DRUGS & SUPPLEMENTS
What is Phentermine?
Adipex is an appetite suppressant of a pharmacological group of amphetamines and phenethylamines. This medication was approved to help reduce weight in obese patients for short-term use and combination with exercise, diet and behavior changes. It usually prescribed to individuals who have health risks due to their weight. This active ingredient phentermine is manufactured and distributed in various countries under different trade brand and generic names, for example: Adipex-P (Teva), Ionamin (Celltech), Acxion (Investigacion Farmaceutica), Fastin (GlaxoSmithKline), Duromine (iNova, Douglas Pharmaceuticals), Panbesy (Eurodrug Laboratories), Phentermine (KVK-TECH), Phentermine (Eon Labs), etc. In several countries (such as the USA, Canada, Australia) this drug is a controlled substance because it can cause addiction.
Phentermine acts on the brain neurotransmitters. Adipex is a central stimulant and an isomer of methamphetamine. It stimulates neurons to release a particular group of neurotransmitters known as catecholamines among which are dopamine, epinephrine (also called adrenaline) and norepinephrine. The appetite suppression activity of these compounds is due to its action on the central nervous system. This mechanism of action is similar to other stimulant appetite suppressants such as diethylpropion and phendimetrazine. The neurotransmitters signal the alert response which also stops the hunger.
Why is Adipex prescribed?
Phentermine is used to reduce body weight in obese or overweight patients. Often it prescribed in a regimen of weight reduction based on exercise, behavioral modification, and caloric restriction in the management of exogenous obesity for obese or overweight patients with the presence of other risk factors. Adipex works by directly affecting the area of the brain that controls your appetite making you feel less hungry.
Dosage and administration
It is recommended to use phentermine only in the short term (usually about 12 weeks) and then other non-pharmacological strategies for weight loss and healthy dieting and exercise. However, recommendations limiting its use for short-term treatment are controversial. One reason for the restriction to 12 weeks is drug tolerance, as phentermine loses its appetite-suppressing effects after the body adjusts. On the contrary, it has been shown that this drug did not lose its effect in a trial of 36 weeks. Due to the risk of insomnia, it is recommended taking phentermine before breakfast or 1-2 hours later.
Adipex side effects, adverse reactions
Generally, phentermine is relatively well tolerated but can cause some side effects because it releases catecholamines. Among the most common effects include: tachycardia, elevated blood pressure, palpitations, nervousness, irritability and insomnia. Additionally, if Adipex is taken for long term, it may develop euphoria and addiction. Other less common side effects include blurred vision, changes in sex drive, clumsiness, confusion, diarrhea, dizziness, dry mouth, headache, irregular heartbeat, nausea or vomiting, psychosis, skin rash or itching, stomach pain, fatigue and bad taste.
The following people should not use phentermine:
Adipex using during pregnancy and breastfeeding
There is no data whether phentermine can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproductive capacity. Thats why rgis drugs should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.
Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.
Safety and effectiveness of Adipex in pediatric patients have not been established.
You healthcare professional should be informed of the following conditions:
Phentermine drug interactions
The following drugs can interact with Adipex:
Adipex in case of emergency / overdose
In case of overdose of Adipex, call your local poison control center or local emergency services.
Manifestations of acute overdosage with phentermine include restlessness, hyperreflexia, tremor, confusion, assaultiveness, rapid respiration, hallucinations, panic states. Fatigue and depression usually follow the central stimulation. Cardiovascular effects include hypertension or hypotension, arrhythmia, and circulatory collapse. Gastrointestinal symptoms include vomiting, nausea, diarrhea and abdominal cramps. Fatal poisoning usually terminates in convulsions and coma.
Management of acute phentermine intoxication is largely symptomatic and includes lavage and sedation with a barbiturate. Hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis is ineffective and not recommended in this regard.
Adipex pharmaceutical active ingredients containing related brand and generic drugs:
Active ingredient is the part of the drug or medicine which is biologically active. This portion of the drug is responsible for the main action of the drug which is intended to cure or reduce the symptom or disease. The other portions of the drug which are inactive are called excipients; there role is to act as vehicle or binder. In contrast to active ingredient, the inactive ingredient's role is not significant in the cure or treatment of the disease. There can be one or more active ingredients in a drug.
Adipex available forms, composition, doses:
Form of the medicine is the form in which the medicine is marketed in the market, for example, a medicine X can be in the form of capsule or the form of chewable tablet or the form of tablet. Sometimes same medicine can be available as injection form. Each medicine cannot be in all forms but can be marketed in 1, 2, or 3 forms which the pharmaceutical company decided based on various background research results.
Composition is the list of ingredients which combinedly form a medicine. Both active ingredients and inactive ingredients form the composition. The active ingredient gives the desired therapeutic effect whereas the inactive ingredient helps in making the medicine stable.
Doses are various strengths of the medicine like 10mg, 20mg, 30mg and so on. Each medicine comes in various doses which is decided by the manufacturer, that is, pharmaceutical company. The dose is decided on the severity of the symptom or disease.
Adipex destination | category:
Destination is defined as the organism to which the drug or medicine is targeted. For most of the drugs what we discuss, human is the drug destination.
Drug category can be defined as major classification of the drug. For example, an antihistaminic or an antipyretic or anti anginal or pain killer, anti-inflammatory or so.
Adipex Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical codes:
A medicine is classified depending on the organ or system it acts [Anatomical], based on what result it gives on what disease, symptom [Therapeutical], based on chemical composition [Chemical]. It is called as ATC code. The code is based on Active ingredients of the medicine. A medicine can have different codes as sometimes it acts on different organs for different indications. Same way, different brands with same active ingredients and same indications can have same ATC code.
Adipex pharmaceutical companies:
Pharmaceutical companies are drug manufacturing companies that help in complete development of the drug from the background research to formation, clinical trials, release of the drug into the market and marketing of the drug.
Researchers are the persons who are responsible for the scientific research and is responsible for all the background clinical trials that resulted in the development of the drug.
Frequently asked QuestionsCan i drive or operate heavy machine after consuming Adipex?
Depending on the reaction of the Adipex after taken, if you are feeling dizziness, drowsiness or any weakness as a reaction on your body, Then consider Adipex not safe to drive or operate heavy machine after consumption. Meaning that, do not drive or operate heavy duty machines after taking the capsule if the capsule has a strange reaction on your body like dizziness, drowsiness. As prescribed by a pharmacist, it is dangerous to take alcohol while taking medicines as it exposed patients to drowsiness and health risk. Please take note of such effect most especially when taking Primosa capsule. It's advisable to consult your doctor on time for a proper recommendation and medical consultations.Is Adipex addictive or habit forming?
Medicines are not designed with the mind of creating an addiction or abuse on the health of the users. Addictive Medicine is categorically called Controlled substances by the government. For instance, Schedule H or X in India and schedule II-V in the US are controlled substances.
Please consult the medicine instruction manual on how to use and ensure it is not a controlled substance.In conclusion, self medication is a killer to your health. Consult your doctor for a proper prescription, recommendation, and guidiance.
Reviewsdrugs.com conducted a study on Adipex, and the result of the survey is set out below. It is noteworthy that the product of the survey is based on the perception and impressions of the visitors of the website as well as the views of Adipex consumers. We, as a result of this, advice that you do not base your therapeutic or medical decisions on this result, but rather consult your certified medical experts for their recommendations.
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The information was verified by Dr. Arunabha Ray, MD Pharmacology