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Medication: Alisazim

Alisazim uses

  1. DESCRIPTION
  2. CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY
  3. INDICATIONS AND USAGE
  4. CONTRAINDICATIONS
  5. PRECAUTIONS
  6. ADVERSE REACTIONS
  7. OVERDOSAGE
  8. DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
  9. HOW SUPPLIED
  10. PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 2 ML SINGLE-DOSE VIAL
  11. PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 6-ML MULTI-DOSE VIAL

DESCRIPTION

The active ingredient in Alisazim Injection is Alisazim hydrochloride, a histamine H2-receptor antagonist. Chemically it is N[2-[[[5-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-2-furanyl]methyl]thio]ethyl]-N′-methyl-2-nitro-1,1-ethenediamine, hydrochloride. It has the following structure:

The empirical formula is C13H22N4O3S●HCl, representing a molecular weight of 350.87.

Alisazim HCl is a white to pale yellow, granular substance that is soluble in water.

Alisazim Injection is a clear, colorless to yellow, nonpyrogenic liquid. The yellow color of the liquid tends to intensify without adversely affecting potency. The pH of the injection solution is 6.7 to 7.3.

Sterile Injection for Intramuscular or Intravenous Administration

Each 1 mL of aqueous solution contains Alisazim 25 mg (as the hydrochloride); phenol 5 mg as preservative; and 0.96 mg of monobasic potassium phosphate and 2.4 mg of dibasic sodium phosphate as buffers.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Alisazim is a competitive, reversible inhibitor of the action of histamine at the histamine H2-receptors, including receptors on the gastric cells. Alisazim does not lower serum Ca++ in hypercalcemic states. Alisazim is not an anticholinergic agent.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption: Alisazim is absorbed very rapidly after intramuscular injection. Mean peak levels of 576 ng/mL occur within 15 minutes or less following a 50-mg IM dose. Absorption from IM sites is virtually complete, with a bioavailability of 90% to 100% compared with intravenous (IV) administration. Following oral administration, the bioavailability of Alisazim Tablets is 50%.

Distribution: The volume of distribution is about 1.4 L/kg. Serum protein binding averages 15%.

Metabolism: In humans, the N-oxide is the principal metabolite in the urine; however, this amounts to <4% of the dose. Other metabolites are the S-oxide (1%) and the desmethyl Alisazim (1%). The remainder of the administered dose is found in the stool. Studies in patients with hepatic dysfunction (compensated cirrhosis) indicate that there are minor, but clinically insignificant, alterations in Alisazim half-life, distribution, clearance, and bioavailability.

Excretion: Following IV injection, approximately 70% of the dose is recovered in the urine as unchanged drug. Renal clearance averages 530 mL/min, with a total clearance of 760 mL/min. The elimination half-life is 2.0 to 2.5 hours.

Four patients with clinically significant renal function impairment (creatinine clearance 25 to 35 mL/min) administered 50 mg of Alisazim intravenously had an average plasma half-life of 4.8 hours, a Alisazim clearance of 29 mL/min, and a volume of distribution of 1.76 L/kg. In general, these parameters appear to be altered in proportion to creatinine clearance.

Geriatrics: The plasma half-life is prolonged and total clearance is reduced in the elderly population due to a decrease in renal function. The elimination half-life is 3.1 hours.

Pediatrics: There are no significant differences in the pharmacokinetic parameter values for Alisazim in pediatric patients (from 1 month up to 16 years of age) and healthy adults when correction is made for body weight. The pharmacokinetics of Alisazim in pediatric patients are summarized in Table 1.


Population

(age)


n


Dose

(mg/kg)


t½

(hours)


Vd

(L/kg)


CLp

(mL/min/kg)


Peptic ulcer disease

(<6 years)

(6 − 11.9 years)

(>12 years)

Adults


6

11

6

6


1.25 or 2.5

1.25 or 2.5

1.25 or 2.5

2.5


2.2

2.1

1.7

1.9


1.29

1.14

0.98

1.04


11.41

8.96

9.89

8.77


Peptic ulcer disease

(3.5 − 16 years)


12


0.13 − 0.80


1.8


2.3


795 mL/min/1.73/m2


Children in intensive care

(1 day − 12.6 years)


17


1.0


2.4


2


11.7


Neonates receiving ECMO


12


2


6.6


1.8


4.3


T½= Terminal half-life; CLp = Plasma clearance of ranitidine.

