DRUGS & SUPPLEMENTS
Buclifen-Vit usesBuclifen-Vit consists of Buclizine Hydrochloride, Lysine, Vitamin B12.
Buclifen-Vit (Buclizine Hydrochloride) is an antihistamine of the piperazine derivative family. [Wikipedia]
Indication: For prevention and treatment of nausea, vomiting, and dizziness associated with motion sickness and vertigo (dizziness caused by other medical problems).
Buclifen-Vit (Buclizine Hydrochloride) is a piperazine-derivative antihistamine used as an antivertigo/antiemetic agent. Buclifen-Vit (Buclizine Hydrochloride) is used in the prevention and treatment of nausea, vomiting, and dizziness associated with motion sickness. Additionally, it has been used in the management of vertigo in diseases affecting the vestibular apparatus. Although the mechanism by which Buclifen-Vit (Buclizine Hydrochloride) exerts its antiemetic and antivertigo effects has not been fully elucidated, its central anticholinergic properties are partially responsible. The drug depresses labyrinth excitability and vestibular stimulation, and it may affect the medullary chemoreceptor trigger zone. It also possesses anticholinergic, antihistaminic, central nervous system depressant, and local anesthetic effects.
Pharmacy Bulk Package
Not For Direct Infusion
Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15% Amino Acids Injection in a Pharmacy Bulk Package is a sterile, clear, nonpyrogenic solution of essential and nonessential amino acids for intravenous infusion in parenteral nutrition following appropriate dilution.
Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15% in a Pharmacy Bulk Package is not for direct infusion. It is a sterile dosage from which contains several single doses for use in a pharmacy admixture program in the preparation of intravenous parenteral fluids.
Each 100 mL contains:
The formulas for the individual amino acids are as follows:
Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15% Amino Acids Injection providesseventeen crystalline amino acids. This completely utilizable substrate promotesprotein synthesis and wound healing and reduces the rate of protein catabolism.
A.Total Parenteral Nutrition (Central Infusion)
When enteralfeeding is inadvisable, Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15% given by central venousinfusion in combination with energy sources, vitamins, trace elements andelectrolytes, will completely satisfy the requirements for weight maintenanceor weight gain, depending upon the dose selected. The energy component inparenteral nutrition by central infusion may be derived solely from dextroseor may be provided by a combination of dextrose and intravenous fat emulsion. The addition of intravenous fat emulsion provides essential fatty acids andpermits a dietary balance of fat and carbohydrate, at the same time offeringthe option of reducing the dextrose load and/or increasing the total caloricinput. An adequate energy supply is essential for optimal utilization of aminoacids.
B. Total Parenteral Nutrition (Peripheral Infusion)
Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15%can also be administered as part of a total parenteral nutrition program byperipheral vein when the enteral route is inadvisable and use of the centralvenous catheter is contraindicated.
Reduction of proteinloss can be achieved by use of diluted Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15% in combinationwith dextrose or with dextrose and intravenous fat emulsion by peripheralinfusion. Complete peripheral intravenous nutrition can be achieved in patientswith low caloric requirements by a Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)®15%-dextrose-fatregimen.
INDICATIONS AND USAGE
Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15% is indicated as an amino acid(nitrogen) source in parenteral nutrition regimens. This use is appropriatewhen the enteral route is inadvisable, inadequate or not possible, as when:
-Gastrointestinal absorption is impaired by obstruction, inflammatory diseaseor its complications, or antineoplastic therapy;
-Bowel rest is needed because of gastrointestinal surgery or its complicationssuch as ileus, fistulae or anastomotic leaks;
-Tube feeding methods alone cannot provide adequate nutrition.
This solution should not be used in patients in hepatic coma,severe renal failure, metabolic disorders involving impaired nitrogen utilizationor hypersensitivity to one or more amino acids.
Administration of amino acids solutions at excessive ratesor to patients with hepatic insufficiency may result in plasma amino acidimbalances, hyperammonemia, prerenal azotemia, stupor and coma. Conservativedoses of amino acids should be given to these patients, dictated by the nutritionalstatus of the patient. Should symptoms of hyperammonemia develop, amino acidadministration should be discontinued and the patient’s clinical statusre-evaluated.
