Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral

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Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral uses

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral consists of Beta-Carotene, Calcium (Calcium Phosphate), Copper (Copper Oxide), Folic Acid, Iodine (Potassium Iodide), Iron (Ferrous Fumarate), Phosphorus (Calcium Phosphate), Vitamin A (Vitamin A Acetate), Vitamin B1 (Thiamine Mononitrate), Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin), Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (Nicotinamide), Vitamin B5 (Calcium D-Pantothenate), Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine Hydrochloride), Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid), Vitamin D, Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate), Vitamin H (Biotin).

Calcium (Calcium Phosphate):


1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate is a phosphate binder indicated to reduce serum phosphorus in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD).

- Calcium acetate is a phosphate binder indicated for the reduction of serum phosphorus in patients with end stage renal disease. (1)

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

The recommended initial dose of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate for the adult dialysis patient is 2 capsules with each meal. Increase the dose gradually to lower serum phosphorus levels to the target range, as long as hypercalcemia does not develop. Most patients require 3 to 4 capsules with each meal.

- Starting dose is 2 capsules with each meal. (2)

- Titrate the dose every 2 to 3 weeks until acceptable serum phosphorus level is reached. Most patients require 3 to 4 capsules with each meal. (2)

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Capsule: 667 mg Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate capsule.

- Capsule: 667 mg Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate capsule. (3)

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

Patients with hypercalcemia.

- Hypercalcemia. (4)

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

- Treat mild hypercalcemia by reducing or interrupting Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) acetate and Vitamin D. Severe hypercalcemia may require hemodialysis and discontinuation of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate. (5.1)

- Hypercalcemia may aggravate digitalis toxicity. (5.2)

5.1 Hypercalcemia

Patients with end stage renal disease may develop hypercalcemia when treated with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)), including Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate. Avoid the use of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) supplements, including Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) based nonprescription antacids, concurrently with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate.

An overdose of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate may lead to progressive hypercalcemia, which may require emergency measures. Therefore, early in the treatment phase during the dosage adjustment period, monitor serum Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) levels twice weekly. Should hypercalcemia develop, reduce the Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate dosage, or discontinue the treatment, depending on the severity of hypercalcemia

More severe hypercalcemia (Ca >12 mg/dL) is associated with confusion, delirium, stupor and coma. Severe hypercalcemia can be treated by acute hemodialysis and discontinuing Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate therapy.

Mild hypercalcemia (10.5 to 11.9 mg/dL) may be asymptomatic or manifest as constipation, anorexia, nausea, and vomiting. Mild hypercalcemia is usually controlled by reducing the Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate dose or temporarily discontinuing therapy. Decreasing or discontinuing Vitamin D therapy is recommended as well.

Chronic hypercalcemia may lead to vascular calcification and other soft-tissue calcification. Radiographic evaluation of suspected anatomical regions may be helpful in early detection of soft tissue calcification. The long term effect of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate on the progression of vascular or soft tissue calcification has not been determined.

Hypercalcemia (>11 mg/dL) was reported in 16% of patients in a 3 month study of solid dose formulation of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate; all cases resolved upon lowering the dose or discontinuing treatment.

Maintain the serum calcium-phosphorus (Ca x P) product below 55 mg2/dL2.

5.2 Concomitant Use with Medications

Hypercalcemia may aggravate digitalis toxicity.

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6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

Hypercalcemia is discussed elsewhere [see Warnings and Precautions ].

- The most common (>10%) adverse reactions are hypercalcemia, nausea and vomiting. (6.1)

- In clinical studies, patients have occasionally experienced nausea during Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate therapy. (6)

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact West-Ward Pharmaceuticals Corp. at 1-800-962-8364 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch

6.1 Clinical Trial Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

In clinical studies, Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate has been generally well tolerated.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate was studied in a 3 month, open-label, non-randomized study of 98 enrolled ESRD hemodialysis patients and an alternate liquid formulation of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate was studied in a two week double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study with 69 enrolled ESRD hemodialysis patients. Adverse reactions (>2% on treatment) from these trials are presented in Table 1.


Preferred Term


Total adverse reactions reported for Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate

N=167

N (%)


3 month, open label study of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate

N=98

N (%)


Double blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study of liquid Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate

N=69


Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate

N (%)


Placebo

N (%)


Nausea


6 (3.6)


6 (6.1)


0 (0)


0 (0)


Vomiting


4 (2.4)


4 (4.1)


0 (0)


0 (0)


Hypercalcemia


21 (12.6)


16 (16.3)


5 (7.2)


0 (0)


Mild hypercalcemia may be asymptomatic or manifest itself as constipation, anorexia, nausea, and vomiting. More severe hypercalcemia is associated with confusion, delirium, stupor, and coma. Decreasing dialysate Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) concentration could reduce the incidence and severity of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate-induced hypercalcemia. Isolated cases pruritus have been reported, which may represent allergic reactions.

6.2 Postmarketing Experience

Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to estimate their frequency or to establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

The following additional adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate: dizziness, edema, and weakness.

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7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

The drug interaction of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) acetate is characterized by the potential of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) to bind to drugs with anionic functions (e.g., carboxyl, and hydroxyl groups). Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate may decrease the bioavailability of tetracyclines or fluoroquinolones via this mechanism.

There are no empirical data on avoiding drug interactions between Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate and most concomitant drugs. When administering an oral medication with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate where a reduction in the bioavailability of that medication would have a clinically significant effect on its safety or efficacy, administer the drug one hour before or three hours after Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate. Monitor blood levels of the concomitant drugs that have a narrow therapeutic range. Patients taking anti-arrhythmic medications for the control of arrhythmias and anti-seizure medications for the control of seizure disorders were excluded from the clinical trials with all forms of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate.

- Calcium acetate may decrease the bioavailability of tetracyclines or fluoroquinolones. (7)

- When clinically significant drug interactions are expected, administer the drug at least one hour before or at least three hours after Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate or consider monitoring blood levels of the drug. (7)

7.1 Ciprofloxacin

In a study of 15 healthy subjects, a co-administered single dose of 4 Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate tablets, approximately 2.7g, decreased the bioavailability of ciprofloxacin by approximately 50%.

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category C:

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) acetate capsules contains Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate, and there are no adequate and well controlled studies of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate use in pregnant women. Patients with end stage renal disease may develop hypercalcemia with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate treatment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1 ) ]. Maintenance of normal serum Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) levels is important for maternal and fetal well being. Hypercalcemia during pregnancy may increase the risk for maternal and neonatal complications such as stillbirth, preterm delivery, and neonatal hypocalcemia and hypoparathyroidism. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate treatment, as recommended, is not expected to harm a fetus if maternal Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) levels are properly monitored during and following treatment.

8.2 Labor and Delivery

The effects of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate on labor and delivery are unknown.

8.3 Nursing Mothers

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) Acetate Capsules contains Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate and is excreted in human milk. Human milk feeding by a mother receiving Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate is not expected to harm an infant, provided maternal serum Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) levels are appropriately monitored.

8.4 Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.

8.5 Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

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10 OVERDOSAGE

Administration of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate in excess of the appropriate daily dosage may result in hypercalcemia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

11 DESCRIPTION

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate acts as a phosphate binder. Its chemical name is Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate. Its molecular formula is C4H6CaO4, and its molecular weight is 158.17. Its structural formula is:


Each white opaque/blue opaque capsule contains 667 mg of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate USP (anhydrous; Ca(CH3COO)2; MW=158.17 grams) equal to 169 mg (8.45 mEq) Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)), polyethylene glycol 8000 and magnesium stearate. Each capsule shell contains: black monogramming ink, FD&C Blue #1, FD&C Red #3, gelatin and titanium dioxide. The black monogramming ink contains: ammonium hydroxide, iron oxide black, isopropyl alcohol, n-butyl alcohol, propylene glycol and shellac glaze.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) Acetate Capsules are administered orally for the control of hyperphosphatemia in end-stage renal failure.

Chemical Structure

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Patients with ESRD retain phosphorus and can develop hyperphosphatemia. High serum phosphorus can precipitate serum Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) resulting in ectopic calcification. Hyperphosphatemia also plays a role in the development of secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients with ESRD.

