Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se

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Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se uses

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se consists of Beta-Carotene, Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate), Vitamin C, Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acid Succinate), Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate).

Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate):



Rx Only

TRACE ELEMENT ADDITIVE FOR IV USE AFTER DILUTION

DESCRIPTION

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) Injection is a sterile, nonpyrogenic solution for use as an additive to solutions for Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN).

Each mL contains Selenious Acid 65.4 mcg (equivalent to elemental Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) 40 mcg/mL) and Water for Injection q.s. pH may be adjusted with nitric acid to 1.8 to 2.4.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) is part of glutathione peroxidase which protects cell components from oxidative damage due to peroxides produced in cellular metabolism.

Prolonged TPN support in humans has resulted in Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) deficiency symptoms which include muscle pain and tenderness. The symptoms have been reported to respond to supplementation of TPN solutions with Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)).

Pediatric conditions, Keshan disease, and Kwashiorkor, have been associated with low dietary intake of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)). The conditions are endemic to geographical areas with low Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) soil content. Dietary supplementation with Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) salts has been reported to reduce the incidence of the conditions among affected children.

Normal blood levels of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) in different human populations have been found to vary and depend on the Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) content of the food consumed. Results of surveys carried out in some countries are tabulated below:



COUNTRY


Number of

Samples

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) (mcg/100 mL) (a)

Whole Blood


Blood Cells

Plasma/

Serum

(a) Mean values with or without standard deviation in parentheses, all other ranges.
(b) Age group unknown.
(c) Three children recovered from Kwashiorkor and the other six under treatment for other diseases.
(d) Low selenium-content soil area.
(e) Well nourished children, three recovered from Kwashiorkor and the other six under treatment for other diseases.
(f) Mean values from seven subjects.
Canada 254 Adults (37.9 ± 7.8) (23.6 ± 6.0) (14.4 ± 2.9)
England 8 (b) 26-37 (32) -- --
Guatemala &

Southern USA

10 Adults

9 Children (c)

19-28 (22)

(23 ± 5)

--

(36 ± 12)

--

(15 ± 5)

New Zealand (d) 113 Adults (5.4 ± 0.1) (6.6 ± 0.3) (4.3 ± 0.1)
Thailand 3 Adults

9 Children (e)

14.4-20.2

(12.0 ± 3.6) (f)

17.8-35.8

(19.5 ± 8.2)

8.1-12.5

(8.3 ± 2.2)

USA 210 Adults 15.7-25.6

(20.6)

-- --

Plasma Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) levels of 0.3 and 0.9 mcg/100 mL have been reported to produce deficiency symptoms in humans.

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) is eliminated primarily in urine. However, significant endogenous losses through feces also occur. The rate of excretion and the relative importance of two routes varies with the chemical form of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) used in supplementation. Ancillary routes of elimination are lungs and skin.

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INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) Injection is indicated for use as a supplement to intravenous solutions given for total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Administration of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) in TPN solutions helps to maintain plasma Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) levels and to prevent depletion of endogenous stores and subsequent deficiency symptoms.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) Injection should not be given undiluted by direct injection into a peripheral vein because of the potential for infusion phlebitis.

WARNINGS

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) Injection can be toxic if given in excessive amounts. Supplementation of TPN solution with Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) should be immediately discontinued if toxicity symptoms are observed. Frequent determination of plasma Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) levels during TPN support and close medical supervision is recommended.

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) Injection is a hypotonic solution and should be administered in admixtures only.

This product contains aluminum that may be toxic. Aluminum may reach toxic levels with prolonged parenteral administration if kidney function is impaired. Premature neonates are particularly at risk because their kidneys are immature, and they require large amounts of calcium and phosphate solutions, which contain aluminum.

Research indicates that patients with impaired kidney function, including premature neonates, who receive parenteral levels of aluminum at greater than 4 to 5 mcg/kg/day accumulate aluminum at levels associated with central nervous system and bone toxicity. Tissue loading may occur at even lower rates of administration.

PRECAUTIONS

As Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se ) is eliminated in urine and feces, Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) supplements may be adjusted, reduced or omitted in renal dysfunction and/or gastrointestinal malfunction. In patients receiving blood transfusions, contribution from such transfusions should also be considered. Frequent Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) plasma level determinations are suggested as a guideline.

In animals, Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) has been reported to enhance the action of Vitamin E and decrease the toxicity of mercury, cadmium and arsenic.

Pregnancy

Teratogenic Effects

Pregnancy Category C: Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) at high dose levels (15-30 mcg/egg) has been reported to have adverse embryological effects among chickens. There are however, no adequate and wellcontrolled studies in pregnant women. Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) Injection should be used during pregnancy only if potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

Presence of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) in placenta and umbilical cord blood has been reported in humans.

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ADVERSE REACTIONS

The amount of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) present in Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) Injection is small. Symptoms of toxicity from Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) are unlikely to occur at the recommended dosage level.

OVERDOSAGE

Chronic toxicity in humans resulting from exposure to Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) in industrial environments, intake of foods grown in seleniferous soils, use of selenium-contaminated water, and application of cosmetics containing Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) has been reported in literature. Toxicity symptoms include hair loss, weakened nails, dermatitis, dental defects, gastrointestinal disorders, nervousness, mental depression, metallic taste, vomiting, and garlic odor of breath and sweat. Acute poisoning due to ingestion of large amounts of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) compounds has resulted in death with histopathological changes including fulminating peripheral vascular collapse, internal vascular congestion, diffusely hemorrhagic, congested and edematus lungs, brick-red color gastric mucosa. The death was preceded by coma.

No effective antidote to Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) poisoning in humans is known. Animal studies have shown casein and linseed oil in feeds, reduced glutathione, arsenic, magnesium sulfate, and bromobenzene to afford limited protection.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) Injection provides 40 mcg selenium/mL. For metabolically stable adults receiving TPN, the suggested additive dosage level is 20 to 40 mcg selenium/day. For pediatric patients, the suggested additive dosage level is 3 mcg/kg/day.

In adults, Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) deficiency states resulting from long-term TPN support, Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) as selenomethionine or selenious acid, administered intravenously at 100 mcg/day for a period of 24 and 31 days, respectively, has been reported to reverse deficiency symptoms without toxicity.

Aseptic addition of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) Injection to the TPN solution under laminar flow hood is recommended. Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) is physically compatible with the electrolytes and other trace elements usually present in amino-acid/dextrose solution used for TPN. Frequent monitoring of plasma Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) levels is suggested as a guideline for subsequent administration. The normal whole blood range for Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) is approximately 10 to 37 mcg/100 mL.

Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration, whenever solution and container permit.

HOW SUPPLIED

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) Injection containing selenious acid 65.4 mcg/mL (equivalent to elemental Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) 40 mcg/mL).

NDC 0517-6510-25 10 mL Single Dose Vial Packaged in boxes of 25

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F).

AMERICAN

REGENT, INC.

SHIRLEY, NY 11967

IN6510

Rev. 11/15

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - Container

NDC 0517-6510-25

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) INJECTION

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) 400 mcg/10 mL

(40 mcg/mL)

10 mL

SINGLE DOSE VIAL

Trace Element Additive

FOR IV USE AFTER DILUTION

PRESERVATIVE FREE

Rx Only

AMERICAN REGENT, INC.

SHIRLEY, NY 11967

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - Carton

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) INJECTION

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Selenium (Selenium HVP Chelate)) 400 mcg/10 mL

(40 mcg/mL)

Trace Element Additive

NDC 0517-6510-25

25 x 10 mL

SINGLE DOSE VIALS

FOR INTRAVENOUS USE AFTER DILUTION PRESERVATIVE FREE Rx Only

Each mL contains: Selenious Acid 65.4 mcg, Water for Injection q.s.

pH adjusted with Nitric Acid. Sterile, nonpyrogenic.

WARNING: DISCARD UNUSED PORTION. Store at 20°-25°C (68°-77°F); excursions

permitted to 15°-30°C (59°-86°F).

Directions for Use: See Package Insert.

AMERICAN REGENT, INC.

SHIRLEY, NY 11967

Rev. 11/05

Container Carton

Vitamin C:


Pharmacological action

Ascorbic acid is essential for the formation of intracellular collagen, is required to strengthen the structure of teeth, bones, and the capillary walls. Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin C) participates in redox reactions, the metabolism of tyrosine, converting folic acid into folinic acid, metabolism of carbohydrates, the synthesis of lipids and proteins, iron metabolism, processes of cellular respiration. Reduces the need for vitamins B1, B2, A, E, folic acid, pantothenic acid, enhances the body's resistance to infections; enhances iron absorption, contributing to its sequestration in reduced form. Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin C) has antioxidant properties.

With intravaginal application of ascorbic acid lowers the vaginal pH, inhibiting the growth of bacteria and helps to restore and maintain normal pH and vaginal flora (Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus gasseri).

Pharmacokinetics

After oral administration ascorbic acid is completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Widely distributed in body tissues.

The concentration of ascorbic acid in blood plasma in normal amounts to approximately 10-20 mg / ml.

The concentration of ascorbic acid in white blood cells and platelets is higher than in erythrocytes and plasma. When deficient state of concentration in leucocytes is reduced later and more slowly and is regarded as the best criterion for evaluating the deficit than the concentration in plasma.

Plasma protein binding is about 25%.

Ascorbic acid is reversibly oxidized to form dehydroascorbic acid, is metabolized with the formation of ascorbate-2-sulphate which is inactive and oxalic acid which is excreted in the urine.

Ascorbic acid taken in excessive quantities is rapidly excreted unchanged in urine, it usually happens when exceeding a daily dose is 200 mg.

Why is Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se prescribed?

For systemic use of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin C) Kimia Farma: prevention and treatment of hypo- and avitaminosis of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin C); providing increased need for Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin C) during growth, pregnancy, lactation, with heavy loads, fatigue and during recovery after prolonged severe illness; in winter with an increased risk of infectious diseases.

For intravaginal use: chronic or recurrent vaginitis (bacterial vaginosis, nonspecific vaginitis) caused by the anaerobic flora (due to changes in pH of the vagina) in order to normalize disturbed vaginal microflora.

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Dosage and administration

This medication administered orally, IM, IV, intravaginally.

For the prevention of deficiency conditions Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se dose is 25-75 mg / day, for the treatment - 250 mg / day or more in divided doses.

For intravaginal used ascorbic acid drugs in appropriate dosage forms.

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin C) side effects, adverse reactions

CNS: headache, fatigue, insomnia.

Digestive system: stomach cramps, nausea and vomiting.

Allergic reaction: describes a few cases of skin reactions and manifestations of the respiratory system.

Urinary system: when used in high doses - hyperoxaluria and the formation of kidney stones of calcium oxalate.

Local reactions: with intravaginal application - a burning or itching in the vagina, increased mucous discharge, redness, swelling of the vulva. Other: sensation of heat.

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se contraindications

Increased sensitivity to ascorbic acid.

Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

The minimum daily requirement of ascorbic acid in the II and III trimester of pregnancy is about 60 mg.

Ascorbic acid crosses the placental barrier. It should be borne in mind that the fetus can adapt to high doses of ascorbic acid, which takes a pregnant woman, and then a newborn baby may develop the ascorbic disease as the reaction of cancel. Therefore, during pregnancy should not to take ascorbic acid in high doses, except in cases where the expected benefit outweighs the potential risk.

The minimum daily requirement during lactation is 80 mg. Ascorbic acid is excreted in breast milk. A mother's diet that contains adequate amounts of ascorbic acid, is sufficient to prevent deficiency in an infant. It is unknown whether dangerous to the child's mother use of ascorbic acid in high doses. Theoretically it is possible. Therefore, it is recommended not to exceed the maximum daily nursing mother needs to ascorbic acid, except when the expected benefit outweighs the potential risk.

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Special instructions

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin C) is used with caution in patients with hyperoxaluria, renal impairment, a history of instructions on urolithiasis. Because ascorbic acid increases iron absorption, its use in high doses can be dangerous in patients with hemochromatosis, thalassemia, polycythemia, leukemia, and sideroblastic anemia.

Patients with high content body iron should apply ascorbic acid in minimal doses.

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin C) is used with caution in patients with deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase.

The use of ascorbic acid in high doses can cause exacerbation of sickle cell anemia.

Data on the diabetogenic action of ascorbic acid are contradictory. However, prolonged use of ascorbic acid should periodically monitor your blood glucose levels.

It is believed that the use of ascorbic acid in patients with rapidly proliferating and widely disseminated tumors may worsen during the process. It should therefore be used with caution in ascorbic acid in patients with advanced cancer.

Absorption of ascorbic acid decreased while use of fresh fruit or vegetable juices, alkaline drinking.

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se drug interactions

In an application with barbiturates, primidone increases the excretion of ascorbic acid in the urine.

With the simultaneous use of oral contraceptives reduces the concentration of ascorbic acid in blood plasma.

In an application of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin C) with iron preparations ascorbic acid, due to its regenerative properties, transforms ferric iron in the bivalent, which improves its absorption.

Ascorbic acid in high doses can decrease urine pH that while the application reduces the tubular reabsorption of amphetamine and tricyclic antidepressants.

With the simultaneous use of aspirin reduces the absorption of ascorbic acid by about a third.

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin C) in an application with warfarin may decrease effects of warfarin.

With the simultaneous application of ascorbic acid increases the excretion of iron in patients receiving deferoxamine. In the application of ascorbic acid at a dose of 500 mg / day possibly left ventricular dysfunction.

In an application with tetracycline is increased excretion of ascorbic acid in the urine.

There is a described case of reducing the concentration of fluphenazine in plasma in patients treated with ascorbic acid 500 mg 2 times / day.

May increase the concentration of ethinyl estradiol in the blood plasma in its simultaneous application in the oral contraceptives.

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se in case of emergency / overdose

Symptoms: long-term use of large doses (more than 1 g) - headache, increased CNS excitability, insomnia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, gastritis giperatsidnyh, ultseratsiya gastrointestinal mucosa, inhibition of the function insular apparatus of the pancreas (hyperglycemia, glycosuria), hyperoxaluria, nephrolithiasis (calcium oxalate), damage to the glomerular apparatus of the kidneys, moderate thamuria (when receiving a dose of 600 mg / day).

Decrease capillary permeability (possibly deteriorating trophic tissues, increased blood pressure, hypercoagulability, the development of microangiopathy).

When IV administration in high doses - the threat of termination of pregnancy (due to estrogenemia), hemolysis of red blood cells.

Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acid Succinate):


A generic descriptor for all tocopherols and tocotrienols that exhibit alpha-tocopherol activity. By virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus, these compounds exhibit varying degree of antioxidant activity, depending on the site and number of methyl groups and the type of isoprenoids.

Indication: Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acid Succinate)), known for its antioxidant activities, is protective against cardiovascular disease and some forms of cancer and has also demonstrated immune-enhancing effects. It may be of limited benefit in some with asthma and rheumatoid arthritis. It may be helpful in some neurological diseases including Alzheimer's, some eye disorders including cataracts, and diabetes and premenstrual syndrome. It may also help protect skin from ultraviolet irradiation although claims that it reverses skin aging, enhances male fertility and exercise performance are poorly supported. It may help relieve some muscle cramps.

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acid Succinate)) has antioxidant activity. It may also have anti-atherogenic, antithrombotic, anticoagulant, neuroprotective, antiviral, immunomodulatory, cell membrane-stabilizing and antiproliferative actions. Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acid Succinate)) is a collective term used to describe eight separate forms, the best-known form being alpha-tocopherol. Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acid Succinate)) is a fat-soluble vitamin and is an important antioxidant. It acts to protect cells against the effects of free radicals, which are potentially damaging by-products of the body's metabolism. Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acid Succinate)) is often used in skin creams and lotions because it is believed to play a role in encouraging skin healing and reducing scarring after injuries such as burns. There are three specific situations when a Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acid Succinate)) deficiency is likely to occur. It is seen in persons who cannot absorb dietary fat, has been found in premature, very low birth weight infants (birth weights less than 1500 grams, or 3½ pounds), and is seen in individuals with rare disorders of fat metabolism. A Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acid Succinate)) deficiency is usually characterized by neurological problems due to poor nerve conduction. Symptoms may include infertility, neuromuscular impairment, menstrual problems, miscarriage and uterine degradation. Preliminary research has led to a widely held belief that Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acid Succinate)) may help prevent or delay coronary heart disease. Antioxidants such as Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acid Succinate)) help protect against the damaging effects of free radicals, which may contribute to the development of chronic diseases such as cancer. It also protects other fat-soluble vitamins (A and B group vitamins) from destruction by oxygen. Low levels of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Vitamin E (D-Alpha Tocopherol Acid Succinate)) have been linked to increased incidence of breast and colon cancer.

Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate):


INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) 1 mg/mL (Zinc Chloride Injection, USP) is indicated for use as a supplement to intravenous solutions given for TPN. Administration helps to maintain Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) serum levels and to prevent depletion of endogenous stores, and subsequent deficiency symptoms.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

None known.

WARNINGS

Direct intramuscular or intravenous injection of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) 1 mg/mL (Zinc Chloride Injection, USP) is contraindicated as the acidic pH of the solution (2) may cause considerable tissue irritation.

Severe kidney disease may make it necessary to reduce or omit chromium and Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) doses because these elements are primarily eliminated in the urine.

WARNING: This product contains aluminum that may be toxic. Aluminum may reach toxic levels with prolonged parenteral administration if kidney function is impaired. Premature neonates are particularly at risk because their kidneys are immature, and they require large amounts of calcium and phosphate solutions, which contain aluminum.

Research indicates that patients with impaired kidney function, including premature neonates, who receive parenteral levels of aluminum at greater than 4 to 5 mcg/kg/day accumulate aluminum at levels associated with central nervous system and bone toxicity. Tissue loading may occur at even lower rates of administration.

PRECAUTIONS

General

Do not use unless the solution is clear and the seal is intact.

Zinc 1 mg/mL should only be used in conjunction with a pharmacy directed admixture program using aseptic technique in a laminar flow environment; it should be used promptly and in a single operation without any repeated penetrations. Solution contains no preservatives; discard unused portion immediately after admixture procedure is completed.

Zinc should not be given undiluted by direct injection into a peripheral vein because of the likelihood of infusion phlebitis and the potential for increased excretory loss of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) from a bolus injection. Administration of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) in the absence of copper may cause a decrease in serum copper levels.

Laboratory Tests

Periodic determinations of serum copper as well as Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) are suggested as a guideline for subsequent Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) administration.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, and Impairment of Fertility

Long-term animal studies to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se ) 1 mg/mL (Zinc Chloride Injection, USP) have not been performed, nor have studies been done to assess mutagenesis or impairment of fertility.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) 1 mg/mL (Zinc Chloride Injection, USP) is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

Pregnancy Category C. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se ) chloride. It is also not known whether Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) chloride can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) chloride should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Geriatric Use

An evaluation of current literature revealed no clinical experience identifying differences in response between elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

None known.

DRUG ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE

None known.

OVERDOSAGE

Single intravenous doses of 1 to 2 mg zinc/kg body weight have been given to adult leukemic patients without toxic manifestations. However, acute toxicity was reported in an adult when 10 mg Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) was infused over a period of one hour on each of four consecutive days. Profuse sweating, decreased level of consciousness, blurred vision, tachycardia (140/min), and marked hypothermia (94.2° F) on the fourth day were accompanied by a serum Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) concentration of 207 mcg/dl. Symptoms abated within three hours.

Hyperamylasemia may be a sign of impending Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) overdosage; patients receiving an inadvertent overdose (25 mg zinc/liter of TPN solution, equivalent to 50 to 70 mg zinc/day) developed hyperamylasemia (557 to 1850 Klein units; normal: 130 to 310).

Death resulted from an overdosage in which 1683 mg Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) was delivered intravenously over the course of 60 hours to a 72 year old patient.

Symptoms of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) toxicity included hypotension (80/40 mm Hg), pulmonary edema, diarrhea, vomiting, jaundice, and oliguria, with a serum Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) level of 4184 mcg/dl.

Calcium supplements may confer a protective effect against Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) toxicity.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) 1 mg/mL (Zinc Chloride Injection, USP) contains 1 mg zinc/mL and is administered intravenously only after dilution. The additive should be diluted prior to administration in a volume of fluid not less than 100 mL. For the metabolically stable adult receiving TPN, the suggested intravenous dosage is 2.5 to 4 mg zinc/day (2.5 to 4 mL/day). An additional 2 mg zinc/day (2 mL/day) is suggested for acute catabolic states. For the stable adult with fluid loss from the small bowel, an additional 12.2 mg zinc/liter of small bowel fluid lost (12.2 mL/liter of small bowel fluid lost), or an additional 17.1 mg zinc/kg of stool or ileostomy output (17.1 mL/kg of stool or ileostomy output) is recommended. Frequent monitoring of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) blood levels is suggested for patients receiving more than the usual maintenance dosage level of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)).

For full term infants and children up to 5 years of age, 100 mcg zinc/kg/day (0.1 mL/kg/day) is recommended. For premature infants (birth weight less than 1500 g) up to 3 kg in body weight, 300 mcg zinc/kg/day (0.3 mL/kg/day) is suggested.

Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit. See PRECAUTIONS.

HOW SUPPLIED

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) 1 mg/mL (Zinc Chloride Injection, USP) is supplied in 10 mL Plastic Vials (List No. 4090).

Store at 20 to 25°C (68 to 77°F).

Revised: October, 2004


© Hospira 2004 EN-0488 Printed in USA

HOSPIRA, INC., LAKE FOREST, IL 60045 USA

10 mL Vial

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate))

1 mg/mL

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se (Zinc (Zinc HVP Chelate)) Chloride Inj., USP

Rx only

FOR I.V. USE ONLY AFTER DILUTION.

HOSPIRA, INC., LAKE FOREST, IL 60045 USA

Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:

Active ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug.


Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se available forms, composition, doses:

Form of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease.


Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se destination | category:

Destination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so.


Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:

A medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code.


Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se pharmaceutical companies:

Pharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug.


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References

  1. Dailymed."BETA CAROTENE: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  2. "beta-carotene". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/su... (accessed August 28, 2018).
  3. "Selenium". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/co... (accessed August 28, 2018).

Frequently asked Questions

Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se?

Depending on the reaction of the Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

Is Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se addictive or habit forming?

Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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Review

sdrugs.com conducted a study on Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Beta Carotene and Vitamins C, E and Zn and Se consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

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The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology

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