Ciprovar

What are the side effects you encounter while taking this medicine?
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Ciprovar uses


Pharmacological action

Ciprovar is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial drug of fluoroquinolone group with bactericidal action. Inhibits DNA gyrase and inhibits the synthesis of bacterial DNA. Highly active against most gram-negative bacteria: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Haemophilus influenzae, Escherichia coli, Shigella spp., Salmonella spp., Neisseria meningitidis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

Ciprovar is active against Staphylococcus spp., some strains of Enterococcus spp., Campylobacter spp., Legionella spp., Mycoplasma spp., Chlamydia spp., Mycobacterium spp.

Ciprovar is active against bacteria producing beta-lactamases.

Ureaplasma urealyticum, Clostridium difficile, Nocardia asteroides resistant to Ciprovar. The effect on Treponema pallidum is studied not enough.

Pharmacokinetics

Ciprovar rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Bioavailability after oral administration of 70%. Eating has a little effect on the absorption of Ciprovar. Plasma protein binding is 20-40%. Distributed in tissues and body fluids. It penetrates the cerebrospinal fluid: the concentration of Ciprovar for not inflamed meninges reach 10% with inflammation - up to 37%. High concentrations are achieved in bile. Excreted in the urine and bile.

Why is Ciprovar prescribed?

Infectious-inflammatory diseases caused by microorganisms susceptible to Ciprovar, including respiratory diseases, diseases of abdominal and pelvic organs, bones, joints, skin, septicemia; severe infections of ENT organs. Treatment of postoperative infections. Prevention and treatment of infections in patients with reduced immunity.

For Ciprovar local use: acute and subacute conjunctivitis, blepharoconjunctivitis, blepharitis, bacterial corneal ulcers, keratitis, keratoconjunctivitis, chronic dacryocystitis, meybomity. Infectious lesions in the eyes from injury or contact with foreign bodies. Preoperative prophylaxis in ophthalmic surgery.

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Dosage and administration

Individual. For oral administration dose of Ciprovar is 250-750 mg 2 times / day. Treatment duration is from 7-10 days to 4 weeks.

For IV administration a single dose is 200-400 mg, the multiplicity of the introduction is 2 times / day, duration of treatment - 1-2 weeks and more if necessary. May be IV injected as jet but more preferably a drip for 30 minutes.

When Ciprovar applied topically instilled 1-2 drops into the lower conjunctival sac of the affected eye every 1-4 hours. After improving the intervals between instillation can be increased. The maximum oral daily dose for adults is 1.5 g.

Ciprovar side effects, adverse reactions

Digestive system: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, increase in liver transaminases, alkaline phosphatase, LDH, bilirubin, pseudomembranous colitis.

CNS: headache, dizziness, fatigue, insomnia, nightmares, hallucinations, fainting, disorders of vision.

Urinary system: crystalluria, glomerulonephritis, dysuria, polyuria, albuminuria, hematuria, transient increase of serum creatinine.

Hemopoietic system: eosinophilia, leukopenia, neutropenia, changes in the number of platelets.

Cardiovascular system: tachycardia, cardiac arrhythmias, hypotension.

Allergic reactions: itching, urticaria, Quincke's edema, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, arthralgia.

Adverse reactions associated with the chemotherapeutic effect: candidiasis.

Local reactions: pain, phlebitis. When applying eye drops in some cases may be mild pain and conjunctival hyperemia.

Other: vasculitis.

Contraindications

Pregnancy, lactation (breastfeeding), childhood and adolescence to 15 years, increased sensitivity to Ciprovar and other drugs hinolonovogo series; deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase; in ophthalmology: viral keratitis.

Ciprovar Cipla: restrictions to using

Pronounced cerebral arteriosclerosis, cerebral circulatory disorder, mental illness, epilepsy, epileptic syndrome, marked renal and / or hepatic insufficiency.

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Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

Contraindicated in pregnancy ; Ciprovar crosses the placenta, excreted in breast milk.

In experimental studies found that it causes arthropathy. In experiments on rats and mice treated with Ciprovar in doses exceeding the usual daily dose for a person 6 times, adverse effects on the fetus is not revealed. In experiments on rabbits treated with oral dose of Ciprovar 30 and 100 mg / kg, it is shown that the drug causes disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, leading to loss of body weight in females and increase the number of miscarriages but teratogenicity not found. When IV introduction to the doses of 20 mg / kg Ciprovar did not exert toxic effects on the mother and embryo, showed no teratogenicity. The use of local forms of Ciprovar in pregnancy is possible if the anticipated benefits exceed the potential risk to the fetus.

Category of the fetus by FDA - C.

Ciprovar is excreted in breast milk, so the period of lactation should decide, stop taking Ciprovar or breastfeeding based on the degree of importance of the use of drugs for the mother.

With careful use of local forms of Ciprovar in breast-feeding (not known whether Ciprovar is excreted in breast milk when applied topically).

Special instructions

Patients with impaired renal function requires correction dosing regimen. With caution used in elderly patients, with cerebral arteriosclerosis, cerebral circulatory disorders, epilepsy, convulsive syndrome of unknown etiology.

During treatment patients with Ciprovar should receive enough amounts of liquids.

In the case of persistent diarrhea Ciprovar should not be taken.

At the same time of Ciprovar IV introduction and barbiturates is necessary to monitor heart rate, blood pressure, ECG. In the course of treatment is necessary to monitor blood concentrations of urea, creatinine, hepatic transaminases.