12.1 Mechanism of Action

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate, when taken with meals, combines with dietary phosphate to form an insoluble Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) phosphate complex, which is excreted in the feces, resulting in decreased serum phosphorus concentration.

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

Orally administered Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate from pharmaceutical dosage forms is systemically absorbed up to approximately 40% under fasting conditions and up to approximately 30% under nonfasting conditions. This range represents data from both healthy subjects and renal dialysis patients under various conditions.

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13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

No carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, or fertility studies have been conducted with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate.

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

Effectiveness of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate in decreasing serum phosphorus has been demonstrated in two studies of the Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate solid oral dosage form.

Ninety-one patients with end-stage renal disease who were undergoing hemodialysis and were hyperphosphatemic (serum phosphorus >5.5 mg/dL) following a 1 week phosphate binder washout period contributed efficacy data to an open-label, non-randomized study.

The patients received Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate 667 mg tablets at each meal for a period of 12 weeks. The initial starting dose was 2 tablets per meal for 3 meals a day, and the dose was adjusted as necessary to control serum phosphorus levels. The average final dose after 12 weeks of treatment was 3.4 tablets per meal. Although there was a decrease in serum phosphorus, in the absence of a control group the true magnitude of effect is uncertain.

The data presented in Table 2 demonstrate the efficacy of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate in the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in end-stage renal disease patients. The effects on serum Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) levels are also presented.


* Ninety-one patients completed at least 6 weeks of the study.

ANOVA of difference in values at pre-study and study completion.

‡ Values expressed as mean ± SE.


Parameter


Pre-Study


Week 4*


Week 8


Week 12


p-value†


Phosphorus (mg/dL)‡


7.4 ± 0.17


5.9 ± 0.16


5.6 ± 0.17


5.2 ± 0.17


≤0.01


Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) (mg/dL)‡


8.9 ± 0.09


9.5 ± 0.10


9.7 ± 0.10


9.7 ± 0.10


≤0.01


There was a 30% decrease in serum phosphorus levels during the 12 week study period (p<0.01). Two-thirds of the decline occurred in the first month of the study. Serum Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) increased 9% during the study mostly in the first month of the study.

Treatment with the phosphate binder was discontinued for patients from the open-label study, and those patients whose serum phosphorus exceeded 5.5 mg/dL were eligible for entry into a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study. Patients were randomized to receive Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate or placebo, and each continued to receive the same number of tablets as had been individually established during the previous study. Following 2 weeks of treatment, patients switched to the alternative therapy for an additional 2 weeks.

The phosphate binding effect of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate is shown in the Table 3.


* ANOVA of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate vs. placebo after 2 weeks of treatment.

Values expressed as mean ± SEM.


Parameter


Pre-Study


Post-Treatment


p-value*


Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) Acetate


Placebo


Phosphorus (mg/dL)


7.3 ± 0.18


5.9 ± 0.24


7.8 ± 0.22


<0.01


Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) (mg/dL)


8.9 ± 0.11


9.5 ± 0.13


8.8 ± 0.12


<0.01


Overall, 2 weeks of treatment with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate statistically significantly (p<0.01) decreased serum phosphorus by a mean of 19% and increased serum Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) by a statistically significant (p<0.01) but clinically unimportant mean of 7%.

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) Acetate Capsules

667 mg capsule is supplied as a white opaque/blue opaque capsule, imprinted with “54 215” on the cap and body.

NDC 0615-2303-39: Blistercards of 30 Capsules

NDC 0615-2303-30: Unit-dose Boxes of 30 Capsules

STORAGE

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F).

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

Inform patients to take Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate capsules with meals, adhere to their prescribed diets, and avoid the use of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) supplements including nonprescription antacids. Inform the patients about the symptoms of hypercalcemia [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) and Adverse Reactions (6.1) ].

Advise patients who are taking an oral medication where reduction in the bioavailability of that medication would have clinically significant effect on its safety or efficacy to take the drug one hour before or three hours after Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Calcium (Calcium Phosphate)) acetate capsules.

Distr. by: West-Ward

Pharmaceuticals Corp.

Eatontown, NJ 07724

10003705/05

Revised April 2016

Copper (Copper Oxide):



Water-Resistant Protection Without Bandaging

Recommended as an Aid in Treating Horses and Ponies With Thrush Due to Organisms Susceptible to Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Copper (Copper Oxide)) Naphthenate.

For Animal Use Only.

INDICATIONS:

ThrushTox® is indicated in the treatment of thrush in horses and ponies.

GENERAL DIRECTIONS:

Clean the hoof thoroughly, removing debris and necrotic material prior to application of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Copper (Copper Oxide))®. Apply daily to affected hoofs with a narrow paint brush (about 1”) until fully healed. Caution: Do not allow runoff of excess Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Copper (Copper Oxide))® onto hair since contact with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Copper (Copper Oxide))® may cause some hair loss. Do not contaminate feed.

NOTE: Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Copper (Copper Oxide))® is easily removed from hands, clothing and surfaces with light grade fuel oil or any type of lighter fluid.

CONTAINS FOIL SEAL – REMOVE BEFORE USE.

SHAKE WELL BEFORE USE.

To report suspected adverse reactions or to obtain technical assistance, call 1-800-650-4899.

ACTIVE INGREDIENT:

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Copper (Copper Oxide)) Naphthenate..........37.5% w/w

INACTIVE INGREDIENTS:

Inert Ingredients.........................62.5% w/w

Total......................................... 100.0%

CAUTION:

Do not use in horses intended for human consumption.

CAUTION: COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURE.

Use in a well-ventilated place. Avoid fire, flame, sparks or heaters.

If swallowed, do not induce vomiting, call physician immediately. Avoid breathing vapor. Avoid contact with skin and eyes.

KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN AND PETS.

STORAGE:

Store at controlled room temperature 15º to 30ºC (59º to 86ºF). Keep container tightly closed when not in use.

Manufactured for:

Aspen Veterinary Resources,® Ltd.

Liberty, MO 64068, USA

FC163FP 11/13

Manufactured by:

First Priority, Inc.

Elgin, IL 60123-1146, USA

NET CONTENTS:

16 OZ (473 mL)

ANADA 200-304, Approved by FDA

Image of 473 mL bottle/case label

Folic Acid:


INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Folic Acid)® is a prescription iron supplement indicated for use in improving the nutritional status of iron deficiency.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

This product is contraindicated in patients with a known hypersensitivity to any of the ingredients. Hemochromatosis and hemosiderosis are contraindications to iron therapy.

WARNING: Accidental overdose of iron-containing products is a leading cause of fatal poisoning in children under 6. Keep this product out of reach of children. In case of accidental overdose, call a doctor or poison control center immediately.

PRECAUTIONS

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Folic Acid) acid when administered as a single agent in doses above 0.1 mg daily may obscure pernicious anemia in that hematological remission can occur while neurological manifestations remain progressive. While prescribing this nutritional supplement for pregnant women, nursing mothers, or for women prior to conception, their medical condition and other drugs, herbs, and/or supplements consumption should be considered.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Allergic sensitization has been reported following both oral and parenteral administration of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Folic Acid) acid.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

One tablet daily with or without food or as prescribed by a licensed healthcare provider with prescribing authority.

HOW SUPPLIED

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Folic Acid)® tablets are supplied in child-resistant bottles of 90 tablets (NDC 0037-6885-90)

KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.

STORAGE

Store at controlled room temperature 20°-25°C (68°-77°F). Excursions permitted to 15°-30°C (59°-86°F).

Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container to protect from light and moisture.

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS contact Meda Pharmaceuticals Inc. at 1-888-349-5556 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/safety/medwatch

Distributed by:

Meda Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Somerset New Jersey 08873-4120

© 2014 Meda Pharmaceuticals Inc.

U.S. Patent Nos. 7,585,527 and 8,080,520

Proferrin® is a registered trademark of Colorado BioLabs, Inc., Cozad, NE.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Folic Acid) and the BIFERA logo are registered trademarks and the Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Folic Acid) logo is a trademark of Alaven Pharmaceutical LLC, used under license by Meda Pharmaceuticals Inc.

MEDA PHARMACEUTICALS mark and logo are trademarks of Meda AB.