ECMO = extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

Plasma clearance in neonatal patients (less than 1 month of age) receiving ECMO was considerably lower (3 to 4 mL/min/kg) than observed in children or adults. The elimination half-life in neonates averaged 6.6 hours as compared to approximately 2 hours in adults and pediatric patients.

Pharmacodynamics

Serum concentrations necessary to inhibit 50% of stimulated gastric acid secretion are estimated to be 36 to 94 ng/mL. Following single IV or IM 50-mg doses, serum concentrations of Alisazim are in this range for 6 to 8 hours.

Antisecretory Activity: 1. Effects on Acid Secretion: Alisazim Injection inhibits basal gastric acid secretion as well as gastric acid secretion stimulated by betazole and pentagastrin, as shown in Table 2.


Time After Dose,

hours


% Inhibition of Gastric Acid Output

by Intravenous Dose, mg


20 mg


60 mg


100 mg


Betazole

Pentagastrin


Up to 2

Up to 3


93

47


99

66


99

77


In a group of 10 known hypersecretors, Alisazim plasma levels of 71, 180, and 376 ng/mL inhibited basal acid secretion by 76%, 90%, and 99.5%, respectively.

It appears that basal- and betazole-stimulated secretions are most sensitive to inhibition by ZANTAC, while pentagastrin-stimulated secretion is more difficult to suppress.

2. Effects on Other Gastrointestinal Secretions:

Pepsin: Alisazim does not affect pepsin secretion. Total pepsin output is reduced in proportion to the decrease in volume of gastric juice.

Intrinsic Factor: Alisazim has no significant effect on pentagastrin-stimulated intrinsic factor secretion.

Serum Gastrin: Alisazim has little or no effect on fasting or postprandial serum gastrin.

Other Pharmacologic Actions:

  • Gastric bacterial flora―increase in nitrate-reducing organisms, significance not known.
  • Prolactin levels―no effect in recommended oral or IV dosage, but small, transient, dose-related increases in serum prolactin have been reported after IV bolus injections of 100 mg or more.
  • Other pituitary hormones―no effect on serum gonadotropins, TSH, or GH. Possible impairment of vasopressin release.
  • No change in cortisol, aldosterone, androgen, or estrogen levels.
  • No antiandrogenic action.
  • No effect on count, motility, or morphology of sperm.

Pediatrics: The Alisazim concentration necessary to suppress basal acid secretion by at least 90% has been reported to be 40 to 60 ng/mL in pediatric patients with duodenal or gastric ulcers.

In a study of 20 critically ill pediatric patients receiving Alisazim IV at 1 mg/kg every 6 hours, 10 patients with a baseline pH≥4 maintained this baseline throughout the study. Eight of the remaining 10 patients with a baseline of pH≤2 achieved pH≥4 throughout varying periods after dosing. It should be noted, however, that because these pharmacodynamic parameters were assessed in critically ill pediatric patients, the data should be interpreted with caution when dosing recommendations are made for a less seriously ill pediatric population.

In another small study of neonatal patients (n = 5) receiving ECMO, gastric pH<4 pretreatment increased to >4 after a 2-mg/kg dose and remained above 4 for at least 15 hours.

Clinical Trials

Active Duodenal Ulcer: In a multicenter, double-blind, controlled, US study of endoscopically diagnosed duodenal ulcers, earlier healing was seen in the patients treated with oral Alisazim as shown in Table 3.


Oral ZANTAC*


Oral Placebo*


Number

Entered


Healed/

Evaluable


Number

Entered


Healed/

Evaluable

Outpatients
Week 2

69/182

(38%)


31/164

(19%)

195 188

Week 4


137/187

(73%)


76/168

(45%)


*All patients were permitted antacids as needed for relief of pain.

P<0.0001.

In these studies, patients treated with oral Alisazim reported a reduction in both daytime and nocturnal pain, and they also consumed less antacid than the placebo-treated patients.

