur within 30 minutes to 2 hours after exposure. As little as 0.1 mg of Clonidine has produced signs of toxicity in children.

If symptoms of poisoning occur following dermal exposure, remove all Clonidine Transdermal Systems. After their removal, the plasma Clonidine levels will persist for about 8 hours, then decline slowly over a period of several days. Rare cases of Clonidine Transdermal System poisoning due to accidental or deliberate mouthing or ingestion of the patch have been reported, many of them involving children.

There is no specific antidote for Clonidine overdosage. Ipecac syrup-induced vomiting and gastric lavage would not be expected to remove significant amounts of Clonidine following dermal exposure. If the patch is ingested, whole bowel irrigation may be considered and the administration of activated charcoal and/or cathartic may be beneficial. Supportive care may include atropine sulfate for bradycardia, intravenous fluids and/or vasopressor agents for hypotension and vasodilators for hypertension. Naloxone may be a useful adjunct for the management of clonidine-induced respiratory depression, hypotension and/or coma; blood pressure should be monitored since the administration of naloxone has occasionally resulted in paradoxical hypertension. Tolazoline administration has yielded inconsistent results and is not recommended as first-line therapy. Dialysis is not likely to significantly enhance the elimination of Clonidine.

The largest overdose reported to date, involved a 28-year old male who ingested 100 mg of Clonidine hydrochloride powder. This patient developed hypertension followed by hypotension, bradycardia, apnea, hallucinations, semicoma, and premature ventricular contractions. The patient fully recovered after intensive treatment. Plasma Clonidine levels were 60 ng/mL after 1 hour, 190 ng/mL after 1.5 hours, 370 ng/mL after 2 hours, and 120 ng/mL after 5.5 and 6.5 hours. In mice and rats, the oral LD50 of Clonidine is 206 and 465 mg/kg, respectively.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Apply Clonidine Transdermal System once every 7 days to a hairless area of intact skin on the upper outer arm or chest. Each new application of Clonidine Transdermal System should be on a different skin site from the previous location. If the system loosens during 7-day wearing, the adhesive cover should be applied directly over the system to ensure good adhesion. There have been rare reports of the need for patch changes prior to 7 days to maintain blood pressure control.

To initiate therapy, Clonidine Transdermal System dosage should be titrated according to individual therapeutic requirements, starting with Clonidine Transdermal System 0.1 mg/day. If after one or two weeks the desired reduction in blood pressure is not achieved, increase the dosage by adding another Clonidine Transdermal System, 0.1 mg/day or changing to a larger system. An increase in dosage above two Clonidine Transdermal System 0.3 mg/day is usually not associated with additional efficacy.

When substituting Clonidine Transdermal System for oral Clonidine or for other antihypertensive drugs, physicians should be aware that the antihypertensive effect of Clonidine Transdermal System may not commence until 2 to 3 days after initial application. Therefore, gradual reduction of prior drug dosage is advised. Some or all previous antihypertensive treatment may have to be continued, particularly in patients with more severe forms of hypertension.

SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

Renal Impairment

Patients with renal impairment may benefit from a lower initial dose. Patients should be carefully monitored. Since only a minimal amount of Clonidine is removed during routine hemodialysis, there is no need to give supplemental Clonidine following dialysis.

HOW SUPPLIED

Clonidine Transdermal System, USP, 0.1 mg/day, Clonidine Transdermal System, USP, 0.2 mg/day and Clonidine Transdermal System, USP, 0.3 mg/day are supplied as 4 pouched systems and 4 adhesive covers per carton. See chart below.




Programmed Delivery

Clonidine in vivo

Per Day Over 1 Week


Clonidine Content


Size


Clonidine Transdermal System, USP

NDC 0378-0871-99


0.1 mg


2.52 mg


3.33 cm2


Clonidine Transdermal System, USP

NDC 0378-0872-99


0.2 mg


5.04 mg


6.67 cm2


Clonidine Transdermal System, USP

NDC 0378-0873-99


0.3 mg


7.56 mg


10.0 cm2

STORAGE AND HANDLING

Store at 20° to 25°C.

Address medical inquiries to: 1-877-446-3679 (1-877-4-INFO-RX)

Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Morgantown, WV 26505 U.S.A.

REVISED JANUARY 2013

CTS:R13

PATIENT INSTRUCTIONS

Clonidine Transdermal System, USP

(Read the following instructions carefully before using this medication. If you have any questions, please consult with your doctor.)

General Information

Clonidine Transdermal System is a peach colored, rectangular PATCH with rounded corners, containing an active blood-pressure-lowering medication. It is designed to deliver the drug into the body through the skin smoothly and consistently for one full week. Normal exposure to water, as in showering, bathing, and swimming, should not affect the PATCH.

The optional ivory ADHESIVE COVER should be applied directly over the PATCH, should the PATCH begin to separate from the skin. The ADHESIVE COVER ensures that the PATCH sticks to the skin. The Clonidine Transdermal System PATCH must be replaced with a new one on a fresh skin site if the one in use significantly loosens or falls off.

Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6
Price
Apo-Clonidine 0.025 mg Tablet0.16 USD
Apo-Clonidine 0.1 mg Tablet0.18 USD
Apo-Clonidine 0.2 mg Tablet0.33 USD
Catapres 0.1 mg tablet0.19 USD
Catapres 0.2 mg tablet0.35 USD
Catapres 0.3 mg tablet2.98 USD
Catapres-TTS-1 4 0.1 mg/24hr Patches Box141.08 USD
Catapres-TTS-2 4 0.2 mg/24hr Patches Box236.75 USD
Catapres-TTS-3 4 0.3 mg/24hr Patches Box328.42 USD
Catapres-tts 1 patch21.18 USD
Catapres-tts 2 patch39.23 USD
Catapres-tts 3 patch78.95 USD
CloNIDine HCl 4 0.1 mg/24hr Patches Box119.84 USD
CloNIDine HCl 4 0.2 mg/24hr Patches Box201.75 USD
CloNIDine HCl 4 0.3 mg/24hr Patches Box279.9 USD
Clonidine 0.1 mg/day patch28.81 USD
Clonidine 0.2 mg/day patch48.5 USD
Clonidine 0.3 mg/day patch67.28 USD
Clonidine 1000 mcg/10 ml vial5.04 USD
Clonidine 5000 mcg/10 ml vial21.0 USD
Clonidine hcl 0.1 mg tablet0.24 USD
Clonidine hcl 0.2 mg tablet0.35 USD
Clonidine hcl 0.3 mg tablet0.5 USD
Clonidine hcl powder53.09 USD
Dixarit 0.025 mg Tablet0.28 USD
Duraclon 0.1 mg/ml vial14.4 USD
Duraclon 500 mcg/ml vial47.4 USD
Film, Extended Release; Transdermal; Clonidine 0.1 mg / 24 h
Film, Extended Release; Transdermal; Clonidine 0.2 mg / 24 h
Film, Extended Release; Transdermal; Clonidine 0.3 mg / 24 h
Novo-Clonidine 0.025 mg Tablet0.16 USD
Novo-Clonidine 0.1 mg Tablet0.18 USD
Novo-Clonidine 0.2 mg Tablet0.33 USD
Nu-Clonidine 0.1 mg Tablet0.18 USD
Nu-Clonidine 0.2 mg Tablet0.33 USD
Tablets; Oral; Clonidine Hydrochloride 0.1 mg
Tablets; Oral; Clonidine Hydrochloride 0.2 mg
Tablets; Oral; Clonidine Hydrochloride 0.3 mg

Clonidine destination | category:

infoDestination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so.


Clonidine Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:

infoA medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code.


Clonidine pharmaceutical companies:

infoPharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug.


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References

  1. Dailymed."CLONIDINE HYDROCHLORIDE TABLET [CARDINAL HEALTH]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  2. Dailymed."CLONIDINE PATCH [MYLAN PHARMACEUTICALS INC.]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  3. Dailymed."CLONIDINE: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).

Frequently asked Questions

Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Clonidine?

Depending on the reaction of the Clonidine after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Clonidine not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

Is Clonidine addictive or habit forming?

Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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Review

sDrugs.com conducted a study on Clonidine, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Clonidine consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

Visitor reports

One visitor reported side effects

Did you get side effects while taking the Clonidine drug, or were there no side effects?
According to the survey conducted by website sDrugs.com users, the below-mentioned percentages indicate the number of people experiencing the side effects and the number of people not experiencing the side effects when taking Clonidine medicine. Every drug produces minimal side effects, and they are negligible most times, when compared to the desired effect [use] of the medicine. Side effects depend on the dose you are taking, any drug interactions that happen when you are on other medications, if the patient is sensitive, and other associated conditions. If you cannot tolerate the side effects, consult your doctor immediately, so he can either adjust the dose or change the medication.
Visitors%
No side effects1
100.0%

One visitor reported doses

What is the dose of Clonidine drug you are taking?
According to the survey conducted among sDrugs.com website users, the maximum number of people are using the following dose 1-5mg. Few medications come in only one or two doses. Few are specific for adult dose and child dose. The dose of the medicine given to the patient depends on the severity of the symptom/disease. There can be dose adjustments made by the doctor, based on the progression of the disease. Follow-up is important.
Visitors%
1-5mg1
100.0%

One visitor reported time for results

What is the time duration Clonidine drug must be taken for it to be effective or for it to reduce the symptoms?
Most chronic conditions need at least some time so the dose and the drug action gets adjusted to the body to get the desired effect. The stastistics say sDrugs.com website users needed > 3 month to notice the result from using Clonidine drug. The time needed to show improvement in health condition after using the medicine Clonidine need not be same for all the users. It varies based on other factors.
Visitors%
> 3 month1
100.0%

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The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology

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