IN-6885-02 Rev 6/2014

Iodine (Potassium Iodide):


Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) Tincture 7%

Directions:


Topical Antiseptic

Use full Strength for superficial cuts, wounds, abrasions, insect bites and bruises on the skin of animals. Apply Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iodine (Potassium Iodide)) with a swab.

If necessary, clip hair around the area being treated and clean with soap and water.

Apply Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iodine (Potassium Iodide)) Tincture 7% only once daily. Dilute product 3 to 1 if repeating application.

Do not apply under bandage.

Irritation may occur if used on tender skin areas. If redness, irritation, or swelling persists or increases, discontinue use and consult a veterinarian.


Storage:

Store at 2-30 degrees C (36-86 degrees F).

Keep container away from heat and out of sunlight. Rinse empty container thoroughly and discard.


DANGER - Poison


Caution:

If swallowed, give starch paste, milk, bread, egg white, or

activated charcoal. A 5% solutions of sodium thiosulfate

(Photographic (“hypc”) may be administered orally at a

rate of 10 ml per kilogram of body weight.


Eye irritant: Use only as directed. Avoid contact with eyes. In case of contact, flush eyes immediately with tepid water for at least 15 minutes. Consult a physician.


Avoid contamination of food.


Not for use on burns, deep cuts, or body cavities.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) Tincture 7%

image description

Iron (Ferrous Fumarate):


1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) is indicated for the treatment of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) deficiency anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) is an Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) replacement product indicated for the treatment of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) deficiency anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). (1)

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) must only be administered intravenously either by slow injection or by infusion. The dosage of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) is expressed in mg of elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)). Each mL contains 20 mg of elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)).

Population Dose
Adult patients Hemodialysis Dependent-Chronic Kidney Disease (HDD-CKD) (2.1) 100 mg slow intravenous injection or infusion
Non-Dialysis Dependent-Chronic Kidney Disease (NDD-CKD) (2.2) 200 mg slow intravenous injection or infusion
Peritoneal Dialysis Dependent-Chronic Kidney Disease (PDD-CKD) (2.3) 300 mg or 400 mg intravenous infusion
Pediatric patients HDD-CKD (2.4), PDD-CKD or NDD-CKD (2.5) 0.5 mg/kg slow intravenous injection or infusion

2.1 Adult Patients with Hemodialysis Dependent-Chronic Kidney Disease (HDD-CKD)

Administer Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) 100 mg undiluted as a slow intravenous injection over 2 to 5 minutes, or as an infusion of 100 mg diluted in a maximum of 100 mL of 0.9% NaCl over a period of at least 15 minutes, per consecutive hemodialysis session. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) should be administered early during the dialysis session. The usual total treatment course of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) is 1000 mg. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) treatment may be repeated if Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) deficiency reoccurs.

2.2 Adult Patients with Non-Dialysis Dependent-Chronic Kidney Disease

Administer Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) 200 mg undiluted as a slow intravenous injection over 2 to 5 minutes or as an infusion of 200 mg in a maximum of 100 mL of 0.9% NaCl over a period of 15 minutes. Administer on 5 different occasions over a 14 day period. There is limited experience with administration of an infusion of 500 mg of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)), diluted in a maximum of 250 mL of 0.9% NaCl, over a period of 3.5 to 4 hours on Day 1 and Day 14. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) treatment may be repeated if Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) deficiency reoccurs.

2.3 Adult Patients with Peritoneal Dialysis Dependent-Chronic Kidney Disease

Administer Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) in 3 divided doses, given by slow intravenous infusion, within a 28 day period: 2 infusions each of 300 mg over 1.5 hours 14 days apart followed by one 400 mg infusion over 2.5 hours 14 days later. Dilute Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) in a maximum of 250 mL of 0.9% NaCl. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) treatment may be repeated if Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) deficiency reoccurs.

2.4 Pediatric Patients with HDD-CKD for Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) maintenance treatment

The dosing for Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) replacement treatment in pediatric patients with HDD-CKD has not been established.

For Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) maintenance treatment: Administer Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg, not to exceed 100 mg per dose, every two weeks for 12 weeks given undiluted by slow intravenous injection over 5 minutes or diluted in 25 mL of 0.9% NaCl and administered over 5 to 60 minutes. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) treatment may be repeated if necessary.

2.5 Pediatric Patients with NDD-CKD or PDD-CKD who are on erythropoietin therapy for Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) maintenance treatment

The dosing for Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) replacement treatment in pediatric patients with NDD-CKD or PDD-CKD has not been established.

For Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) maintenance treatment: Administer Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg, not to exceed 100 mg per dose, every four weeks for 12 weeks given undiluted by slow intravenous injection over 5 minutes or diluted in 25 mL of 0.9% NaCl and administered over 5 to 60 minutes. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) treatment may be repeated if necessary.

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

  • 10 mL single-use vial / 200 mg elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (20 mg/mL)
  • 5 mL single-use vial / 100 mg elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (20 mg/mL)
  • 2.5 mL single-use vial / 50 mg elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (20 mg/mL)
  • 10 mL single-use vial / 200 mg elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (20 mg/mL) (3)
  • 5 mL single-use vial / 100 mg elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (20 mg/mL) (3)
  • 2.5 mL single-use vial / 50 mg elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (20 mg/mL) (3)

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

  • Known hypersensitivity to Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate))
  • Known hypersensitivity to Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (4)

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

  • Hypersensitivity Reactions: Observe for signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity during and after Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) administration for at least 30 minutes and until clinically stable following completion of each administration. Only administer Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) when personnel and therapies are immediately available for the treatment of serious hypersensitivity reactions. (5.1)
  • Hypotension: Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) may cause hypotension. Monitor for signs and symptoms of hypotension during and following each administration of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)). (5.2)
  • Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) Overload: Regularly monitor hematologic responses during Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) therapy. Do not administer Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) to patients with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) overload. (5.3)

5.1 Hypersensitivity Reactions

Serious hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylactic-type reactions, some of which have been life-threatening and fatal, have been reported in patients receiving Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)). Patients may present with shock, clinically significant hypotension, loss of consciousness, and/or collapse. If hypersensitivity reactions or signs of intolerance occur during administration, stop Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) immediately. Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity during and after Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) administration for at least 30 minutes and until clinically stable following completion of the infusion. Only administer Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) when personnel and therapies are immediately available for the treatment of serious hypersensitivity reactions. Most reactions associated with intravenous Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) preparations occur within 30 minutes of the completion of the infusion .

5.2 Hypotension

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) may cause clinically significant hypotension. Monitor for signs and symptoms of hypotension following each administration of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)). Hypotension following administration of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) may be related to the rate of administration and/or total dose administered .

5.3 Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) Overload

Excessive therapy with parenteral Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) can lead to excess storage of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) with the possibility of iatrogenic hemosiderosis. All adult and pediatric patients receiving Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) require periodic monitoring of hematologic and Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) parameters (hemoglobin, hematocrit, serum ferritin and transferrin saturation). Do not administer Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) to patients with evidence of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) overload. Transferrin saturation (TSAT) values increase rapidly after intravenous administration of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) sucrose; do not perform serum Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) measurements for at least 48 hours after intravenous dosing .

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following serious adverse reactions associated with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) are described in other sections .

  • The most common adverse reactions (≥2%) following the administration of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) are diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, hypotension, pruritus, pain in extremity, arthralgia, back pain, muscle cramp, injection site reactions, chest pain, and peripheral edema. (6.1)

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact American Regent, Inc. at 1-800-734-9236 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch .

6.1 Adverse Reactions in Clinical Trials

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

Adverse Reactions in Adults Patients with CKD

Adverse Reactions in Adult Patients with CKD

The frequency of adverse reactions associated with the use of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) has been documented in six clinical trials involving 231 patients with HDD-CKD, 139 patients with NDD-CKD and 75 patients with PDD-CKD. Treatment-emergent adverse reactions reported by ≥ 2% of treated patients in the six clinical trials for which the rate for Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) exceeds the rate for comparator are listed by indication in Table 1. Patients with HDD-CKD received 100 mg doses at 10 consecutive dialysis sessions until a cumulative dose of 1000 mg was administered. Patients with NDD-CKD received either 5 doses of 200 mg over 2 weeks or 2 doses of 500 mg separated by fourteen days, and patients with PDD-CKD received 2 doses of 300 mg followed by a dose of 400 mg over a period of 4 weeks.