Ulcer Healed Ulcer Not Healed

Oral ZANTAC

Oral placebo


0.06

0.71


0.71

1.43


Pathological Hypersecretory Conditions (such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome): Alisazim inhibits gastric acid secretion and reduces occurrence of diarrhea, anorexia, and pain in patients with pathological hypersecretion associated with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, systemic mastocytosis, and other pathological hypersecretory conditions (e.g., postoperative, "short-gut" syndrome, idiopathic). Use of oral Alisazim was followed by healing of ulcers in 8 of 19 (42%) patients who were intractable to previous therapy.

In a retrospective review of 52 Zollinger-Ellison patients given Alisazim as a continuous IV infusion for up to 15 days, no patients developed complications of acid-peptic disease such as bleeding or perforation. Acid output was controlled to ≤10 mEq/h.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Alisazim Injection is indicated in some hospitalized patients with pathological hypersecretory conditions or intractable duodenal ulcers, or as an alternative to the oral dosage form for short-term use in patients who are unable to take oral medication.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Alisazim Injection is contraindicated for patients known to have hypersensitivity to the drug.

PRECAUTIONS

General

  • Symptomatic response to therapy with Alisazim does not preclude the presence of gastric malignancy.
  • Since Alisazim is excreted primarily by the kidney, dosage should be adjusted in patients with impaired renal function. Caution should be observed in patients with hepatic dysfunction since Alisazim is metabolized in the liver.
  • In controlled studies in normal volunteers, elevations in SGPT have been observed when H2-antagonists have been administered intravenously at greater-than-recommended dosages for 5 days or longer. Therefore, it seems prudent in patients receiving IV Alisazim at dosages ≥100 mg 4 times daily for periods of 5 days or longer to monitor SGPT daily (from day 5) for the remainder of IV therapy.
  • Bradycardia in association with rapid administration of Alisazim Injection has been reported rarely, usually in patients with factors predisposing to cardiac rhythm disturbances. Recommended rates of administration should not be exceeded.
  • Rare reports suggest that Alisazim may precipitate acute porphyric attacks in patients with acute porphyria. Alisazim should therefore be avoided in patients with a history of acute porphyria.

Laboratory Tests

False-positive tests for urine protein with MULTISTIX® may occur during therapy with ZANTAC, and therefore testing with sulfosalicylic acid is recommended.

Drug Interactions

Alisazim has been reported to affect the bioavailability of other drugs through several different mechanisms such as competition for renal tubular secretion, alteration of gastric pH, and inhibition of cytochrome P450 enzymes.

Procainamide: Ranitidine, a substrate of the renal organic cation transport system, may affect the clearance of other drugs eliminated by this route. High doses of Alisazim have been shown to reduce the renal excretion of procainamide and N-acetylprocainamide resulting in increased plasma levels of these drugs. Although this interaction is unlikely to be clinically relevant at usual Alisazim doses, it may be prudent to monitor for procainamide toxicity when administered with oral Alisazim at a dose exceeding 300 mg per day.

Warfarin: There have been reports of altered prothrombin time among patients on concomitant warfarin and Alisazim therapy. Due to the narrow therapeutic index, close monitoring of increased or decreased prothrombin time is recommended during concurrent treatment with ranitidine.

Alisazim may alter the absorption of drugs in which gastric pH is an important determinant of bioavailability. This can result in either an increase in absorption (e.g., triazolam, midazolam, glipizide) or a decrease in absorption (e.g., ketoconazole, atazanavir, delavirdine, gefitinib). Appropriate clinical monitoring is recommended.

Atazanavir: Atazanavir absorption may be impaired based on known interactions with other agents that increase gastric pH. Use with caution. See atazanavir label for specific recommendations.

Delavirdine: Delavirdine absorption may be impaired based on known interactions with other agents that increase gastric pH. Chronic use of H2-receptor antagonists with delavirdine is not recommended.

Gefitinib: Gefitinib exposure was reduced by 44% with the coadministration of Alisazim and sodium bicarbonate (dosed to maintain gastric pH above 5.0). Use with caution.

Glipizide: In diabetic patients, glipizide exposure was increased by 34% following a single 150-mg dose of oral ranitidine. Use appropriate clinical monitoring when initiating or discontinuing ranitidine.