Contains sodium metabisulfite, a sulfitethat may cause allergic-type reactions including anaphylactic symptoms andlife-threatening or less severe asthmatic episodes in certain susceptiblepeople. The overall prevalence of sulfite sensitivity in the general populationis unknown and probably low.
Sulfite sensitivity isseen more frequently in asthmatic than in nonasthmatic people.
WARNING: This product contains aluminum that maybe toxic. Aluminum may reach toxic levels with prolonged parenteral administrationif kidney function is impaired. Premature neonates are particularly at riskbecause their kidneys are immature, and they require large amounts of calciumand phosphate solutions, which contain aluminum.
Researchindicates that patients with impaired kidney function, including prematureneonates, who receive parenteral levels of aluminum at greater than 4 to 5mcg/kg/day accumulate aluminum at levels associated with central nervous systemand bone toxicity. Tissue loading may occur at even lower rates of administration.
It is essential to provide adequate calories concurrently if parenterally administered amino acids are to be retained by the body and utilized for protein synthesis.
The administration of Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15% Amino Acids Injection as part of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) with large volumes of hyperosmotic fluids requires periodic monitoring of the patient for signs of hyperosmolarity, hyperglycemia, glycosuria and hypertriglyceridemia.
During parenteral nutrition with concentrated dextrose and amino acids solutions, essential fatty acid deficiency syndrome may develop but may not be clinically apparent. Early demonstration of this condition can only be accomplished by gas liquid chromatographic analysis of plasma lipids. The syndrome may be prevented or corrected by appropriate treatment with intravenous fat emulsions.
For complete nutritional support, TPN regimens must also include multiple vitamins and trace elements. Potentially incompatible ions such as calcium and phosphate may be added to alternate infusate bottles to avoid precipitation. Although the metabolizable acetate ion in Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15% diminishes the risk of acidosis, the physician must be alert to the potential appearance of this disorder.
Initiation and termination of infusions of TPN fluids must be gradual to permit adjustment of endogenous insulin release.
Undiluted Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15% should not be administered peripherally. When administered centrally, it should be diluted with appropriate diluents, e.g., dextrose, electrolytes and other nutrient components, to at least half strength. See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION.
Caution against volume overload should be exercised.
Drug product contains no more than 25 mcg/L of aluminum.
B. Laboratory Tests
Infusion of Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15% without concomitant infusion of an adequate number of non-protein calories may result in elevated BUN. Monitoring of BUN is required and the balance between Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15% and the calorie source may require adjustment. Frequent clinical evaluations and laboratory determinations are required to prevent the complications which may occur during the administration of solutions used in TPN. Laboratory tests should include blood glucose, serum electrolytes, liver and kidney function, serum osmolarity, blood ammonia, serum protein, pH, hematocrit, WBC and urinary glucose. When Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15% is combined with electrolytes, care should be used in administering this solution to patients with congestive heart failure, renal failure, edema, adrenal hyperactivity, acid-base imbalance and those receiving diuretics or antihypertensive therapy. Total volume infused should be closely monitored. Serum electrolytes should be monitored daily in these patients.
C. Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
Studies with Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15% have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential, mutagenic potential, or effects on fertility.
D. Pregnancy Category C
Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15%. It is also not known whether Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15% can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15% should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.
E. Nursing Mothers
Caution should be exercised when Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15% is administered to a nursing woman.
F. Pediatric Use
Safety and effectiveness of Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15% Amino Acids Injection in pediatric patients have not been established by adequate and well-controlled studies. However, the use of amino acids injections in pediatric patients as an adjunct in the offsetting of nitrogen loss or in the treatment of negative nitrogen balance is referenced in the medical literature.