* EPO=Erythropoietin

Adverse Reactions

(Preferred Term)

HDD-CKD NDD-CKD PDD-CKD
Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) Oral Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) EPO* Only
(N=231) (N=139) (N=139) (N=75) (N=46)
% % % % %
Subjects with any adverse reaction 78.8 76.3 73.4 72.0 65.2
Ear and Labyrinth Disorders
Ear Pain 0 2.2 0.7 0 0
Eye Disorders
Conjunctivitis 0.4 0 0 2.7 0
Gastrointestinal Disorders
Abdominal pain 3.5 1.4 2.9 4.0 6.5
Diarrhea 5.2 7.2 10.1 8.0 4.3
Dysgeusia 0.9 7.9 0 0 0
Nausea 14.7 8.6 12.2 5.3 4.3
Vomiting 9.1 5.0 8.6 8.0 2.2
General Disorders and
Administration Site Conditions
Asthenia 2.2 0.7 2.2 2.7 0
Chest pain 6.1 1.4 0 2.7 0
Feeling abnormal 3.0 0 0 0 0
Infusion site pain or burning 0 5.8 0 0 0
Injection site extravasation 0 2.2 0 0 0
Peripheral edema 2.6 7.2 5.0 5.3 10.9
Pyrexia 3.0 0.7 0.7 1.3 0
Infections and Infestations
Nasopharyngitis, Sinusitis, Upper

respiratory tract infections, Pharyngitis

2.6 2.2 4.3 16.0 4.3
Injury, Poisoning and Procedural
Complications
Graft complication 9.5 1.4 0 0 0
Metabolism and Nutrition Disorders
Fluid overload 3.0 1.4 0.7 1.3 0
Gout 0 2.9 1.4 0 0
Hyperglycemia 0 2.9 0 0 2.2
Hypoglycemia 0.4 0.7 0.7 4.0 0
Musculoskeletal and Connective
Tissue Disorders
Arthralgia 3.5 1.4 2.2 4.0 4.3
Back pain 2.2 2.2 3.6 1.3 4.3
Muscle cramp 29.4 0.7 0.7 2.7 0
Myalgia 0 3.6 0 1.3 0
Pain in extremity 5.6 4.3 0 2.7 6.5
Nervous System Disorders
Dizziness 6.5 6.5 1.4 1.3 4.3
Headache 12.6 2.9 0.7 4.0 0
Respiratory, Thoracic and
Mediastinal Disorders
Cough 3.0 2.2 0.7 1.3 0
Dyspnea 3.5 5.8 1.4 1.3 2.2
Nasal congestion 0 1.4 2.2 1.3 0
Skin and Subcutaneous
Tissue Disorders
Pruritus 3.9 2.2 4.3 2.7 0
Vascular Disorders
Hypertension 6.5 6.5 4.3 8.0 6.5
Hypotension 39.4 2.2 0.7 2.7 2.2

One hundred thirty (11%) of the 1,151 patients evaluated in the 4 U.S. trials in HDD-CKD patients (studies A, B and the two post marketing studies) had prior other intravenous Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) therapy and were reported to be intolerant (defined as precluding further use of that Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) product). When these patients were treated with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) there were no occurrences of adverse reactions that precluded further use of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) .

Adverse Reactions in Pediatric Patients with CKD (ages 2 years and older)

Adverse Reactions in Pediatric Patients with CKD (ages 2 years and older)

In a randomized, open-label, dose-ranging trial for Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) maintenance treatment with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) in pediatric patients with CKD on stable erythropoietin therapy , at least one treatment-emergent adverse reaction was experienced by 57% (27/47) of the patients receiving Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) 0.5 mg/kg, 53% (25/47) of the patients receiving Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) 1.0 mg/kg, and 55% (26/47) of the patients receiving Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) 2.0 mg/kg.

A total of 5 (11%) subjects in the Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) 0.5 mg/kg group, 10 (21%) patients in the Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) 1.0 mg/kg group, and 10 (21%) patients in the Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) 2.0 mg/kg group experienced at least 1 serious adverse reaction during the study. The most common treatment-emergent adverse reactions (> 2% of patients) in all patients were headache (6%), respiratory tract viral infection (4%), peritonitis (4%), vomiting (4%), pyrexia (4%), dizziness (4%), cough (4%), renal transplant (4%), nausea (3%), arteriovenous fistula thrombosis (2%), hypotension (2%), and hypertension (2.1%).

6.2 Adverse Reactions from Post-Marketing Experience

Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

In the post-marketing safety studies in 1,051 treated patients with HDD-CKD, the adverse reactions reported by > 1% were: cardiac failure congestive, sepsis and dysgeusia.

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)). Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure: Anaphylactic-type reactions, shock, loss of consciousness, collapse, bronchospasm, dyspnea, convulsions, light-headedness, confusion, angioedema, swelling of the joints, hyperhidrosis, back pain, bradycardia, and chromaturia.

Symptoms associated with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) total dosage or infusing too rapidly included hypotension, dyspnea, headache, vomiting, nausea, dizziness, joint aches, paresthesia, abdominal and muscle pain, edema, and cardiovascular collapse. These adverse reactions have occurred up to 30 minutes after the administration of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) injection. Reactions have occurred following the first dose or subsequent doses of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)). Symptoms may respond to intravenous fluids, hydrocortisone, and/or antihistamines. Slowing the infusion rate may alleviate symptoms.

Injection site discoloration has been reported following extravasation. Assure stable intravenous access to avoid extravasation.

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

Drug interactions involving Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) have not been studied. However, Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) may reduce the absorption of concomitantly administered oral Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) preparations.

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category B

Pregnancy Category B

There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. In animal reproduction studies, Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) sucrose was administered intravenously to rats and rabbits during the period of organogenesis at doses up to 13 mg/kg/day of elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (half or equivalent to the maximum recommended human dose based on body surface area, respectively) and revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus due to Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) sucrose. Because animal reproductive studies are not always predictive of human response, Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

8.3 Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) sucrose is excreted in human milk. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) sucrose is secreted into the milk of lactating rats. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) is administered to a nursing woman.

8.4 Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) for Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) replacement treatment in pediatric patients with dialysis-dependent or non-dialysis-dependent CKD have not been established.

Safety and effectiveness of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) for Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) maintenance treatment in pediatric patients 2 years of age and older with dialysis-dependent or non-dialysis-dependent CKD receiving erythropoietin therapy were studied. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) at doses of 0.5 mg/kg, 1.0 mg/kg, and 2.0 mg/kg was administered. All three doses maintained hemoglobin between 10.5 g/dL and 14.0 g/dL in about 50% of subjects over the 12-week treatment period with stable EPO dosing. [See Clinical Studies (14.6)]

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) has not been studied in patients younger than 2 years of age.

In a country where Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) is available for use in children, at a single site, five premature infants (weight less than 1,250 g) developed necrotizing enterocolitis and two of the five died during or following a period when they received Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)), several other medications and erythropoietin. Necrotizing enterocolitis may be a complication of prematurity in very low birth weight infants. No causal relationship to Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) or any other drugs could be established.

8.5 Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 years and older to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Of the 1,051 patients in two post-marketing safety studies of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)), 40% were 65 years and older. No overall differences in safety were observed between these subjects and younger subjects, and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out. In general, dose administration to an elderly patient should be cautious, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

10 OVERDOSAGE

No data are available regarding overdosage of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) in humans. Excessive dosages of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) may lead to accumulation of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) in storage sites potentially leading to hemosiderosis. Do not administer Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) to patients with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) overload.

Toxicities in single-dose studies in mice and rats, at intravenous Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) sucrose doses up to 8 times the maximum recommended human dose based on body surface area, included sedation, hypoactivity, pale eyes, bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract and lungs, and mortality.

11 DESCRIPTION

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (iron sucrose injection, USP), an Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) replacement product, is a brown, sterile, aqueous, complex of polynuclear Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (III)-hydroxide in sucrose for intravenous use. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) sucrose injection has a molecular weight of approximately 34,000 to 60,000 daltons and a proposed structural formula:

[Na2Fe5O8(OH) ·3(H2O)]n ·m(C12H22O11)

where: n is the degree of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) polymerization and m is the number of sucrose molecules associated with the Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (III)-hydroxide.