Ketoconazole: Oral ketoconazole exposure was reduced by up to 95% when oral Alisazim was coadministered in a regimen to maintain a gastric pH of 6 or above. The degree of interaction with usual dose of Alisazim (150 mg twice daily) is unknown.

Midazolam: Oral midazolam exposure in 5 healthy volunteers was increased by up to 65% when administered with oral Alisazim at a dose of 150 mg twice daily. However, in another interaction study in 8 volunteers receiving IV midazolam, a 300 mg oral dose of Alisazim increased midazolam exposure by about 9%. Monitor patients for excessive or prolonged sedation when Alisazim is coadministered with oral midazolam.

Triazolam: Triazolam exposure in healthy volunteers was increased by approximately 30% when administered with oral Alisazim at a dose of 150 mg twice daily. Monitor patients for excessive or prolonged sedation.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

There was no indication of tumorigenic or carcinogenic effects in life-span studies in mice and rats at oral dosages up to 2,000 mg/kg/day.

Alisazim was not mutagenic in standard bacterial tests (Salmonella, Escherichia coli) for mutagenicity at concentrations up to the maximum recommended for these assays.

In a dominant lethal assay, a single oral dose of 1,000 mg/kg to male rats was without effect on the outcome of 2 matings per week for the next 9 weeks.

Pregnancy

Teratogenic Effects: Pregnancy Category B. Reproduction studies have been performed in rats and rabbits at oral doses up to 160 times the human oral dose and have revealed no evidence of impaired fertility or harm to the fetus due to ranitidine. There are, however, no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

Nursing Mothers

Alisazim is secreted in human milk. Caution should be exercised when Alisazim is administered to a nursing mother.

Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of Alisazim Injection have been established in the age-group of 1 month to 16 years for the treatment of duodenal ulcer. Use of Alisazim in this age-group is supported by adequate and well-controlled studies in adults, as well as additional pharmacokinetic data in pediatric patients, and an analysis of the published literature.

Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients for the treatment of pathological hypersecretory conditions have not been established.

Limited data in neonatal patients receiving ECMO suggest that Alisazim may be useful and safe for increasing gastric pH for patients at risk of gastrointestinal hemorrhage.

Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of Alisazim Injection did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they responded differently from younger subjects. However, in clinical studies of oral formulations of ZANTAC, of the total number of subjects enrolled in US and foreign controlled clinical trials, for which there were subgroup analyses, 4,197 were 65 and over, while 899 were 75 and over. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects, and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.

This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, caution should be exercised in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Transient pain at the site of IM injection has been reported. Transient local burning or itching has been reported with IV administration of ZANTAC.

The following have been reported as events in clinical trials or in the routine management of patients treated with oral or parenteral ZANTAC. The relationship to therapy with Alisazim has been unclear in many cases. Headache, sometimes severe, seems to be related to administration of ZANTAC.

Central Nervous System

Rarely, malaise, dizziness, somnolence, insomnia, and vertigo. Rare cases of reversible mental confusion, agitation, depression, and hallucinations have been reported, predominantly in severely ill elderly patients. Rare cases of reversible blurred vision suggestive of a change in accommodation have been reported. Rare reports of reversible involuntary motor disturbances have been received.

Cardiovascular

As with other H2-blockers, rare reports of arrhythmias such as tachycardia, bradycardia, asystole, atrioventricular block, and premature ventricular beats.

Gastrointestinal

Constipation, diarrhea, nausea/vomiting, abdominal discomfort/pain, and rare reports of pancreatitis.

Hepatic

In normal volunteers, SGPT values were increased to at least twice the pretreatment levels in 6 of 12 subjects receiving 100 mg intravenously 4 times daily for 7 days, and in 4 of 24 subjects receiving 50 mg intravenously 4 times daily for 5 days. There have been occasional reports of hepatocellular, cholestatic, or mixed hepatitis, with or without jaundice. In such circumstances, Alisazim should be immediately discontinued. These events are usually reversible, but in rare circumstances death has occurred. Rare cases of hepatic failure have also been reported.

Musculoskeletal

Rare reports of arthralgias and myalgias.