G. Special Precautions for Central Infusion
TPN delivered by indwelling catheter through a central or large peripheral vein is a special technique requiring a team effort by physician, nurse and pharmacist. The responsibility for administering this therapy should be confined to those trained in the procedures and alert to signs of complications. Complications known to occur from the placement of central venous catheter are pneumothorax, hemothorax, hydrothorax, artery puncture and transection, injury to the brachial plexus, malposition of the catheter, formation of arteriovenous fistula, phlebitis, thrombosis, and air/catheter emboli. The risk of sepsis is present during intravenous therapy, especially when using central venous catheters for prolonged periods. It is imperative that the preparation of admixtures and the placement and care of the catheters be accomplished under controlled aseptic conditions.
Admixtures should be prepared under a laminar flow hood using aseptic technique.
Admixtures should be stored under refrigeration and must be administered within 24 hours after removal from refrigerator.
Filters of less than 1.2 micron pore size must not be used with admixtures containing fat emulsion.
I. Do not administer unless solution is clear and the seal is intact.
IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT A CAREFULLY PREPARED PROTOCOL, BASED ON CURRENT MEDICAL PRACTICES, BE FOLLOWED, PREFERABLY BY AN EXPERIENCED TEAM.
In the event of overhydration or solute overload, re-evaluatethe patient and institute appropriate corrective measures. See WARNINGS andPRECAUTIONS.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
The appropriate daily dose of amino acids to be used withdextrose or with dextrose and intravenous fat emulsion will depend upon themetabolic status and clinical response of the patient as therapy proceeds. Doses which achieve nitrogen equilibrium or positive balance are the mostdesirable. The dosage on the first day should be approximately half the anticipatedoptimal dosage and should be increased gradually to minimize glycosuria; similarly,withdrawal should be accomplished gradually to avoid rebound hypoglycemia.
Fatemulsion coadministration should be considered when prolonged (more than 5days) parenteral nutrition is required in order to prevent essential fattyacid deficiency (EFAD). Serum lipids should be monitored for evidence of EFADin patients maintained on fat free TPN.
The amount administeredis dosed on the basis of amino acids/kg of body weight/day. In general, twoto three g/kg of body weight for neonates and infants with adequate caloriesare sufficient to satisfy protein needs and promote positive nitrogen balance. In pediatric patients, the final solution should not exceed twice normal serumosmolarity (718 mOsmol/L).
DIRECTIONSFOR PROPER USE OF PHARMACY BULK PACKAGE
Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15%in a Pharmacy Bulk Package is not intended for direct infusion. The containerclosure may be penetrated only once using a suitable sterile transfer deviceor dispensing set which allows measured dispensing of the contents. The PharmacyBulk Package is to be used only in a suitable work area such as a laminarflow hood (or an equivalent clean air compounding area). Once the closureis penetrated, the contents should be dispensed as soon as possible; the transferof contents must be completed within 4 hours of closure entry. The bottlemay be stored at room temperature (25°C) after the closure has been entered. Date and time of container entry should be noted in the area designated onthe container label.
When using Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15%in patients with a need for fluid volume restriction, it can be diluted asfollows:
This will provide 1395 kilocalories (kcal) per 1000 mLof admixture with a ratio of 118 non-protein calories per gram of nitrogenand an osmolarity of 1561 mOsmol/L.
In patients wherethe need for fluid restriction is not so marked, either of the following regimensmay be used dependent upon the energy needs of the patient.
This will provide 1500 kcal per 1000 mL of admixture witha ratio of 228 non-protein calories per gram of nitrogen and an osmolarityof 1633 mOsmol/L.
This will provide 935 kcal per 1000 mL of admixture witha ratio of 158 non-protein calories per gram of nitrogen and an osmolarityof 1128.5 mOsmol/L.
A. Total Parenteral Nutrition (CentralInfusion)
In unstressed adult patients with no unusualnitrogen losses, a minimum dosage of 0.1 gram nitrogen (4.2 mL of Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15%)plus 4.4 grams (15 calories) of dextrose per kilogram of body weight per dayare required to achieve nitrogen balance and weight stability. Intravenousfat emulsion may be used as a partial substitute for dextrose. This regimenprovides a ratio of 150 non-protein calories per gram of nitrogen.