Each mL contains 20 mg elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) as Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) sucrose in water for injection. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) is available in 10 mL single-use vials (200 mg elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) per 10 mL), 5 mL single-use vials (100 mg elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) per 5 mL), and 2.5 mL single-use vials (50 mg elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) per 2.5 mL). The drug product contains approximately 30% sucrose w/v (300 mg/mL) and has a pH of 10.5 to 11.1. The product contains no preservatives. The osmolarity of the injection is 1,250 mOsmol/L.

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) is an aqueous complex of poly-nuclear Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (III)-hydroxide in sucrose. Following intravenous administration, Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) is dissociated into Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) and sucrose and the Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) is transported as a complex with transferrin to target cells including erythroid precursor cells. The Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) in the precursor cells is incorporated into hemoglobin as the cells mature into red blood cells.

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

Following intravenous administration, Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) is dissociated into Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) and sucrose. In 22 patients undergoing hemodialysis and receiving erythropoietin (recombinant human erythropoietin) therapy treated with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) sucrose containing 100 mg of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)), three times weekly for three weeks, significant increases in serum Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) and serum ferritin and significant decreases in total Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) binding capacity occurred four weeks from the initiation of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) sucrose treatment.

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

In healthy adults administered intravenous doses of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ), its Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) component exhibited first order kinetics with an elimination half-life of 6 h, total clearance of 1.2 L/h, and steady state apparent volume of distribution of 7.9 L. The Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) component appeared to distribute mainly in blood and to some extent in extravascular fluid. A study evaluating Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) containing 100 mg of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) labeled with 52Fe/59Fe in patients with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) deficiency showed that a significant amount of the administered Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) is distributed to the liver, spleen and bone marrow and that the bone marrow is an irreversible Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) trapping compartment.

Following intravenous administration of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)), Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) sucrose is dissociated into Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) and sucrose. The sucrose component is eliminated mainly by urinary excretion. In a study evaluating a single intravenous dose of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) containing 1,510 mg of sucrose and 100 mg of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) in 12 healthy adults (9 female, 3 male: age range 32 to 52), 68.3% of the sucrose was eliminated in urine in 4 h and 75.4% in 24 h. Some Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) was also eliminated in the urine. Neither transferrin nor transferrin receptor levels changed immediately after the dose administration. In this study and another study evaluating a single intravenous dose of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) sucrose containing 500 to 700 mg of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) in 26 patients with anemia on erythropoietin therapy (23 female, 3 male; age range 16 to 60), approximately 5% of the Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) was eliminated in urine in 24 h at each dose level. The effects of age and gender on the pharmacokinetics of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) have not been studied.

Pharmacokinetics in Pediatric Patients

Pharmacokinetics in Pediatric Patients

In a single-dose PK study of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)), patients with NDD-CDK ages 12 to 16 (N=11) received intravenous bolus doses of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) at 7 mg/kg (maximum 200 mg) administered over 5 minutes. Following single dose Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)), the half-life of total serum Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) was 8 hours. The mean Cmax and AUC values were 8545 μg/dl and 31305 hr-μg/dL, respectively, which were 1.42- and 1.67-fold higher than dose adjusted adult Cmax and AUC values.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) is not dialyzable through CA210 (Baxter) High Efficiency or Fresenius F80A High Flux dialysis membranes. In in vitro studies, the amount of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) sucrose in the dialysate fluid was below the levels of detection of the assay (less than 2 parts per million).

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Carcinogenicity studies have not been performed with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) sucrose.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) sucrose was not mutagenic in vitro in the bacterial reverse mutation assay (Ames test) or the mouse lymphoma assay. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) sucrose was not clastogenic in the in vitro chromosome aberration assay using human lymphocytes or in the in vivo mouse micronucleus assay.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) sucrose at intravenous doses up to 15 mg/kg/day of elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (1.2 times the maximum recommended human dose based on body surface area) had no effect on fertility and reproductive function of male and female rats.

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

Five clinical trials involving 647 adult patients and one clinical trial involving 131 pediatric patients were conducted to assess the safety and efficacy of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ).

14.1 Study A: Hemodialysis Dependent-Chronic Kidney Disease (HDD–CKD)

Study A was a multicenter, open-label, historically-controlled study in 101 patients with HDD-CKD (77 patients with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) treatment and 24 in the historical control group) with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) deficiency anemia. Eligibility criteria for Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) treatment included patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis, receiving erythropoietin, hemoglobin level between 8.0 and 11.0 g/dL, transferrin saturation < 20%, and serum ferritin < 300 ng/mL. The mean age of the patients was 65 years with the age range of 31 to 85 years. Of the 77 patients, 44 (57%) were male and 33 (43%) were female.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) 100 mg was administered at 10 consecutive dialysis sessions either as slow injection or a slow infusion. The historical control population consisted of 24 patients with similar ferritin levels as patients treated with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)), who were off intravenous Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) for at least 2 weeks and who had received erythropoietin therapy with hematocrit averaging 31 to 36 for at least two months prior to study entry. The mean age of patients in the historical control group was 56 years, with an age range of 29 to 80 years. Patient age and serum ferritin level were similar between treatment and historical control patients.

Patients in the Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) treated population showed a greater increase in hemoglobin and hematocrit than did patients in the historical control population. See Table 2.


**p < 0.01 and *p < 0.05 compared to historical control from ANCOVA analysis with baseline hemoglobin, serum ferritin and erythropoietin dose as covariates.


Efficacy

parameters

End of treatment 2 week follow-up 5 week follow-up
Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (n=69 Historical Control (n=18) Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate))

(n=73)

Historical Control

(n=18)

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate))

(n=71)

Historical

Control

(n=15)

Hemoglobin (g/dL) 1.0 ± 0.12** 0.0 ± 0.21 1.3 ± 0.14** -0.6 ± 0.24 1.2 ± 0.17* -0.1 ± 0.23
Hematocrit (%) 3.1 ± 0.37** -0.3 ± 0.65 3.6 ± 0.44** -1.2 ± 0.76 3.3 ± 0.54 0.2 ± 0.86

Serum ferritin increased at endpoint of study from baseline in the Venofer-treated population (165.3 ± 24.2 ng/mL) compared to the historical control population (-27.6 ± 9.5 ng/mL). Transferrin saturation also increased at endpoint of study from baseline in the Venofer-treated population (8.8 ± 1.6%) compared to this historical control population (-5.1 ± 4.3%).

14.2 Study B: Hemodialysis Dependent-Chronic Kidney Disease

Study B was a multicenter, open label study of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) in 23 patients with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) deficiency and HDD-CKD who had been discontinued from Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) dextran due to intolerance. Eligibility criteria were otherwise identical to Study A. The mean age of the patients in this study was 53 years, with ages ranging from 21 to 79 years. Of the 23 patients enrolled in the study, 10 (44%) were male and 13 (56%) were female.

All 23 enrolled patients were evaluated for efficacy. Increases in mean hemoglobin (1.1 ± 0.2 g/dL), hematocrit (3.6 ± 0.6%), serum ferritin (266.3 ± 30.3 ng/mL) and transferrin saturation (8.7 ± 2.0%) were observed from baseline to end of treatment.

14.3 Study C: Hemodialysis Dependent-Chronic Kidney Disease

Study C was a multicenter, open-label study in patients with HDD-CKD. This study enrolled patients with a hemoglobin ≤ 10 g/dL, a serum transferrin saturation ≤ 20%, and a serum ferritin ≤ 200 ng/mL, who were undergoing maintenance hemodialysis 2 to 3 times weekly. The mean age of the patients enrolled in this study was 41 years, with ages ranging from 16 to 70 years. Of 130 patients evaluated for efficacy in this study, 68 (52%) were male and 62 (48%) were female. Forty-eight percent of the patients had previously been treated with oral Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)). Exclusion criteria were similar to those in studies A and B. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) was administered in doses of 100 mg during sequential dialysis sessions until a pre-determined (calculated) total dose of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) was administered. A 50 mg dose (2.5 mL) was given to patients within two weeks of study entry as a test dose. Twenty-seven patients (20%) were receiving erythropoietin treatment at study entry and they continued to receive the same erythropoietin dose for the duration of the study.

The modified intention-to-treat (mITT) population consisted of 131 patients. Increases from baseline in mean hemoglobin (1.7 g/dL), hematocrit (5%), serum ferritin (434.6 ng/mL), and serum transferrin saturation (14%) were observed at week 2 of the observation period and these values remained increased at week 4 of the observation period.

14.4 Study D: Non-Dialysis Dependent-Chronic Kidney Disease

Study D was a randomized, open-label, multicenter, active-controlled study of the safety and efficacy of oral Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) versus Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) in patients with NDD-CKD with or without erythropoietin therapy. Erythropoietin therapy was stable for 8 weeks prior to randomization. In the study 188 patients with NDD-CKD, hemoglobin of ≤ 11.0 g/dL, transferrin saturation ≤ 25%, ferritin ≤ 300 ng/mL were randomized to receive oral Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (325 mg ferrous sulfate three times daily for 56 days); or Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (either 200 mg over 2 to 5 minutes 5 times within 14 days or two 500 mg infusions on Day 1 and Day 14, administered over 3.5 to 4 hours). The mean age of the 91 treated patients in the Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) group was 61.6 years (range 25 to 86 years) and 64 years (range 21 to 86 years) for the 91 patients in the oral Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) group.

A statistically significantly greater proportion of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) subjects (35/79; 44.3%) compared to oral Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) subjects (23/82; 28%) had an increase in hemoglobin ≥ 1 g/dL at anytime during the study (p = 0.03).

14.5 Study E: Peritoneal Dialysis Dependent-Chronic Kidney Disease

Study E was a randomized, open-label, multicenter study comparing patients with PDD-CKD receiving an erythropoietin and intravenous Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) to patients with PDD-CKD receiving an erythropoietin alone without Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) supplementation. Patients with PDD-CKD, stable erythropoietin for 8 weeks, hemoglobin of ≤ 11.5 g/dL, TSAT ≤ 25%, ferritin ≤ 500 ng/mL were randomized to receive either no Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) or Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (300 mg in 250 mL 0.9% NaCl over 1.5 hours on Day 1 and 15 and 400 mg in 250 mL 0.9% NaCl over 2.5 hours on Day 29). The mean age of the 75 treated patients in the Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) / erythropoietin group was 51.9 years (range 21 to 81 years) vs. 52.8 years (range 23 to 77 years) for 46 patients in the erythropoietin alone group.

Patients in the Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) / erythropoietin group had statistically significantly greater mean change from baseline to the highest hemoglobin value (1.3 g/dL), compared to subjects who received erythropoietin alone (0.6 g/dL) (p < 0.01). A greater proportion of subjects treated with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) / erythropoietin (59.1 %) had an increase in hemoglobin of ≥ 1 g/dL at any time during the study compared to the subjects who received erythropoietin only (33.3%).

14.6 Study F: Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) Maintenance Treatment Dosing in Pediatric Patients Ages 2 years and Older with Chronic Kidney Disease

Study F was a randomized, open-label, dose-ranging study for Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) maintenance treatment in pediatric patients with dialysis-dependent or non-dialysis-dependent CKD on stable erythropoietin therapy. The study randomized patients to one of three doses of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (0.5 mg/kg, 1.0 mg/kg or 2.0 mg/kg). The mean age was 13 years (range 2 to 20 years). Over 70% of patients were 12 years or older in all three groups. There were 84 males and 61 females. About 60% of patients underwent hemodialysis and 25% underwent peritoneal dialysis in all three dose groups. At baseline, the mean hemoglobin was 12 g/dL, the mean TSAT was 33% and the mean ferritin was 300 ng/mL. Patients with HDD-CKD received Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) once every other week for 6 doses. Patients with PDD-CKD or NDD-CKD received Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) once every 4 weeks for 3 doses. Among 131 evaluable patients with stable erythropoietin dosing, the proportion of patients who maintained hemoglobin between 10.5 g/dL and 14.0 g/dL during the 12-week treatment period was 58.7%, 46.7%, and 45.0% in the Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) 0.5 mg/kg, 1.0 mg/kg, and 2.0 mg/kg groups, respectively. A dose-response relationship was not demonstrated.

16 HOW SUPPLIED/storage and handling

16.1 How Supplied

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) is supplied sterile in 10 mL, 5 mL, and 2.5 mL single-use vials. Each 10 mL vial contains 200 mg elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)), each 5 mL vial contains 100 mg elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)), and each 2.5 mL vial contains 50 mg elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) (20 mg/mL).

NDC-0517-2310-05 200 mg/10 mL Single-Use Vial Packages of 5
NDC-0517-2310-10 200 mg/10 mL Single-Use Vial Packages of 10
NDC-0517-2340-01 100 mg/5 mL Single-Use Vial Individually Boxed
NDC-0517-2340-10 100 mg/5 mL Single-Use Vial Packages of 10
NDC-0517-2340-25 100 mg/5 mL Single-Use Vial Packages of 25
NDC-0517-2340-99 100 mg/5 mL Single-Use Vial Packages of 10
NDC-0517-2325-10 50 mg/2.5 mL Single-Use Vial Packages of 10
NDC-0517-2325-25 50 mg/2.5 mL Single-Use Vial Packages of 25

16.2 Stability and Storage

Contains no preservatives. Store in original carton at 20°C to 25°C (68° F to 77° F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F).. Do not freeze.

Syringe Stability: Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)), when diluted with 0.9% NaCl at concentrations ranging from 2 mg to 10 mg of elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) per mL, or undiluted (20 mg elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) per mL) and stored in a plastic syringe, was found to be physically and chemically stable for 7 days at controlled room temperature (25°C ± 2°C) and under refrigeration (4°C ± 2°C).

Intravenous Admixture Stability: Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)), when added to intravenous infusion bags (PVC or non-PVC) containing 0.9% NaCl at concentrations ranging from 1 mg to 2 mg of elemental Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) per mL, has been found to be physically and chemically stable for 7 days at controlled room temperature (25°C ± 2°C).

Do not dilute to concentrations below 1 mg/mL.

Do not mix Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) with other medications or add to parenteral nutrition solutions for intravenous infusion.

Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to infusion.

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

Prior to Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) administration:

  • Question patients regarding any prior history of reactions to parenteral Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) products
  • Advise patients of the risks associated with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate))
  • Advise patients to report any symptoms of hypersensitivity that may develop during and following Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) administration, such as rash, itching, dizziness, light-headedness, swelling, and breathing problems [see Warnings and Precautions (5)]

AMERICAN

REGENT, INC.

SHIRLEY, NY 11967

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Iron (Ferrous Fumarate)) is manufactured under license from Vifor (International) Inc., Switzerland.

PremierProRx® is a trademark of Premier, Inc., used under license.

PREMIERProRx®

IN2340

MG #15727

Vitamin A (Vitamin A Acetate):


DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

One tablet daily or as directed by a physician.

Supplement Facts
Serving Size 1 Tablet

Servings Per Container 100

Amount Per Serving % Daily Value
Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin A (Vitamin A Acetate)) 2500 IU 50%
Vitamin C 60 mg 100%
Vitamin D 400 IU 100%
Vitamin E 15 IU 50%
Thiamine 1.05 mg 70%
Riboflavin 1.2 mg 70%
Niacinamide 13.5 mg 68%
Vitamin B6 1.05 mg 53%
Folic Acid 0.3 mg 75%
Vitamin B12 4.5 mcg 75%
Fluoride 0.25 mg Daily Value not established

WARNING

KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.

In case of accidental overdose, seek professional assistance or contact a Poison Control Center immediately.

Other Ingredients: Artificial cherry flavor, artificial grape flavor, ascorbic acid, cholecalciferol, compressible sugar, D&C Red #7 calcium lake, FD&C Blue #1 aluminum lake, FD&C Yellow #6 aluminum lake, folic acid, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, natural and artificial orange flavor, niacinamide, polyethylene glycol, pyridoxine HCl, riboflavin, sodium ascorbate, sodium fluoride, stearic acid, sucralose, thiamine HCl, Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin A (Vitamin A Acetate)) acetate, vitamin B12 and vitamin E acetate.

Active ingredient for caries prophylaxis: Fluoride as sodium fluoride.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Significant decrease in the incidence of dental caries can be linked to the fluoridation of the water supply (1ppm fluoride) during the period of tooth development.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin A (Vitamin A Acetate)) Tablets provide sodium fluoride and ten essential vitamins in a chewable tablet. Because the tablets are chewable, they provide a topical as well as systemic source of fluoride. Hydroxyapatite is the principal crystal for all calcified tissue in the human body. The fluoride ion reacts with the Hydroxyapatite in the tooth as it is formed to produce the more caries-resistant crystal, fluorapatite.