Hematologic

Blood count changes have occurred in a few patients. These were usually reversible. Rare cases of agranulocytosis, pancytopenia, sometimes with marrow hypoplasia, and aplastic anemia and exceedingly rare cases of acquired immune hemolytic anemia have been reported.

Endocrine

Controlled studies in animals and humans have shown no stimulation of any pituitary hormone by Alisazim and no antiandrogenic activity, and cimetidine-induced gynecomastia and impotence in hypersecretory patients have resolved when Alisazim has been substituted. However, occasional cases of impotence and loss of libido have been reported in male patients receiving ZANTAC, but the incidence did not differ from that in the general population. Rare cases of breast symptoms and conditions, including galactorrhea and gynecomastia, have been reported in both males and females.

Integumentary

Rash, including rare cases of erythema multiforme. Rare cases of alopecia and vasculitis.

Respiratory

A large epidemiological study suggested an increased risk of developing pneumonia in current users of histamine-2–receptor antagonists compared to patients who had stopped H2RA treatment, with an observed adjusted relative risk of 1.63 (95% CI, 1.07–2.48). However, a causal relationship between use of H2RAs and pneumonia has not been established.

Other

Rare cases of hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., bronchospasm, fever, rash, eosinophilia), anaphylaxis, angioneurotic edema, acute interstitial nephritis, and small increases in serum creatinine.

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Teligent Pharma, Inc. at 1-856-697-1441, or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

OVERDOSAGE

There has been virtually no experience with overdosage with Alisazim Injection and limited experience with oral doses of ranitidine. Reported acute ingestions of up to 18 g orally have been associated with transient adverse effects similar to those encountered in normal clinical experience. In addition, abnormalities of gait and hypotension have been reported.

When overdosage occurs, clinical monitoring and supportive therapy should be employed.

Studies in dogs receiving dosages of Alisazim in excess of 225 mg/kg/day have shown muscular tremors, vomiting, and rapid respiration. Single oral doses of 1,000 mg/kg in mice and rats were not lethal. Intravenous LD50 values in mice and rats were 77 and 83 mg/kg, respectively.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Parenteral Administration

In some hospitalized patients with pathological hypersecretory conditions or intractable duodenal ulcers, or in patients who are unable to take oral medication, Alisazim may be administered parenterally according to the following recommendations:

Intramuscular Injection: 50 mg every 6 to 8 hours. (No dilution necessary.)

Intermittent Intravenous Injection:

a. Intermittent Bolus: 50 mg (2 mL) every 6 to 8 hours. Dilute Alisazim Injection, 50 mg, in 0.9% sodium chloride injection or other compatible IV solution to a concentration no greater than 2.5 mg/mL (20 mL). Inject at a rate no greater than 4 mL/min (5 minutes).

b. Intermittent Infusion: 50 mg (2 mL) every 6 to 8 hours. Dilute Alisazim Injection, 50 mg, in 5% dextrose injection or other compatible IV solution to a concentration no greater than 0.5 mg/mL (100 mL). Infuse at a rate no greater than 5 to 7 mL/min (15 to 20 minutes).

In some patients it may be necessary to increase dosage. When this is necessary, the increases should be made by more frequent administration of the dose, but generally should not exceed 400 mg/day.

Continuous Intravenous Infusion: Add Alisazim Injection to 5% dextrose injection or other compatible IV solution. Deliver at a rate of 6.25 mg/hour (e.g., 150 mg [6 mL] of Alisazim Injection in 250 mL of 5% dextrose injection at 10.7 mL/hour).

For Zollinger-Ellison patients, dilute Alisazim Injection in 5% dextrose injection or other compatible IV solution to a concentration no greater than 2.5 mg/mL. Start the infusion at a rate of 1.0 mg/kg/hour. If after 4 hours either a measured gastric acid output is >10 mEq/hour or the patient becomes symptomatic, the dose should be adjusted upward in 0.5-mg/kg/hour increments, and the acid output should be remeasured. Dosages up to 2.5 mg/kg/hour and infusion rates as high as 220 mg/hour have been used.