In the period of treatment may decrease the reactivity (especially when used with alcohol).

Not allowed the introduction of Ciprovar subconjunctival or directly into the anterior chamber of the eye.

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Precautionary measures

Due to the threat of adverse reactions from the CNS Ciprovar should be used only according to the life in the pathology of the CNS in history: organic brain lesions, epilepsy, lowering the convulsive threshold, severe atherosclerosis of the brain, the elderly, with severely impaired renal function and liver (requires monitoring concentrations in blood plasma).

Patients with allergic reactions to fluoroquinolone derivatives in history may develop reactions to Ciprovar. During the period of treatment should avoid sunlight and UV radiation, intense physical exercise, control of drinking mode, pH of urine.

Reported cases of crystalluria, particularly in patients with alkaline reaction of urine (pH 7 or more). In order to avoid the development of crystalluria unacceptable excess of the recommended daily dose, should also be adequate fluid intake and maintaining acidic urine.

If you have pain in the tendons or the first signs tendovaginitah treatment should be discontinued (described isolated cases of inflammation or tendon rupture during fluoroquinolone treatment).

It can reduce the speed of psychomotor reactions, especially against the backdrop of alcohol, that should be considered for patients who work with potentially dangerous machinery or drive vehicles.

If you have severe diarrhea, pseudomembranous colitis should be excluded (for which Ciprovar is contraindicated). At the same time of barbiturates IV injections requires monitoring function of the cardiovascular system (heart rate, BP, ECG). Teenagers under 18 years shall be appointed only if the pathogen resistance to other chemotherapeutic drugs. The solution in the form of eye drops are not designed for intraocular injections. The use of other ophthalmic means the interval between injections should be at least 5 minutes.

Ciprovar drug interactions

Activity increases when combined with beta-lactam antibiotics, aminoglycosides, vancomycin, clindamycin, metronidazole. Sukralfat, bismuth preparations, antacids containing aluminum ions, magnesium or calcium, cimetidine, ranitidine, vitamin and mineral supplement, iron sulfate, zinc, didanosine (recommended for 2 hours before or 4 hours after these drugs) reduce the suction. Probenecid, azlocillin increase the concentration in the blood. Decreases clearance and increases in plasma caffeine, aminophylline and theophylline (increased likelihood of side effects). Ciprovar enhances the effect of warfarin and other oral anticoagulants (prolongs bleeding time). Increases nephrotoxicity of cyclosporine, increase the risk of CNS excitability and convulsive reactions against the background of NSAIDs. Medicines alkalinizing the urine (citrates, sodium bicarbonate, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors) reduce the solubility (increases the probability of crystalluria). Infusion solutions of Ciprovar ready to use can be combined with infusion solutions: 0.9% sodium chloride solution, Ringer's solution, Ringer lactate, 5 and 10% dextrose, 10% solution of fructose, and a solution containing 5% dextrose with 0,225 or 0.45% sodium chloride. Incompatible with solutions having a pH > 7.

Ciprovar in case of emergency / overdose

May occur after receiving a single large dose or prolonged use. If a single dose of less than 150 mg / kg, acute poisoning feel light, 150-300 mg / kg - moderate, when using higher doses - heavy.

Symptoms: No specific symptoms.

Treatment: gastric lavage, the use of emetic drugs, the introduction of large quantities of liquid, the creation of acidic urine, in addition - hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis (can be derived only 10% of the drug), all events are held on the background to maintain vital functions. The specific antidote is unknown.

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Ciprovar pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:


Ciprovar available forms, composition, doses:


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Ciprovar Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:


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References

  1. Dailymed."CIPROFLOXACIN TABLET, FILM COATED [BRYANT RANCH PREPACK]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  2. Dailymed."CIPROFLOXACIN; DEXAMETHASONE: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  3. "ciprofloxacin". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/co... (accessed August 28, 2018).

Frequently asked Questions

Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Ciprovar?

Depending on the reaction of the Ciprovar after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Ciprovar not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

Is Ciprovar addictive or habit forming?

Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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Review

sdrugs.com conducted a study on Ciprovar, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Ciprovar consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

Visitor reports

Visitor reported useful

No survey data has been collected yet

Visitor reported side effects

No survey data has been collected yet

Visitor reported price estimates

No survey data has been collected yet

Visitor reported frequency of use

No survey data has been collected yet

One visitor reported doses

What is the dose of Ciprovar drug you are taking?
According to the survey conducted among sdrugs.com website users, the maximum number of people are using the following dose 201-500mg. Few medications come in only one or two doses. Few are specific for adult dose and child dose. The dose of the medicine given to the patient depends on the severity of the symptom/disease. There can be dose adjustments made by the doctor, based on the progression of the disease. Follow-up is important.
Visitors%
201-500mg1
100.0%

Two visitors reported time for results

What is the time duration Ciprovar drug must be taken for it to be effective or for it to reduce the symptoms?
Most chronic conditions need at least some time so the dose and the drug action gets adjusted to the body to get the desired effect. The stastistics say sdrugs.com website users needed 1 day to notice the result from using Ciprovar drug. The time needed to show improvement in health condition after using the medicine Ciprovar need not be same for all the users. It varies based on other factors.
Visitors%
1 day1
50.0%
2 days1
50.0%

Visitor reported administration

No survey data has been collected yet

Visitor reported age

No survey data has been collected yet

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The information was verified by Dr. Rachana Salvi, MD Pharmacology

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