The reaction may be expressed by the equation:

Ca10(PO4)6(OH2) + 2F- Ca10 (PO4)6F2 + 2OH-
(Hydroxyapatite) (Fluorapatite)

Three stages of fluoride deposition in tooth enamel can be distinguished:

  • Small amounts (reflecting the low levels of fluoride in tissue fluids) are incorporated into the enamel crystals while they are being formed.
  • After enamel has been laid down, fluoride deposition continues in the surface enamel. Diffusion of fluoride from the surface inward is apparently restricted.
  • After eruption, the surface enamel acquires fluoride from the water, food, supplementary fluoride and smaller amounts of saliva.

DIETARY SUPPLEMENTATION

Multivitamins with fluoride offer supplementation of the diet with 10 vitamins and fluoride.

WARNINGS

AS IN THE CASE OF ALL MEDICATIONS, KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN. This tablet should be chewed. This product, as with all chewable tablets are not recommended for children under the age of 4 due to risk of choking.

PRECAUTIONS

The suggested dose of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin A (Vitamin A Acetate)) Tablets should not be exceeded, since dental fluorosis may result from continued ingestion of large amounts of fluoride.

Before recommending Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin A (Vitamin A Acetate)) Tablets

  • Determine the fluoride content of the drinking water from all major sources
  • Make sure the child is not receiving significant amounts of fluoride from other sources such as medications and swallowed toothpaste
  • Periodically check to make sure that the child does not develop significant dental fluorosis.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Allergic rash and other idiosyncrasies have been rarely reported.

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact H2-Pharma, LLC at 1 (866) 592-6438 or FDA at 1 (800) 332-1088 or via the web at www.fda.gov/medwatch/index.html for voluntary reporting of adverse reactions.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

One tablet daily or as directed by a physician.

HOW SUPPLIED

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) Tablets 0.25 mg are available as orange, red and purple chewable tablets imprinted with "151" in 100 tablet bottles.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin A (Vitamin A Acetate)) Tablets 0.5 mg are available as orange, red and purple chewable tablets imprinted with "152" in 100 tablet bottles.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin A (Vitamin A Acetate)) Tablets 1.0 mg are available as orange, red and purple chewable tablets imprinted with "153" in 100 tablet bottles.

STORAGE

Store at controlled room temperature 20ºC-25ºC (68º-77ºF), excursions permitted between 15º-30ºC (59º-86ºF).

Distributed by:

H2-Pharma, LLC

2010 Berry Chase Place

Montgomery, AL 36117

www.h2-pharma.com

1067084

61269-151-01

MultiVitamin

with Fluoride

Chewable Tablets

Rx

0.25 mg

MultiVitamin and Fluoride Supplement

Dietary Supplement

100 Tablets

H2pharma

Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin):


Pharmacological action

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) refers to a group of water-soluble vitamins. It has high biological activity. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin)) is necessary for normal hematopoiesis (promotes maturation of erythrocytes). Involved in the processes of transmethylation, hydrogen transport, synthesis of methionine, nucleic acids, choline, creatine. Contributes to the accumulation in erythrocytes of compounds containing sulfhydryl groups. Has a beneficial effect on liver function and the nervous system. Activates the coagulation of blood in high doses causes an increase in the activity of thromboplastin and prothrombin.

Pharmacokinetics

After oral administration Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin)) absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Metabolized in the tissues, becoming a co-enzyme form - adenosylcobalamin which is the active form of cyanocobalamin. Excreted in bile and urine.

Why is Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) prescribed?

Anemia due to B12-deficiency conditions; in the complex therapy for iron and posthemorrhagic anemia; aplastic anemia caused by toxic substances and drugs; liver disease (hepatitis, cirrhosis); funicular myelosis; polyneuritis, radiculitis, neuralgia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; children cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, peripheral nerve injury; skin diseases (psoriasis, photodermatosis, herpetiformis dermatitis, neurodermatitis); to prevent and treat symptoms of deficiency of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin)) (including the application of biguanide, PASA, vitamin C in high doses); radiation sickness.

Dosage and administration

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) is used as injections SC, IV, IM, intralumbar, and also oral. With anemia associated with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin)) deficiency is introduced on 100-200 mcg in 2 days. In anemia with symptoms of funicular myelosis and megalocytic anemia with diseases of the nervous system - 400-500 micrograms in the first 7 days daily, then 1 time every 5-7 days. In the period of remission in the absence of events funicular myelosis maintenance dose - 100 mcg 2 times a month, in the presence of neurological symptoms - at 200-400 mcg 2-4 times a month. In acute post-hemorrhagic anemia and iron anemia by 30-100 mcg 2-3 times a week. When aplastic anemia (especially in children) - 100 micrograms before clinical improvement. When nutritional anemia in infants and preterm - 30 mcg / day during 15 days.

In diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system and neurological diseases with a pain syndrome is administered in increasing doses - 200-500 mcg, with the improvement in the state - 100 mcg / day. The course of treatment with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin)) is 2 weeks. In traumatic lesions of peripheral nervous system - at 200-400 mcg every other day for 40-45 days.

When hepatitis and cirrhosis - 30-60 mcg / day or 100 mg every other day for 25-40 days.

Dystrophy in young children, Down syndrome and cerebral palsy - by 15-30 mcg every other day.

When funicular myelosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis can be introduced into the spinal canal at 15-30 mcg, gradually increasing the dose of 200-250 micrograms.

In radiation sickness, diabetic neuropathy, sprue - by 60-100 mcg daily for 20-30 days.

When deficiency of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin)) to prevent - IV or IM for 1 mg 1 time a month; for treatment - IV or IM for 1 mg daily for 1-2 weeks, the maintenance dose is 1-2 mg IV or IM from 1 per week, up to 1 per month. Duration of treatment is determined individually.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin)) side effects, adverse reactions

CNS: rarely - a state of arousal.

Cardiovascular system: rarely - pain in the heart, tachycardia.

Allergic reactions: rarely - urticaria.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) contraindications

Thromboembolism, erythremia, erythrocytosis, increased sensitivity to cyanocobalamin.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

Cyanocobalamin can be used in pregnancy according to prescriptions.

Special instructions

When stenocardia should be used with caution in a single dose of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) 100 mcg. During treatment should regularly monitor the blood picture and coagulation. It is unacceptable to enter in the same syringe with cyanocobalamin solutions of thiamine and pyridoxine.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin)) drug interactions

In an application of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin)) with hormonal contraceptives for oral administration may decrease the concentration of cyanocobalamin in plasma.

In an application with anticonvulsant drugs decreased cyanocobalamin absorption from the gut.

In an Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin)) application with neomycin, aminosalicylic acid, colchicine, cimetidine, ranitidine, drugs potassium decreased cyanocobalamin absorption from the gut.

Cyanocobalamin may exacerbate allergic reactions caused by thiamine.

When parenteral application of chloramphenicol may decrease the hematopoietic effects of cyanocobalamin with anemia.

Pharmaceutical incompatibility

Contained in the molecule of cyanocobalamin cobalt ion contributes to the destruction of ascorbic acid, thiamine bromide, riboflavin in one solution.

Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid):


Pharmacological action

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) (vitamin c) is essential for the formation of intracellular collagen, is required to strengthen the structure of teeth, bones, and the capillary walls. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) participates in redox reactions, the metabolism of tyrosine, converting folic acid into folinic acid, metabolism of carbohydrates, the synthesis of lipids and proteins, iron metabolism, processes of cellular respiration. Reduces the need for vitamins B1, B2, A, E, folic acid, pantothenic acid, enhances the body's resistance to infections; enhances iron absorption, contributing to its sequestration in reduced form. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) has antioxidant properties.

With intravaginal application of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) lowers the vaginal pH, inhibiting the growth of bacteria and helps to restore and maintain normal pH and vaginal flora (Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus gasseri).

Pharmacokinetics

After oral administration Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) is completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Widely distributed in body tissues.

The concentration of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) in blood plasma in normal amounts to approximately 10-20 mg / ml.