Forpatients stressed by surgery, trauma or sepsis, and those with unusual nitrogenlosses, the dosage required for maintenance may be as high as 0.3 to 0.4 gramsof nitrogen (13 to 17 mL Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15%) per kilogram of bodyweight per day, with proportionate increases in non-protein calories. Periodicassessment of nitrogen balance of the individual patient is the best indicatorof proper dosage. Volume overload and glycosuria may be encountered at highdosage, and nitrogen balance may not be achieved in extremely hypermetabolicpatients under these constraints. Concomitant insulin administration may berequired to minimize glycosuria. Daily laboratory monitoring is essential.
Useof an infusion pump is advisable to maintain a steady infusion rate duringcentral venous infusion.
B. Peripheral Nutrition
Inpatients for whom central venous catheterization is not advisable, proteincatabolism can be reduced by peripheral use of diluted Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15%plus non-protein calorie sources. Dilution of 250 mL Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15%in 750 mL of 10% dextrose will reduce the osmolarity to a level (724 mOsmol/L)which is more favorable to the maintenance of the integrity of the walls ofthe veins. Intravenous fat emulsion can be infused separately or simultaneously;if infused simultaneously the fat emulsion will provide a dilution effectupon the osmolarity while increasing the energy supply.
Parenteraldrug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discolorationprior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.
Toreduce the risk of bacterial contamination, all intravenous administrationsets should be replaced at least every 24 hours. Usage of admixtures mustbe initiated within 24 hours after mixing. If storage is necessary duringthis 24 hour period, admixtures must be refrigerated and completely used within24 hours of beginning administration.
Buclifen-Vit (Lysine)® 15% Amino Acids Injection is suppliedas a Pharmacy Bulk Package in 500 mL containers.
500mL NDC 0409-0468-05
Store inthe closed carton; do not expose solution to light until ready for use. Exposureof pharmaceutical products to heat should be minimized. Avoid excessive heat. It is recommended that the product be stored at 20 to 25°C (68 to 77°F). Brief exposure to temperatures above25°C during transport and storage will not adversely affect the product. Solution that has been frozen must not be used.
Hospira, Inc., Lake Forest, IL 60045 USA
Buclifen-Vit refers to a group of water-soluble vitamins. It has high biological activity. Buclifen-Vit (Vitamin B12) is necessary for normal hematopoiesis (promotes maturation of erythrocytes). Involved in the processes of transmethylation, hydrogen transport, synthesis of methionine, nucleic acids, choline, creatine. Contributes to the accumulation in erythrocytes of compounds containing sulfhydryl groups. Has a beneficial effect on liver function and the nervous system. Activates the coagulation of blood in high doses causes an increase in the activity of thromboplastin and prothrombin.
After oral administration Buclifen-Vit (Vitamin B12) absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Metabolized in the tissues, becoming a co-enzyme form - adenosylcobalamin which is the active form of cyanocobalamin. Excreted in bile and urine.
Why is Buclifen-Vit prescribed?
Anemia due to B12-deficiency conditions; in the complex therapy for iron and posthemorrhagic anemia; aplastic anemia caused by toxic substances and drugs; liver disease (hepatitis, cirrhosis); funicular myelosis; polyneuritis, radiculitis, neuralgia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; children cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, peripheral nerve injury; skin diseases (psoriasis, photodermatosis, herpetiformis dermatitis, neurodermatitis); to prevent and treat symptoms of deficiency of Buclifen-Vit (Vitamin B12) (including the application of biguanide, PASA, vitamin C in high doses); radiation sickness.
Dosage and administration
Buclifen-Vit is used as injections SC, IV, IM, intralumbar, and also oral. With anemia associated with Buclifen-Vit (Vitamin B12) deficiency is introduced on 100-200 mcg in 2 days. In anemia with symptoms of funicular myelosis and megalocytic anemia with diseases of the nervous system - 400-500 micrograms in the first 7 days daily, then 1 time every 5-7 days. In the period of remission in the absence of events funicular myelosis maintenance dose - 100 mcg 2 times a month, in the presence of neurological symptoms - at 200-400 mcg 2-4 times a month. In acute post-hemorrhagic anemia and iron anemia by 30-100 mcg 2-3 times a week. When aplastic anemia (especially in children) - 100 micrograms before clinical improvement. When nutritional anemia in infants and preterm - 30 mcg / day during 15 days.
In diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system and neurological diseases with a pain syndrome is administered in increasing doses - 200-500 mcg, with the improvement in the state - 100 mcg / day. The course of treatment with Buclifen-Vit (Vitamin B12) is 2 weeks. In traumatic lesions of peripheral nervous system - at 200-400 mcg every other day for 40-45 days.
When hepatitis and cirrhosis - 30-60 mcg / day or 100 mg every other day for 25-40 days.
Dystrophy in young children, Down syndrome and cerebral palsy - by 15-30 mcg every other day.
When funicular myelosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis can be introduced into the spinal canal at 15-30 mcg, gradually increasing the dose of 200-250 micrograms.
In radiation sickness, diabetic neuropathy, sprue - by 60-100 mcg daily for 20-30 days.
When deficiency of Buclifen-Vit (Vitamin B12) to prevent - IV or IM for 1 mg 1 time a month; for treatment - IV or IM for 1 mg daily for 1-2 weeks, the maintenance dose is 1-2 mg IV or IM from 1 per week, up to 1 per month. Duration of treatment is determined individually.
Buclifen-Vit (Vitamin B12) side effects, adverse reactions
CNS: rarely - a state of arousal.
Cardiovascular system: rarely - pain in the heart, tachycardia.
Allergic reactions: rarely - urticaria.
Thromboembolism, erythremia, erythrocytosis, increased sensitivity to cyanocobalamin.
Buclifen-Vit using during pregnancy and breastfeeding
Cyanocobalamin can be used in pregnancy according to prescriptions.
When stenocardia should be used with caution in a single dose of Buclifen-Vit 100 mcg. During treatment should regularly monitor the blood picture and coagulation. It is unacceptable to enter in the same syringe with cyanocobalamin solutions of thiamine and pyridoxine.
Buclifen-Vit (Vitamin B12) drug interactions
In an application of Buclifen-Vit (Vitamin B12) with hormonal contraceptives for oral administration may decrease the concentration of cyanocobalamin in plasma.
In an application with anticonvulsant drugs decreased cyanocobalamin absorption from the gut.
In an Buclifen-Vit (Vitamin B12) application with neomycin, aminosalicylic acid, colchicine, cimetidine, ranitidine, drugs potassium decreased cyanocobalamin absorption from the gut.
Cyanocobalamin may exacerbate allergic reactions caused by thiamine.
When parenteral application of chloramphenicol may decrease the hematopoietic effects of cyanocobalamin with anemia.
Contained in the molecule of cyanocobalamin cobalt ion contributes to the destruction of ascorbic acid, thiamine bromide, riboflavin in one solution.
Buclifen-Vit pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:
Active ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug.
Buclifen-Vit available forms, composition, doses:
Form of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease.
Buclifen-Vit destination | category:
Destination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so.
Buclifen-Vit Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:
A medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code.
Buclifen-Vit pharmaceutical companies:
Pharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug.
Frequently asked QuestionsCan i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Buclifen-Vit?
Depending on the reaction of the Buclifen-Vit after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Buclifen-Vit not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.Is Buclifen-Vit addictive or habit forming?
Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.
Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.
Reviewsdrugs.com conducted a study on Buclifen-Vit, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Buclifen-Vit consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.
Visitor reported usefulNo survey data has been collected yet
Visitor reported side effectsNo survey data has been collected yet
Visitor reported price estimatesNo survey data has been collected yet
Visitor reported frequency of useNo survey data has been collected yet
Visitor reported dosesNo survey data has been collected yet
Visitor reported time for resultsNo survey data has been collected yet
Visitor reported administrationNo survey data has been collected yet
Visitor reported ageNo survey data has been collected yet
The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology