ALP

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ALP uses


Pharmacological action

ALP is an anxiolytic drug, a derivative of triazolo-benzodiazepine. This medication has anxiolytic, sedative, hypnotic, anticonvulsant, central muscle relaxant effect. The mechanism of action is to enhance the inhibitory effect of endogenous GABA in the CNS by increasing the sensitivity of the GABA-receptor mediator as a result of stimulation of benzodiazepine receptors located in the allosteric center of postsynaptic GABA-receptor activating ascending reticular formation of brain stem neurons and the lateral horns of the spinal cord; reduces the excitability of the subcortical brain structures (the limbic system, thalamus, hypothalamus), inhibits the polysynaptic spinal reflexes.

Pronounced anxiolytic activity (reduction of emotional tension, easing anxiety, fear, anxiety) is combined with moderate soporific effect; it shortens the period of sleep, increases sleep duration and reduces the number of nighttime awakenings. The mechanism of hypnotic action is inhibition of cell reticular formation of the brain.

Pharmacokinetics

After oral administration ALP is rapidly and completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Cmax plasma levels achieved within 1-2 hours. Binding to plasma proteins is 80%. This drud metabolized in the liver. T1/2 is an average of 12-15 hours. ALP and its metabolites are mainly excreted by kidneys.

Why is ALP prescribed?

  • anxiety, neurosis accompanied by anxiety, danger, stress, deterioration of sleep, irritability, and somatic disorders
  • mixed anxiety-depressive conditions
  • neurotic reactive depression accompanied by depressed mood, loss of interest in his surroundings, anxiety, loss of sleep, decreased appetite, and somatic disorders
  • anxiety and neurotic depression that developed on the background of systemic diseases
  • panic disorder in combination and without symptoms of phobias

    Dosage and administration

    Individual. It is recommended to use the minimum effective dose of ALP Aurobindo. The dose is corrected in the treatment process depending on the achieved effect and tolerability. If necessary, increase the dose should be increased gradually, first in the evening and then in the daytime reception.

    The initial dose of ALP is 250-500 mcg 3 times / day, if necessary, it gradually increases to 4.5 mg / day.

    For elderly or debilitated patients the initial dose is 250 mcg 2-3 / day, maintenance doses - 500-750 mcg / day, if necessary, taking into account the tolerance dose can be increased.

    Cancellation or reduction of the dose of ALP should be done gradually by reducing the daily dose of no more than 500 mcg every 3 days; sometimes can needed even more slowly cancelling.

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    ALP side effects, adverse reactions

    CNS: at the beginning of treatment drowsiness, fatigue, dizziness, decreased ability to concentrate, ataxia, disorientation, unsteady gait, slowing of mental and motor responses; rare - headache, euphoria, depression, tremors, memory loss, impaired coordination of movements, depressed mood, confusion, extrapyramidal dystonic reactions (involuntary movements, including for eyes), weakness, myasthenia gravis, dysarthria; in some cases - paradoxical reactions (aggressive flare, confusion, psychomotor agitation, fear, suicidal tendencies, muscle spasms, hallucinations, agitation, irritability, anxiety, insomnia).

    Digestive system: possible dry mouth or excessive salivation, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, decreased appetite, constipation or diarrhea, abnormal liver function, elevated liver transaminases and alkaline phosphatase, jaundice.

    Hematopoietic system: possible leukopenia, neutropenia, agranulocytosis (chills, pyrexia, sore throat, extreme tiredness or weakness), anemia, thrombocytopenia.

    Urinary tract: possible urinary incontinence, urinary retention, renal failure, decreased or increased libido, dysmenorrhea.

    Endocrine system: possible change in body weight, disturbances in libido, menstrual irregularities.

    Cardiovascular system: possible decrease in blood pressure, tachycardia.

    Allergic reactions: possible skin rash, itching.

    Contraindications

    Coma, shock, myasthenia gravis, angle-closure glaucoma (acute attack or predisposition), acute alcohol poisoning (with the weakening of the vital functions), narcotic analgesics, hypnotics and psychotropic drugs, chronic obstructive airways disease with incipient respiratory failure, acute respiratory failure, severe depression (suicidal tendencies may occur), pregnancy (especially the I trimester), lactation, childhood and adolescence to 18 years, increased sensitivity to benzodiazepines.

    Using during pregnancy and breastfeeding

    ALP has a toxic effect on the fetus and increases the risk of birth defects when used in the I trimester of pregnancy. The constant use during pregnancy can cause physical dependence with the development of withdrawal syndrome in the newborn. Reception at therapeutic doses in the later stages of pregnancy can cause neonatal CNS depression. Using of ALP immediately before birth or during labor can cause neonatal respiratory depression, decreased muscle tone, hypotension, hypothermia and a weak act of sucking.

    It is possible to excretion of the benzodiazepines in breast milk that can cause drowsiness in the newborn and hinder feeding.

    In experimental studies have been shown that ALP and its metabolites are excreted in breast milk.

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    Special instructions

    Keep in mind that anxiety or conditions related to everyday stress usually does not require treatment with anxiolytics.

    If you experience paradoxical reactions then stop taking the drug. During the period of treatment is unacceptable to use of alcoholic drinks. With caution use ALP for drivers of vehicles and people whose profession is associated with increased concentration.

    ALP drug interactions

    The simultaneous use of ALP with psychotropic, anticonvulsant medications and ethanol is observed enhancement inhibitory action ALP on the CNS.

    The simultaneous use with blockers of histamine H2-receptor reduce the clearance of ALP and increase the inhibitory effect of ALP on the CNS; macrolide antibiotics reduce the clearance of ALP.

    The simultaneous use with hormonal oral contraceptives increased T1/2 of ALP.

    Simultaneous administration of ALP with dextropropoxyphene observed a more pronounced CNS depression than in combination with other benzodiazepines, as may increase the concentration of ALP in blood plasma.

    Simultaneous treatment with digoxin increases the risk of intoxication by cardiac glycosides.

    ALP increases the concentration of imipramine in plasma.

    Simultaneous administration with itraconazole, ketoconazole increases the effects of ALP.

    Simultaneous administration with paroxetine may increases the effects of ALP due to the inhibition of its metabolism.

    Fluvoxamine increases the concentration of ALP in plasma and risk of its side effects.

    Simultaneous administration of ALP with fluoxetine may increase the concentration of ALP in plasma by decreasing its metabolism and clearance under the influence of fluoxetine which is accompanied by psychomotor disorders.

    It can not be exclude the possibility of strengthening effect of ALP for simultaneous administration with erythromycin.

    ALP in case of emergency / overdose

    Symptoms: Varying degrees of CNS oppression (from sleepiness to coma) - drowsiness, confusion; in more severe cases (especially in patients receiving other drugs depressing the central nervous system or alcohol) - ataxia, decreased reflexes, hypotension, coma.

    Treatment: induction of vomiting, gastric lavage, symptomatic therapy, monitor vital signs. In severe hypotension prescribed an injection of norepinephrine. Specific antidote is benzodiazepine receptor antagonist flumazenil (administration only in a hospital).

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    ALP pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:


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    References

    1. Dailymed."NIRAVAM (ALPRAZOLAM) TABLET, ORALLY DISINTEGRATING [STAT RX USA LLC]". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
    2. Dailymed."ALPRAZOLAM: DailyMed provides trustworthy information about marketed drugs in the United States. DailyMed is the official provider of FDA label information (package inserts).". https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailym... (accessed August 28, 2018).
    3. "alprazolam". https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/co... (accessed August 28, 2018).

    Frequently asked Questions

    Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming ALP?

    Depending on the reaction of the ALP after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider ALP not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

    Is ALP addictive or habit forming?

    Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

    Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

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    Review

    sdrugs.com conducted a study on ALP, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of ALP consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

    Visitor reports

    Visitor reported useful

    No survey data has been collected yet

    One visitor reported side effects

    Did you get side effects while taking the ALP drug, or were there no side effects?
    According to the survey conducted by website sdrugs.com users, the below-mentioned percentages indicate the number of people experiencing the side effects and the number of people not experiencing the side effects when taking ALP medicine. Every drug produces minimal side effects, and they are negligible most times, when compared to the desired effect [use] of the medicine. Side effects depend on the dose you are taking, any drug interactions that happen when you are on other medications, if the patient is sensitive, and other associated conditions. If you cannot tolerate the side effects, consult your doctor immediately, so he can either adjust the dose or change the medication.
    Visitors%
    It has side effects1
    100.0%

    Visitor reported price estimates

    No survey data has been collected yet

    One visitor reported frequency of use

    How often in a day do you take the medicine?
    Are you taking the ALP drug as prescribed by the doctor?

    Few medications can be taken Once in a day more than prescribed when the doctor's advice mentions the medicine can be taken according to frequency or severity of symptoms. Most times, be very careful and clear about the number of times you are taking the medication. The report of sdrugs.com website users about the frequency of taking the drug ALP is mentioned below.
    Visitors%
    Once in a day1
    100.0%

    One visitor reported doses

    What is the dose of ALP drug you are taking?
    According to the survey conducted among sdrugs.com website users, the maximum number of people are using the following dose 201-500mg. Few medications come in only one or two doses. Few are specific for adult dose and child dose. The dose of the medicine given to the patient depends on the severity of the symptom/disease. There can be dose adjustments made by the doctor, based on the progression of the disease. Follow-up is important.
    Visitors%
    201-500mg1
    100.0%

    Visitor reported time for results

    No survey data has been collected yet

    One visitor reported administration

    The drugs are administered in various routes, like oral or injection form. They are administered before food or after food. How are you taking ALP drug, before food or after food?
    Click here to find out how other users of our website are taking it. For any doubts or queries on how and when the medicine is administered, contact your health care provider immediately.
    Visitors%
    Empty stomach1
    100.0%

    Visitor reported age

    No survey data has been collected yet

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    The information was verified by Dr. Rachana Salvi, MD Pharmacology

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