The concentration of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) in white blood cells and platelets is higher than in erythrocytes and plasma. When deficient state of concentration in leucocytes is reduced later and more slowly and is regarded as the best criterion for evaluating the deficit than the concentration in plasma.

Plasma protein binding is about 25%.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) is reversibly oxidized to form dehydroascorbic acid, is metabolized with the formation of ascorbate-2-sulphate which is inactive and oxalic acid which is excreted in the urine.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) taken in excessive quantities is rapidly excreted unchanged in urine, it usually happens when exceeding a daily dose is 200 mg.

Why is Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) prescribed?

For systemic use of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) RiteMED Phils: prevention and treatment of hypo- and avitaminosis of vitamin C; providing increased need for vitamin C during growth, pregnancy, lactation, with heavy loads, fatigue and during recovery after prolonged severe illness; in winter with an increased risk of infectious diseases.

For intravaginal use: chronic or recurrent vaginitis (bacterial vaginosis, nonspecific vaginitis) caused by the anaerobic flora (due to changes in pH of the vagina) in order to normalize disturbed vaginal microflora.

Dosage and administration

This medication administered orally, IM, IV, intravaginally.

For the prevention of deficiency conditions Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) dose is 25-75 mg / day, for the treatment - 250 mg / day or more in divided doses.

For intravaginal used Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) drugs in appropriate dosage forms.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) side effects, adverse reactions

CNS: headache, fatigue, insomnia.

Digestive system: stomach cramps, nausea and vomiting.

Allergic reaction: describes a few cases of skin reactions and manifestations of the respiratory system.

Urinary system: when used in high doses - hyperoxaluria and the formation of kidney stones of calcium oxalate.

Local reactions: with intravaginal application - a burning or itching in the vagina, increased mucous discharge, redness, swelling of the vulva. Other: sensation of heat.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) contraindications

Increased sensitivity to Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)).

Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

The minimum daily requirement of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) in the II and III trimester of pregnancy is about 60 mg.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) crosses the placental barrier. It should be borne in mind that the fetus can adapt to high doses of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)), which takes a pregnant woman, and then a newborn baby may develop the ascorbic disease as the reaction of cancel. Therefore, during pregnancy should not to take Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) in high doses, except in cases where the expected benefit outweighs the potential risk.

The minimum daily requirement during lactation (breastfeeding) is 80 mg. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) is excreted in breast milk. A mother's diet that contains adequate amounts of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)), is sufficient to prevent deficiency in an infant. It is unknown whether dangerous to the child's mother use of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) in high doses. Theoretically it is possible. Therefore, it is recommended not to exceed the maximum daily nursing mother needs to Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)), except when the expected benefit outweighs the potential risk.

Special instructions

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) is used with caution in patients with hyperoxaluria, renal impairment, a history of instructions on urolithiasis. Because Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) increases iron absorption, its use in high doses can be dangerous in patients with hemochromatosis, thalassemia, polycythemia, leukemia, and sideroblastic anemia.

Patients with high content body iron should apply Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) in minimal doses.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) is used with caution in patients with deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase.

The use of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) in high doses can cause exacerbation of sickle cell anemia.

Data on the diabetogenic action of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) are contradictory. However, prolonged use of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) should periodically monitor your blood glucose levels.

It is believed that the use of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) in patients with rapidly proliferating and widely disseminated tumors may worsen during the process. It should therefore be used with caution in Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) in patients with advanced cancer.

Absorption of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) decreased while use of fresh fruit or vegetable juices, alkaline drinking.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) drug interactions

In an application with barbiturates, primidone increases the excretion of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) in the urine.

With the simultaneous use of oral contraceptives reduces the concentration of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) in blood plasma.

In an application of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) with iron preparations Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)), due to its regenerative properties, transforms ferric iron in the bivalent, which improves its absorption.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) in high doses can decrease urine pH that while the application reduces the tubular reabsorption of amphetamine and tricyclic antidepressants.

With the simultaneous use of aspirin reduces the absorption of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) by about a third.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) in an application with warfarin may decrease effects of warfarin.

With the simultaneous application of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) increases the excretion of iron in patients receiving deferoxamine. In the application of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) at a dose of 500 mg / day possibly left ventricular dysfunction.

In an application with tetracycline is increased excretion of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) in the urine.

There is a described case of reducing the concentration of fluphenazine in plasma in patients treated with Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)) 500 mg 2 times / day.

May increase the concentration of ethinyl estradiol in the blood plasma in its simultaneous application in the oral contraceptives.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral ) in case of emergency / overdose

Symptoms: long-term use of large doses (more than 1 g) - headache, increased CNS excitability, insomnia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, gastritis giperatsidnyh, ultseratsiya gastrointestinal mucosa, inhibition of the function insular apparatus of the pancreas (hyperglycemia, glycosuria), hyperoxaluria, nephrolithiasis (calcium oxalate), damage to the glomerular apparatus of the kidneys, moderate thamuria (when receiving a dose of 600 mg / day).

Decrease capillary permeability (possibly deteriorating trophic tissues, increased blood pressure, hypercoagulability, the development of microangiopathy).

When IV administration in high doses - the threat of termination of pregnancy (due to estrogenemia), hemolysis of red blood cells.

Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate):


A generic descriptor for all tocopherols and tocotrienols that exhibit alpha-tocopherol activity. By virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus, these compounds exhibit varying degree of antioxidant activity, depending on the site and number of methyl groups and the type of isoprenoids.

Indication: Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate)), known for its antioxidant activities, is protective against cardiovascular disease and some forms of cancer and has also demonstrated immune-enhancing effects. It may be of limited benefit in some with asthma and rheumatoid arthritis. It may be helpful in some neurological diseases including Alzheimer's, some eye disorders including cataracts, and diabetes and premenstrual syndrome. It may also help protect skin from ultraviolet irradiation although claims that it reverses skin aging, enhances male fertility and exercise performance are poorly supported. It may help relieve some muscle cramps.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate)) has antioxidant activity. It may also have anti-atherogenic, antithrombotic, anticoagulant, neuroprotective, antiviral, immunomodulatory, cell membrane-stabilizing and antiproliferative actions. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate)) is a collective term used to describe eight separate forms, the best-known form being alpha-tocopherol. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate)) is a fat-soluble vitamin and is an important antioxidant. It acts to protect cells against the effects of free radicals, which are potentially damaging by-products of the body's metabolism. Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate)) is often used in skin creams and lotions because it is believed to play a role in encouraging skin healing and reducing scarring after injuries such as burns. There are three specific situations when a Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate)) deficiency is likely to occur. It is seen in persons who cannot absorb dietary fat, has been found in premature, very low birth weight infants (birth weights less than 1500 grams, or 3½ pounds), and is seen in individuals with rare disorders of fat metabolism. A Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate)) deficiency is usually characterized by neurological problems due to poor nerve conduction. Symptoms may include infertility, neuromuscular impairment, menstrual problems, miscarriage and uterine degradation. Preliminary research has led to a widely held belief that Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate)) may help prevent or delay coronary heart disease. Antioxidants such as Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate)) help protect against the damaging effects of free radicals, which may contribute to the development of chronic diseases such as cancer. It also protects other fat-soluble vitamins (A and B group vitamins) from destruction by oxygen. Low levels of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate)) have been linked to increased incidence of breast and colon cancer.

Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:

Active ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug.


Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral available forms, composition, doses:

Form of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease.


Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral destination | category:

Destination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so.


Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:

A medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code.


Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral pharmaceutical companies:

Pharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug.


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References

  1. Dailymed."FOLIC ACID INJECTION, SOLUTION [FRESENIUS KABI USA, LLC]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  2. Dailymed."ASCORBIC ACID; BIOTIN; CYANOCOBALAMIN; DEXPANTHENOL; ERGOCALCIFEROL; FOLIC ACID; NIACINAMIDE; PHYTONADIONE; PYRIDOXINE HYDROCHLORIDE; RIBOFLAVIN 5'-PHOSPHATE SODIUM; THIAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE; VITAMIN A; VITAMIN E: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  3. Dailymed."COPPER: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).

Frequently asked Questions

Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral?

Depending on the reaction of the Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

Is Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral addictive or habit forming?

Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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Review

sdrugs.com conducted a study on Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Children's Chewable Multivitamin and Multimineral consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

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The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology

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