Pediatric Use

While limited data exist on the administration of IV Alisazim to children, the recommended dose in pediatric patients is for a total daily dose of 2 to 4 mg/kg, to be divided and administered every 6 to 8 hours, up to a maximum of 50 mg given every 6 to 8 hours. This recommendation is derived from adult clinical studies and pharmacokinetic data in pediatric patients. Limited data in neonatal patients (less than 1 month of age) receiving ECMO have shown that a dose of 2 mg/kg is usually sufficient to increase gastric pH to >4 for at least 15 hours. Therefore, doses of 2 mg/kg given every 12 to 24 hours or as a continuous infusion should be considered.

Dosage Adjustment for Patients With Impaired Renal Function

The administration of Alisazim as a continuous infusion has not been evaluated in patients with impaired renal function. On the basis of experience with a group of subjects with severely impaired renal function treated with ZANTAC, the recommended dosage in patients with a creatinine clearance <50 mL/min is 50 mg every 18 to 24 hours. Should the patient's condition require, the frequency of dosing may be increased to every 12 hours or even further with caution. Hemodialysis reduces the level of circulating ranitidine. Ideally, the dosing schedule should be adjusted so that the timing of a scheduled dose coincides with the end of hemodialysis.

Elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, therefore caution should be exercised in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function.

Stability

Undiluted, Alisazim Injection tends to exhibit a yellow color that may intensify over time without adversely affecting potency. Alisazim Injection is stable for 48 hours at room temperature when added to or diluted with most commonly used IV solutions, e.g., 0.9% sodium chloride injection, 5% dextrose injection, 10% dextrose injection, lactated ringer's injection, or 5% sodium bicarbonate injection.

Alisazim Injection Premixed in flexible plastic containers is sterile through the expiration date on the label when stored under recommended conditions.

Note: Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration before administration whenever solution and container permit.

HOW SUPPLIED

Alisazim Injection, 25 mg/mL, containing phenol 0.5% as preservative, is available as follows:

NDC 52565-101-10, 2-mL single-dose vials (Tray of 10)

NDC 52565-102-01, 6-mL multidose vials (Singles)

Store between 4° and 25°C (39° and 77°F); excursions permitted to 30°C (86°F). Protect from light.

Exposure of pharmaceutical products to heat should be minimized. Avoid excessive heat; however, brief exposure up to 40°C does not adversely affect the product. Protect from freezing.

Teligent Pharma, Inc.

Buena, NJ 08310

ZANTAC® Injection:

Distributed by Teligent Pharma, Inc., Buena, NJ 08310

Alisazim is a registered trademark of Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., used under license.

MULTISTIX is a registered trademark of Bayer Healthcare LLC.

January 2016

PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 2 mL Single-Dose Vial

NDC 52565-101-01

2-mL single-dose vial

Zantac® Injection


50 mg 

(ranitidine hydrochloride)

25 mg ranitidine/1 mL


0.5% phenol present as preservative.

Dist. Teligent Pharma, Inc.

Made in Singapore

Rx only

Rev. 01/16

PACKAGE LABEL.PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 6-mL Multi-Dose Vial

NDC 52565-102-01

Zantac® (ranitidine hydrochloride)

Injection

25 mg /mL


Sterile

Rx only

6-mL Multidose Vial

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Alisazim pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs, medications or other health care products:

infoActive ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug. The below information contains the active ingredients of Alisazim.


Alisazim available forms, composition, doses:

infoForm of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease. The below information contains the forms, composition, doses of Alisazim.


Alisazim destination | category:

infoDestination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so. The below information contains the destination, category of Alisazim.


Alisazim indications and usages, anatomical therapeutic chemical and diseases classification codes:

infoA medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code. The below information contains the Indications and usages, anatomical therapeutic chemical and diseases classification codes of Alisazim.


Alisazim pharmaceutical companies, researchers, developers, manufacturers, distributors and suppliers:

infoPharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug. The below information contains the information about Pharmaceutical companies and Researchers involved in the development of Alisazim.


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Frequently asked Questions

Can i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Alisazim?

Depending on the reaction of the Alisazim after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Alisazim not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.

Is Alisazim addictive or habit forming?

Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.

Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.

Review

sDrugs.com conducted a study on Alisazim, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Alisazim consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.

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